Workers’ Compensation and Injury Management Act 1981

 

Workers’ Compensation and Injury Management Act 1981

CONTENTS

Part I — Preliminary

1.Short title2

2.Commencement2

3.Purposes2

4.General application3

5.Terms used5

5A.Indexation of certain amounts18

Part II — Application of this Act in respect of certain persons and bodies

6.Local governments and other authorities20

7.Tributers20

8.Baptist clergymen20

9.Anglican clergy20

10.Other clergymen21

10A.Working directors21

11.Exclusion of certain persons who are contestants in sporting or athletic activities23

11A.Jockeys23

12.Compensation not payable in certain cases24

13.Continued operation of this Act where compensation previously paid24

14.Application to worker in employment of Crown25

16.Act to apply as to injury to persons employed on Western Australian ships26

17.Crew of fishing vessel27

Part III — Compensation

Division 1 — Injury: general

18.Liability of employers to workers for injuries28

19.Personal injury by accident arising out of or in course of employment28

20.Compensation not payable unless worker’s employment connected with this State29

21.Compensation from date of incapacity31

22.Serious and wilful misconduct31

23.Person not to be compensated twice32

Division 1a — Determination by courts and recognition of determination

23A.Term used: court32

23B.Determination of State with which worker’s employment is connected in proceedings under this Act33

23C.Determination by the District Court of State with which worker’s employment is connected33

23D.Recognition of previous determinations33

23E.Determination may be made by consent34

Division 2 — Discontinued regime for lump sum payments for specified injuries

24.Compensation for injuries mentioned in Schedule 234

24A.Lump sum compensation for noise induced hearing loss35

24B.Election under section 24 or 24A37

25.Term used: loss of38

26.Subsequent injuries38

27.Compensation in accordance with table at date of accident39

28.Limit on compensation of worker electing40

29.Compensation while incapacity continues40

30.Compensation payable before election40

31.Schedule 2 Part 1 interpretation41

Division 2A — New regime for lump sum payments for specified injuries

31A.Application of Division41

31B.Degree of permanent impairment42

31C.Compensation for impairments mentioned in Schedule 242

31D.Schedule 2 impairment assessment43

31E.Lump sum compensation for noise induced hearing loss44

31F.Lump sum compensation for AIDS45

31G.Subsequent injuries47

31H.Election under section 31C or 31E48

31I.Effect of election49

31J.Limit on compensation of worker electing49

31K.Compensation payable before election50

Division 3 — Injury: specified industrial diseases

32.Compensation of worker dying from or affected by certain industrial diseases (Schedule 3)50

33.Pneumoconiosis, mesothelioma or lung cancer51

34.Worker suffering from chronic bronchitis and pneumoconiosis51

35.Worker suffering from lung cancer and pneumoconiosis52

36.Reference to medical panel52

37.Oral submission by medical practitioner53

38.Questions for determination by a medical panel53

39.Worker disabled by tuberculosis and pneumoconiosis55

40.Interpretation of this Division in cases of death without prior incapacity55

41.Last employer liable but may join others55

42.Relevant earnings57

43.Employer to whom notice to be given57

44.Disease deemed due to nature of employment57

45.Additions to Schedule 357

46.Compensation limited to prescribed amount58

47.Certain workers not to benefit59

48.Notification of disease60

Division 4 — Injury: specified losses of functions

49.Injury occurs when loss of function renders worker less able to earn full wages61

51.Compensation recoverable from last employer61

52.How compensation calculated62

53.Employer to whom notice given62

54.Loss of function deemed due to nature of employment62

55.Additions to Schedule 463

Division 5 — Commencement, review, suspension, and cessation of payments

56.Entitlement to weekly payments ceasing on account of age63

57.Saving as to expenses64

57A.Claims procedure — insured employer64

57B.Claims procedure — self‑insurer or uninsured employer67

57BA.Notices under sections 57A and 57B70

57C.Notification to Commission72

57D.Confidentiality73

58.Arbitrator may determine liability74

59.Information as to remunerated work76

60.Application for discontinuance or reduction of weekly payments77

61.Unlawful discontinuance of weekly payments78

62.Review of weekly payments81

63.No compensation during suspension81

64.Medical examination82

65.Periodical medical examination82

66.Regulations as to medical examination82

66A.Additional medical examinations83

67.Lump sum in redemption of weekly payments83

68.Calculation of lump sum85

69.Worker not residing in the State85

70.Furnishing medical reports85

71.Recovery of payments86

72.Suspension of payments during custody86

72A.Suspension or cessation of payments for failure to undergo medical examination87

72B.Suspension or cessation of payments for failure to participate in return to work program89

Division 6 — Disputes between employers

73.Worker entitled but dispute between employers90

74.Dispute between insurers91

74A.Apportionment under sections 73 and 7491

75.Obligation to make weekly payments preserved92

Division 7 — Agreements

76.Registration of memorandum of agreement92

77.Registration obligatory95

78.Effect of non‑registration of agreement95

Division 8 — Other matters affecting compensation

79.Wilful and false representation96

80.Effect on annual leave, long service leave and sick leave96

81.Effect on public holidays pay97

82.Recovery of cost of services rendered97

83.Industrial award and partial incapacity98

84.Worker not to be prejudiced by resuming work98

84AA.Employer to keep position available during worker’s incapacity98

84AB.Employer to notify worker and WorkCover WA of intention to dismiss worker99

Part IV — Civil proceedings in addition to or independent of this Act

Division 1 — General

85.Saving — motor vehicle cases101

86.Saving — independent liability101

87.Costs between solicitor and client in common law actions101

91.Where action brought for injury for which compensation is payable under this Act102

92.Both damages and compensation not recoverable102

93.Remedies against stranger105

Division 1a — Choice of law

93AA.The applicable substantive law for work injury claims107

93AB.Claims to which Division applies108

93AC.What constitutes injury and employment108

93AD.Claim in respect of death included109

93AE.Terms used109

93AF.Availability of action in another State not relevant110

Division 2 — Constraints on awards of common law damages

Subdivision 1 — Preliminary provisions

93A.Term used: damages111

93B.Application of this Division111

93C.Limit on powers of courts112

Subdivision 2 — 1993 scheme

93CA.Term used: AMA Guides113

93CB.Limits on application of this Subdivision113

93CC.Application of this Subdivision113

93D.Assessment of disability114

93E.Restrictions on awarding of damages and payment of compensation117

93EA.Referring questions with fresh evidence in particular cases120

93EB.Referring questions in certain other cases123

93EC.Extended time for commencing proceedings125

93F.Restrictions on awarding and amount of damages if disability less than 30%125

93G.Regulations128

Subdivision 3 — 2004 scheme

93H.Terms used128

93I.Application of this Subdivision129

93J.No damages for noise induced hearing loss if not an injury129

93K.Restrictions on awarding, and amount of, damages129

93L.Election to retain right to seek damages132

93M.Termination day133

93N.Special evaluation if condition has not sufficiently stabilised136

93O.Employer to give worker notice of certain things137

93P.How election may affect statutory compensation138

93Q.Special provisions about HIV and AIDS139

93R.Special provisions about specified industrial diseases140

93S.Regulations141

Part V — WorkCover Western Australia Authority

Division 1 — Constitution, purposes, and powers

94.WorkCover Western Australia Authority143

95.WorkCover WA’s governing body144

96.Term of office146

97.Meetings147

98.Defects not to invalidate proceedings148

99.Conditions of appointment148

100.Functions of WorkCover WA148

100A.Advisory committees150

100B.Disclosure of information152

101.Powers152

101AA.Delegation by WorkCover WA153

101A.Borrowings by WorkCover WA154

101B.Guarantees of borrowings154

102.Limitation on powers155

103A.Returns155

104.Publishing and furnishing information156

Division 1AA — Personal interest

104AA.Disclosure of interests156

104AB.Exclusion of interested member157

104AC.Resolution that section 104AB inapplicable157

104AD.Quorum where section 104AB applies157

104AE.Minister may declare sections 104AB and 104AD inapplicable158

Division 2 — Accounts and audit

105.Application of Financial Management Act 2006 and Auditor General Act 2006158

Division 3 — Workers’ Compensation and Injury Management General Account

106.General Account158

107.Estimates160

108.Total contributions161

109.Contributions to General Account by insurers161

Division 4 — Workers’ Compensation and Injury Management Trust Account

110.Trust Account164

Division 5 — Ministerial control

111.Minister may give directions166

111A.Minister to have access to information166

Part VII  Medical assessment and assessment for specialised retraining programs

Division 1 — Medical assessment panels

145.Exclusion168

145A.Questions that have to be referred168

145B.Register for panel membership169

145C.Panel to be constituted169

145D.Procedures170

145E.Determinations171

145F.Review172

145G.Remuneration173

Division 2 — Assessing degree of impairment

146.Terms used173

146A.Evaluation of impairment generally174

146B.Evaluation for the purposes of Part III Division 2A175

146C.Evaluation for purposes of Part IV Division 2 Subdivision 3175

146D.Evaluation for the purposes of Part IXA176

146E.Evaluation for the purposes of clause 18A176

146F.Approved medical specialist177

146G.Powers of approved medical specialist178

146H.Outcome of assessment179

146I.Release of information relevant to assessment181

146J.Decisions of approved medical specialist181

Division 3 — Approved medical specialist panels

146K.Panel to be constituted181

146L.Procedures182

146M.Failure to comply with requirement of approved medical specialist panel183

146N.Assessment of impairment by approved medical specialist panel184

146O.Outcome of assessment by approved medical specialist panel184

146P.No assessment without unanimous agreement186

146Q.Remuneration186

Division 4 — WorkCover Guides

146R.WorkCover Guides187

Division 5 — Assessment for specialised retraining programs

146S.Register for panel membership187

146T.Panel to be constituted187

146U.Procedures188

146V.Assessments189

146W.Remuneration191

Part VIII — Premium rates

151.Fixing premiums192

151A.Report as to rates193

152.Loading not to exceed 75% unless permitted by WorkCover WA193

153.Fixing maximum loading or discount193

153A.Minimum premiums194

154.Appeals194

154A.Regulations for provision of information195

154AB.Special directions by Minister196

154AC.Regulations for subsidy from Supplementation Fund196

Part IX  Injury management

155.Terms used197

155A.Code of practice (injury management)197

155B.Establishment of injury management systems for employer’s workers198

155C.Establishment of return to work programs for individual workers198

155D.Injury management: insurers’ obligations199

156.Approval of vocational rehabilitation providers200

156A.Vocational rehabilitation services201

156B.Arbitrators’ powers in relation to return to work programs201

157.Information about injury management matters202

157A.Early identification of injuries that require, or may require, management203

157B.Mediation and assistance204

Part IXA  Specialised retraining programs

158.Terms used205

158A.Eligibility to participate in specialised retraining programs206

158B.Final day for recording agreed matters, referring disputed matters for determination207

158C.Disputes as to degree of permanent whole of person impairment209

158D.Disputes as to retraining criteria210

158E.Specialised retraining program agreements211

158F.WorkCover WA to direct payments in relation to specialised retraining programs212

158G.Obligations of employers, insurers214

158H.3 monthly reviews of performance, payments under specialised retraining programs215

158I.WorkCover WA may direct modification, suspension, cessation of payments under specialised retraining programs215

158J.Cessation of payments216

158K.Directions not open to challenge etc.216

158L.Other effects of participation in specialised retraining program217

Part X — Insurance

Division 1 — Liability of employers and insurers

160.Employer to obtain insurance218

160A.Insurance in respect of working directors221

161A.Issue or renewal of policy without approval221

161.Approvals222

162.The State Government Insurance Commission sole insurer against certain industrial diseases223

163.Payment of industrial disease premium and issue of policy224

164.Exempt employer224

165.Review of exemptions225

166.Other cancellations227

167.Effect of cessation of exemption227

168.Cessation of exemption227

169.Forms of policy228

170.Failure to insure229

171.Insurance offices to furnish certain statements231

172.WorkCover WA may provide certain information to insurer and recover premiums233

173.Worker’s rights against insurer234

174.Payment to worker from General Account234

174AA.Recovery from responsible officers of body corporate237

174AB.WorkCover WA may exercise rights of employer238

174AC.WorkCover WA’s right of subrogation239

174A.Insurer may not refuse to indemnify in certain circumstances239

Division 2 — Insurance by principals, contractors, and sub‑contractors

175.Principal contractor and sub‑contractor deemed employers240

175AA.Certain persons deemed workers241

Division 3 — Inspectors

175A.Authorisation244

175B.Powers244

175C.Interpreters246

175D.Offences246

Part XA — Infringement notices and modified penalties

175E.Terms used248

175F.Authorised officers248

175G.Giving of notice249

175H.Content of notice249

175I.Extension of time250

175J.Withdrawal of notice250

175K.Benefit of paying modified penalty250

175L.No admission implied by payment250

175M.Application of penalties collected251

Part XI  Dispute resolution

Division 1 — General

176.Exclusive jurisdiction252

177.Evidence of communication between worker and injury management officer252

Division 2 — Requirements before commencing proceeding

178.Notice of injury and claim253

179.Service of notice of injury254

180.Provision of certain documents before commencement of proceeding255

Division 3 — Proceedings before an arbitrator

181.Arbitrators to determine disputes257

182.Who is to be given a copy of an application258

183.Information exchange between parties258

184.Interim assessment and minor claims260

185.Arbitrator to attempt conciliation260

186.Arbitrator may review decision261

187.Decisions of arbitrator261

Division 4 — Practice and procedure

188.Practice and procedure, generally262

189.Relief or redress not restricted to claim263

190.Directions263

191.Dependants263

192.Arbitrator may regard illegal contracts of employment as valid263

193.Power of arbitrator to require information264

194.Arbitrator may provide documents, material and information to other party or medical practitioner265

195.Representation266

196.Arbitrator may appoint guardian266

197.Interpreters and assistants267

198.Electronic hearings and proceedings without hearings267

199.Hearings to be held in private268

200.Notice of hearings268

201.Expert or professional assistance269

202.Summoning witnesses269

203.Powers relating to witnesses269

204.Privilege against self‑incrimination270

205.Legal professional privilege in relation to medical reports270

206.Other claims of privilege271

207.Oaths and affirmations271

208.Authorising person to take evidence271

209.Dealing with things produced272

210.Referral of medical dispute for assessment272

Division 5 — Decisions

Subdivision 1 — General provisions

211.Decisions generally273

212.Conditional and ancillary orders and directions274

213.Form and content of decision and reasons274

214.Validity of decision275

215.When decision has effect275

216.Correcting mistakes275

Subdivision 2 — Particular orders

217.Order as to total liability276

218.Order relating to payment of compensation in respect of persons under legal disability or who are dependants277

Subdivision 3 — Enforcement of decisions

219.Enforcement of decisions279

Division 6 — Miscellaneous

220.Evidence not admissible in common law proceedings279

221.Payment of compensation awarded279

222.Interest before order for payment280

223.Interest after order for payment280

224.Interest on agreed payment of lump sum compensation281

225.Regulations may exclude interest281

Part XII  Interim orders and minor claims

Division 1 — Preliminary

226.Term used: statutory expenses282

227.Exercise of functions under this Part282

228.Provisions of Part XI apply282

229.Arbitrator may direct that matter be dealt with under Part XI283

230.DRD Rules apply283

Division 2 — Interim payment orders

231.Application for interim payment order283

232.Orders for interim weekly payments284

233.Orders for interim payment of statutory expenses285

234.Limits on interim payment orders286

235.Effect of interim payment order286

236.Recovery of payments287

237.Revocation of interim payment order287

Division 3 — Interim suspension or reduction orders

238.Interim suspension or reduction order288

239.Effect of Part XI determination on the same matter as a matter determined under this Division289

240.Revocation of interim suspension or reduction order290

Division 4 — Expedited determination of minor claims

241.Application for determination of minor claim291

242.Limits on minor claims orders293

243.No recovery of compensation293

244.Production of documents293

Part XIII — Questions of law and appeals

245.Application of Part XI294

246.Reference of question of law to Commissioner294

247.Appeal against decision of arbitrator295

248.Commencing appeal296

249.Commissioner hearing to be held in public296

250.Effect of decision against which appeal made297

251.Commissioner may state case297

252.Indemnity as to costs298

253.Decisions of Commissioner298

254.Appeal against decision of Commissioner298

Part XIV  Offences

255.Failing to comply with decision300

256.Failing to comply with summons301

257.Failing to give evidence as required301

258.Giving false or misleading information301

259.Misbehaviour and other conduct301

260.Contempt of Commissioner302

Part XV  Costs

Division 1 — General

261.Terms used303

262.Costs to which this Part applies304

263.This Part prevails over Legal Profession Act 2008304

Division 2 — Costs of parties in proceedings and costs of proceedings

264.Costs to be determined by dispute resolution authority304

265.Costs unreasonably incurred by representative305

266.Agent’s costs306

267.Appeal costs306

268.Regulations for assessment of costs306

Division 3 — Maximum costs

269.Costs Committee307

270.Constitution and procedure of Costs Committee308

271.Costs determination308

272.Consultation309

273.Approval and publication of determination309

274.Effect of costs determination310

275.Agreement as to costs310

276.Division does not apply to Part IV proceedings311

Part XVI — Registered agents

277.Registration of agents312

Part XVII  The Dispute Resolution Directorate

Division 1 — Establishment and objectives

278.DRD established314

279.Main objectives of the DRD314

280.DRD’s constitution315

Division 2 — Commissioner

281.Appointment of Commissioner315

282.Terms and conditions of service315

283.Declaration of inability to act315

284.Acting appointment316

285.Functions of Commissioner317

Division 3 — Arbitrators

286.Arbitrators317

287.Control and direction of arbitrators318

Division 4 — Director Dispute Resolution and staff

288.Director Dispute Resolution318

289.Functions and responsibilities of Director318

290.Delegation by Director319

291.Staff of DRD319

Part XVIII — Regulations, rules and practice notes

292.Regulations320

293.DRD Rules322

294.Practice notes324

Part XIX — Miscellaneous

295.Public Service325

296.Delegation by chief executive officer325

297.Agreements and receipts under this Act exempt from duty326

298.Order for detention of ship326

299.Judicial notice327

300.District Court to provide information to WorkCover WA328

301.Prohibition of contracting out328

302.Deductions towards compensation not lawful328

303.Payments not assignable329

303A.Making employment conditional on avoidance arrangement329

304.Protection from liability330

305.Immunity330

306.Protection for compliance with this Act331

307.Proceedings for defamation not to lie332

308.Fraud332

309.Who can take proceedings for offences332

310.Time limit for taking proceedings333

311.General penalty333

312.Fines333

313.Penalties not affected333

314.WorkCover WA may specify alternative form of sending information333

315.Publication of prescribed amount and average weekly earnings334

Part XX — Repeal, savings, and transitional

316.Terms used335

317.Repeal335

318.Operation of Interpretation Act 1918335

319.No renewal of liability or entitlement336

320.Moneys paid under repealed Act taken into account336

321.Compensation for injuries mentioned in Schedule 2336

322.Child’s allowance337

323.Continuation337

324.References to the Board, the Supplementary Board or officers339

Schedule 1  Compensation entitlements

1.Death — dependants wholly dependent — notional residual entitlement341

1A.Death — dependants wholly dependent — child’s allowance342

1B.Death — dependants wholly dependent — notional residual entitlement or child’s allowance342

1C.Determination of entitlement under clause 1B344

2.Death — partial dependants who are not children345

3.Death — partial dependants who are children345

4.Death — no dependant346

5.Death — where not resulting from the injury but weekly payments had been made346

7.Amount of compensation in case of total or partial incapacity347

8.Deemed total incapacity348

9.No incapacity — medical expenses349

10.Absence from work for medical attendance349

11.Weekly earnings349

12.Part‑time worker353

13.Concurrent contracts353

14.Casual or seasonal worker354

15.Board and lodging354

16.Variation of weekly payments354

17.Payment of medical and other expenses355

18.Hospital charges357

18A.Payment of additional expenses357

18B.Final day for clause 18A(1b) application360

18C.Dispute as to degree of permanent whole of person impairment362

18D.Interim payment of additional expenses362

19.Travelling363

Schedule 2 — Table of compensation payable

Part 1

Part 2

Schedule 3 — Specified industrial diseases

Schedule 4 — Specified losses of functions

Schedule 5 — Exceptions to cessation of weekly payments by reason of age

1.Terms used374

1A.Successive lung diseases to be regarded as one375

2.Worker who would have worked after age 65375

3.Incapacity for work resulting from injuries of pneumoconiosis, mesothelioma and lung cancer — weekly payments375

4.Election to take redemption amount as lump sum or supplementary amount weekly378

5.Requirements for election under clause 4379

6.Effect of receiving the redemption amount as a lump sum379

7.Effect of receiving supplementary amount380

8.Payment of supplementary amount381

9.Death of a worker prior to commencement of section 49 of Workers’ Compensation and Assistance Amendment Act 1990382

Schedule 6 — Adjacent areas

1.Terms used383

2.Adjacent areas383

Schedule 7 — Noise induced hearing loss

1.Terms used385

2.Audiometric tests385

3.Employer to arrange and pay for audiometric test386

4.Carrying out of audiometric tests386

5.Communication and storage of audiometric test results387

6.Reference to medical assessment panel387

7.Re‑test of person’s hearing388

8.Determination of hearing loss388

9.Audiometric test not conclusive proof that hearing loss is noise induced389

10.Prescribed workplaces389

Schedule 8 — Terms and conditions of service of Commissioner

1.Tenure of Commissioner’s office390

2.Vacating office prematurely390

3.Commissioner’s status as District Court judge390

4.Completion of matters391

Notes

Compilation table392

Provisions that have not come into operation399

Defined Terms

 

Workers’ Compensation and Injury Management Act 1981

An Act to amend and consolidate the law relating to compensation for, and the management of, employment‑related injuries, to provide for the WorkCover Western Australia Authority and a Dispute Resolution Directorate, and for related purposes.

[Long title amended by No. 96 of 1990 s. 4; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 4.]

Part I  Preliminary

1.Short title

This Act may be cited as the Workers’ Compensation and Injury Management Act 1981 1.

[Section 1 amended by No. 96 of 1990 s. 5; No. 42 of 2004 s. 5.]

2.Commencement

The provisions of this Act shall come into operation on such day or days as is or are, respectively, fixed by proclamation 1.

3.Purposes

The purposes of this Act are — 

(a)to make provision for the compensation of — 

(i)workers who suffer an injury; and

(ii)certain dependants of those workers where the death of the worker results from such an injury;

(b)to make provision for the management of workers’ injuries in a manner that is directed at enabling injured workers to return to work;

(ba)to make provision for specialised retraining programs for certain injured workers;

(c)to promote safety measures in and in respect of employment aimed at preventing or minimising occurrences of injuries; and

(d)to make provision for the hearing and determination by the dispute resolution authorities of disputes between parties involved in workers’ compensation matters in a manner that is fair, just, economical, informal and quick.

[Section 3 amended by No. 72 of 1992 s. 4; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 6, 146 and 148(1).]

4.General application

(1)In this section proclaimed date means the date on which this section comes into operation 1.

(2)This Act — 

(a)applies to and in respect of — 

(i)liability and the extent of liability to pay compensation and to pay for the provision of other benefits;

(ii)the requirement to obtain and keep current a policy of insurance for the full amount of that liability; and

(iii)entitlement and the extent of entitlement to receive compensation and other benefits,

in relation to injury or death, as set out in the following cases — 

(iv)for incapacity occurring, or continuing to occur, on or after the proclaimed date, whether the injury from which the incapacity resulted occurred or first occurred before, on, or after that date, but in the case of an injury which occurred before that date, only if that injury was, or was deemed to be, a compensable injury under the repealed Act;

(v)for injuries and impairments from injury mentioned in Schedule 2, whether the date of the accident whereby that injury was caused to the worker occurred before, on, or after that date, but in the case of an accident which occurred before that date only if that injury was an injury under the Second Schedule of the repealed Act;

(vi)for death which occurs on or after the proclaimed date, where death resulted from an injury which occurred or first occurred before, on, or after the proclaimed date, but in the case of an injury which occurred before that date only if that injury was, or was deemed to be, a compensable injury under the repealed Act;

(vii)for death which occurs on or after the proclaimed date, where death did not result from the injury but for the purposes of clause 5 the period of 6 months referred to in that clause commenced before, on, or after that date;

(viii)for weekly amounts payable to children in respect of periods on and after the proclaimed date for death which occurred before, on, or after that date;

(ix)for such expenses as are provided for in clauses 4, 9, 17, 18, and 19, incurred on and after the proclaimed date, and for amounts payable under clause 10 for absences from work, on or after the proclaimed date whether the events or circumstances giving rise to those expenses or absences from work occurred or first occurred before, on, or after the proclaimed date, but in the case of events or circumstances which occurred before that date only if they would have given rise to payment of those expenses or for absences from work under the repealed Act;

(b)applies to and in respect of the injury management of a worker under Part IX, whether the injury referred to in that Part occurred or first occurred before, on, or after the proclaimed date; and

(c)applies to and in respect of the exercise of functions and powers and the performance of duties in relation, and incidental, to the matters referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b).

[Section 4 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 7, 146 and 147.]

5. Terms used

(1)In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears — 

approved insurance office means an insurance office approved under section 161;

approved medical specialist means a person for the time being designated under section 146F as an approved medical specialist;

approved medical specialist panel means an approved medical specialist panel constituted under Part VII Division 3;

approved treatment means occupational therapy, clinical psychology, speech therapy and any treatment of a kind approved by the Minister for the purposes of this definition by notice published in the Gazette;

approved vocational rehabilitation provider means a person approved under section 156 as a vocational rehabilitation provider;

arbitrator means an officer of WorkCover WA approved under section 286(2) as an arbitrator;

chief executive officer means the person appointed under the Public Sector Management Act 1994 to the office of chief executive officer of WorkCover WA and includes a person appointed to act in the place and during the absence of the chief executive officer while that person is so acting;

child’s allowance means — 

(a)for the financial year ending on 30 June 1982, the amount of $15.37;

(b)for any financial year ending after 30 June 1982 but before 1 July 1985, the amount obtained by varying the child’s allowance for the preceding financial year by the percentage by which the minimum award rate varies between the second‑last 1 April before the financial year commences and the last 31 March before the financial year commences; and

(c)for any subsequent financial year, the nearest multiple of 10 cents to the amount obtained by varying the child’s allowance for the preceding financial year by the percentage by which the minimum award rate varies between the second‑last 1 April before the financial year commences and the last 31 March before the financial year commences, or if the relevant minimum award rates are not published, the amount obtained by varying the child’s allowance for the preceding financial year in accordance with the regulations (with an amount that is 5 cents more than a multiple of 10 cents being rounded off to the next highest multiple of 10 cents);

chiropractor means a person who is resident in this State and is registered as a chiropractor under the Chiropractors Act 2005;

clause means — 

(a)where the term is used in or in respect of a particular Schedule, a clause in that Schedule; and

(b)otherwise, a clause of Schedule 1;

Commissioner means the Commissioner appointed under section 281;

company means a company or a registered body within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth, other than a registered body specified, or of a kind specified, in the regulations;

contract of insurance includes a cover note;

de facto partner in relation to compensation payable in respect of the death of a worker means —

(a)a person who, immediately before the death of the worker, was living in a de facto relationship with the worker and had been living on that basis with that worker for at least the previous 2 years; and

(b)any former de facto partner of the worker if the worker was legally obliged immediately before the death of the worker to make provision for that former de facto partner with respect to financial matters;

decision includes an order, award, direction or determination;

dentist means — 

(a)a person who is resident in a State or Territory of the Commonwealth and is entitled to practise as a dentist in accordance with the laws of that State or Territory; or

(b)a person who is not resident in a State or Territory of the Commonwealth but who is recognised as a dentist for the purposes of this Act by WorkCover WA;

dependants means such members of the worker’s family as were wholly or in part dependent upon the earnings of the worker at the time of his death, or would, but for the injury, have been so dependent;

Director means the officer of WorkCover WA approved under section 288(2) as the Director Dispute Resolution;

disease includes any physical or mental ailment, disorder, defect, or morbid condition whether of sudden or gradual development;

dispute resolution authority means the Director, an arbitrator or the Commissioner;

District Court means The District Court of Western Australia established under the District Court of Western Australia Act 1969;

Division means a Division of the Part wherein the term is used;

DRD means the Dispute Resolution Directorate established under section 278;

DRD Rules means the rules made under section 293;

drug of addiction means drug of addiction as defined by section 5 of the Poisons Act 1964;

earnings includes weekly payments of compensation under this Act;

employer includes any body of persons, corporate or unincorporate, and the legal personal representative of a deceased employer, and, where the services of a worker are temporarily lent or let on hire to another person by the person with whom the worker has entered into a contract of employment the latter shall, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed to continue to be the employer of the worker whilst he is working for that other person;

the term employer shall extend to any person for or by whom any worker, as defined in paragraph (a) or (b) of the definition of worker, works or is engaged; and

employer in relation to liability to pay compensation for or in respect of an injury to a worker, means the employer in the relevant employment;

estimate means the estimate prepared and approved as provided by section 107(1);

General Account means the Workers’ Compensation and Injury Management General Account established under this Act;

industrial agreement means an agreement which wholly or partially regulates the terms or conditions of employment;

industrial award means —

(a)an award or order (including an enterprise order or General Order) made by The Western Australian Industrial Relations Commission under the Industrial Relations Act 1979;

(b)an industrial agreement as defined in the Industrial Relations Act 1979;

(c)an award under the Coal Industry Tribunal of Western Australia Act 1992; or

(d)an award or certified agreement, as those terms are defined in the Workplace Relations Act 1996 of the Commonwealth,

as the relevant employment requires;

industrial disease premium means the additional industrial disease premium fixed pursuant to section 151(a)(iii);

injury means —

(a)a personal injury by accident arising out of or in the course of the employment, or whilst the worker is acting under the employer’s instructions;

(b)a disease because of which an injury occurs under section 32 or 33;

(c)a disease contracted by a worker in the course of his employment at or away from his place of employment and to which the employment was a contributing factor and contributed to a significant degree;

(d)the recurrence, aggravation, or acceleration of any pre‑existing disease where the employment was a contributing factor to that recurrence, aggravation, or acceleration and contributed to a significant degree; or

(e)a loss of function that occurs in the circumstances mentioned in section 49,

but does not include a disease caused by stress if the stress wholly or predominantly arises from a matter mentioned in subsection (4) unless the matter is mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) of that subsection and is unreasonable and harsh on the part of the employer;

injury management means the management of workers’ injuries in a manner that is directed at enabling injured workers to return to work;

inspector means a person authorised as an inspector under section 175A(1);

medical assessment panel means a medical assessment panel constituted under Part VII Division 1;

medical practitioner means — 

(a)a person who is resident in a State or Territory of the Commonwealth and is entitled to practise as a medical practitioner in accordance with the laws of that State or Territory; or

(b)a person who is not resident in a State or Territory of the Commonwealth but who is recognised as a medical practitioner for the purposes of this Act by WorkCover WA;

medical report includes a medical opinion;

member of a family means spouse, de facto partner, parent, grandparent, step‑parent; any person who stands in the place of a parent to another person and also that other person, son, daughter, ex‑nuptial son, ex‑nuptial daughter, grandson, grand‑daughter, step‑son, step‑daughter (whether the step‑son or step‑daughter is legally adopted by the worker or not), brother, sister, half‑brother, half‑sister; and with respect to an ex‑nuptial worker includes the worker’s parents, and his brothers and sisters, whether legitimate or ex‑nuptial, who have at least one parent in common with the worker;

mesothelioma means primary malignant neoplasm of the mesothelium (diffuse mesothelioma) of the pleura or the peritoneum;

mine or mining operation means a mine or mining operation of a class prescribed for the purposes of this definition;

minimum award rate means the weighted average minimum award rate for adult males under Western Australian State Awards, as published by the Australian Statistician;

noise induced hearing loss means a noise induced loss or diminution of a worker’s hearing that is permanent and is due to the nature of any employment in which the worker was employed, other than a personal injury by accident;

notional residual entitlement in relation to a deceased worker, means a sum equal to — 

(a)if section 56 or Schedule 5 clause 2 applied to any incapacity resulting from the relevant injury, the aggregate of weekly payments for total incapacity of the worker at a rate calculated and varied in accordance with Schedule 1 as at the date of his death, for a period from that date up to the date when weekly payments of compensation would have ceased by reason of age, less the amount of any lump sum paid in redemption of weekly payments and the amount of any sum paid under Schedule 2, for the injury or impairment resulting from the injury; or

(b)the NRE amount as at the date of the worker’s death, less the amount of any weekly payments made, the amount of any lump sum paid in redemption of weekly payments, and the amount of any sum paid under Schedule 2, for the injury suffered by the worker or impairment resulting from the injury,

whichever is the less;

NRE amount means —

(a)in relation to any financial year ending on or before 30 June 2005, the prescribed amount in relation to that financial year;

(b)in relation to the financial year ending on 30 June 2006, $200 000;

(c)in relation to any subsequent financial year, the nearest whole number of dollars to —

(i)the amount obtained by varying the NRE amount for the preceding financial year by the percentage by which the amount that the Australian Statistician published as the Labour Price Index (formerly known as the Wages Cost Index), ordinary time hourly rates of pay (excluding bonuses) for Western Australia (the LPI) varied between the second‑last December quarter before the financial year commenced and the last December quarter before the financial year commenced; or

(ii)if the calculation under subparagraph (i) cannot be performed in relation to a financial year because the LPI for a relevant quarter was not published, the amount obtained by varying the NRE amount for the preceding financial year in accordance with the regulations,

with an amount that is 50 cents more than a whole number of dollars being rounded off to the next highest whole number of dollars;

officer of the DRD refers to —

(a)the Director;

(b)an arbitrator; and

(c)any other officer of WorkCover WA made available under section 291;

participate, in relation to a return to work program established under section 155C(1), means to participate in the program in a cooperative manner including attending appointments as required under the program;

physiotherapist means a person who is resident in the Commonwealth or a Territory of the Commonwealth and is registered as a physiotherapist in accordance with the laws of a State or Territory of the Commonwealth;

prescribed amount means —

(a)in relation to the financial year ending on 30 June 2000, $119 048;

(b)in relation to any subsequent financial year, the nearest whole number of dollars to —

(i)the amount obtained by varying the prescribed amount for the preceding financial year by the percentage by which the amount that the Australian Statistician published as the Labour Price Index (formerly known as the Wages Cost Index), ordinary time hourly rates of pay (excluding bonuses) for Western Australia (the LPI) varied between the second‑last December quarter before the financial year commenced and the last December quarter before the financial year commenced; or

(ii)if the calculation under subparagraph (i) cannot be performed in relation to a financial year because the LPI for a relevant quarter was not published, the amount obtained by varying the prescribed amount for the preceding financial year in accordance with the regulations,

with an amount that is 50 cents more than a whole number of dollars being rounded off to the next highest whole number of dollars;

registered agent means a person registered under regulations made under section 277;

relevant employment means — 

(a)the employment in which the personal injury by accident occurred;

(b)the last employment, during the period of one year mentioned in section 32 or, in the case of pneumoconiosis or mesothelioma, the last employment, to the nature of which the Schedule 3 disease is, or was, due;

(c)the employment in the course of which the disease was contracted and which was a contributing factor and contributed to a significant degree;

(d)the employment which contributed and contributed to a significant degree to the recurrence, aggravation, or acceleration of the pre‑existing disease; or

(e)the last employment, during the period of 3 years mentioned in section 49, to the nature of which the Schedule 4 loss of function is, or was, due,

as the case requires;

repealed Act means the Act repealed by section 317;

return to work, in relation to a worker who has suffered an injury compensable under this Act, means —

(a)the worker holding or returning to the position held by the worker immediately before the injury occurred, if it is reasonably practical for the employer who employed the worker at the time the injury occurred to provide that position to the worker; or

(b)if the position is not available, or if the worker does not have the capacity to work in that position, the worker taking a position —

(i)for which the worker is qualified; and

(ii)that the worker is capable of performing,

whether with the employer who employed the worker at the time the injury occurred, or another employer;

self‑insurer means employer whom, or employer belonging to a group of employers which, the Governor exempts under section 164 from the obligation to insure pursuant to this Act except for the obligation to insure against liability to pay compensation for any industrial disease of the kinds referred to in section 151(a)(iii);

ship means any kind of vessel used in navigation by water, however propelled or moved, and includes —

(a)a barge, lighter, or other floating vessel; and

(b)an air‑cushion vehicle, or other similar craft,

used wholly or primarily in navigation by water;

specialised retraining assessment panel means a specialised retraining assessment panel constituted under Part VII Division 5;

specialised retraining program means a program directed at enabling a worker to return to work by assisting the worker to undertake formal vocational training or study through technical or tertiary training courses of no longer than 3 years duration;

specialist means a medical practitioner — 

(a)who is resident in the State and who is registered as a specialist under the Medical Practitioners Act 2008 section 38; or

(b)who is not resident in the State, but who is recognised as a specialist for the purposes of this Act by WorkCover WA;

spouse in relation to compensation payable in respect of the death of a worker, includes any former spouse of the worker if the worker was legally obliged immediately before the death of the worker to make provision for that former spouse with respect to financial matters;

State includes Territory;

State Government Insurance Commission means the State Government Insurance Commission 2 established by the Insurance Commission of Western Australia Act 1986;

State Government Insurance Corporation means the State Government Insurance Corporation 3 established by the Insurance Commission of Western Australia Act 1986;

the Chairman of WorkCover WA means the person appointed to the office of Chairman of WorkCover WA’s governing body and includes a person appointed to act in the place and during the absence of the Chairman while that person is so acting;

tributer means a person who works a mine under an agreement with the lessee or owner of the mine to pay or receive from the lessee or owner a portion of the percentage product taken from the mine;

Trust Account means the Workers’ Compensation and Injury Management Trust Account established under this Act;

vocational rehabilitation, in relation to a worker who has suffered an injury compensable under this Act, means the provision to the worker of prescribed services, according to the worker’s assessed needs, for the purpose of enabling the worker to return to work;

weekly payments of compensation, in respect of the prescribed amount, include payments made under clause 10 and weekly payments of the supplementary amount made under Schedule 5 clause 2;

WorkCover Guides means the directions published by WorkCover WA under section 146R;

WorkCover WA means the WorkCover Western Australia Authority referred to in section 94;

worker does not include a person whose employment is of a casual nature and is not for the purpose of the employer’s trade or business, or except as hereinafter provided in this definition a police officer or Aboriginal police liaison officer appointed under the Police Act 1892, or except as hereinafter provided in this definition a member of the employer’s family dwelling in his house; but save as aforesaid, means any person who has entered into or works under a contract of service or apprenticeship with an employer, whether by way of manual labour, clerical work, or otherwise and whether the contract is expressed or implied, is oral or in writing;

the term worker, save as hereinbefore provided in this definition, includes a police officer or Aboriginal police liaison officer appointed under the Police Act 1892, who suffers an injury and dies as a result of that injury, and any member of the employer’s family dwelling in his house whose name, employment, and estimated wages are disclosed, at the time of employment and thereafter from time to time when the insurance is renewed, in writing to the insurer of the employer’s liability to pay compensation under this Act;

the term worker save as aforesaid, also includes — 

(a)any person to whose service any industrial award or industrial agreement applies; and

(b)any person engaged by another person to work for the purpose of the other person’s trade or business under a contract with him for service, the remuneration by whatever means of the person so working being in substance for his personal manual labour or services,

and any reference to a worker who has suffered an injury shall, where the worker is dead, include a reference to his legal personal representative or to his dependants or other person to whom or for whose benefit compensation is payable.

[(2)deleted]

(3)A reference in this Act to a personal injury by accident is a reference to an injury of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) of the definition of injury in subsection (1).

(4)For purposes of the definition of injury, the matters are as follows — 

(a)the worker’s dismissal, retrenchment, demotion, discipline, transfer or redeployment;

(b)the worker’s not being promoted, reclassified, transferred or granted leave of absence or any other benefit in relation to the employment; and

(c)the worker’s expectation of — 

(i)a matter; or

(ii)a decision by the employer in relation to a matter,

referred to in paragraph (a) or (b).

(5)In determining whether the employment contributed, or contributed to a significant degree, to the contraction, recurrence, aggravation or acceleration of a disease for purposes of the definitions of injury and relevant employment, the following shall be taken into account — 

(a)the duration of the employment;

(b)the nature of, and particular tasks involved in, the employment;

(c)the likelihood of the contraction, recurrence, aggravation or acceleration of the disease occurring despite the employment;

(d)the existence of any hereditary factors in relation to the contraction, recurrence, aggravation or acceleration of the disease;

(e)matters affecting the worker’s health generally; and

(f)activities of the worker not related to the employment.

[Section 5 amended by No. 79 of 1983 s. 2; No. 44 of 1985 s. 3; No. 51 of 1986 s. 46(2); No. 85 of 1986 s. 4; No. 86 of 1986 s. 5 and 6; No. 21 of 1987 s. 3; No. 36 of 1988 s. 4; No. 96 of 1990 s. 6; No. 72 of 1992 s. 16(3); No. 48 of 1993 s. 18, 21, 28(1) and 29; No. 62 of 1994 s. 109; No. 34 of 1999 s. 4 and 32(1); No. 10 of 2001 s. 218; No. 28 of 2003 s. 214; No. 36 of 2004 s. 4; No. 42 of 2004 s. 8, 146, 147, 150 and 154(4); No. 16 of 2005 s. 30(2); No. 31 of 2005 Sch. 3 cl. 8; No. 77 of 2006 Sch. 1 cl. 189(1); No. 22 of 2008 Sch. 3 cl. 54; No. 8 of 2009 s. 139(2) and (3); No. 42 of 2009 s. 25.]

5A.Indexation of certain amounts

(1)An amount that a provision of this Act describes as applying in accordance with this section is —

(a)before 1 July 1997, the amount that was prescribed for the purposes of that provision; and

(b)for a financial year commencing on or after 1 July 1997, the nearest whole number of dollars to the amount obtained by varying the amount applying at the commencement of the preceding financial year by the percentage by which the March CPI varies from the March CPI for the preceding financial year, or if the relevant index numbers are not published, the amount obtained by varying the amount applying at the commencement of the preceding financial year in accordance with the regulations (with an amount that is 50 cents more than a whole number of dollars being rounded off to the next highest whole number of dollars).

(2)In this section March CPI, for a financial year, means the index number for the quarter ending on the last 31 March before the financial year commences, as shown in the Consumer Price Index Numbers (All Groups Index) for Perth published by the Commonwealth Statistician under the Census and Statistics Act 1905 of the Commonwealth.

[Section 5A inserted by No. 34 of 1999 s. 5.]

Part II  Application of this Act in respect of certain persons and bodies

6.Local governments and other authorities

The exercise and performance of the powers and duties of a local government or other public, or statutory authority shall, for the purposes of this Act, be treated as the trade or business of such local government or other authority.

[Section 6 amended by No. 14 of 1996 s. 4.]

7.Tributers

(1)For the purposes of this Act a tributer, and any wages man employed by the tributer, shall be deemed a worker, and the lessee or owner of the mine let on tribute shall be deemed an employer of the tributer or wages man.

(2)The earnings of the tributer shall be deemed to be equal to the ruling rate of wages for miners as prescribed for the time being by the current industrial award in force in the district in which the mine is situated.

[Section 7 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 9.]

8.Baptist clergymen

In this Act worker includes a clergyman who is recognised as an accredited minister and who is in full‑time active ministry in an affiliated Baptist Church under the constitution and by‑laws of the Baptist Union of Western Australia Incorporated and the Baptist Union of Western Australia Incorporated is, for the purposes of this Act, deemed to be the employer of such a clergyman.

9.Anglican clergy

In this Act worker includes a member of the clergy of the Anglican Church of Australia being a bishop, or a member of the clergy licensed by the bishop, of a diocese of the church in the State and, for the purpose of this Act, the Anglican Archbishop of Perth is deemed to be the employer.

[Section 9 inserted by No. 72 of 1992 s. 5.]

10.Other clergymen

At the request of the governing body of any other church, the Minister — 

(a)may, by notice published in the Gazette, declare that in this Act worker includes a clergyman, as defined in the notice, of that church and, if the Minister so declares, he shall also declare, in the same notice, who is, for the purposes of this Act, deemed to be the employer of such a clergyman, and thereupon the notice shall have effect according to its terms as if they were provided in this Act; and

(b)may at any time by subsequent notice so published cancel or amend the first‑mentioned notice and thereupon the subsequent notice shall have effect according to its terms as if they were provided in this Act.

10A.Working directors

(1)In this section —

company means a company as defined in section 5(1) other than a public company as that term is defined in the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth;

corporate body has the same meaning as “company” in section 5(1);

director has the meaning given to that term in the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth;

earnings means wages, salary and other remuneration;

working director, in relation to a company, means a director of the company, whether or not the director would be a worker if this section did not apply —

(a)who executes work for or on behalf of the company; and

(b)whose earnings as a director of the company by whatever means are in substance for personal manual labour or services.

(2)Despite anything in section 5, a director of a corporate body is not a worker of that corporate body for the purposes of this Act unless this section makes the director a worker.

(3)A company may apply to an approved insurance office under section 160(2) on the basis that a working director of the company is a worker.

(4)If a company complies with section 160 in respect of a working director of the company on the basis that the director is a worker, then, for the purposes of this Act —

(a)the director is a worker; and

(b)the company is the employer of the director.

(5)Subsection (4) ceases to apply if the circumstances described in subsection (7) arise.

(6)If a company that is an employer is, or is one of a group of employers that is, exempt under section 164, then, for the purposes of this Act —

(a)a director of the company who is a working director is a worker; and

(b)the company is the employer of the director.

(7)If a company (other than a company that is, or is one of a group of employers that is, exempt under section 164) does not comply with section 160 on the basis that a working director of the company is a worker, then, for the purposes of this Act, the working director is not a worker.

(8)Subsection (7) does not prevent the company from applying as described in subsection (3), and subsection (7) ceases to apply if the circumstances described in subsection (4) arise.

[Section 10A inserted by No. 16 of 2005 s. 9(1).]

11.Exclusion of certain persons who are contestants in sporting or athletic activities

Notwithstanding anything in section 5 and subject to section 11A, a person is deemed not to be a worker within the meaning of this Act while he is, pursuant to a contract — 

(a)participating as a contestant in any sporting or athletic activity;

(b)engaged in training or preparing himself with a view to his so participating;

(ba)engaged in promotional activities in accordance with the contract pursuant to which he so participates; or

(c)engaged on any regular journey, daily, or other periodic journey, or other journey in connection with his so participating or being so engaged,

if, under that contract, he is not entitled to any remuneration other than remuneration for the doing of those things.

[Section 11 amended by No. 44 of 1985 s. 5; No. 34 of 1999 s. 7.]

11A.Jockeys

(1)Notwithstanding section 11, for the purposes of this Act worker includes a person licensed as a jockey under the Racing and Wagering Western Australia Act 2003 — 

(a)riding a horse in any race run under the management of a racing club registered under the Racing and Wagering Western Australia Act 2003; or

(b)engaged on a racecourse in riding work, or carrying out the usual duties of a jockey, for a trainer licensed as a trainer under the Racing and Wagering Western Australia Act 2003,

and Racing and Wagering Western Australia is, for the purposes of this Act, deemed to be the employer of such a person.

(2)The earnings of a person included as a worker under subsection (1) shall be deemed to be equal to the rate of wages, including special allowances, prescribed for stable foremen under the Horse Training Industry Award 1976 as made under the Conciliation and Arbitration Act 1904 4 of the Commonwealth and amended from time to time.

[Section 11A inserted by No. 44 of 1985 s. 6; amended by No. 35 of 2003 s. 244.]

12.Compensation not payable in certain cases

(1)A person is not entitled to claim or receive compensation under this Act, in respect of an injury to or the death of a person that occurred before the coming into operation of section 3 of the Workers’ Compensation Act Amendment Act (No. 2) 1977 5 if, had that section been in force when the injury or death occurred, the person who was injured or died would not have been a worker within the meaning of this Act by reason only of the amendments made by that section.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply to or in relation to compensation in respect of which proceedings had been commenced in the Board before 5 July 1977.

[Section 12 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 11, 146 and 147.]

13.Continued operation of this Act where compensation previously paid

Nothing in sections 11 or 12 in any way affects or limits the operation of this Act apart from those sections in relation to an injury to or the death of a person if any person, at any time before 28 November 1977, received compensation under the repealed Act in respect of that injury or death, and this Act continues to apply to the liability for and the right to compensation in respect of that injury or death as if those sections were not in this Act.

[Section 13 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 146 and 147.]

14.Application to worker in employment of Crown

(1)In this section Crown means Crown in right of the State.

(2)This Act applies to workers employed by or under the Crown to whom this Act would apply if the employer were a private person.

(2a)For the purposes of this Act, a person — 

(a)who is not a worker referred to in subsection (2), but who holds a judicial or other statutory office; or

(b)who is a member of the Governor’s Establishment within the meaning of the Governor’s Establishment Act 1992,

is deemed to be a worker employed by or under the Crown.

(3)All moneys payable under this Act by or on behalf of the Crown shall be paid out of moneys to be provided by Parliament.

(4)In all claims against the Crown, whether arising out of injuries to workers employed by or under the Crown, or in respect of any other claim under this Act by any other person, proceedings may be taken and prosecuted under this Act by suit against the Attorney General as representing the Crown in his representative capacity and without imposing any personal liability upon the occupant of the office of Attorney General.

[Section 14 amended by No. 44 of 1985 s. 7; No. 40 of 1992 s. 13; No. 42 of 2004 s. 148(1).]

[15.Deleted by No. 36 of 2004 s. 5.]

16.Act to apply as to injury to persons employed on Western Australian ships

[(1)deleted]

(2)This Act applies with the following modifications in respect of an injury occurring to a worker employed on a ship where under section 20 the worker’s employment is connected with this State — 

(a)the notice of injury and the claim for compensation may, except where the person injured is the master, be served on the master of the ship as if he were the employer, but where the injury occurred and incapacity commenced on board the ship it is not necessary to give notice of the injury;

(b)in the case of the death of the worker leaving no dependants, no compensation is payable if the owner of the ship is, under the Merchant Shipping Act 1894 of the United Kingdom, liable to pay the expenses of burial;

(c)where incapacity for work results from the injury, the owner of the ship may deduct from the payment due to the injured worker under this Act any expenses of maintenance which the owner of the ship is, under the Merchant Shipping Act 1894 of the United Kingdom, liable to defray and has, in fact, defrayed;

(d)any sum payable by way of compensation by the owner of a ship under this Act shall be paid in full notwithstanding anything in section 503 6 of the Merchant Shipping Act 1894 of the United Kingdom (which relates to the limitation of a ship‑owner’s liability in certain cases of loss of life, injury, or damage), but the limitation on the owner’s liability imposed by that section shall apply to the amount recoverable by way of indemnity, under the provisions of this Act relating to remedies both against employer and stranger, as if the indemnity were damages for loss of life or injury; and

(e)section 174(2) and (3) of the Merchant Shipping Act 1894 of the United Kingdom (which relates to the recovery of wages of seamen lost with their ship), apply in respect of proceedings for the recovery of compensation by the dependants of a worker lost with his ship as they apply with respect to proceedings for the recovery of wages due to seamen and apprentices; and proceedings for the recovery of compensation are in such a case maintainable if the claim is made within 18 months of the date at which the ship is deemed to have been lost with all hands.

[Section 16 amended by No. 44 of 1985 s. 8; No. 36 of 2004 s. 6 and 16; No. 42 of 2004 s. 147 and 148(3).]

17.Crew of fishing vessel

This Act does not apply in respect of injuries occurring to such members of the crew of a fishing vessel as contribute to the cost of working that vessel, and are remunerated by shares in the profits or the gross earnings of the working of that vessel.

[Section 17 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 148(1).]

Part III — Compensation

Division 1 — Injury: general

[Heading inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 12.]

18.Liability of employers to workers for injuries

If an injury of a worker occurs, the employer shall, subject to this Act, be liable to pay compensation in accordance with Schedule 1.

[Section 18 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 146.]

19.Personal injury by accident arising out of or in course of employment

(1)Without limiting the generality of section 18, a worker shall be treated as having suffered personal injury by accident arising out of or in the course of the worker’s employment if the injury occurs — 

(a)during the worker’s attendance at a place for educational purposes if — 

(i)the attendance is required by the worker’s terms of employment or apprenticeship; or

(ii)the attendance is for the purpose of, or in connection with, the worker’s employment with the employer and the employer agrees to the attendance;

(b)during the attendance at a place for treatment or attendance of a kind referred to in clause 17 of Schedule 1; or

(c)during the attendance at a place for the purpose of receiving payment of compensation to which the worker is entitled under this Act.

(2)A worker shall not be treated as having suffered personal injury by accident arising out of or in the course of the worker’s employment if the worker suffers an injury — 

(a)during a journey — 

(i)between a place of residence of the worker and the worker’s place of employment;

(ii)between a place of residence of the worker and a place mentioned in subsection (1); or

(iii)if the worker has more than one place of residence, between those places;

or

(b)during a journey arising out of or in the course of the worker’s employment if the injury is incurred during, or after, any substantial interruption of, or substantial deviation from, the journey, made for any reason unconnected with the worker’s employment or attendance mentioned in subsection (1).

(3)In subsection (2) — 

place of residence includes a place of temporary residence;

substantial interruption prima facie includes any interruption of the journey for a period of more than one hour.

[Section 19 inserted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 30.]

20.Compensation not payable unless worker’s employment connected with this State

(1)In this section —

State, in a geographical sense, includes a State’s relevant adjacent area as described in Schedule 6.

(2)Compensation under this Act is only payable in respect of employment that is connected with this State.

(3)The fact that a worker is outside this State when the injury occurs does not prevent compensation being payable under this Act in respect of employment that is connected with this State.

(4)A worker’s employment is connected with —

(a)the State in which the worker usually works in that employment;

(b)if no State or no one State is identified by paragraph (a), the State in which the worker is usually based for the purposes of that employment; or

(c)if no State or no one State is identified by paragraph (a) or (b), the State in which the employer’s principal place of business in Australia is located.

(5)In the case of a worker working on a ship, if no State or no one State is identified by subsection (4), a worker’s employment is, while working on a ship, connected with the State in which the ship is registered or (if the ship is registered in more than one State) the State in which the ship most recently became registered.

(6)If no State is identified by subsection (4) or (if applicable) (5), a worker’s employment is connected with this State if —

(a)a worker is in this State when the injury occurs; and

(b)there is no place outside Australia under the legislation of which the worker may be entitled to compensation for the same matter.

(7)In deciding whether a worker usually works in a State, regard must be had to —

(a)the worker’s work history with the employer over the preceding period of 12 months; and

(b)the intentions of the worker and employer,

but regard must not be had to any temporary arrangement under which the worker works in a State for a period of not longer than 6 months.

(8)Subject to subsection (7), in deciding whether a worker usually works in a State or is usually based in a State for the purposes of employment, regard must be had to any period during which a worker works in a State or is in a State for the purposes of employment whether or not under the statutory workers’ compensation scheme of that State the person is regarded as a worker or as working or employed in that State.

(9)Compensation under this Act does not apply in respect of the employment of a worker on a ship if the Seafarers Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 1992 of the Commonwealth applies to the worker’s employment.

[Section 20 inserted by No. 36 of 2004 s. 7; amended by No. 36 of 2004 s. 17(4).]

21.Compensation from date of incapacity

An employer is liable to pay compensation under this Act from the date of incapacity resulting from the injury but clause 9 applies in any case.

[Section 21 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 147.]

22.Serious and wilful misconduct

If it is proved that the injury of a worker is attributable to his — 

(a)voluntary consumption of alcoholic liquor or of a drug of addiction, or both, which impairs the proper functioning of his faculties;

(b)failure, without reasonable excuse, proof of which is on him, to use protective equipment, clothing, or accessories provided by his employer for the worker’s use; or

(c)other serious and wilful misconduct,

any compensation claimed in respect of that injury shall be disallowed unless the injury has serious and permanent effects or results in death.

[Section 22 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 13 and 147.]

23.Person not to be compensated twice

(1)Compensation under this Act is not payable in respect of anything to the extent that —

(a)compensation has been received under the laws of a place other than this State; or

(b)judgment has been obtained against the employer independently of this Act.

(2)If a person receives compensation under this Act and, for the same matter, subsequently —

(a)receives compensation under the laws of a place other than this State; or

(b)obtains judgment against the employer independently of this Act,

the person from whom compensation under this Act is received may, in a court of competent jurisdiction, sue and recover from the person the amount described in subsection (3).

(3)The amount that is recoverable under subsection (2) is —

(a)the amount of compensation paid under this Act; or

(b)the amount of compensation received under the laws of a place other than this State or for which judgment was obtained independently of this Act,

whichever is less.

[Section 23 inserted by No. 36 of 2004 s. 8.]

Division 1a — Determination by courts and recognition of determination

[Heading inserted by No. 36 of 2004 s. 9.]

23A.Term used: court

In this Division —

court includes a tribunal constituted by a judicial officer.

[Section 23A inserted by No. 36 of 2004 s. 9.]

23B.Determination of State with which worker’s employment is connected in proceedings under this Act

(1)If the question of whether this State is connected with a worker’s employment arises in proceedings in a court in relation to a claim for compensation under this Act, that court must —

(a)determine the State with which the worker’s employment is connected in accordance with section 20; and

(b)cause that determination to be entered in the records of the court.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply if there is a determination that is to be recognised under section 23D.

[Section 23B inserted by No. 36 of 2004 s. 9.]

23C.Determination by the District Court of State with which worker’s employment is connected

(1)If a claim for compensation has been made under this Act, a party to the claim may apply to the District Court for a determination of the question of which State is the State with which the worker’s employment is connected.

(2)The District Court must determine an application under subsection (1) in accordance with section 20 and cause that determination to be entered in the records of the court.

(3)An application under subsection (1) is not to be made or heard if there is a determination that is to be recognised under section 23D.

[Section 23C inserted by No. 36 of 2004 s. 9.]

23D.Recognition of previous determinations

(1)This section applies if a determination of the State with which a worker’s employment is connected has been made —

(a)by a court of this State under section 23B or 23C;

(b)by a court of another State under a provision of a law that corresponds with section 23B or 23C; or

(c)by a court of this State or another State in the course of proceedings on a claim for damages to which Part IV Division 1a applies or to which provisions of a law of another State corresponding to that Division apply.

(2)The State determined as mentioned in subsection (1) is to be recognised for the purposes of this Act as the State with which the worker’s employment is connected.

(3)This section does not prevent any appeal relating to the determination.

(4)If the determination is altered on appeal, the altered determination is to be recognised under subsection (2).

[Section 23D inserted by No. 36 of 2004 s. 9.]

23E.Determination may be made by consent

In this Division a reference to a determination made by a court in a proceeding includes a reference to a determination made by the court with the consent of the parties to the proceeding.

[Section 23E inserted by No. 36 of 2004 s. 9.]

Division 2 — Discontinued regime for lump sum payments for specified injuries

[Heading inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 14.]

24.Compensation for injuries mentioned in Schedule 2

(1)In this section —

amendment day means the day on which section 21 of the Workers’ Compensation Reform Act 2004 comes into operation 1.

(2)Notwithstanding Schedule 1, in respect of compensable personal injuries by accident, if the worker himself so elects during his lifetime as provided by section 24B, the compensation payable for the injuries mentioned in column 1 of Part 1 of the table set out in Schedule 2 shall, subject to the provisions of this Act relating to Schedule 2, be the percentage ratios of the prescribed amount indicated in column 2 of that Part, but the compensation payable for each such injury shall be in accordance with the percentage ratio of the prescribed amount indicated in that column in respect of such an injury at the date of the accident whereby that injury was caused to the worker, irrespective of when the worker so elects.

(3)This Division does not apply if the compensable personal injury by accident occurs on or after the amendment day.

(4)This Division does not apply in relation to noise induced hearing loss shown on or after the amendment day by an audiometric test under Schedule 7 clause 4.

[Section 24 amended by No. 44 of 1985 s. 9; No. 36 of 1988 s. 5; No. 42 of 2004 s. 15.]

24A.Lump sum compensation for noise induced hearing loss

(1)Subject to Schedule 7 and this section, a worker suffering from noise induced hearing loss shall be entitled to compensation for that loss under item 6 of Part 1 of the table set out in Schedule 2 if the worker so elects as provided by section 24B, but the compensation payable for that hearing loss shall, subject to the provisions of this Act relating to Schedule 2, be in accordance with the percentage ratio of the prescribed amount indicated in column 2 of Part 1 of the table set out in Schedule 2 in respect of item 6 at the date of the audiometric test under Schedule 7 that showed that a loss or diminution of the worker’s hearing had been incurred, irrespective of when the worker so elects.

(2)A worker is entitled to compensation under this section only in respect of noise induced hearing loss incurred after the date on which this section comes into operation and — 

(a)in respect of the worker’s first election under this section, where that noise induced hearing loss is at least a 10% loss of hearing; and

(b)in respect of a subsequent election by the worker under this section after a successful first election under paragraph (a) — 

(i)where that noise induced hearing loss is at least a further 5% loss of hearing; or

(ii)where the worker has reached the age of 65 years or on the worker’s retirement from work before that age, where that noise induced hearing loss is any further percentage of loss of hearing.

(3)Nothing in subsection (2) operates to stop a worker who — 

(a)has retired from work before attaining the age of 65 years;

(b)has made a successful election under subsection (2)(b)(ii); and

(c)subsequently returns to work,

from making an election under subsection (2)(b) in respect of further loss of hearing.

(4)A worker is not entitled to compensation under this section in respect of noise induced hearing loss incurred after the worker has attained the age of 65 years.

(5)In subsection (2), loss of hearing means percentage loss of hearing calculated in accordance with the National Acoustic Laboratory Tables prescribed.

(6)Schedule 7 applies and noise induced hearing loss shall be ascertained and measured for the purposes of this section in accordance with that Schedule.

[Section 24A inserted by No. 36 of 1988 s. 6; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 16.]

24B.Election under section 24 or 24A

(1)A worker elects for the purposes of section 24 or 24A(1) where — 

(a)the worker signs a prescribed form of election containing prescribed particulars in respect of the relevant injury or hearing loss; and

(b)that form of election is filed with the Director, and a copy of it is served by or on behalf of the worker on the employer who, in the case of an election for the purposes of section 24A, shall be the employer who last employed the worker in employment to the nature of which noise induced hearing loss is due.

(2)A form of election referred to in subsection (1) is not binding upon a worker unless the Director is satisfied that it contains a statement in clear terms of the effect the election will have on the worker’s future entitlements to compensation under this Act.

(3)If not satisfied in accordance with subsection (2), the Director shall within 7 days notify the employer and the worker accordingly.

(4)Subject to this Act, a worker who elects as provided by subsection (1) is entitled to continue to receive any weekly payments of compensation to which he or she is entitled until —

(a)an agreement with respect to the election is registered under section 76; or

(b)an order of an arbitrator is made with respect to the amount of compensation payable pursuant to the election,

whichever is sooner.

(5)Where a worker makes an election under subsection (1) for the purposes of section 24A, this Division and Part XI shall apply as if the noise induced hearing loss in respect of which the election was made was a compensable personal injury by accident arising out of or in the course of the worker’s employment and for that purpose a reference to the time or date of the personal injury by accident shall, in respect of compensable noise induced hearing loss, be construed as a reference to the date of the audiometric test under Schedule 7 that showed that a loss or diminution of the worker’s hearing had been incurred.

[Section 24B inserted by No. 36 of 1988 s. 6; amended by No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 34 of 1999 s. 8; No. 42 of 2004 s. 17 and 149.]

25. Term used: loss of

For the purpose of the table set out in Schedule 2, loss of includes — 

(a)“permanent loss of the use of ”; and

(b)“permanent loss of the efficient use of ”, but in such case such percentage of the appropriate amount payable as is equal to the percentage of the diminution of the full efficient use, may be awarded, in lieu of the full amount.

26.Subsequent injuries

(1)When, by a compensable personal injury by accident, a worker has already suffered a permanent loss of any percentage of the full efficient use of — 

any part or faculty of the body referred to in column 1 of Part 1 of the table set out in Schedule 2 — 

and by subsequent compensable personal injury by accident suffers further loss of the full efficient use of — 

that part or faculty of the body — 

the compensation payable under the provisions of that table in respect of each such subsequent injury shall be proportionate to any increase (resulting from that subsequent injury) in the percentage of loss of that full and efficient use, and the compensation payable shall be calculated at the rates applicable at the time of occurrence of each subsequent injury.

(2)Where a worker has received compensation payable under the provisions of that table for 100% of the loss of, or the permanent loss of the efficient use of, any part or faculty of the body referred to in column 1 of that table — 

whether in one payment for permanent total loss of, or permanent total loss of the efficient use of — 

that part or faculty of the body — 

or in several payments, each of which has been made for a permanent partial loss of, or a permanent partial loss of the efficient use of — 

that part or faculty of the body, then and in such case, the worker is not entitled to any further payment under the provisions of that table in respect of that part or faculty.

[Section 26 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 18.]

27.Compensation in accordance with table at date of accident

Notwithstanding the other provisions of this Act and in particular section 118, where any decision, ruling, order, award, judgment, settlement, or agreement was given, made, or registered before 18 May 1978, on the basis that compensation payable for an injury under the table set out in Schedule 2 was in accordance with the amount indicated in column 2 of that table in respect of that injury at the date of the accident whereby that injury was caused to the worker, that decision, ruling, order, award, judgment, settlement, or agreement shall not be rescinded, altered, or amended, and the worker shall not be entitled to any further payment under the provisions of that table in respect of that injury, by reason that it was given, made, or registered on that basis.

[Section 27 amended by No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 34 of 1999 s. 9.]

28.Limit on compensation of worker electing

A worker who elects under section 24B is not in any case (including the case of a worker suffering by the same accident more than one of the injuries mentioned in Schedule 2) entitled to more than the prescribed amount, in addition to payment of such expenses as are provided for in clauses 9, 17, 18, 18A and 19 which clauses are hereby made applicable to each worker entitled to compensation under this Division until that worker so elects and an agreement is registered or an order of an arbitrator is made with respect to the amount of compensation payable pursuant to the election.

[Section 28 amended by No. 44 of 1985 s. 13; No. 36 of 1988 s. 7; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 19 and 149.]

29.Compensation while incapacity continues

Sections 24 and 24A do not limit the amount of compensation that is payable to a worker for any period of incapacity resulting from the injuries referred to in those sections unless the worker elects under section 24B and an agreement is registered or an order of an arbitrator is made with respect to the amount of compensation payable pursuant to the election.

[Section 29 amended by No. 44 of 1985 s. 14; No. 36 of 1988 s. 8; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 149.]

30.Compensation payable before election

Subject to section 28, when a worker elects under section 24B, any amount of compensation that was paid or payable to him for any period of incapacity resulting from the injuries referred to in section 24 or 24A and occurring before he so elects and an agreement is registered or an order of an arbitrator is made with respect to the amount of compensation payable pursuant to the election shall not be deducted from the amount payable in accordance with the table set out in Schedule 2.

[Section 30 amended by No. 44 of 1985 s. 15; No. 36 of 1988 s. 9; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 149.]

31.Schedule 2 Part 1 interpretation

In the application of Part 1 of the table set out in Schedule 2 the following apply — 

(a)loss of arm includes such loss resulting from injury to the shoulder;

(b)loss of leg includes such loss resulting from injury to the hip;

(c)if an eye or foot or other member is deemed lost or permanently and wholly useless or a finger has lost 2 joints, that constitutes the total loss of the eye, foot, member, or finger;

(d)except in the case of eyes, determination of a percentage of loss is not to be made while using artificial aids;

(e)determination of loss of sight is to be made on a corrective basis and item 5 of Schedule 2 shall not apply where loss of binocular vision is caused solely by the total loss of sight or substantial loss of sight of one eye.

[Section 31 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 20.]

Division 2A — New regime for lump sum payments for specified injuries

[Heading inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 21.]

31A.Application of Division

(1)In this section —

amendment day means the day on which section 21 of the Workers’ Compensation Reform Act 2004 comes into operation 1.

(2)This Division does not apply in respect of a compensable personal injury by accident that occurs before the amendment day.

(3)This Division does not apply in relation to noise induced hearing loss shown before the amendment day by an audiometric test under Schedule 7 clause 4.

[Section 31A inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 21.]

31B.Degree of permanent impairment

In this Division —

degree of permanent impairment means —

(a)except as provided in paragraph (b), the degree of permanent impairment of a part or faculty of the body, evaluated as described in sections 146A and 146B;

(b)in the case of scarring referred to in item 80 or 81 of Schedule 2, the degree of permanent whole of person impairment, evaluated as described in sections 146A and 146B,

resulting from the injury or injuries arising from a single accident.

[Section 31B inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 21.]

31C.Compensation for impairments mentioned in Schedule 2

(1)Despite Schedule 1, in respect of a permanent impairment from a compensable personal injury by accident, if the worker so elects during the lifetime of the worker as provided by section 31H in respect of an impairment mentioned in column 1 of Part 2 of the table in Schedule 2, the compensation payable for the impairment is, subject to subsection (2) and the provisions of this Act relating to Schedule 2, to be the percentage ratio of the prescribed amount indicated in column 2 of that Part.

(2)Except as provided in sections 31E and 31F(3), the compensation payable for each such impairment from injury is to be in accordance with the percentage ratio of the prescribed amount indicated in column 2 of Part 2 of the table in Schedule 2 in respect of such an impairment at the date of the accident by which that injury was caused to the worker, irrespective of when the worker so elects.

[Section 31C inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 21.]

31D.Schedule 2 impairment assessment

(1)In subsection (2) —

full amount, in relation to an injury, means the amount payable under this Division if the degree of permanent impairment resulting from the injury is 100%.

(2)If compensation is payable under section 31C but the degree of permanent impairment from the injury of the worker is less than 100%, a percentage of the full amount equal to the degree of permanent impairment is to be awarded in lieu of the full amount.

(3)If —

(a)there is not agreement between an employer and a worker as to the degree of permanent impairment of the worker; and

(b)the worker has a certificate of an approved medical specialist given under section 146H indicating that the worker has not less than the degree of permanent impairment alleged by the worker,

the worker may apply to have the question as to the degree of permanent impairment arising from the injury concerned determined by an arbitrator.

(4)An arbitrator to whom an application to determine a question is made under subsection (3) may —

(a)determine the degree of permanent impairment; or

(b)refer the question as to the degree of permanent impairment for assessment by an approved medical specialist panel and make a determination as to the degree of permanent impairment according to that assessment.

(5)If a determination is made that the worker’s degree of permanent impairment arising from the injury concerned is not less than that alleged by the worker, the arbitrator may order the employer to pay all or any of the costs connected with the dispute, including any costs connected with referral to an approved medical specialist panel.

[Section 31D inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 21.]

31E.Lump sum compensation for noise induced hearing loss

(1)Subject to Schedule 7 and this section, a worker suffering from noise induced hearing loss is entitled to compensation for that loss under item 44 of Part 2 of the table in Schedule 2 if the worker so elects as provided by section 31H.

(2)The compensation payable for noise induced hearing loss is to be, subject to the provisions of this Act relating to Schedule 2, in accordance with the percentage ratio of the prescribed amount indicated in column 2 of Part 2 of the table in Schedule 2 in respect of item 44 at the date of the audiometric test under Schedule 7 that showed that a loss or diminution of the worker’s hearing had been incurred, irrespective of when the worker so elects.

(3)A worker is entitled to compensation under this section only in respect of noise induced hearing loss incurred after 1 March 1991 and —

(a)in respect of the worker’s first election under this section (if the worker has not made a successful first election under section 24A), where that noise induced hearing loss is at least a 10% loss of hearing; and

(b)in respect of a subsequent election by the worker under this section after a successful first election under section 24A or paragraph (a) of this section —

(i)where that noise induced hearing loss is at least a further 5% loss of hearing; or

(ii)where the worker has reached the age of 65 years or on the worker’s retirement from work before that age, where that noise induced hearing loss is assessed under Schedule 7 as any further percentage of loss of hearing.

(4)Nothing in subsection (3) operates to stop a worker who —

(a)has retired from work before attaining the age of 65 years;

(b)has made a successful election under section 24A(2)(b)(ii) or subsection (3)(b)(ii) of this section; and

(c)subsequently returns to work,

from making an election under subsection (3)(b) in respect of further loss of hearing.

(5)A worker is not entitled to compensation under this section in respect of noise induced hearing loss incurred after the worker has attained the age of 65 years.

(6)In subsection (3), loss of hearing means percentage loss of hearing calculated in accordance with the National Acoustic Laboratory Tables prescribed by the regulations.

(7)Schedule 7 applies and noise induced hearing loss is to be ascertained and measured for the purposes of this section in accordance with that Schedule.

[Section 31E inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 21.]

31F.Lump sum compensation for AIDS

(1)In this section and in the table in Schedule 2 —

AIDS means acquired immune deficiency syndrome;

HIV means human immunodeficiency virus;

prohibited drug has the meaning given to that term by the Misuse of Drugs Act 1981 section 3.

(2)Subject to this section, for the purposes of this Division —

(a)the infection of a worker by HIV by accident arising out of or in the course of employment, or whilst the worker is acting under the employer’s instructions, is taken to be a personal injury by accident; and

(b)if that worker subsequently contracts AIDS, the contracting of AIDS —

(i)is taken to be a compensable personal injury by accident;

(ii)is taken to result in a degree of permanent impairment of 100%; and

(iii)is taken to have occurred on the date on which the worker contracted the HIV infection referred to in paragraph (a).

(3)Despite section 31C the compensation payable for the contracting of AIDS in the circumstances set out in subsection (2) is 100% of the prescribed amount at the date on which a certificate is given by a medical practitioner that the worker has contracted AIDS.

(4)The regulations may make provision for methods of deciding for the purposes of this section whether a worker is HIV infected or has contracted AIDS.

(5)Sections 31C(2) and 31D do not apply to an impairment that is AIDS.

(6)A worker is not entitled to compensation under this Division in respect of an impairment that is AIDS if the impairment resulted from the unlawful use of any prohibited drug or from voluntary sexual activity.

(7)Subsection (6) does not limit the operation of section 22.

(8)A worker is not entitled to compensation under this Division in respect of an impairment that is AIDS if the accident by which the worker became HIV infected occurred on a day before the coming into operation of section 21 of the Workers’ Compensation Reform Act 2004 1.

[Section 31F inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 21.]

31G.Subsequent injuries

(1)In this section —

impairment includes a loss of full and efficient use of a part or faculty of the body to which the provisions of Division 2 apply.

(2)When —

(a)by a compensable personal injury by accident, a worker has already suffered a permanent impairment of any part or faculty of the body referred to in column 1 of the table in Schedule 2; and

(b)by a subsequent compensable personal injury by accident the worker suffers further permanent impairment of that part or faculty of the body,

the compensation payable under the provisions of the table in Schedule 2 and this Division in respect of each such subsequent injury is to be proportionate to any increase (resulting from that subsequent injury) in the degree of permanent impairment, and the compensation payable is to be calculated at the rates applicable at the time of occurrence of each subsequent injury.

(3)Where a worker has received compensation payable under the provisions of the table in Schedule 2 and Division 2 or this Division in respect of an impairment of a part of the body or a faculty for a degree of permanent impairment of 100%, whether in one payment for a degree of permanent impairment of 100% or in several payments, each of which has been made for a degree of permanent impairment of less than 100%, then and in such case, the worker is not entitled to any further payment under the provisions of that table and this Division in respect of that impairment.

[Section 31G inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 21.]

31H.Election under section 31C or 31E

(1)A worker elects under this section for the purposes of section 31C or 31E when —

(a)the worker signs a form of election prescribed by the regulations containing particulars prescribed by the regulations in respect of the impairment or loss; and

(b)that form of election is filed with the Director, and a copy of it is served by or on behalf of the worker on the employer.

(2)A worker can elect for the purposes of section 31C only if —

(a)the worker and the worker’s employer agree as to the worker’s degree of permanent impairment resulting from the injury concerned; or

(b)a determination has been made under section 31D(4) in respect of the worker’s degree of permanent impairment resulting from the injury concerned or the worker has a certificate given for the purposes of section 31F(3) that the worker has contracted AIDS.

(3)In the case of an election for the purposes of section 31E, the employer on whom the copy of the form of election is served is to be the employer who last employed the worker in employment to the nature of which noise induced hearing loss is due.

(4)Where a worker makes an election under subsection (1) for the purposes of section 31E, this Division and Part XI apply as if the noise induced hearing loss in respect of which the election was made were a compensable personal injury by accident arising out of or in the course of the worker’s employment, and for that purpose a reference to the time or date of a personal injury by accident is, in respect of compensable noise induced hearing loss, to be construed as a reference to the date of the audiometric test under Schedule 7 that showed that a loss or diminution of the worker’s hearing had been incurred.

[Section 31H inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 21; amended by No. 16 of 2005 s. 16.]

31I.Effect of election

(1)A form of election referred to in section 31H(1) is not binding upon a worker unless the Director is satisfied that it contains a statement in clear terms of the effect the election will have on the worker’s future entitlements to compensation under this Act.

(2)If not satisfied in accordance with subsection (1), the Director is to, within 7 days of so determining, notify the employer and the worker accordingly.

(3)Subject to this Act, a worker who elects as provided by section 31H(1) is entitled to continue to receive any weekly payments of compensation to which the worker is entitled until —

(a)an agreement with respect to the election is registered under section 76; or

(b)an order of an arbitrator is made with respect to the amount of compensation payable under the election,

whichever is the sooner.

(4)Sections 31C and 31E do not limit the amount of compensation that is payable to a worker for any period of incapacity resulting from the impairments or losses referred to in those sections unless the worker elects under section 31H and an agreement is registered or an order of an arbitrator is made with respect to the amount of compensation payable pursuant to the election.

[Section 31I inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 21.]

31J.Limit on compensation of worker electing

(1)A worker who elects under section 31H is not in any case (including the case of a worker suffering by the same accident more than one of the impairments mentioned in Schedule 2) entitled to more than the prescribed amount, in addition to payment of such expenses as are provided for in clauses 9, 17, 18, 18A and 19.

(2)Clauses 9, 17, 18, 18A and 19 are by this section made applicable to each worker entitled to compensation under this Division until that worker elects under section 31H and an agreement is registered or an order of an arbitrator is made with respect to the amount of compensation payable pursuant to the election.

[Section 31J inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 21.]

31K.Compensation payable before election

Subject to section 31J, when a worker elects under section 31H, any amount of compensation that was payable to the worker for any period of incapacity resulting from the injuries referred to in section 31C or 31E and occurring before the worker so elects and an agreement is registered or an order of an arbitrator is made with respect to the amount of compensation payable pursuant to the election is not to be deducted from the amount payable in accordance with the table in Schedule 2.

[Section 31K inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 21.]

Division 3 — Injury: specified industrial diseases

[Heading inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 22.]

32.Compensation of worker dying from or affected by certain industrial diseases (Schedule 3)

Where a worker is rendered less able to earn full wages by reason of suffering from, or his death is caused by, any disease, except pneumoconiosis, mesothelioma, or lung cancer, mentioned in column 1 of Schedule 3 and the disease is or was due to the nature of any employment in which the worker was employed at any time within one year previous to the date of being so rendered, whether under one or more employers, an injury, being that disease, of the worker occurs and this Act applies to that injury subject, however, to this Division.

[Section 32 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 23, 146 and 147.]

33.Pneumoconiosis, mesothelioma or lung cancer

Where a worker is rendered less able to earn full wages by reason of suffering from, or his death is caused by —

(a)pneumoconiosis;

(b)on and after 8 May 1970, mesothelioma; or

(c)on and after the date on which this section comes into operation, lung cancer,

and the disease is, or was, due to the nature of any employment in which the worker was employed at any time previous to the date of being so rendered and it is shown to the satisfaction of an arbitrator that, since he was last employed in the State in any employment of that nature, the worker — 

(a)has not been absent from the State for a period of, or periods aggregating, more than 6 months; or

(b)having been absent from the State for a period of, or periods aggregating, more than 6 months, has not during that period or those periods been employed in any employment of that nature,

an injury, being pneumoconiosis, mesothelioma, or lung cancer, as the case may be, of the worker occurs and this Act applies to that injury subject, however, to this Division.

[Section 33 amended by No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 24, 146, 147 and 149.]

34.Worker suffering from chronic bronchitis and pneumoconiosis

Whenever a worker is rendered less able to earn full wages, by reason of suffering from chronic bronchitis in association with pneumoconiosis, he is deemed to be so rendered by pneumoconiosis and this Act applies subject, however, to this Division; but a worker who, after receiving compensation pursuant to this section, is subsequently employed in any process entailing exposure to mineral dusts harmful to the lungs whether by the same or any other employer, is not entitled to any further compensation or benefit, in respect of any period of incapacity due to pneumoconiosis of any kind or to the aggravation or acceleration of any such disease, arising from his subsequent employment in that process.

[Section 34 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 25.]

35.Worker suffering from lung cancer and pneumoconiosis

Whenever after the proclaimed date a worker is rendered less able to earn full wages by reason of suffering from lung cancer in association with that form of pneumoconiosis known as asbestosis, he is deemed to be so rendered by pneumoconiosis and this Act applies subject, however, to this Division: but a worker who, after receiving compensation pursuant to this section, is subsequently employed in any process entailing substantial exposure to asbestos dust whether by the same or any other employer, is not entitled to any further compensation or benefit, in respect of any period of incapacity due to asbestosis or to the aggravation or acceleration of such disease, arising from his subsequent employment in that process.

[Section 35 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 26.]

36.Reference to medical panel

(1)Whenever a claim is made by, or in relation to, a worker for compensation under section 33 or 34, the employer shall within 14 days of the making of the claim send particulars of the claim to WorkCover WA, and the chief executive officer shall refer the question of the worker’s condition and fitness for employment to a medical panel comprising 2 or 3 physicians —

(a)all of whom are to be nominated by the chief executive officer from amongst physicians who specialise in diseases of the chest or in occupational diseases; and

(b)at least one of whom specialises in diseases of the chest.

(2)An employer who fails to comply with subsection (1) commits an offence.

(3)The Chairman of a medical panel shall be appointed by the Minister on the nomination of the chief executive officer.

[Section 36 amended by No. 28 of 1984 s. 101; No. 44 of 1985 s. 17; No. 33 of 1986 s. 4; No. 86 of 1986 s. 5; No. 96 of 1990 s. 7; No. 30 of 1993 s. 13; No. 48 of 1993 s. 32; No. 34 of 1999 s. 10; No. 42 of 2004 s. 150 and 152.]

37.Oral submission by medical practitioner

On a reference under section 36, any medical practitioner who has examined or treated the worker on his own behalf or has examined him on behalf of the employer may attend and make oral submissions to the medical panel, and the chief executive officer shall make arrangements with the medical panel to give such a medical practitioner the opportunity to attend, and, where such a medical practitioner does so attend the medical panel shall so certify to the chief executive officer, and the practitioner shall be paid from moneys standing to the credit of the General Account such witness fee as he would have been entitled to receive if he had attended to give evidence in a hearing before an arbitrator.

[Section 37 amended by No. 86 of 1986 s. 5; No. 30 of 1993 s. 13; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 49 of 1996 s. 64; No. 42 of 2004 s. 27 and 152; No. 77 of 2006 Sch. 1 cl. 189(9).]

38.Questions for determination by a medical panel

(1)On a reference under section 36, the medical panel, following such examination and tests as it may require, having given the opportunity for oral submissions to be made, and having considered such oral submissions as have been made pursuant to section 37, and perused such certificates of other medical practitioners as either party may in person or by his solicitor or agent tender to that medical panel, shall thereupon consider and determine the following questions — 

(a)is, or was, the worker suffering from pneumoconiosis, mesothelioma or lung cancer?

(b)if so, is, or was, the worker thereby less able to earn full wages?

(c)to what extent if any does, or did — 

(i)pneumoconiosis;

(ii)mesothelioma;

(iii)lung cancer,

adversely affect the worker’s ability to undertake physical effort?

(d)what other, if any, disease or physical condition is, or was, contributing to the worker’s being less able to earn full wages, or death and to what extent?

(e)is, or was, the worker fit for work? If so, at what level — light, moderate, or heavy?

(2)The determination of the medical panel shall, as far as is practicable in each case, be in the form and contain answers to the questions prescribed.

(3)Where the medical panel comprises 2 members who fail to agree on its determination, the chief executive officer shall add a third member to the panel in accordance with section 36.

(4)The determination of the medical panel or a majority of its members is final and conclusive and binding on the worker, on his employer, and on any tribunal in which such determination is relevant.

[Section 38 amended by No. 44 of 1985 s. 18; No. 86 of 1986 s. 5; No. 48 of 1993 s. 33; No. 42 of 2004 s. 28 and 152.]

39.Worker disabled by tuberculosis and pneumoconiosis

Subject to this Division, where a worker is rendered less able to earn full wages, by reason of suffering from tuberculosis in association with pneumoconiosis, and any of those diseases is, or was, due to the nature of any employment in which the worker was employed at any time prior to the date of being so rendered, that person is deemed to be totally incapacitated for work, during such period as the tuberculosis is active, and, thereafter, for a further period of 3 months or for the period that he is unemployed, whichever period is the shorter, and, during that period and further period, the person is — 

(a)if in receipt of payments under the Tuberculosis Allowance (Commonwealth) Scheme, established under the Tuberculosis Act 1948 7 of the Commonwealth, entitled to compensation in weekly payments equal to the maximum weekly income permissible under that Scheme; and

(b)if not in receipt of payments mentioned in paragraph (a), entitled to such compensation as that to which he would be entitled, if totally incapacitated by pneumoconiosis.

[Section 39 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 29.]

40.Interpretation of this Division in cases of death without prior incapacity

A reference in this Division to the date on which, or time at which, a worker was rendered less able to earn full wages is, in the case of a death of a worker who was not rendered less able to earn full wages before the worker died, a reference to the date of the worker’s death.

[Section 40 inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 30.]

41.Last employer liable but may join others

(1)Subject to subsections (2), (3) and (4), the compensation is recoverable from the employer who last employed the worker during the period of one year mentioned in section 32, or, in the case of pneumoconiosis, mesothelioma, or lung cancer, who last employed the worker, in the employment to the nature of which the disease is, or was, due.

(2)The worker or his dependants shall, if so required, furnish that employer with such information as to the names and addresses of all the other employers who employed him in the employment during that period of one year, or in the case of pneumoconiosis, mesothelioma, or lung cancer, at any time previous to the date on which the worker was rendered less able to earn full wages, as he or they may possess.

(3)If that employer alleges that the disease was in fact contracted whilst the worker was in the employment of some other employer and not whilst in his employ, he may join such other employer as a party to the proceedings, and if the allegation is proved, that other employer shall be the employer from whom the compensation shall be recoverable.

(4)If the disease is of such a nature as to be contracted by a gradual process, any other employers who during that period of one year, or in the case of pneumoconiosis, mesothelioma, or lung cancer, at any time previous to the date on which the worker was rendered less able to earn full wages, employed the worker in the employment to the nature of which the disease was due shall be liable to make to the employer from whom compensation is recoverable such contributions as, in default of agreement, may be determined in proceedings under this Act for settling the amount of the compensation.

(5)Where an employer has been insured by more than one insurer, then those insurers shall be entitled to be heard upon any application to have liability apportioned between them in terms of subsection (4).

[Section 41 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 31.]

42.Relevant earnings

The amount of the compensation shall be calculated with reference to the earnings of the worker under the employer from whom the compensation is recoverable.

43.Employer to whom notice to be given

The employer to whom notice of the occurrence of the injury is to be given is the employer from whom compensation is recoverable under section 41(1) and that notice may be given notwithstanding that the worker has voluntarily left the employment of that employer.

[Section 43 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 32.]

44.Disease deemed due to nature of employment

If the worker at or immediately before the date on which the worker was rendered less able to earn full wages was employed in any process mentioned in column 2 of Schedule 3 and produces a certificate from a medical practitioner that the disease contracted is the disease or one of the diseases in column 1 set opposite the description of the process, such disease shall be deemed to have been due to the nature of the employment, unless the employer proves the contrary.

[Section 44 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 33.]

45.Additions to Schedule 3

(1)The Governor may, by Order in Council published in the Gazette, declare that any other disease or process or disease and process shall be included in Schedule 3 48.

(2)Every such Order in Council shall on the expiration of 3 months from the date of such publication, and while in force, have the same effect as if the disease or process or disease and process named therein were inserted in that Schedule, and this Division shall be read and construed accordingly.

(3)Before any such Order in Council is published in the Gazette it shall be laid before both Houses of Parliament; and, if either House of Parliament passes a resolution disallowing any such Order in Council, of which resolution notice has been given at any time within 14 sitting days of such House after the Order in Council has been laid before it, such Order in Council shall thereupon cease to have effect.

46.Compensation limited to prescribed amount

(1)Notwithstanding any provisions of the Mine Workers’ Relief Act 1932 or any other provisions of this Act, the compensation payable to a worker in respect of any period or periods of total or partial incapacity due, or deemed due, solely to pneumoconiosis, arising, or deemed to arise, out of or in the course of employment in a process, described in column 2 of Schedule 3 as any process entailing exposure to mineral dusts harmful to the lungs, or to that disease in combination with any other disease, shall not in any case exceed the prescribed amount; and the provisions of this section shall apply whether the period or periods of incapacity occur or result while the worker is employed by the same employer or by different, successive employers.

(2)A worker who has received the full amount of compensation — 

that was the maximum amount of his employer’s liability to him under this Act, as it existed at the time of the payment,

in respect of pneumoconiosis or that disease in combination with any other disease, and who is subsequently employed in any process entailing exposure to mineral dusts harmful to the lungs, shall not in any circumstances be entitled to further compensation or benefit for any period of incapacity due to pneumoconiosis, or to that disease in combination with any other disease.

(3)A supplementary amount paid under Schedule 5 clause 4 or 8 is not compensation for the purpose of this section.

[Section 46 amended by No. 104 of 1984 s. 3.]

47.Certain workers not to benefit

Where at the time at which a worker was rendered less able to earn full wages as mentioned in this Division — 

(a)he is or was employed or was last employed in, on, or about a mine within the meaning of the Mines Safety and Inspection Act 1994;

(b)the disease by which he is or was so rendered is one of the diseases by reason whereof he would be liable, if found to be suffering from that disease, to be prohibited under or by virtue of the regulations made under the Mines Safety and Inspection Act 1994, from being employed, or from continuing to be employed, in, on, or about a mine within the meaning of that Act; and

(c)he was employed or was last employed, in, on, or about a mine under the authority of a provisional certificate issued to him by a medical practitioner under the regulations made under the Mines Safety and Inspection Act 1994,

and at or after that time — 

(d)the worker is found upon examination by a physician who specialises in diseases of the chest to have been suffering from the disease by which he is or was so rendered at the time when the provisional certificate was issued to him, and such physician so certifies in writing,

then, notwithstanding that the disease by which the worker is or was so rendered is one of the diseases mentioned in column 1 of Schedule 3 liable to be contracted by the worker in the course of his employment in, on, or about a mine, and notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained elsewhere in this Act, neither the worker nor any dependant of the worker shall be entitled to claim or recover any workers’ compensation from any employer under or by virtue of this Act in respect of being so rendered.

[Section 47 amended by No. 30 of 1993 s. 13; No. 62 of 1994 s. 109; No. 42 of 2004 s. 34.]

48.Notification of disease

(1)Whenever it comes to the knowledge of an employer that any worker employed by him is suffering from a disease mentioned in Schedule 3, the employer shall within 7 days send written notice to that effect to WorkCover WA, and the notice shall state the name and address of the worker and the time at which the worker was rendered less able to earn full wages.

Penalty: $100.

(2)Whenever a notice under subsection (1) relates to a disease mentioned in Schedule 3 and marked with an asterisk, the chief executive officer shall forward a copy of the notice to the chief executive officer of the department of the Public Service of the State principally assisting the Minister charged with the administration of the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1984.

(3)It is the duty of every medical practitioner who attends a patient suffering from a disease mentioned in Schedule 3, and which he has reason to believe was contracted by reason of the nature of his employment, to notify in writing the chief executive officer of the department of the Public Service of the State principally assisting the Minister charged with the administration of the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1984 of the case within 14 days after such attendance on a patient.

Penalty: $100.

[Section 48 amended by No. 28 of 1984 s. 102; No. 86 of 1986 s. 5; No. 21 of 1987 s. 4; No. 30 of 1995 s. 48; No. 42 of 2004 s. 35 and 152.]

Division 4 — Injury: specified losses of functions

[Heading inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 36.]

49.Injury occurs when loss of function renders worker less able to earn full wages

Where a worker is rendered less able to earn full wages by reason of suffering from a loss of function described in column 1 of Schedule 4 and the loss of function is due to the nature of any employment in which the worker was employed at any time within 3 years before the date on which the worker is rendered less able to earn full wages, an injury, being that loss of function, occurs and this Act applies to such an injury subject to this Division.

[Section 49 inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 37.]

[50.Deleted by No. 36 of 1988 s. 10.]

51.Compensation recoverable from last employer

(1)Subject to subsections (2), (3) and (4), the compensation is recoverable from the employer who last employed the worker during the period of 3 years mentioned in section 49 in the employment to the nature of which the loss of function is, or was, due.

(2)The worker shall, if so required, where possible furnish that employer with the names and addresses of all the other employers who employed him in the employment during the period of 3 years mentioned in section 49.

(3)If that employer alleges that the loss of function was in fact caused whilst the worker was in the employment of some other employer and not whilst in his employ, he may join such other employer as a party to the proceedings, and if the allegation is proved, that other employer shall be the employer from whom the compensation shall be recoverable.

(4)If the loss of function is of such a nature as to be caused by a gradual process, any other employers who during the period of 3 years mentioned in section 49, employed the worker in the employment to the nature of which the loss of function was due shall be liable to make to the employer from whom compensation is recoverable such contributions as, in default of agreement, may be determined in proceedings under this Act for settling the amount of the compensation.

(5)Where an employer has been insured by more than one insurer, those insurers shall be entitled to be heard on any application to have the liability apportioned between them in terms of subsection (4).

52.How compensation calculated

The amount of weekly payment of compensation shall be calculated and varied with reference to the earnings of the worker under the employer from whom the compensation is recoverable.

53.Employer to whom notice given

The employer to whom notice of the occurrence of the injury is to be given is the employer from whom compensation is recoverable under section 51(1) and that notice may be given notwithstanding that the worker has voluntarily left the employment of that employer.

[Section 53 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 38.]

54.Loss of function deemed due to nature of employment

If the worker at or immediately before the date on which the worker is rendered less able to earn full wages was employed in any process mentioned in column 2 of Schedule 4 and produces a certificate from a medical practitioner that the loss of function contracted is the loss or one of the losses in column 1 set opposite the description of the process, such loss of function shall be deemed to have been due to the nature of the employment, unless the employer proves the contrary.

[Section 54 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 39.]

55.Additions to Schedule 4

(1)The Governor may, by Order in Council published in the Gazette, declare that any other loss of function or process or loss of function and process shall be included in Schedule 4.

(2)Every such Order in Council shall on the expiration of 3 months from the date of such publication, and while in force, have the same effect as if the loss of function or process or loss of function and process named therein were inserted in that Schedule, and this Division shall be read and construed accordingly.

(3)Before any such Order in Council is published in the Gazette it shall be laid before both Houses of Parliament; and, if either House of Parliament passes a resolution disallowing any such Order in Council, of which resolution notice has been given at any time within 14 sitting days of such House after the Order in Council has been laid before it, such Order in Council shall thereupon cease to have effect.

Division 5 — Commencement, review, suspension, and cessation of payments

56.Entitlement to weekly payments ceasing on account of age

Subject to the exceptions in Schedule 5, an entitlement of a worker to weekly payments of compensation for incapacity for work resulting from an injury under this Act ceases — 

(a)if the injury occurs on or before the date on which the worker attains the age of 64 — on attaining the age of 65; or

(b)if the injury occurs after the date on which the worker attains the age of 64 — on the date one year after the injury occurs.

[Section 56 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 146 and 147.]

57.Saving as to expenses

Nothing in section 56 affects the liability of an employer for, and the entitlement of a worker to, compensation payable under Schedule 2, and expenses as are provided for in clauses 9, 17, 18, 18A and 19 but subject to the limitation on those expenses as provided for in clauses 17(1) and 18A(1c).

[Section 57 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 40.]

57A.Claims procedure — insured employer

(1)This section applies where — 

(a)a claim for compensation by way of weekly payments for total or partial incapacity has been made on an employer in accordance with section 178(1)(b); and

(b)the worker suffering the injury has served on the employer a certificate signed by a medical practitioner — 

(i)in or to the effect of the form prescribed containing substantially the information sought in the form; or

(ii)to the effect that the worker is unfit for work because of a recurrence of an injury in respect of which a certificate as referred to in subparagraph (i) has previously been served,

and the employer is indemnified by a policy of insurance against his liability to pay the compensation claimed.

(2)Where, in the circumstances mentioned in subsection (1), an employer fails to make a claim under and in accordance with his policy of insurance before the expiration of 3 full working days of his insurer after the day on which the circumstances mentioned in subsection (1) arose or, where the making of a claim within that time would not be reasonably practicable, as soon as reasonably practicable thereafter, the insurer may, in the Magistrates Court, sue and recover from the employer, as a debt due, any amount that, under the policy of insurance, he is liable to pay by way of indemnity in respect of the first 3 working days for which weekly payments are claimed by the worker.

(3)Upon an employer making a claim as mentioned in subsection (2), the insurer must, before the expiration of 14 days after the claim was made by the employer —

(a)give the worker to whom the claim relates and the employer notice, in accordance with section 57BA and the regulations, that liability is accepted in respect of the weekly payments claimed;

(b)subject to section 75, give the worker to whom the claim relates and the employer notice, in accordance with section 57BA and the regulations, that liability is disputed in respect of all or any of the weekly payments claimed; or

(c)give the worker to whom the claim relates, the employer and the Director notice, in accordance with section 57BA and the regulations, that a decision as to whether or not liability is to be accepted in respect of the weekly payments claimed is not able to be made within the time allowed by this subsection.

Penalty: $1 000.

(3a)If within 10 days after the Director is notified under subsection 3(c) that a decision is not able to be made, the insurer has not — 

(a)notified the worker to whom the claim relates, the employer and the Director that liability is accepted in respect of the weekly payments claimed; or

(b)subject to section 75, notified the employer, the worker and the Director that liability is disputed in respect of all or any of the weekly payments claimed and of the reasons why it is disputed,

the claim by the worker shall be deemed to be disputed.

(4)Where the Director has requested an insurer to do so, the insurer shall cause each notification to the Director under subsection (3)(c) to be accompanied by a means specified by the Director for conveying to the Director, in a machine‑readable form so specified, the information contained in the notification.

Penalty: $1 000.

(5)Where an insurer fails to comply with subsection (3) in respect of a claim for weekly payments under this Act, the worker who made the claim is, by force of this subsection, entitled to the weekly payments claimed and the insurer is liable to indemnify the employer in respect of those weekly payments, but either the employer or the insurer may apply for a determination under subsection (6).

(6)On an application under subsection (5) an arbitrator may determine the entitlement that the worker would have but for the operation of subsection (5), and thereupon the entitlement of the worker is as so determined but without affecting his entitlement under subsection (5) in respect of the period before that determination.

(7)An employer shall make the first of the weekly payments as soon as practicable after — 

(a)he is notified that the insurer accepts the claim or the time prescribed by subsection (3) expires without the employer having received any notification as required by that subsection from the insurer; and

(b)the worker has complied with the requirements of sections 178 and 179 or, on an application made under section 58, an arbitrator has ordered the commencement of weekly payments under this subsection notwithstanding that those requirements have not been complied with,

and subsequent weekly payments shall be made on the employer’s usual pay days.

(8)An employer who having received a payment from an insurer in respect of the employer’s liability to make a weekly payment to a worker fails to make that weekly payment to the worker in accordance with subsection (7) commits an offence.

Penalty: $2 000.

[Section 57A inserted by No. 96 of 1990 s. 8; amended by No. 72 of 1992 s. 6; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1) and 34; No. 34 of 1999 s. 11; No. 42 of 2004 s. 41, 146, 147 and 154(4); No. 59 of 2004 s. 133.]

57B.Claims procedure — self‑insurer or uninsured employer

(1)This section applies where — 

(a)a claim for compensation by way of weekly payments for total or partial incapacity has been made on an employer in accordance with section 178(1)(b); and

(b)the worker suffering the injury has served on the employer a certificate signed by a medical practitioner — 

(i)in or to the effect of the form prescribed containing substantially the information sought in the form; or

(ii)to the effect that the worker is unfit for work because of a recurrence of an injury in respect of which a certificate as referred to in subparagraph (i) has previously been served,

and the employer (whether in contravention of section 160, in accordance with an exemption under section 164, as a result of the insurer declining to indemnify the employer, or otherwise) is not indemnified by a policy of insurance against his liability to pay the compensation claimed.

(2)In the circumstances mentioned in subsection (1), an employer must, before the expiration of 17 days after those circumstances arose —

(a)if liability to make the weekly payments claimed is accepted, subject to subsection (6), make the first of those weekly payments;

(b)subject to section 75, give the worker notice, in accordance with section 57BA and the regulations, that liability is disputed in respect of all or any of the weekly payments claimed; or

(c)give the Director and the worker notice, in accordance with section 57BA and the regulations, that a decision as to whether or not liability is to be accepted in respect of the weekly payments claimed is not able to be made within the time allowed by this subsection.

Penalty: $1 000.

(2a)If within 10 days after the Director is notified under subsection (2)(c) that a decision is not able to be made, the employer has not — 

(a)if liability to make the weekly payments claimed is accepted, notified the Director accordingly and, subject to subsection (6), made the first of those weekly payments; or

(b)subject to section 75, notified the worker and the Director that liability is disputed in respect of all or any of the weekly payments claimed and of the reasons why it is disputed,

the claim by the worker shall be deemed to be disputed.

(2b)When an insurer declines to indemnify an employer against the employer’s liability to pay the compensation claimed, the insurer shall, before the expiration of 14 days after the claim was made by the employer, notify WorkCover WA to that effect and of the reasons for declining to indemnify.

Penalty: $1 000.

(3)Where the Director has requested an employer to do so, the employer shall cause each notification to the Director under subsection (2)(c) to be accompanied by a means specified by the Director for conveying to the Director, in a machine‑readable form so specified, the information contained in the notification.

Penalty: $1 000.

(4)Where an employer fails to comply with subsection (2) upon a worker claiming compensation by way of weekly payments under this Act, the worker is, by force of this subsection, entitled to the weekly payments claimed and the employer shall, subject to subsection (6), forthwith make the first of those weekly payments, but the employer may apply for a determination under subsection (5).

(5)On an application under subsection (4) an arbitrator may determine the entitlement that the worker would have had but for the operation of subsection (4), and thereupon the entitlement of the worker is as so determined but without affecting his entitlement under subsection (4) in respect of the period before that determination.

(6)An employer is not required under subsection (2) or (4) to make any weekly payment unless — 

(a)the worker has complied with the requirements of sections 178 and 179; or

(b)on an application made under section 58, an arbitrator has ordered the commencement of weekly payments under this section notwithstanding that those requirements have not been complied with.

(7)After the first of the weekly payments, subsequent weekly payments to which a worker is entitled shall be made on an employer’s usual pay days.

[Section 57B inserted by No. 96 of 1990 s. 8; amended by No. 72 of 1992 s. 7; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1) and 35; No. 34 of 1999 s. 12; No. 42 of 2004 s. 42, 146, 147, 150 and 154(4).]

57BA.Notices under sections 57A and 57B

(1)A notice under section 57A or 57B is to be expressed in plain language.

(2)The regulations may make provision —

(a)as to information to be included in or to accompany a notice under section 57A or 57B; and

(b)requiring information included in or accompanying a notice under section 57A or 57B to be given to WorkCover WA or other persons prescribed by the regulations.

(3)A notice under section 57A(3)(b) or 57B(2)(b) is to be in or to the effect of the form prescribed by the regulations and is to contain a statement of —

(a)the reason the person giving the notice disputes liability;

(b)the provisions of this Act on which the person giving the notice relies to dispute liability.

(4)A notice under section 57A(3)(b) or 57B(2)(b) is to also include —

(a)a statement to the effect that the worker can apply for resolution of the dispute under this Act;

(b)a statement to the effect that the worker can seek advice or assistance from the worker’s trade union organisation, a legal practitioner or a registered agent; and

(c)such other information as the regulations may prescribe or, subject to the regulations, as WorkCover WA may from time to time approve and notify to insurers and, in the case of information required in a notice under section 57B(2)(b), to employers.

(5)A statement in a notice under section 57A(3)(b) or 57B(2)(b) is given —

(a)in the case of a notice under section 57A(3)(b), subject to the insurer not being prejudiced in any subsequent proceedings relating to the claim by any information included in the statement; and

(b)in the case of a notice under section 57B(2)(b), subject to the employer, or the insurer if the insurer subsequently agrees to indemnify the employer, not being prejudiced in any subsequent proceedings relating to the claim by any information included in the statement.

(6)A notice under section 57A(3)(c) or 57B(2)(c) is to —

(a)be in or to the effect of the form prescribed by the regulations;

(b)include a statement as to the reasons why a decision as to whether or not liability is to be accepted in respect of the weekly payments claimed is not able to be made within the time allowed by section 57A(3) or 57B(2), as the case requires, and —

(i)if a reason is that the person giving the notice requires further medical information, a statement as to the nature and substance of the medical information and whether or not the person giving the notice requires any written authority from the worker for that purpose;

(ii)if a reason is that the person giving the notice requires further information as to the worker’s weekly earnings, a statement as to the nature and substance of the information required; and

(iii)any other particulars required by the person giving the notice to make the decision;

and

(c)include such other information as the regulations may prescribe.

[Section 57BA inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 43.]

57C.Notification to Commission

(1)This section applies in respect of a claim made by a worker for compensation by way of weekly payments that was made after the day fixed by the Minister for the purpose of this section by notice published in the Gazette.

(2)Where an employer makes a claim to his insurer as referred to in section 57A(2) and weekly payments to which the worker is entitled are commenced the insurer shall, as soon as practicable but in any event before the expiration of 21 days after the day on which the weekly payments were commenced, send to WorkCover WA notification in accordance with subsection (5) of the matter to which the claim relates.

Penalty: $1 000.

(3)Where section 57B applies and weekly payments to which the worker is entitled are commenced the employer shall, as soon as practicable but in any event before the expiration of 21 days after the day on which the weekly payments were commenced, send to WorkCover WA notification in accordance with subsection (5) of the matter to which the claim relates.

Penalty: $1 000.

(4)An insurer or employer who has given notification under subsection (2) or (3) in respect of a claim shall send to WorkCover WA notification in accordance with subsection (5) of the discontinuance of weekly payments as soon as practicable after the weekly payments are discontinued, except that where it appears likely that there will be any further payment of compensation under this Act to the worker arising from the injury to which the claim relates, the notification required under this subsection shall be sent as soon as practicable after it appears that all such payments have been made.

Penalty: $1 000.

(5)Notification required to be made in accordance with this subsection shall be in the form prescribed containing substantially the information required and, in the case of a notification under subsection (2) or (3), include an estimate of whether or not the incapacity of the worker is expected to be for a period exceeding 4 weeks and shall, where WorkCover WA has so requested, be accompanied by a means specified by WorkCover WA for conveying to WorkCover WA, in a machine‑readable form so specified, the details of the information and the estimate.

[Section 57C inserted by No. 96 of 1990 s. 8; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 44, 147 and 150.]

57D.Confidentiality

(1)Subject to subsection (2), a person, except with the express authority of WorkCover WA, shall not have access to, inspect, or peruse any information given under section 57C to WorkCover WA, and that information shall be treated as strictly confidential and shall not, except for the purposes of this Act, be disclosed to any person.

Penalty: $1 000.

(2)An employer may request that information provided under section 57C, whether by him or an insurer, in respect of compensation claimed by a worker from that employer be disclosed to another insurer or prospective insurer, and subsection (1) does not apply to the disclosure of information in accordance with that request.

[Section 57D inserted by No. 96 of 1990 s. 8; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 150.]

58.Arbitrator may determine liability

(1)Where, in the circumstances mentioned in section 57A(1) — 

(a)a period of 17 days has elapsed since those circumstances arose and the worker has not received the first of the weekly payments claimed; or

(b)whether or not the period mentioned in paragraph (a) has elapsed, notification has been given by the insurer — 

(i)under section 57A(3)(b) or 57A(3a)(b), that liability is disputed; or

(ii)under section 57A(3)(c), that a decision as to liability is not able to be made within the time allowed,

an arbitrator may, on the application of the worker hear and determine the question of liability to make the weekly payments claimed.

(2)Where in the circumstances mentioned in section 57B(1) — 

(a)a period of 17 days has elapsed since those circumstances arose and the worker has not received the first of the weekly payments claimed; or

(b)whether or not the period mentioned in paragraph (a) has elapsed, notification has been given by the employer — 

(i)under section 57B(2)(b) or 57B(2a)(b), that liability is disputed; or

(ii)under section 57B(2)(c), that a decision as to liability is not able to be made within the time allowed,

an arbitrator may, on the application of the worker hear and determine the question of liability to make the weekly payments claimed.

(2a)Where under section 57A(3a) or 57B(2a) a claim by a worker is deemed to be disputed, the Director may order the employer to make an application for an arbitrator to hear and determine the question of liability to make the weekly payments claimed.

(3)An employer may, in the circumstances mentioned in section 57A(1) or section 57B(1), make application for an arbitrator to hear and determine the question of liability to make the weekly payments claimed, and an arbitrator may hear and determine the matter.

[(4)deleted]

(5)On a hearing under subsection (1), (2), (2a) or (3) the arbitrator is to satisfy himself as to all the evidence before him and — 

(a)if the arbitrator considers that the evidence is satisfactory to establish liability to make weekly payments, may — 

(i)make an order that weekly payments including arrears to the date of the hearing shall be paid out of moneys standing to the credit of the General Account and that the employer shall forthwith pay to WorkCover WA for the General Account the amount of such payments together with an additional 10% of that amount; or

(ii)make an order as to weekly payments by the employer to the worker on such terms as the arbitrator sees fit;

or

(b)if the arbitrator considers that the evidence is not satisfactory to establish liability to make weekly payments, may dismiss or adjourn the application on such terms as the arbitrator sees fit.

(6)The fact that an application has been dismissed under subsection (5) shall not be taken into account by an arbitrator in any other proceedings under this Act.

[Section 58 inserted by No. 96 of 1990 s. 9; amended by No. 72 of 1992 s. 8; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 49 of 1996 s. 64; No. 42 of 2004 s. 45 and 150; No. 77 of 2006 Sch. 1 cl. 189(9).]

59.Information as to remunerated work

(1)This section applies to a worker who has claimed or is receiving weekly payments of compensation from an employer (the employer).

(2)A worker who commences remunerated work (other than work with the employer) after making a claim for weekly payments of compensation, is to, within 7 days of — 

(a)commencing the work; or

(b)receiving notification under subsection (3),

whichever is the later, inform in writing the employer or the employer’s insurer of the commencement of the work.

Penalty: $500.

(3)The employer or the employer’s insurer is to notify in writing a worker of the worker’s obligations under subsection (2).

(4)A worker is not to be convicted of an offence under subsection (2) unless the employer or the employer’s insurer has complied with subsection (3).

(5)The employer or the employer’s insurer may, in writing, request a worker to provide the following particulars of remunerated work (other than work with the employer) commenced after the making of the worker’s claim for weekly payments of compensation — 

(a)the date of commencement of the work;

(b)the title, classification or description of the work;

(c)the remuneration for the work; and

(d)the name and address of the person (if any) for whom the work is performed.

(6)A worker is to provide in writing the particulars requested under subsection (5) within 7 days of the date of the request.

Penalty: $500.

(7)If the particulars provided by the worker under subsection (6) establish that the worker has commenced remunerated work, the employer or the employer’s insurer may discontinue or reduce the worker’s weekly payments of compensation in accordance with the particulars.

(8)The employer or the employer’s insurer must not discontinue or reduce a worker’s weekly payments of compensation under subsection (7) otherwise than in accordance with the particulars provided by the worker under subsection (6).

Penalty: $2 000.

(9)Subject to sections 57A, 57B and 58, if — 

(a)a worker has claimed but has not received from the employer, weekly payments of compensation;

(b)the worker provides particulars under subsection (6);

(c)the particulars establish that the worker has commenced remunerated work,

the employer or the employer’s insurer may make a decision in accordance with the particulars as to whether or not weekly payments of compensation are to be made for the period to which the particulars relate, and if so, the amount of the weekly payments.

(10)A worker who disputes the discontinuance or reduction of weekly payments of compensation under subsection (7) may apply for an order of an arbitrator that the weekly payments be reinstated.

[Section 59 inserted by No. 72 of 1992 s. 9; amended by No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 46.]

60.Application for discontinuance or reduction of weekly payments

(1)Where weekly payments are made to a worker pursuant to this Division, the employer may apply at any time for an order of an arbitrator that such payments be discontinued or reduced.

(2)If the employer satisfies an arbitrator that there is a genuine dispute as to liability to pay compensation or as to the proper amount of such weekly payments, and in either case of the grounds of the dispute, the arbitrator may order that the payments be suspended for such time as the arbitrator directs or be discontinued or be reduced to such amount as the arbitrator thinks proper or the arbitrator may dismiss the application.

[Section 60 amended by No. 96 of 1990 s. 10; No. 72 of 1992 s. 10; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 47.]

61.Unlawful discontinuance of weekly payments

(1)Subject to subsections (7) and (8) and section 84, where weekly payments of compensation for total or partial incapacity are made to a worker under this Act, they shall not be discontinued or reduced without the consent of the worker or an order of an arbitrator unless the worker has returned to work or a medical practitioner has certified that the worker has total or partial capacity for work or that the incapacity is no longer a result of the injury and a copy of the certificate (which shall set out the grounds of the opinion of the medical practitioner) together with at least 21 clear days’ prior notice of the intention of the employer to discontinue the weekly payments or to reduce them by such amount as is stated in the notice, has been served by the employer upon the worker and unless within that period the worker has not made an application under subsection (3).

(2)Weekly payments of compensation for total or partial incapacity shall not be discontinued or reduced pursuant to subsection (1) unless the notice referred to in that subsection contains a clear statement — 

(a)informing the worker of the effect of failing to make an application under subsection (3) within the time referred to therein;

(b)informing the worker that he may obtain information from WorkCover WA as to the ways and means available to him to establish or protect his rights in respect of his injury; and

(c)containing such other information as may be prescribed.

(2a)If a person is required to give notice under subsection (1) and —

(a)fails to give the notice within the period referred to in that subsection; or

(b)gives a notice that does not comply with subsection (2),

the person commits an offence.

Penalty: $2 000.

(3)A worker who disputes the right of his employer to discontinue or reduce the weekly payments referred to in subsection (1) may, within the period of notice given under that subsection or, if the employer fails to give the notice required under that subsection, within the period of 21 days or such further time as an arbitrator may allow from the day on which the weekly payments were discontinued or reduced, apply for an order of an arbitrator that the weekly payment shall not be discontinued or reduced.

(4)Upon the hearing of an application referred to in subsection (3) an arbitrator shall — 

(a)adjourn the application on such terms as the arbitrator thinks fit;

(b)dismiss the application in which case the weekly payments may be discontinued or reduced, as the case may be; or

(c)make an order as to weekly payments by the employer to the worker on such terms as the arbitrator thinks fit.

(4aa)A reference in subsection (1), (3) or (4) to the employer is, where the employer is insured against liability to pay compensation under this Act, a reference to the employer’s insurer.

(4a)Upon the hearing of an application referred to in subsection (3) an arbitrator — 

(a)may, where the case requires, take into account whether —

(i)a return to work program has been established for the worker under section 155C(1);

(ii)the establishment, content and implementation of the return to work program are in accordance with the code as defined in section 155; and

(iii)the worker has participated in the return to work program,

and for the purposes of determining the application accordingly treat the worker’s incapacity as being of such degree as the arbitrator sees fit; and

(b)shall, where the case requires, take into account matters referred to in clause 8.

(5)Subject to subsections (7) and (8), weekly payments shall not be discontinued or reduced otherwise than in accordance with this Act.

Penalty: $2 000.

(6)A conviction for an offence that is a contravention of subsection (5) shall not affect any liability for the making of weekly payments of compensation under this Act.

(7)Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to a discontinuance of payments — 

(a)on payment in full of the prescribed amount;

(b)if section 56 or Schedule 5 clause 2 applies in respect of the incapacity, on the worker reaching the age at which his entitlement to compensation ceases; or

(ba)if section 93E(8) or 93P(2)(b) applies to the payment of compensation; or

(c)on suspension of payments in accordance with section 72, or 145D; or

(d)on failure to comply with section 69 by a worker who does not reside in the State.

(8)Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to a discontinuance or reduction of weekly payments of compensation under section 59(7).

[Section 61 amended by No. 44 of 1985 s. 20; No. 96 of 1990 s. 11; No. 72 of 1992 s. 11 and 12; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 34 of 1999 s. 13 and 32(2); No. 42 of 2004 s. 48, 147 and 150.]

62.Review of weekly payments

(1)Any weekly payment may be reviewed by an arbitrator on an application either of the employer or of the worker, and on such review, may be discontinued, reduced, or increased subject to any maximum provided, as from such date as the arbitrator, having regard to the past or present condition of the worker, sees fit.

(2)An arbitrator may, instead of discontinuing, reducing or increasing the weekly payments, suspend the weekly payments from the date of the order until such time as is specified in the order.

[Section 62 amended by No. 96 of 1990 s. 12; No. 72 of 1992 s. 13; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 49.]

63.No compensation during suspension

Where under this Act a right to compensation is lawfully suspended, no compensation is payable in respect of the period of suspension unless an arbitrator otherwise orders.

[Section 63 amended by No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 50.]

64.Medical examination

(1)Where a worker has given notice of an injury he shall, if so required by the employer, submit himself for examination by a medical practitioner provided and paid by the employer.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to an election made by the worker —

(a)for the purposes of section 24 to receive compensation in accordance with that section for permanent loss of the full efficient use of the back, neck or pelvis; or

(b)for the purposes of section 31C to receive compensation in accordance with that section for impairment of the back, neck or pelvis.

(3)A reference in subsection (1) to the employer is, where the employer is insured against liability to pay compensation under this Act, a reference to the employer’s insurer.

[Section 64 amended by No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 51 and 146.]

65.Periodical medical examination

Any worker receiving weekly payments under this Act shall, if so required by the employer or, if the employer is insured against liability to pay compensation under this Act, the employer’s insurer, from time to time submit himself for examination by a medical practitioner provided and paid by the employer or insurer, as the case may be.

[Section 65 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 52.]

66.Regulations as to medical examination

A worker shall not be required to submit himself for examination by a medical practitioner under section 64 or 65 otherwise than in accordance with the regulations, nor at more frequent intervals than are prescribed, nor more often than is prescribed.

[Section 66 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 53.]

66A.Additional medical examinations

(1)In this section —

additional medical examination means an examination by a medical practitioner in addition to those permitted by section 66.

(2)An arbitrator may by order require a worker to submit himself for an additional medical examination if the arbitrator is satisfied that the examination is necessary.

(3)An additional medical examination required under subsection (2) is to be carried out by a medical practitioner registered under section 145B —

(a)agreed to by the worker and the employer; or

(b)selected by the arbitrator, if the worker and the employer cannot reach agreement under paragraph (a) within such period as is specified in the order.

(4)The medical practitioner is to be paid by the employer.

(5)The regulations may limit the number of additional medical examinations that may be required.

(6)A reference in subsection (3) or (4) to the employer is, where the employer is insured against liability to pay compensation under this Act, a reference to the employer’s insurer.

[Section 66A inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 54.]

67.Lump sum in redemption of weekly payments

(1)Where weekly payments for a permanent total or permanent partial incapacity resulting from an injury other than mesothelioma have continued for not less than 6 months, the liability for the incapacity is to be redeemed by the payment of a lump sum if —

(a)an arbitrator, with the consent of the worker and the employer, makes an order that the liability for the incapacity is to be redeemed by the payment of a lump sum of an amount specified in the order; or

(b)the worker and the employer agree to the redemption, and on the amount of the lump sum, and a memorandum of the agreement is registered under Division 7.

(2)When a memorandum of an agreement under subsection (1) is sent to the Director as required by section 76, a statement of the benefits paid under this Act before the agreement was made is to be sent with the memorandum.

(3)The statement is to be provided by the employer or the employer’s insurer.

(4)Where permanent incapacity has resulted from mesothelioma and any weekly payment has been made, or the worker is entitled to any weekly payment, the liability for the incapacity shall, on the application of the worker, be redeemed by the payment of a lump sum to be determined, in default of agreement, by an arbitrator, and such lump sum may be ordered by the arbitrator to be paid to or invested or otherwise applied for the benefit of the person entitled to the lump sum.

(5)Where an order is made for redemption of the liability to pay compensation by payment of a lump sum under subsection (1) or (4), or an agreement for the redemption of a liability for incapacity is made and registered under Division 7 — 

(a)the worker is not entitled to further compensation; and

(b)clauses 9, 10, 17, 18, 18A and 19 cease to apply to the worker,

for the injury from which the incapacity resulted.

(6)The regulations may make provision as to details that are to be specified in a consent order, or an agreement registered under Division 7, for payment of a lump sum.

[Section 67 amended by No. 44 of 1985 s. 21; No. 48 of 1993 s. 36; No. 33 of 1999 s. 4; No. 34 of 1999 s. 14; No. 42 of 2004 s. 55, 146 and 147.]

68.Calculation of lump sum

[(1)‑(2)deleted]

(3)Where the liability for an incapacity is to be redeemed under section 67(4), the lump sum shall be calculated by taking the amount that is equal to the prescribed amount less weekly payments, if any, made and discounting the amount so taken in accordance with a compound discount table prescribed by regulations.

(4)A reference in this section to a compound discount table shall be construed as including a reference to any formula or formulae prescribed for use in conjunction with such a compound discount table.

[Section 68 amended by No. 44 of 1985 s. 22; No. 48 of 1993 s. 37; No. 33 of 1999 s. 5; No. 34 of 1999 s. 15.]

69.Worker not residing in the State

Subject to this Act, if a worker receiving a weekly payment does not reside in the State he is entitled to receive the amount of the weekly payments accruing due so long as he proves, in such a manner and at such intervals as may be prescribed, his identity and the continuance of the incapacity in respect of which the weekly payment is payable.

70.Furnishing medical reports

(1)Where a worker has submitted himself for examination by a medical practitioner as required under section 64, 65 or 66A, the employer or employer’s insurer, as the case requires, shall, within 14 days after receiving the report of that practitioner as to the worker’s medical condition, furnish the worker with a copy of that report.

(2)If a person is required to furnish a worker with a copy of a report under subsection (1) and fails to do so within the period referred to in that subsection, that person commits an offence.

Penalty: $2 000.

(3)In proceedings for an offence under subsection (2) it is a defence for the employer or the employer’s insurer, as the case may be, to show that the other of them furnished a copy of the report within the period referred to in subsection (1).

(4)Where a worker has been examined by a medical practitioner selected by himself, the worker shall, within 14 days after receiving the report of that practitioner as to the worker’s medical condition, furnish the employer with a copy of that report.

(5)The reference in subsection (4) to the employer is, where the employer is insured against liability to pay compensation under this Act, a reference to the employer’s insurer.

[Section 70 inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 56.]

71.Recovery of payments

Where WorkCover WA, the employer, or the insurer has paid compensation or expenses to a worker or dependant and that person was not lawfully entitled to that payment or to any part of the amount of that payment, WorkCover WA, the employer, or the insurer, as the case may be, may apply for an order of an arbitrator that compensation or expenses so paid be refunded, and an arbitrator has jurisdiction to hear and determine such an application and to make any order in relation thereto or any part thereof as the arbitrator considers appropriate in the circumstances.

[Section 71 amended by No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 57.]

72.Suspension of payments during custody

(1)Subject to subsection (2), a worker’s entitlement to weekly payments of compensation under this Act is suspended during any period that the worker is —

(a)in custody under a law of this State, another State or a Territory, or the Commonwealth except where that custody is of a kind prescribed by the regulations; or

(b)otherwise serving a term of imprisonment of a kind prescribed by the regulations.

(2)The worker’s entitlement to compensation is suspended from the date on which an arbitrator certifies to the existence of the ground of suspension under subsection (1) until the date from which an arbitrator certifies that the ground no longer exists.

(3)A certificate issued under subsection (2) is binding on the worker, the employer and the insurer of the employer.

(4)An arbitrator may exercise functions under this section entirely on the basis of the documents and information provided to the arbitrator.

[Section 72 inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 58.]

72A.Suspension or cessation of payments for failure to undergo medical examination

(1)A worker’s entitlement to compensation under this Act, and to take and prosecute any proceeding under this Act, may be suspended by order of an arbitrator if the worker —

(a)being required by the employer under section 64 to submit himself for examination by a medical practitioner; or

(b)being required by an arbitrator to submit himself for an additional medical examination as defined in section 66A(1), being an examination additional to examinations under section 64,

refuses or fails to do so or in any way obstructs the examination.

(2)A worker’s entitlement to compensation under this Act, may be suspended by order of an arbitrator if the worker —

(a)being required by the employer under section 65 to submit himself for examination by a medical practitioner; or

(b)being required by an arbitrator to submit himself for an additional medical examination as defined in section 66A(1), being an examination additional to examinations under section 65,

refuses or fails to do so or in any way obstructs the examination.

(3)An arbitrator is not to make an order under subsection (1) or (2) if the worker satisfies the arbitrator that the worker had a reasonable excuse for refusing or failing to submit to the medical examination or obstructing the examination.

(4)An arbitrator is to revoke an order made under subsection (1) or (2) if satisfied that the worker has submitted himself for the examination and has not obstructed the examination.

(5)The worker’s entitlements are suspended from the date on which the arbitrator makes the order until the date on which the order is revoked or the worker’s entitlements cease under subsection (7).

(6)An order made under subsection (1) or (2) is binding on the worker, the employer and the insurer of the employer.

(7)If a worker continues to refuse or fail to submit to medical examination for one month, or such time as an arbitrator otherwise orders, after an order is made under subsection (1) or (2) in respect of the worker, then —

(a)the worker’s entitlement to compensation for the injury in respect of which the worker was required to submit to medical examination ceases; and

(b)in the case of an order under subsection (1), the worker’s entitlement to take and prosecute any proceeding under this Act in relation to that compensation ceases.

[Section 72A inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 58; amended by No. 16 of 2005 s. 17.]

72B.Suspension or cessation of payments for failure to participate in return to work program

(1)A worker’s entitlement to compensation under this Act may be suspended by order of an arbitrator if the worker, being required by an arbitrator under section 156B(2) to participate in a return to work program, refuses or fails to participate in the return to work program.

(2)An arbitrator is not to make an order under subsection (1) if —

(a)the establishment, content or implementation of the return to work program is not in accordance with the code as defined in section 155; or

(b)the worker satisfies the arbitrator that the worker had a reasonable excuse for refusing or failing to participate in the return to work program.

(3)An arbitrator is to revoke an order made under subsection (1) if satisfied that the worker has subsequently participated in a return to work program that has been established for the worker under section 155C(1).

(4)The worker’s entitlements are suspended from the date on which the arbitrator makes the order until the date on which the order is revoked under subsection (3) or the worker’s entitlements cease under subsection (6).

(5)An order made under subsection (1) is binding on the worker, the employer and the insurer of the employer.

(6)If a worker continues to refuse or fail to comply with an order to participate in the return to work program for one month, or such time as an arbitrator otherwise orders, after an order is made under subsection (1) in respect of the worker, then the worker’s entitlement to compensation for the injury in respect of which the worker was required to participate in the return to work program ceases.

[Section 72B inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 58.]

[Division 5A deleted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1).]

Division 6 — Disputes between employers

73.Worker entitled but dispute between employers

(1)Where there is a dispute between employers as to liability but no dispute that the worker is entitled to compensation from some employer for a fresh injury or the recurrence of an old injury the employer of the worker at the time of the latest injury or recurrence is liable to pay compensation under this Act until the question of which employer is liable or how liability is to be apportioned between employers has been resolved.

(2)The worker or his dependants, if so required by the employer first liable to pay compensation, shall furnish to him the name and address of any employer in whose employment the worker was when any like injury previously occurred, as he or they may possess.

(3)If the worker has filed an application for compensation, the respondent employer shall join as a party any other employer whom he alleges is wholly or partially liable to pay the compensation.

(4)If the worker has not filed an application the employer first liable to pay compensation may apply for determination by an arbitrator of the question of whether some other employer is wholly or partially liable to pay compensation.

(5)If an arbitrator finds that it was a recurrence and not a fresh injury or partly a recurrence and partly a fresh injury, the arbitrator may order that other employer to pay to the applicant employer the whole or a part of the amount of compensation paid to the worker and to pay any further compensation to which the worker is entitled.

(6)If the dispute between employers is in respect of liability to pay compensation for noise induced hearing loss under section 24A or 31E, WorkCover WA shall provide an arbitrator dealing with the dispute with copies of the results of any relevant audiometric tests stored by WorkCover WA under clause 5(2) of Schedule 7.

[Section 73 amended by No. 36 of 1988 s. 11; No. 96 of 1990 s. 16; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 59, 147, 149 and 150.]

74.Dispute between insurers

(1)Where a worker is entitled to compensation for a fresh injury or the recurrence of an old injury from an employer but there is a dispute between insurers as to liability to indemnify that employer, the insurer of the employer of the worker at the time of the latest injury or recurrence is liable to indemnify the employer until an arbitrator has otherwise determined.

(1a)An employer or insurer may apply for determination by an arbitrator of a dispute between insurers notwithstanding any term or condition of any policy of insurance providing for some other means of settling disputes.

(2)An arbitrator shall determine which insurer is liable or how liability is to be apportioned and may make such order as the arbitrator thinks proper for the reimbursement of one insurer by another and for the indemnity of the employer in respect of his liability under this Act.

[Section 74 amended by No. 44 of 1985 s. 23; No. 96 of 1990 s. 17; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 34 of 1999 s. 16; No. 42 of 2004 s. 60, 147 and 149.]

74A.Apportionment under sections 73 and 74

Liability shall not be so apportioned under section 73 or 74 that part of the liability to pay compensation, or indemnify an employer in respect of compensation, relates to an injury that occurred before the commencement of section 16 of the Workers’ Compensation and Assistance Amendment Act 1990 1.

[Section 74A inserted by No. 96 of 1990 s. 18; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 146.]

75.Obligation to make weekly payments preserved

(1)Where an employer is liable under section 73(1) to pay compensation under this Act, neither that employer nor his insurer shall give notification under section 57A(3)(b) or (c) or 57B(2)(b) or (c) in respect of weekly payments claimed, but nothing in this section affects the right to make an application under section 73(4) in relation to the matter.

(2)An employer or insurer that gives notification contrary to subsection (1) commits an offence.

Penalty: $1 000.

[Section 75 inserted by No. 96 of 1990 s. 19; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 61.]

Division 7 — Agreements

76.Registration of memorandum of agreement

(1)Subject to section 92(h), where the amount of compensation under this Act has been ascertained, or any weekly payment varied, or any other matter decided under this Act by agreement, or any agreement, whether purporting to be made under this Act or not, has been entered into whereby a worker agrees to compound any claim or right to compensation under this Act, a memorandum thereof shall be sent, in manner prescribed, by any party interested, to the Director, who, subject to subsection (2a), shall, on being satisfied as to its genuineness, and, where the agreement provides for the payment of compensation pursuant to an election under section 24, 24A, 31C or 31E, as to the adequacy of the amount thereof, record such memorandum in a special register without fee, and thereupon the memorandum shall for all purposes be enforceable as an award or order made by an arbitrator.

(2)No such memorandum shall be recorded before 7 days after the despatch by the Director of notice to the parties interested.

(2a)The Director cannot, under this section, record a memorandum of an agreement for the payment of a lump sum in redemption of the liability to pay compensation unless the Director is satisfied that the worker is aware of the consequences of the recording of the memorandum.

(3)No agreement between a worker and an employer has any force or validity if it exempts the employer wholly or partially from any liability for compensation to which the worker is or may subsequently become entitled under this Act, and notwithstanding any such agreement, a worker may recover from his employer any compensation to which he is, or subsequently becomes, so entitled, but the foregoing provisions of this subsection have no application to an agreement for the redemption of the liability to pay compensation if a memorandum of the agreement has been duly recorded under this section.

(4)Where a worker seeks to record a memorandum of agreement between his employer and himself for the payment of compensation under this Act, and the employer proves that the worker has in fact returned to work and is no longer incapacitated, and objects to the recording of such memorandum, the memorandum shall only be recorded, if at all, on such terms as an arbitrator, under the circumstances, may think just.

(5)The Director may at any time rectify the register.

(6)A memorandum received for registration shall be examined as to — 

(a)the genuineness of the agreement; and

(b)the adequacy of the amount of any compensation pursuant to an election under section 24, 24A, 31C or 31E payable under the agreement,

and if it appears to the Director as the result of such examination or as the result of any information which the Director considers sufficient that a redemption agreement or an agreement as to the amount of compensation payable to the worker or to a person under any legal disability or to dependants, ought not to be registered by reason of the agreement having been obtained by fraud or undue influence or other improper means, or by reason that the amount of compensation pursuant to an election under section 24, 24A, 31C or 31E payable under the agreement is inadequate or excessive, the Director shall refuse to record the memorandum of the agreement sent for registration, and in that case shall refer the matter to the Commissioner who shall make such order (including an order as to any sum already paid under the agreement) as the Commissioner thinks just.

(7)For the purpose of carrying out his duties under subsection (6) the Director may, by notice in writing, require the attendance before him of the parties to the agreement and interrogate them in relation to the agreement and where the medical opinion of a medical practitioner is material and relevant to the question of the adequacy of the amount of compensation pursuant to an election under section 24, 24A, 31C or 31E payable under the agreement, the Director may require the employer to have the worker examined by a medical practitioner nominated by the Director, at the expense of the employer, in any case where the Director is of the opinion that a report from such medical practitioner will assist him in determining the matter of the adequacy or inadequacy of the amount of the compensation.

(7a)A medical practitioner nominated by the Director under subsection (7) to examine a worker who has made an election under section 31C in respect of an impairment that is not AIDS must be an approved medical specialist.

(8)An arbitrator may, upon application being made by either party within 6 months after a memorandum of an agreement as to the redemption of the liability to pay compensation for an injury by a lump sum, or of an agreement as to the amount of compensation payable to a person under any legal disability, or to dependants, has been recorded in the register, order that the record be removed from the register on proof to the arbitrator’s satisfaction that the agreement was obtained by fraud or undue influence or other improper means, or that the amount of compensation pursuant to an election under section 24, 24A, 31C or 31E payable under the agreement is inadequate or excessive, and may make such order (including an order as to any sum already paid under the agreement) as under the circumstances the arbitrator thinks just.

(9)Where a memorandum has been recorded under this section the Director shall without fee issue a certificate of the memorandum and the recording on application by any party concerned.

(10)Subject to this Act the certificate is evidence of the subject matter referred to in the certificate before any court or other tribunal or person in respect of proceedings to enforce compliance with the subject matter of the memorandum and for all other purposes under this Act.

[Section 76 amended by No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1) and 38; No. 33 of 1999 s. 6; No. 34 of 1999 s. 17; No. 74 of 2003 s. 134(2); No. 42 of 2004 s. 62 and 146.]

77.Registration obligatory

An agreement to which section 76 is applicable shall not be binding on or enforceable against the parties or admitted as valid unless it is registered as provided in this Division.

78.Effect of non‑registration of agreement

An agreement as to the redemption of the liability to pay compensation for an injury by a lump sum if not registered in accordance with this Act does not nor does the payment of the sum payable under the agreement exempt the person by whom the compensation is payable from liability to continue to pay it; and an agreement as to the amount of compensation to be paid to a person under legal disability or to dependants, if not so registered, does not, nor does the payment of the sum payable under the agreement, exempt the person by whom the compensation is payable from liability to pay compensation.

[Section 78 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 146.]

Division 8 — Other matters affecting compensation

79.Wilful and false representation

Where it is proved that the worker has, at the time of seeking or entering employment in respect of which he claims compensation for an injury, wilfully and falsely represented himself as not having previously suffered from the injury an arbitrator may in the arbitrator’s discretion refuse to award compensation which otherwise would be payable.

[Section 79 amended by No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 63, 146 and 147.]

80.Effect on annual leave, long service leave and sick leave

(1)Compensation is payable in accordance with this Act to a worker in respect of any period of incapacity notwithstanding that the worker has received or is entitled to receive in respect of such period any payment, allowance, or benefit for annual leave or long service leave under any Act of the Commonwealth or of the State, any industrial award under any such Act, or any other industrial agreement applicable to his employment, and the amount of compensation so payable shall be the amount which would have been payable to the worker had he not received or been entitled to receive in respect of such period any such payment, allowance, or benefit.

(2)A worker is not entitled to receive from any employer payments for sick leave entitlements for any period for which he receives weekly payments of compensation for injury under this Act, and where the first‑mentioned payments are made and the second‑mentioned payments are subsequently made in respect of the same period, the worker shall reimburse to the employer the first‑mentioned payments and the employer shall reinstate the worker’s sick leave entitlements as a credit to the extent that the worker does so reimburse the employer.

(3)To the extent, if any, that a worker fails to reimburse an employer as required by subsection (2), the employer may sue and recover the relevant amount, and to the extent of recovery the employer shall reinstate as a credit the sick leave entitlements.

[Section 80 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 64 and 147.]

81.Effect on public holidays pay

Notwithstanding any provision that applies to or in relation to the employment of a worker apart from this Act, where during any period in respect of which weekly payments are payable pursuant to this Act a public holiday occurs, an employer shall not be liable to make any payment to the worker in respect of that holiday other than payment for that day as a part of those weekly payments.

82.Recovery of cost of services rendered

Where a person or authority has rendered to or provided for a worker any services for the cost of which the employer is liable to pay to the worker under this Act — 

(a)the employer may pay to that person or authority the whole or any part of the amount owing to him or it and such a payment shall, to the extent of the amount paid, be a discharge of the liability of the employer to the worker under this Act and of the liability of the worker to that person or authority for the services; and

(b)if the whole or any part of the amount owing to that person or authority is not paid he or it has, in respect thereof, the same rights and remedies against the employer as the worker has.

83.Industrial award and partial incapacity

(1)Notwithstanding any industrial award or industrial agreement, other than any award or certified agreement as those terms are defined in the Workplace Relations Act 1996 of the Commonwealth, where a worker is rendered less able to earn full wages by reason of an injury for which compensation is or has been payable under this Act, he may be employed at such wage, being such proportion of the full wage for work in the same employment, as he and the employer may agree as being appropriate to his earning capacity having regard to the nature and extent of his injury.

(2)In default of agreement as to the appropriate proportion in any case that proportion may be determined by an arbitrator.

[Section 83 amended by No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 65, 146 and 147.]

84.Worker not to be prejudiced by resuming work

Where a worker who has been incapacitated by injury resumes or attempts to resume work, and is unable, on account of the injury, to work or continue to work, the resumption or attempted resumption of work by him shall not deprive him of any entitlement to compensation under this Act which he otherwise had.

[Section 84 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 147.]

84AA.Employer to keep position available during worker’s incapacity

(1)Where a worker who has been incapacitated by injury attains partial or total capacity for work in the 12 months from the day the worker becomes entitled to receive weekly payments of compensation from the employer, the employer shall provide to the worker — 

(a)the position the worker held immediately before that day if it is reasonably practicable to provide that position to the worker; or

(b)if the position is not available, or if the worker does not have the capacity to work in that position, a position — 

(i)for which the worker is qualified; and

(ii)that the worker is capable of performing,

most comparable in status and pay to the position mentioned in paragraph (a).

Penalty: $5 000.

(2)The requirement to provide a position mentioned in subsection (1)(a) or (b) does not apply if the employer proves that the worker was dismissed on the ground of serious or wilful misconduct.

(3)Where, immediately before the day mentioned in subsection (1), the worker was acting in, or performing on a temporary basis the duties of, the position mentioned in paragraph (a) of that subsection, that subsection applies only in respect of the position held by the worker before taking the acting or temporary position.

(4)For the purpose of calculating the 12 months mentioned in subsection (1), any period of total capacity for work is not to be included.

[Section 84AA inserted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 39; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 147.]

84AB.Employer to notify worker and WorkCover WA of intention to dismiss worker

(1)An employer must not dismiss a worker to whom section 84AA(1) applies unless the employer has given to the worker and to WorkCover WA in accordance with subsection (2) a notice of intention to dismiss the worker.

Penalty: $2 000.

(2)A notice of intention to dismiss a worker —

(a)is to be given to the worker and to WorkCover WA not less than 28 days before the dismissal is to take effect; and

(b)is to be in or to the effect of the form prescribed and contain substantially the information sought in the form.

(3)Nothing in this section limits any other obligation of an employer or rights of a worker under this Act or any other written law.

[Section 84AB inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 66.]

[Part IIIA:s. 84A‑84ZZ deleted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 67;
s. 84ZZA, 84ZZB deleted by No. 59 of 2004 s. 131.]

Part IV — Civil proceedings in addition to or independent of this Act

Division 1 — General

[Heading inserted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 4(1).]

85.Saving — motor vehicle cases

Nothing in this Part affects the operation of sections 29 and 29A of the Motor Vehicle (Third Party Insurance) Act 1943, and this Part shall be read subject to those sections of that Act.

86.Saving — independent liability

Except as expressly provided by this Act, nothing in this Act affects any liability that exists independently of this Act.

87.Costs between solicitor and client in common law actions

(1)This section applies to an action for damages independently of this Act if Division 2 applies to the awarding of damages in the action (whether or not an award of damages is affected).

(2)An agreement is not to be made for a legal practitioner to receive, for appearing for or acting on behalf of a person — 

(a)in an action to which this section applies; or

(b)in respect of an application for a declaration under section 11 of the Workers’ Compensation and Rehabilitation Amendment Act 1993,

any greater reward than is provided for by any costs determination (as defined in the Legal Profession Act 2008 section 252).

(3)An agreement is void — 

(a)if it is made contrary to this section; or

(b)if it would have been contrary to this section if it had been made after the commencement of section 4 of the Workers’ Compensation and Rehabilitation Amendment Act 1993 1.

[Section 87 inserted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 4(2); amended by No. 65 of 2003 s. 72(2); No. 21 of 2008 s. 713(2).]

[88‑90. Deleted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 4(2).]

91.Where action brought for injury for which compensation is payable under this Act

(1)If an action is brought to recover damages independently of this Act, and it is determined in such action that the injury is one for which the employer is not liable in such action, but that he would have been liable to pay compensation under this Act, the court in which the action is tried shall assess that compensation, or refer the assessment of the compensation for determination by an arbitrator, and shall deduct from that compensation all the costs which have been caused by the plaintiff bringing the action, instead of taking proceedings under this Act, and shall enter judgment accordingly.

(2)To the extent that it is practicable to do so, and subject to the DRD Rules, a referral under subsection (1) is to be dealt with as if it were an application for resolution of a dispute under Part XI.

[Section 91 amended by No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 68 and 147.]

92.Both damages and compensation not recoverable

Where in respect of an injury an action is brought by a worker for damages independently of this Act against his employer or against some other person (referred to in this section as the defendant) or against both of them — 

(a)if the court decides the action should succeed, then after damages have been ascertained but before judgment is entered for the worker in the action, the worker shall be given a reasonable opportunity to elect whether to have judgment or to discontinue the action;

(b)if the action proceeds to judgment, including the acceptance of an offer to consent to judgment, against the employer only or against the employer and the defendant, there shall be deducted from the amount of the judgment and be paid to the employer a sum representing the amount (after apportionment in respect of any contributory negligence of the worker) actually recoverable by the worker by way of weekly or lump sum compensation, medical and other expenses paid pursuant to this Act, but where liability is apportioned between the employer and the defendant the defendant’s liability to pay to the worker shall be reduced accordingly;

(c)if the action proceeds to judgment, including the acceptance of an offer to consent to judgment, against the defendant only or is settled by the acceptance of money paid into court by the defendant, the payments and expenses referred to in paragraph (b) shall be a first charge on the judgment or the amount of money paid into court and the defendant shall be bound to pay the amount of the compensation, and medical and other expenses to the employer and the judgment shall be pro tanto discharged by such payment, or the amount due under the charge shall be paid out of court to the employer or his authorised agent, as the case may be;

(d)if the action is discontinued the worker shall pay the costs of the employer or of the defendant or of each of them or such part of those costs as the court thinks fit;

(e)if the action proceeds to judgment, including the acceptance of an offer to consent to judgment, against the employer or the defendant or both or is settled by the acceptance of money paid into court by the employer or the defendant or by both of them, the worker shall not commence or continue proceedings for, or in relation to, compensation under this Act in respect of the same injury;

(f)if a worker’s claim for damages against the employer or the defendant is settled by agreement otherwise than by a judgment, an acceptance of an offer to consent to judgment, or an acceptance of money paid into court — 

(i)the employer or the defendant shall file a memorandum of the terms of the settlement with the Director within 3 months of the date of its execution by the worker;

(ii)the worker shall not commence or continue a claim for compensation under this Act in respect of the same injury unless the Director disapproves of the settlement within 6 weeks of the agreement for settlement being filed with the Director;

(iii)the Director shall not disapprove of the agreement unless he is satisfied the agreement was induced by fraud or misrepresentation or that it would clearly be for the worker’s benefit to disapprove of it;

(iv)the Director if he disapproves of the settlement shall serve notice in writing of his disapproval on each of the parties to the settlement of his decision and of the reasons for his disapproval by pre‑paid post to the address of the party set out in the settlement or the last known address of a party, within 14 days of the making of his decision;

(g)where a claim for compensation is commenced or continued after the Director disapproves of a settlement referred to in paragraph (f), the amount recovered or recoverable under such settlement shall be brought into account in reduction of the worker’s entitlement to compensation;

(h)Part III Division 7 does not apply to an agreement for settlement referred to in this section.

[Section 92 amended by No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 69, 146 and 147.]

93.Remedies against stranger

(1)Where the injury for which compensation is payable under this Act was caused under circumstances creating a legal liability in some person other than the employer to pay damages in respect thereof but neither the employer nor any person for whose negligence the employer is legally responsible was negligent — 

(a)the worker may take proceedings both against that person to recover damages and against any person liable to pay compensation under this Act for such compensation, but shall not be entitled to recover both damages and compensation and shall bring to account in reduction of his entitlement to compensation the amount recovered by way of damages;

(b)the employer is entitled to be indemnified by the person whose negligence caused the injury to the worker (in this section called the defendant) to the full extent of the employer’s liability to pay compensation under this Act, whether or not the defendant has discharged his liability to pay damages to the worker by judgment or by settlement or otherwise.

(2)If there were — 

(a)negligence by the employer or by some person for whose negligence the employer is legally responsible which caused or contributed to the worker’s injury, the extent of the indemnity of the employer by the defendant is reduced by the proportion that the employer’s negligence and that of any person for whose negligence the employer is responsible bears to 100%; or

(b)negligence by the worker which caused or contributed to the worker’s injury, the extent of the indemnity of the employer by the defendant is reduced by the proportion that the worker’s negligence bears to 100%.

(3)All questions as to the right or amount of any such indemnity may, in default of agreement between the employer and the defendant, at the instance of the employer, be determined by an arbitrator on any application made by the worker.

(4)If the defendant has paid the whole or any part of the damages to the worker in respect of the injury caused or contributed to by the defendant and the defendant is required to and has indemnified the employer for the payment of any compensation paid to the worker in respect of the same injury, the defendant may sue and recover from the worker the amount so paid to the employer not exceeding the amount of damages paid to the worker by the defendant.

(5)If the worker has been successful in proceedings to recover damages against the defendant and does not recover the full amount of such damages and any portion of the compensation under this Act paid by the employer to the worker has not been refunded to the employer out of the damages, then the employer may, at his own expense and in the name of the worker and upon giving the worker an indemnity against all costs and expenses, sue and recover from the defendant the amount of any balance of such damages then remaining unpaid, but any damages so recovered from the defendant in excess of the amount of compensation paid to the worker under this Act shall be payable to and received by the worker.

[Section 93 amended by No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 70 and 147.]

Division 1a — Choice of law

[Heading inserted by No. 36 of 2004 s. 10.]

93AA.The applicable substantive law for work injury claims

(1)If there is an entitlement to compensation under the statutory workers’ compensation scheme of a State in respect of an injury to a worker (whether or not compensation has been paid), the substantive law of that State is the substantive law that governs —

(a)whether or not a claim for damages in respect of the injury can be made; and

(b)if it can be made, the determination of the claim.

(2)This Division does not apply if compensation is payable in respect of the injury under the statutory workers’ compensation scheme of more than one State.

(3)For the purposes of this section, compensation is considered to be payable under a statutory workers’ compensation scheme of a State in respect of an injury if compensation in respect of it —

(a)would have been payable but for a provision of the scheme that excludes the worker’s right to compensation because the injury is attributable to any conduct or failure of the worker that is specified in that provision; or

(b)would have been payable if a claim for that compensation had been duly made, and (where applicable) an election to claim that compensation (instead of damages) had been duly made.

(4)A reference in this section to compensation payable in respect of an injury does not include a reference to compensation payable on the basis of the provisional acceptance of liability.

[Section 93AA inserted by No. 36 of 2004 s. 10; amended by No. 36 of 2004 s. 16 and 17(4).]

93AB.Claims to which Division applies

(1)This Division applies to a claim for damages or recovery of contribution brought against a worker’s employer in respect of an injury that was caused by —

(a)the negligence or other tort (including breach of statutory duty) of the worker’s employer; or

(b)a breach of contract by the worker’s employer.

(2)This Division also applies to a claim for damages or recovery of contribution brought against a person other than a worker’s employer in respect of an injury if —

(a)the worker’s employment is connected with this State; and

(b)the negligence or other tort or the breach of contract on which the claim is founded occurred in this State.

(3)Subsection (1)(a) and subsection (2) apply even if damages resulting from the negligence or other tort are claimed in an action for breach of contract or other action.

(4)A reference in this Division to a worker’s employer includes a reference to —

(a)a person who is vicariously liable for the acts of the employer; and

(b)a person for whose acts the employer is vicariously liable.

[Section 93AB inserted by No. 36 of 2004 s. 10; amended by No. 36 of 2004 s. 16.]

93AC.What constitutes injury and employment

For the purposes of this Division —

(a)injury, employer and worker include anything that is within the scope of a corresponding term in the statutory workers’ compensation scheme of another State; and

(b)the determination of what constitutes employment or whether or not a person is a worker or a worker’s employer is to be made on the basis that those concepts include anything that is within the scope of a corresponding concept in the statutory workers’ compensation scheme of another State.

[Section 93AC inserted by No. 36 of 2004 s. 10; amended by No. 36 of 2004 s. 17(1).]

93AD.Claim in respect of death included

For the purposes of this Division, a claim for damages in respect of death resulting from an injury is to be considered as a claim for damages in respect of the injury.

[Section 93AD inserted by No. 36 of 2004 s. 10; amended by No. 36 of 2004 s. 16 and 17(2).]

93AE.Terms used

In this Division —

a State’s legislation about damages for a work related injury means —

(a)for this State — Division 2;

(b)for another State — any provisions of a law of that State that is declared by the regulations to be the State’s legislation about damages for a work related injury;

substantive law includes —

(a)a law that establishes, modifies, or extinguishes a cause of action or a defence to a cause of action;

(b)a law prescribing the time within which an action must be brought (including a law providing for the extension or abridgment of that time);

(c)a law that provides for the limitation or exclusion of liability or the barring of a right of action if a proceeding on, or arbitration of, a claim is not commenced within a particular time limit;

(d)a law that limits the kinds of injury, loss or damage for which damages or compensation may be recovered;

(e)a law that precludes the recovery of damages or compensation or limits the amount of damages or compensation that can be recovered;

(f)a law expressed as a presumption, or rule of evidence, that affects substantive rights; and

(g)a provision of a State’s legislation about damages for a work related injury, whether or not it would be otherwise regarded as procedural in nature,

but does not include a law prescribing rules for choice of law.

[Section 93AE inserted by No. 36 of 2004 s. 10; amended by No. 36 of 2004 s. 17(3).]

93AF.Availability of action in another State not relevant

(1)It makes no difference for the purposes of this Division that, under the substantive law of another State —

(a)the nature of the circumstances is such that they would not have given rise to a cause of action had they occurred in that State; or

(b)the circumstances on which the claim is based do not give rise to a cause of action.

(2)In subsection (1) —

another State means a State other than the State with which the worker’s employment is connected.

[Section 93AF inserted by No. 36 of 2004 s. 10.]

Division 2 — Constraints on awards of common law damages

[Heading inserted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 4(3).]

Subdivision 1 — Preliminary provisions

[Heading inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 71.]

93A. Term used: damages

In this Division — 

damages does not include — 

(a)any sum required or authorised to be paid under an award or industrial agreement within the meaning of the Industrial Relations Act 1979;

(b)any sum payable under a superannuation scheme or any life or other insurance policy; or

(c)any amount paid in respect of costs incurred in connection with legal proceedings.

[Section 93A inserted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 4(3); amended by No. 34 of 1999 s. 32(3); No. 42 of 2004 s. 72.]

93B.Application of this Division

(1)This Division applies to the awarding of damages against a worker’s employer independently of this Act in respect of an injury suffered by a worker, or a noise induced hearing loss suffered by a worker that is not an injury, if — 

(a)it was caused by the negligence or other tort of the worker’s employer; and

(b)compensation has been paid or is payable in respect of it under this Act, or would have been paid or be payable but for section 22.

(2)This Division applies even if the damages resulting from the negligence or other tort of the worker’s employer are sought to be recovered in an action for breach of contract or other action.

(3)This Division does not apply to the awarding of — 

(a)damages to which the Motor Vehicle (Third Party Insurance) Act 1943 applies;

(b)exemplary or punitive damages; or

(c)damages of a class that is excluded by the regulations from the application of this Division.

(3a)This Division does not apply to the awarding of damages in respect of an injury if the injury results in the death of the worker.

(4)A reference in this section to the worker’s employer includes a reference to a person for whose acts the employer is vicariously liable.

(5)In the context of a cause of action arising on or after the day on which section 79 of the Workers’ Compensation Reform Act 2004 comes into operation, a reference in the other subsections of this section to the worker’s employer does not include a reference to a person who is the worker’s employer only because of section 175 or 175AA.

[Section 93B inserted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 4(3); amended by No. 34 of 1999 s. 32(4); No. 42 of 2004 s. 73; No. 16 of 2005 s. 10.]

93C.Limit on powers of courts

If this Division applies a court is not to award damages to a person contrary to this Division 8.

[Section 93C inserted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 4(3).]

Subdivision 2 — 1993 scheme

[Heading inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 74.]

93CA.Term used: AMA Guides

In this Subdivision —

AMA Guides means the edition of the Assessment of Disability Guide published by the Western Australian Branch of the Australian Medical Association Incorporated that is prescribed in the regulations.

[Section 93CA inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 75.]

93CB.Limits on application of this Subdivision

(1)This Subdivision does not apply if the cause of action arises on or after the day on which section 79 of the Workers’ Compensation Reform Act 2004 comes into operation 1.

(2)This Subdivision does not apply to the awarding of damages to the extent that they are for noise induced hearing loss that is not an injury.

[Section 93CB inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 75.]

93CC.Application of this Subdivision

(1)This Subdivision applies to a cause of action arising before the day on which section 79 of the Workers’ Compensation Reform Act 2004 comes into operation 1, regardless of when the cause of action arose and whether proceedings in respect of the cause of action have commenced, unless —

(a)because of section 32(7) of the Workers’ Compensation and Rehabilitation Amendment Act 1999, the former provisions as defined in section 32(6) of that Act apply to proceedings in respect of the cause of action; or

(b)because of Part 2 of the Workers’ Compensation (Common Law Proceedings) Act 2004, the former provisions as defined in section 4 of that Act apply to proceedings in respect of the cause of action.

(2)Despite subsection (1) and section 93CB, this Subdivision applies to a worker who claims to be suffering an injury attributable to the inhalation of asbestos if, before 14 November 2005 —

(a)the worker sought to agree the degree of the disability of the worker for the purposes of section 93E; or

(b)a dispute as to the degree of the disability of the worker was referred under section 93D(11) to a medical panel for determination.

[Section 93CC inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 75; amended by No. 20 of 2005 s. 21.]

93D.Assessment of disability

(1)In this section —

relevant level, in relation to a question as to the degree of disability of the worker, means —

(a)if the question arises for the purposes of section 93E(3)(a), (9) or (12), a degree of disability of 30%; or

(b)if the question arises for the purposes of section 93E(4), a degree of disability of 16%.

(2)For the purposes of section 93E, the degree of disability of the worker is to be assessed —

(a)so far as Schedule 2 Part 1 provides for an injury suffered by the worker, as a percentage equal to —

(i)if only one item of that Part applies to the injury, the percentage of the prescribed amount provided for by that item, as read with section 25; or

(ii)if 2 or more items of that Part apply to the injury, the sum of the percentages of the prescribed amount provided for by those items, as read with section 25;

(b)to the extent, if any, that paragraph (a) does not apply, as the degree of permanent impairment assessed in accordance with the AMA Guides;

(c)to the extent, if any, that neither paragraph (a) nor (b) applies, in accordance with the regulations,

or if more than one of paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) applies, as the cumulative sum of the percentages assessed in accordance with those paragraphs.

(3)For the purposes of section 93E(4) only, if item 36A of Schedule 2 applies to the injury, subsection (2)(a) applies as if the percentage of the prescribed amount provided for by that item were 100% instead of 60%.

(4)If section 25 applies, the percentage under subsection (2)(a) is calculated in accordance with the formula —

where —

PD is the percentage of the diminution of full efficient use.

TD is the relevant percentage set out in Column 2 of Schedule 2.

Example 1

A worker loses 40% of the full efficient use of one eye. The percentage under subsection (2)(a) is —

Example 2

A worker loses the little finger of the left hand, 30% of the full efficient use of one eye and 10% of the full efficient use of the right arm below the elbow. The percentage under subsection (2)(a) is —

Example 3

A worker loses 10% of the full efficient use of the back (including thoracic and lumbar spine) and 15% of the full efficient use of the neck (including cervical spine). The percentage under subsection (2)(a) (for the purposes of section 93E(4) only) is —

(5)If the worker and the employer cannot agree on whether the degree of disability is not less than the relevant level, the worker may, subject to subsection (6), refer the question to the Director.

(6)A question can only be referred under subsection (5) if the worker produces to the Director medical evidence from a medical practitioner indicating that, in the medical practitioner’s opinion, the degree of disability is not less than the relevant level.

(7)As soon as practicable after receiving a referral under subsection (5) the Director is to notify the employer in accordance with the regulations.

(8)If within 21 days after being notified under subsection (7) the employer notifies the Director in accordance with the regulations that the employer considers that the degree of disability is less than the relevant level, a dispute arises for the purposes of Part XI.

(9)The Director is to consider the dispute in consultation with the parties.

(10)Except in a case to which subsection (11) applies, if the dispute is not resolved by agreement it is to be dealt with under Part XI, and for that purpose —

(a)an application is taken to have been made by the worker under section 181; and

(b)the requirement to give copies under section 182 does not apply.

(11)If the dispute relates to an injury mentioned in section 33, 34 or 35, the dispute is to be referred to a medical panel for determination as described in section 36 and so far as applicable this Act applies in relation to the reference as if it were a reference under section 36 except that the only question to be considered and determined on the reference is the question that was referred.

(12)Unless notification is given by the employer under subsection (8), the employer is to be regarded as having agreed that the degree of disability is not less than the relevant level.

[Section 93D inserted by No. 34 of 1999 s. 32(5); amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 76, 146 and 147.]

93E.Restrictions on awarding of damages and payment of compensation

(1)In this section —

agreed means agreed between the worker and the employer, whether under section 93D(12) or otherwise;

degree of disability means the degree of disability of the worker assessed in accordance with section 93D(2);

determined means determined or decided when dealt with as described in section 93D(10) or (11);

termination day means the day that is 6 months after the day on which weekly payments commenced.

(2)Weekly payments of compensation ordered by an arbitrator to commence are to be regarded for the purposes of this section as commencing or having commenced on —

(a)the first day of the period in relation to which weekly payments are ordered to be made; or

(b)the day that is 5 months (or such shorter period as is prescribed) before the day on which the order is made,

whichever is later.

(3)Damages can only be awarded if —

(a)it is agreed or determined that the degree of disability is not less than 30% and that agreement or determination is recorded in accordance with the regulations; or

(b)the worker has a significant injury and elects, in the prescribed manner, to retain the right to seek damages and the election is registered in accordance with the regulations.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3)(b) the worker has a significant injury if it is agreed or determined that the degree of disability is not less than 16% and that agreement or determination is recorded in accordance with the regulations.

(5)Subject to subsections (6), (6a), and (7), if weekly payments of compensation in respect of the injury have commenced an election cannot be made under subsection (3)(b) after the termination day.

(6)Despite subsection (5), if —

(a)medical evidence complying with section 93D(6) was produced to the Director not less than 21 days before the termination day; and

(b)although a question of whether the degree of disability is not less than 16% was referred to the Director under section 93D(5) not less than 21 days before the termination day, at the end of the seventh day before the termination day the Director has not given the worker notice in writing that an agreement or determination of the question has been recorded,

an election can be made under subsection (3)(b) within 14 days after the Director gives the worker notice in writing that an agreement or determination of the question has been recorded.

(6a)Despite subsection (5) and even though subsection (6) does not apply, if the Director gives the worker notice under section 93EA(5)(b)(i) or 93EB(5)(b)(i) that this subsection applies an election can be made under subsection (3)(b) within 14 days after the Director subsequently gives the worker notice in writing that an agreement or determination of the question has been recorded.

(7)Despite subsection (5), the Director may, in such circumstances as are set out in regulations, extend the period within which an election can be made under subsection (3)(b) until a day (not being a day that is more than 6 months after the termination day) to be fixed by the Director by notice in writing to the worker.

(8)Subject to subsections (9) and (11), if an election has been made under subsection (3)(b) compensation under this Act is not payable in respect of the injury, or any recurrence, aggravation or acceleration of it, in relation to any period after the day on which the election is registered or any expenses incurred during such a period.

(9)Subsection (8) ceases to apply if, after the election is made, it is agreed or determined that the degree of disability is 30% or more and that agreement or determination is recorded in accordance with the regulations.

(10)Subsection (9) relates only to the degree of the original injury, and any recurrence, aggravation or acceleration of it is not to be taken into account.

(11)If an agreement or determination under subsection (9) is recorded, the worker may apply for any compensation which, but for subsection (8), would have been payable under this Act in relation to a relevant period or expenses incurred during a relevant period.

(12)In subsection (11) —

relevant period means any period —

(a)which is after the day on which the election is registered and before the agreement or determination under subsection (9) is recorded; and

(b)during which the degree of disability is agreed or determined to have been not less than 30%.

(13)If the liability for an incapacity resulting from the injury has been redeemed under section 67, damages are not to be awarded in respect of the injury.

(14)If a further additional sum has been allowed to the worker under clause 18A(1b) in relation to an injury that is compensable under this Act, damages are not to be awarded in respect of the injury.

[Section 93E inserted by No. 34 of 1999 s. 32(5); amended by No. 44 of 2000 s. 4; No. 35 of 2004 s. 9; No. 42 of 2004 s. 77, 147 and 149.]

93EA.Referring questions with fresh evidence in particular cases

(1)Unless it does not apply because of subsection (2), subsection (3) applies if —

(a)on or before 30 September 2001, a worker —

(i)sought to refer a question to the Director under section 93D(5); and

(ii)in order to satisfy section 93D(6), produced to the Director anything that, even though it may not have constituted evidence of the kind required by that subsection, was accepted by the Director as evidence of that kind;

and

(b)the Director treated the question as having been referred under section 93D(5), after which, for a reason based on a failure to satisfy the requirements of section 93D(6) for a referral under section 93D(5) —

(i)a review officer did not deal with the substance of the question; or

(ii)a court set aside or quashed a decision of a review officer that dealt with the substance of the question.

(2)If the question is whether the worker’s degree of disability is not less than 16%, subsection (3) does not apply unless the production of what was produced as referred to in subsection (1)(a)(ii) and the purported referral of the question both occurred —

(a)not less than 21 days before the termination day; or

(b)before a day fixed under section 93E(7) by the Director.

(3)If this subsection applies, the worker may, within the time limited by subsection (4)(b) and otherwise in accordance with subsection (4), refer to the Director under section 93D(5) the same question as is mentioned in subsection (1)(a)(i), relating to the same injury and only that injury.

(4)A question can only be referred under subsection (3) if —

(a)the referral is made in writing in a form specified in the regulations stating that the worker is also acting under subsection (3);

(b)the referral is made —

(i)within the period of 3 months commencing after the day on which section 10 of the Workers’ Compensation (Common Law Proceedings) Act 2004 comes into operation 1 (called the commencement day in subparagraph (ii)); or

(ii)if subsection (1)(b)(ii) applies and the decision is set aside or quashed after the commencement day, within the period of 3 months commencing after the day on which the decision is set aside or quashed;

and

(c)when referring the question to the Director, the worker produces to the Director evidence relating to the injury that complies with section 93D(6), or satisfies the Director that complying evidence has already been produced to the Director.

(5)If a worker seeks to make a referral under section 93D(5) stating that it is also made under subsection (3) of this section, the Director is required, as soon as practicable, to notify the worker and the employer, in accordance with the regulations —

(a)whether or not the Director is of the opinion that evidence complying with section 93D(6) has been produced and in all other respects the referral is properly made; and

(b)if the Director —

(i)is of that opinion, that the referral is accepted and section 93E(6a), if relevant, and section 93EC apply;

(ii)is not of that opinion, that the referral sought to be made by the worker is not accepted.

[Section 93EA inserted by No. 35 of 2004 s. 10; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 147.]

93EB.Referring questions in certain other cases

(1)Unless it does not apply because of subsection (2), subsection (3) applies if —

(a)before the coming into operation of section 10 of the Workers’ Compensation (Common Law Proceedings) Act 2004 1, a worker sought to refer a question to the Director under section 93D(5);

(b)on or after 4 December 2003, on the basis that Part IV Division 2 as in force before it was amended by section 32 of the Workers’ Compensation and Rehabilitation Amendment Act 1999 applied to proceedings for the awarding of the damages concerned 

(i)a review officer did not deal with the substance of the question; or

(ii)a court set aside or quashed a decision of a review officer that dealt with the substance of the question;

and

(c)after the coming into operation of section 10 of the Workers’ Compensation (Common Law Proceedings) Act 2004, section 93D(5) applies and the worker wishes to refer the question to the Director under that section.

(2)If the question is whether the worker’s degree of disability is not less than 16%, subsection (3) does not apply unless the purported referral of the question occurred —

(a)not less than 21 days before the termination day; or

(b)before a day fixed under section 93E(7) by the Director.

(3)If this subsection applies, the worker may, within the time limited by subsection (4)(b) and otherwise in accordance with subsection (4), refer to the Director under section 93D(5) the same question as is mentioned in subsection (1)(a), relating to the same injury and only that injury.

(4)A question can only be referred under subsection (3) if —

(a)the referral is made in writing in a form specified in the regulations stating that the worker is also acting under subsection (3);

(b)the referral is made —

(i)within the period of 3 months commencing after the day on which section 10 of the Workers’ Compensation (Common Law Proceedings) Act 2004 comes into operation 1 (called the commencement day in subparagraph (ii)); or

(ii)if subsection (1)(b)(ii) applies and the decision is set aside or quashed after the commencement day, within the period of 3 months commencing after the day on which the decision is set aside or quashed;

and

(c)when referring the question to the Director, the worker produces to the Director evidence relating to the injury that complies with section 93D(6), or satisfies the Director that complying evidence has already been produced to the Director.

(5)If a worker seeks to make a referral under section 93D(5) stating that it is also made under subsection (3) of this section, the Director is required, as soon as practicable, to notify the worker and the employer, in accordance with the regulations —

(a)whether or not the Director is of the opinion that evidence complying with section 93D(6) has been produced and in all other respects the referral is properly made; and

(b)if the Director —

(i)is of that opinion, that the referral is accepted and section 93E(6a), if relevant, and section 93EC apply;

(ii)is not of that opinion, that the referral sought to be made by the worker is not accepted.

[Section 93EB inserted by No. 35 of 2004 s. 10; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 147.]

93EC.Extended time for commencing proceedings

If —

(a)under section 93EA(5)(b)(i) or 93EB(5)(b)(i), the Director notifies a worker that the referral of a question relating to an injury is accepted and that this section applies; and

(b)the time limited by any written law for the commencement of an action seeking damages in respect of the injury —

(i)has elapsed before the day on which the Director notifies the worker (the notification day); or

(ii)is due to elapse on the notification day or before the expiry of a period of 2 years after the notification day,

an action seeking damages in respect of the injury may, despite that written law, be commenced at any time before the expiry of a period of 2 years after the notification day.

[Section 93EC inserted by No. 35 of 2004 s. 10; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 146 and 147.]

93F.Restrictions on awarding and amount of damages if disability less than 30%

(1)Unless an agreement or determination that the degree of disability of the worker is not less than 30% is recorded for the purposes of section 93E —

(a)the amount of damages to be awarded is to be a proportion, determined according to the severity of the injury, of the maximum amount that may be awarded; and

(b)the maximum amount of damages that may be awarded is Amount A, but the maximum amount may be awarded only in a most extreme case of a disability of less than 30% in degree.

(2)Subsection (1) has effect in respect of the amount of a judgment before the operation of section 92(b).

(3)No entitlement to damages is created by subsection (1) and that subsection is subject to any other law that prevents or limits the awarding of damages.

(4)If —

(a)section 93E(3) does not allow damages to be awarded in respect of the injury; or

(b)damages in respect of the injury have been awarded in accordance with subsection (1),

the employer is not liable to make any contribution under the Law Reform (Contributory Negligence and Tortfeasors’ Contribution) Act 1947 (the Contribution Act) in respect of damages awarded against another person in relation to the injury.

(5)If section 93E(3)(b) allows damages to be awarded in respect of the injury —

(a)the contributions that the employer may be liable to make under the Contribution Act in respect of damages awarded against other persons in relation to the injury are not to exceed the damages that could have been awarded in accordance with subsection (1); and

(b)if the employer has made or been directed to make a contribution under the Contribution Act in respect of damages awarded against another person in relation to the injury, the amount of damages that may be awarded in accordance with subsection (1) is reduced by the amount of that contribution.

(6)This section applies regardless of whether the damages are awarded against one or several employers.

(7)An issue as to the amount of damages that may be awarded, is to be determined by reference to Amount A as in effect on the date on which the determination is made.

(8)In this section —

Amount A means —

(a)in relation to the financial year ending on 30 June 2000, $250 000;

(b)in relation to any subsequent financial year, the nearest whole number of dollars to —

(i)the amount obtained by varying Amount A for the preceding financial year by the percentage by which the amount that the Australian Statistician published as the Labour Price Index (formerly known as the Wages Cost Index), ordinary time hourly rates of pay (excluding bonuses) for Western Australia (the LPI) varied between the second‑last December quarter before the financial year commenced and the last December quarter before the financial year commenced; or

(ii)if the calculation under subparagraph (i) cannot be performed in relation to a financial year because the LPI for a relevant quarter was not published, the amount obtained by varying Amount A for the preceding financial year in accordance with the regulations,

with an amount that is 50 cents more than a whole number of dollars being rounded off to the next highest whole number of dollars.

[Section 93F inserted by No. 34 of 1999 s. 32(5); amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 147; No. 8 of 2009 s. 139(4).]

93G.Regulations

Regulations may provide for —

(a)the notification to be given to workers of the effect of the provisions of this Subdivision;

(b)the form and lodgment of elections under section 93E(3)(b);

(c)the registration by the Director of elections under section 93E(3)(b) if an agreement or determination for the purposes of section 93E(4) has been recorded, and the power of the Director to refuse to register an election if not satisfied that the worker has been properly advised of the consequences of the election;

(d)the recording by the Director of an agreement or determination under section 93E as to the degree of disability of a worker;

(e)the way in which applications under section 93E(11) are to be made and dealt with.

[Section 93G inserted by No. 34 of 1999 s. 32(5); amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 78.]

Subdivision 3 — 2004 scheme

[Heading inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 79.]

93H.Terms used

(1)In this Subdivision —

degree of permanent whole of person impairment means the degree of permanent whole of person impairment, evaluated as described in sections 146A and 146C, resulting from the injury or injuries arising from a single event, as defined in subsection (2);

election registration day means the day on which the Director registers the election under section 93K(4)(b).

(2)In the definition of degree of permanent whole of person impairment in subsection (1) —

event means anything that results, whether immediately or not and whether suddenly or not, in an injury or injuries of a worker and the term includes continuous or repeated exposure to conditions that results in an injury or injuries of a worker.

[Section 93H inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 79.]

93I.Application of this Subdivision

(1)This Subdivision applies only if the cause of action arises on or after the day on which section 79 of the Workers’ Compensation Reform Act 2004 comes into operation 1.

(2)Despite subsection (1), this Subdivision applies to a worker who claims to be suffering an injury attributable to the inhalation of asbestos if, on or after 14 November 2005 —

(a)the worker seeks to agree the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment for the purposes of section 93K; or

(b)an assessment of a medical panel to evaluate the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment is sought under section 93R.

[Section 93I inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 79; amended by No. 20 of 2005 s. 22.]

93J.No damages for noise induced hearing loss if not an injury

Damages to which this Division applies are not to be awarded, in circumstances to which this Subdivision applies, in respect of noise induced hearing loss that is not an injury.

[Section 93J inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 79.]

93K.Restrictions on awarding, and amount of, damages

(1)If the liability for an incapacity resulting from the injury has been redeemed under section 67, damages are not to be awarded in respect of the injury.

(2)If a further additional sum has been allowed to the worker under clause 18A(1b) in relation to an injury that is compensable under this Act, damages are not to be awarded in respect of the injury.

(3)If the worker is participating, or has at any time participated, in a specialised retraining program established in respect of an injury that is compensable under this Act, damages are not to be awarded in respect of the injury.

(4)Damages in respect of an injury can only be awarded if —

(a)the worker elects, in the manner prescribed in the regulations, to retain the right to seek the damages;

(b)the Director registers the election in accordance with the regulations;

(c)court proceedings seeking the damages are commenced within —

(i)the period of 30 days after the Director gives the worker written notice that the Director has registered the election; or

(ii)any further time provided for in the regulations to allow for things to be done before court proceedings are commenced;

and

(d)the court is satisfied that the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment is at least 15%.

(5)Unless the court is satisfied that the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment is at least 25% —

(a)the amount of damages to be awarded is to be a proportion, determined according to the severity of the injury or injuries, of the maximum amount that may be awarded; and

(b)the maximum amount of damages that may be awarded in respect of the injury or injuries is Amount A, but the maximum amount may be awarded only in a most extreme case in which the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment is less than 25%.

(6)Subsection (5) has effect in respect of the amount of a judgment before the operation of section 92(b).

(7)No entitlement to damages is created by subsection (5) and that subsection is subject to any other law that prevents or limits the awarding of damages.

(8)If —

(a)subsection (4) does not allow damages to be awarded in respect of the injury; or

(b)damages in respect of the injury have been awarded in accordance with subsection (5),

the employer is not liable to make any contribution under the Law Reform (Contributory Negligence and Tortfeasors’ Contribution) Act 1947 (the Contribution Act) in respect of damages awarded against another person in relation to the injury.

(9)If subsection (5) limits the damages that could have been awarded in respect of the injury —

(a)the contributions that the employer may be liable to make under the Contribution Act in respect of damages awarded against other persons in relation to the injury are not to exceed the damages that could have been awarded in accordance with subsection (5); and

(b)if the employer has made or been directed to make a contribution under the Contribution Act in respect of damages awarded against another person in relation to the injury, the amount of damages that may be awarded in accordance with subsection (5) is reduced by the amount of that contribution.

(10)This section applies regardless of whether the damages are awarded against one or several employers.

(11)An issue as to the amount of damages that may be awarded, is to be determined by reference to Amount A as in effect on the date on which the determination is made.

(12)In this section —

Amount A means, in relation to a financial year, the amount that section 93F(8) defines to be Amount A in relation to that financial year.

(13)The court is not bound by an agreement or assessment recorded by the Director under section 93L(2), but may admit it as evidence relevant to the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment.

[Section 93K inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 79.]

93L.Election to retain right to seek damages

(1)In this section —

termination day has the meaning given in section 93M.

(2)A worker can only elect under section 93K(4) to retain the right to seek damages if —

(a)the worker and the employer agree —

(i)that the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment is at least 15%; and

(ii)as to whether or not the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment is at least 25%;

or

(b)the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment has been assessed to be a percentage that is not less than 15%,

and the Director has, at the written request of the worker, recorded that agreement or assessment in accordance with the regulations.

(3)The Director cannot, under subsection (2), record an assessment that involves a special evaluation as defined in section 146C(4) unless the Director has been given a copy of the certificate referred to in section 93N(1) on the basis of which the special evaluation was requested.

(4)If a claim for compensation by way of weekly payments has been made wholly or partially with respect to the injury or injuries concerned, an election cannot be made after the termination day.

(5)An agreement or assessment that the Director has, at the written request of the worker, recorded in accordance with the regulations cannot be withdrawn and, after it has been recorded, another agreement or assessment as to the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment cannot be recorded.

(6)An election that the Director has registered in accordance with the regulations cannot be withdrawn and a subsequent election cannot be made in respect of the same injury or injuries.

(7)Subsection (5) does not prevent an agreement or assessment as to the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment from being made, whether before or after the commencement of court proceedings, after the Director has, at the written request of the worker, recorded an agreement or assessment in accordance with the regulations, or from being used in court proceedings.

(8)The Director may at any time rectify an error that was made in recording an agreement or assessment or registering an election.

[Section 93L inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 79.]

93M.Termination day

(1)If a claim for compensation by way of weekly payments has been made wholly or partially with respect to an injury, the termination day for an election to retain the right to seek damages in respect of that injury is the last day of the period of one year after the day on which the claim for compensation by way of weekly payments is made unless a later day is fixed by subsection (3) or under subsection (4).

(2)In subsection (1) —

claim for compensation by way of weekly payments means a claim for compensation by way of weekly payments for total or partial incapacity that has been made on an employer in accordance with section 178(1)(b).

(3)If, after the expiry of the period of 3 months after the day on which the claim is made —

(a)a dispute resolution authority, acting under section 58(1) or (2), determines the question of liability to make the weekly payments claimed; or

(b)the worker is first notified that liability is accepted in respect of the weekly payments claimed,

the termination day is the last day of the period of 9 months after the day of the act described in paragraph (a) or (b) that was most recently done unless a later day is fixed under subsection (4).

(4)The Director may, in accordance with the regulations, from time to time extend the termination day, but only if —

(a)before the termination day, an approved medical specialist, in writing —

(i)certifies that the worker’s condition has not stabilised to the extent required for a normal evaluation of the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment to be made in accordance with the WorkCover Guides as described in sections 146A and 146C; and

(ii)recommends a day until which the termination day be extended;

(b)the Director is satisfied that the employer has failed to comply with section 93O;

(c)the Director is satisfied that the extension should be given because an approved medical specialist requires or required more than the time described in section 93O(1)(d) before being able to give the worker the documents required by section 146H; or

(d)the Director is satisfied that —

(i)the worker has, in accordance with the regulations, requested an approved medical specialist to assess the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment other than as described in subparagraph (ii), allowing at least the time described in section 93O(1)(d) for the approved medical specialist to give the worker the documents required by section 146H at least 7 days before the termination day, but the worker was not given, or it would be impracticable to give, those documents at least 7 days before the termination day; or

(ii)the worker has, in accordance with the regulations, requested an approved medical specialist to make an assessment that involves a special evaluation of the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment, allowing at least 7 weeks for the approved medical specialist to make the assessment and give the worker the documents required by section 146H at least 7 days before the termination day, but the worker was not given, or it would be impracticable to give, those documents at least 7 days before the termination day.

(5)In subsection (4) —

normal evaluation has the meaning given to that term in section 146C(3);

special evaluation has the meaning given to that term in section 146C(4).

(6)An extension under subsection (4) is to be to a day that is not more than one year after the day that would have been the termination day had there been no extension under that subsection except that, in circumstances described in subsection (4)(d), the Director may give an extension for as long as the Director considers necessary to give the worker an opportunity to make an election.

(7)An extension is to be in writing and the Director is required to give the worker and the employer each a copy of the extension.

(8)An extension may be given even though the termination day has passed.

[Section 93M inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 79.]

93N.Special evaluation if condition has not sufficiently stabilised

(1)This section applies if, after the expiry of the period of 6 months after the day that would have been the termination day had there been no extension under section 93M(4), an approved medical specialist certifies that the worker’s condition has not stabilised to the extent required for a normal evaluation of the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment to be made in accordance with sections 146A and 146C.

(2)The worker may request an approved medical specialist to make a special evaluation of the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment in accordance with sections 146A and 146C.

(3)The approved medical specialist requested to make a special evaluation may be the approved medical specialist who certified as described in subsection (1).

(4)The request is to be made in accordance with the regulations not later than 8 weeks before the termination day and is to be accompanied by a copy of the certificate referred to in subsection (1).

(5)The approved medical specialist is to make the special evaluation in accordance with sections 146A and 146C unless the worker’s condition is found to have stabilised to the extent required for a normal evaluation, in which case the approved medical specialist is to make a normal evaluation in accordance with those sections.

(6)In this section —

normal evaluation has the meaning given to that term in section 146C.

[Section 93N inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 79.]

93O.Employer to give worker notice of certain things

(1)At the time described in subsection (2), the employer is required to notify the worker in writing in accordance with the regulations —

(a)of the day that would be the termination day if no later day were to be fixed under section 93M(4);

(b)that about 6 months remains before the termination day;

(c)of the significance of the termination day for the worker’s ability to seek damages; and

(d)of the amount of time that, according to the regulations, an approved medical specialist can reasonably be expected to take, after a worker requests an assessment of the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment, to give the worker the documents that an approved medical specialist is required by section 146H to give the worker.

(2)The notice is required to be given within the period of 14 days commencing on the day that is 6 months and 14 days before the day that would be the termination day if no later day were to be fixed under section 93M(4).

[Section 93O inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 79.]

93P.How election may affect statutory compensation

(1)This section applies unless, according to an agreement or assessment that the Director has recorded as described in section 93L(2), the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment is at least 25%.

(2)If a worker elects under section 93K to retain the right to seek damages and this section applies —

(a)the amount of any weekly payment of compensation to which the worker is entitled under this Act in respect of the injury or injuries, to the extent that the payment is for any time during the first 6 months after the election registration day, is varied to the amount calculated as described in subsection (4);

(b)the worker is not entitled to any weekly payment of compensation under this Act in respect of the injury or injuries to the extent that the payment would be for any time that is more than 6 months after the election registration day; and

(c)no other compensation under this Act is payable in respect of the injury or injuries —

(i)in relation to a time that is after the election registration day;

(ii)under Part III Division 2 or 2A, irrespective of whether an election under that Division is made before or after the election registration day; or

(iii)for expenses incurred after the election registration day.

(3)In subsection (2) —

in respect of the injury or injuries includes wholly or partially in respect of the injury or injuries and also includes wholly or partially in respect of any recurrence, aggravation or acceleration of the injury or injuries.

(4)The amount of a weekly payment is —

(a)to the extent that it is for any time during the first 3 months after the election registration day, 70% of the amount of the weekly payment to which the worker would have been entitled if this section had not applied; and

(b)to the extent that it is for any other time during the first 6 months after the election registration day, 50% of the amount of the weekly payment to which the worker would have been entitled if this section had not applied.

[Section 93P inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 79.]

93Q.Special provisions about HIV and AIDS

(1)Damages are not to be awarded in respect of the infection of a worker by HIV but damages may be awarded in respect of the contraction of AIDS unless it results from the unlawful use of any prohibited drug or from voluntary sexual activity.

(2)A worker who has contracted AIDS has, for the purposes of this Subdivision, a degree of permanent whole of person impairment resulting from the disease of at least 25%.

(3)A certificate in writing by a medical practitioner to the effect that the worker has contracted AIDS is to be recorded by the Director under section 93L(2), and otherwise treated for the purposes of this Subdivision, as if it included an assessment that the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment resulting from the disease was at least 25%.

(4)The regulations may make provision for methods of deciding for the purposes of this section whether a worker has contracted AIDS.

(5)Part VII Division 2 does not apply to the degree of permanent whole of person impairment of a worker resulting from the contraction of AIDS.

(6)For the purposes of this Subdivision and any limitation on the period within which proceedings may be commenced to recover damages for that cause, the cause of action of a worker who has contracted AIDS is to be taken to have arisen when a certificate is first given in writing by a medical practitioner to the effect that the worker has contracted AIDS.

(7)Section 93L(4) and sections 93M, 93N, 93O, and 93P do not apply in the case of an action for damages in respect of the contraction of AIDS.

(8)In this section —

AIDS means acquired immune deficiency syndrome;

HIV means human immunodeficiency virus;

prohibited drug has the meaning given to that term by the Misuse of Drugs Act 1981 section 3.

[Section 93Q inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 79.]

93R.Special provisions about specified industrial diseases

(1)If damages are sought or to be sought in respect of a disease referred to in section 33 or 34, any assessment to evaluate the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment resulting from the disease as described in sections 146A and 146C is to be made, not by an approved medical specialist as stated in section 146A(2), but by a medical panel constituted as described in section 36.

(2)Subsection (1) does not prevent the evaluation of the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment being settled by agreement.

(3)A person seeking an assessment may advise the chief executive officer, in accordance with any relevant regulation, and the chief executive officer is to arrange for a medical panel to be constituted to make the assessment and refer the making of the assessment sought to the panel.

(4)Section 36(3), section 37, and section 38(1) and (3) apply for a reference under this section as they would for a reference under section 36 except that what is to be considered and determined is the assessment referred under this section instead of the questions that arise on a reference under section 36.

(5)Even though the worker’s condition is not required to have stabilised, the evaluation is not a special evaluation as referred to in section 146C.

(6)There is no termination day for an election to retain the right to seek damages in respect of a disease described in subsection (1).

(7)A medical panel from which an assessment under this section is sought is not bound by a previous assessment made under this section if the previous assessment has not been recorded by the Director under section 93L(2).

(8)If the Director, under section 93L(2), records an assessment under this section —

(a)any reference in this Subdivision to the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment is to be taken to be a reference to the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment as evaluated in the assessment recorded; and

(b)section 93K(13) does not apply.

[Section 93R inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 79.]

93S.Regulations

Regulations may provide for —

(a)the notification to be given to workers, and the notification to be given to employers, of —

(i)the effect of the provisions of this Subdivision;

(ii)things done under this Subdivision;

(b)the form and lodgment of elections under section 93K(4)(a);

(c)the registration by the Director of elections under section 93K(4)(a) if an agreement or assessment for the purposes of section 93L(2) has been recorded, and the power of the Director to refuse to register an election if not satisfied that the worker has been properly advised of the consequences of the election;

(d)the recording by the Director of an agreement or assessment under section 93L(2) as to the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment;

(e)how and when a worker may apply for the Director to extend the termination day under section 93M(4), and the period for which the Director may give an extension.

[Section 93S inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 79.]

Part V  WorkCover Western Australia Authority

[Heading inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 80.]

Division 1 — Constitution, purposes, and powers

94. WorkCover Western Australia Authority

(1)When section 81(1) of the Workers’ Compensation Reform Act 2004 comes into operation 1, the name of the body corporate that was previously called the “Workers’ Compensation and Rehabilitation Commission” becomes the “WorkCover Western Australia Authority”, but the corporate identity of the body corporate and its rights and obligations are not affected by the change.

(2)The WorkCover Western Australia Authority — 

(a)is a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal;

(b)may acquire, hold, and dispose of real and personal property;

(c)may sue and be sued in its corporate name; and

(d)may, subject to the directions of the Minister, exercise and discharge the powers, authorities, functions, and duties conferred or imposed upon it by this Act.

(2a)The WorkCover Western Australia Authority is an agent of the State and has the status, immunities, and privileges of the State.

(2b)The WorkCover Western Australia Authority is to have a governing body that, in the name of the WorkCover Western Australia Authority, is to perform the functions of the WorkCover Western Australia Authority under this Act or any other written law.

(3)Notwithstanding subsection (1), the WorkCover Western Australia Authority may use and operate under the name “WorkCover Western Australia”, which it may abbreviate as “WorkCover WA” or “WorkCover”.

(4)A person other than WorkCover WA who uses or operates under the name mentioned in subsection (1), or any name that is so similar that it is likely to be misunderstood as referring to WorkCover WA, commits an offence.

[Section 94 amended by No. 86 of 1986 s. 8; No. 48 of 1993 s. 40; No. 42 of 2004 s. 81 and 150.]

95.WorkCover WA’s governing body

(1)WorkCover WA’s governing body is to consist of — 

(a)one person appointed by the Governor on the recommendation of the Minister as a member and Chairman of WorkCover WA’s governing body and referred to as a nominee member;

(b)the chief executive officer of WorkCover WA and the chief executive officer of the department of the Public Service of the State principally assisting the Minister charged with the administration of the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1984; and

(c)4 persons appointed by the Governor, on the recommendation of the Minister, as members of WorkCover WA’s governing body and referred to as nominee members of whom — 

(i)one is a person experienced in employers’ interests;

(ii)one is a person experienced in workers’ interests;

(iii)one is a person experienced in insurance matters; and

(iv)one is a person experienced in accounting and financial management.

(2)The person appointed as Chairman of WorkCover WA’s governing body is not to be a public service officer within the meaning of the Public Sector Management Act 1994.

(3)Before making a recommendation for the purposes of subsection (1)(c)(i), the Minister may, in writing, request the body known as the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Western Australia (Inc) to submit the name of a person, or the names of such number of persons as is specified in the request, who, or each of whom, has the required experience and is willing to act as a member under subsection (1)(c)(i), and before making a recommendation for the purposes of subsection (1)(c)(ii), the Minister may, in writing, request the body known as UnionsWA (formerly known as the Trades and Labor Council of Western Australia) to submit the name of a person, or the names of such number of persons as is specified in the request, who, or each of whom, has the required experience and is willing to act as a member under subsection (1)(c)(ii).

(4)Before making a recommendation for the purposes of subsection (1)(c)(iii) or (iv), the Minister may make enquiries to find a person who has the required experience and is willing to act as a member under that provision.

(5)The Governor may, on the recommendation of the Minister, appoint a person who is not a public service officer within the meaning of the Public Sector Management Act 1994 as deputy of the member who is the Chairman of WorkCover WA’s governing body.

(6)In the absence, for any reason, of the Chairman and a person appointed to act in the place and during the absence of the Chairman from a meeting of WorkCover WA’s governing body, the Chairman’s appointed deputy may attend the meeting and while so attending has all the powers, authorities, functions, and duties of the Chairman.

[Section 95 inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 82.]

96.Term of office

(1)Subject to this Act, a nominee member holds office for such period not exceeding 3 years as is specified in the instrument of his appointment but is eligible for reappointment.

(2)The Minister on such terms as he thinks fit may grant leave of absence to a nominee member.

(3)A nominee member may resign his office by writing signed by him and delivered to the Minister but the resignation does not have effect until accepted by the Minister.

(4)The Governor may terminate the appointment of a nominee member — 

(a)for mental or physical incapacity to carry out duties as a member in a satisfactory manner, for inefficiency, or for misbehaviour; or

(b)for other good cause, whether the events or circumstances giving rise to that good cause occurred before, on, or after the date on which the appointment took effect.

(5)If a nominee member — 

(a)is, according to the Interpretation Act 1984 section 13D, a bankrupt or a person whose affairs are under insolvency laws; or

(b)absents himself except on leave granted by the Minister from 3 consecutive meetings of WorkCover WA’s governing body; or

[(c)deleted]

(d)resigns and his resignation is accepted; or

(e)has his appointment terminated pursuant to subsection (4),

the office of that nominee member becomes vacant.

(6)Where the office of a nominee member becomes vacant otherwise than by effluxion of time, the Governor may, on the recommendation of the Minister, appoint to the vacant office for the unexpired part of the term of the office a person who is eligible for appointment to that office and section 95(3) or (4), as the case requires, applies in respect of such a recommendation.

[Section 96 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 83 and 151; No. 18 of 2009 s. 94.]

97.Meetings

(1)WorkCover WA’s governing body shall hold such meetings at such times and places as are necessary to enable it to exercise and discharge the powers, authorities, functions, and duties conferred or imposed under this Act and the Minister may at any time require the Chairman to convene a meeting of WorkCover WA’s governing body to consider such matters as the Minister specifies.

(2)The Chairman is to preside at all meetings of WorkCover WA’s governing body at which he is present and in his and his deputy’s absence the members present may appoint one of their number to preside.

(3)At a meeting of WorkCover WA’s governing body 4 members constitute a quorum.

(4)Any question arising at a meeting is to be decided by a majority of the members present and voting.

(5)The member presiding at a meeting has a deliberative vote and in the event of an equality of votes also has a casting vote.

(5a)Division 1AA is about a member of WorkCover WA’s governing body having a material personal interest in a matter being considered or about to be considered by the governing body.

(6)WorkCover WA is to cause accurate minutes to be kept of proceedings at its governing body’s meetings.

(7)To the extent that it is not prescribed WorkCover WA’s governing body may determine its own procedure.

[Section 97 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 84, 150 and 151.]

98.Defects not to invalidate proceedings

An act, proceeding, or determination of WorkCover WA is not invalid on the ground only of a vacancy in the office of a member of its governing body or of any defect in the appointment of a member or his deputy.

[Section 98 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 85 and 150.]

99.Conditions of appointment

(1)A nominee member is not required to devote the whole of his time to the duties of his office.

(2)A member other than one who is in the Public Service is to be paid such fees and allowances as may be fixed by the Minister on the recommendation of the Minister for Public Sector Management.

[Section 99 amended by No. 86 of 1986 s. 5; No. 42 of 2004 s. 86.]

100.Functions of WorkCover WA

The functions of WorkCover WA are to administer this Act and without limiting the generality of the foregoing — 

(a)to control and administer the General Account and the Trust Account;

(b)where necessary or desirable, to participate in research into the causes, incidence, and methods of prevention of accidents, injuries, losses of functions, and diseases in respect of which compensation may be payable under this Act;

(c)where necessary or desirable, to assist in encouraging the prevention or minimising of accidents, injuries, losses of functions, and diseases in respect of which compensation may be payable under this Act;

[(d)deleted]

(da)to promote injury management;

(e)to coordinate arrangements generally to secure the care, supervision, and assistance of workers suffering injury in respect of which compensation is or may be payable under this Act;

(f)to obtain from persons who are insurers or self‑insurers or are referred to in section 292(2)(a) or (b) or (3) and from courts information and returns enabling WorkCover WA to compile and record such statistics, records, and reports as it considers desirable for the better administration of this Act;

(fa)to keep under review the sufficiency of the information provided to WorkCover WA by persons who are insurers or self‑insurers or are referred to in section 292(2)(a) or (b) or (3), and whether or not criteria developed by WorkCover WA or prescribed by the regulations for assessing the performance of those persons are being met;

(g)where necessary or desirable, to assist in investigating all matters relating to accidents, injuries, losses of functions, or diseases in respect of which compensation is or may be payable under this Act, to study the causes and various methods of treatment and the results of treatment of such accidents, injuries, losses of functions, and diseases;

[(h)deleted]

(i)to provide support services to any medical panel established under section 36 and to any medical assessment panel, approved medical specialist panel or specialised retraining assessment panel;

(j)to collect such statistics, records, reports, and other information as it may require to enable it to perform its obligations under section 151(a), and ensure that its functions under Part VIII are performed efficiently; and

(k)to advise the Minister on —

(i)matters to do with insurance that is required by this Act;

(ii)WorkCover WA’s functions under this Act;

(iii)the policy to be followed in the State with regard to workers’ compensation; and

(iv)any other matter referred by the Minister to WorkCover WA for its advice.

[Section 100 amended by No. 96 of 1990 s. 21; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 42 of 2004 s. 87 and 150; No. 77 of 2006 Sch. 1 cl. 189(9).]

100A.Advisory committees

(1)WorkCover WA may at any time and when so requested by the Minister shall appoint advisory committees to assist it in the performance of its functions and duties.

(2)Subject to this section, an advisory committee shall consist of such number of persons as are appointed by WorkCover WA and at least one of them is to be a member of WorkCover WA’s governing body.

(3)The member of an advisory committee who is a member of WorkCover WA’s governing body or, if there are 2 or more of them, whichever of them is specified in their appointment as the person who is to preside, is to preside at meetings of the committee but, subject to the direction of WorkCover WA, an advisory committee may otherwise determine its own procedures.

(4)The members of advisory committees are entitled to be paid such fees and allowances as may be determined by the Minister on the recommendation of the Minister for Public Sector Management.

(5)The fees and allowances mentioned in subsection (4) shall be paid by WorkCover WA from moneys standing to the credit of the General Account.

(6)In appointing persons to be members of advisory committees under this section WorkCover WA shall, as far as is practicable, appoint persons experienced in employers’ interests, persons experienced in workers’ interests, persons with experience relevant to the kinds of matters to be considered by the committee concerned, and such other persons as WorkCover WA considers appropriate.

(7)Despite subsection (2), an advisory committee appointed for the purposes of section 146R or in connection with the assessment of matters of a medical nature is to consist of the following members —

(a)at least one member of WorkCover WA’s governing body appointed by WorkCover WA;

(b)such medical practitioners as are nominated by the Australian Medical Association (WA) Incorporated and appointed by WorkCover WA with the approval of the Minister; and

(c)such other members as are appointed by WorkCover WA with the approval of the Minister and after consultation with the Australian Medical Association (WA) Incorporated.

(8)WorkCover WA may, with the Minister’s approval, appoint members of an advisory committee under subsection (7) without complying with subsection (6).

[Section 100A inserted by No. 96 of 1990 s. 22; amended by No. 49 of 1996 s. 64; No. 42 of 2004 s. 88 and 150; No. 77 of 2006 Sch. 1 cl. 189(9).]

100B.Disclosure of information

(1)If the chief executive officer of the department principally assisting the Minister in the administration of the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1984 makes a written request to WorkCover WA to disclose information or data (including information and data about accidents, injuries and diseases) relevant to occupational safety and health that is in the possession of WorkCover WA, WorkCover WA is to comply with the request.

(2)This section has effect despite any other provision of this Act.

[Section 100B inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 89.]

101.Powers

WorkCover WA may do all things that are necessary, expedient, or desirable to be done for or in connection with the performance of its functions and without limiting the generality of the foregoing or the powers expressly conferred elsewhere in this Act WorkCover WA has power — 

(a)subject to section 102, to perform any of its functions by its officers or to provide facilities for others to do things to further the performance of any function or to arrange with others to provide facilities and to do any things to further the performance of any function and for any of those purposes to pay fees and allowances and to contribute towards expenses;

(aa)to charge for the provision of any service that it makes available such fees as it determines;

(b)to publish such information and findings as in the opinion of WorkCover WA would further the performance of its functions;

(c)with the written approval of the Treasurer, to invest moneys from the General Account in such investments or securities, and subject to such conditions, as are specified in the instruments of approval;

(ca)to purchase, sell, lease, take on lease, mortgage, exchange or otherwise acquire, deal in or dispose of real and personal property;

(cb)to improve, develop or alter real property;

(d)to institute and maintain proceedings in the name of the WorkCover Western Australia Authority for any alleged breach of this Act; and

(e)to determine whether an insurer should be permitted to cancel a policy of insurance and, if so, upon what terms and, in any event, upon the term that the cancellation be effective as between the parties to the policy, irrespective of the terms of the policy and whether or not the policy was effected prior to the coming into operation of this Division.

[Section 101 amended by No. 104 of 1984 s. 4; No. 86 of 1986 s. 5; No. 96 of 1990 s. 23; No. 34 of 1999 s. 34; No. 42 of 2004 s. 90 and 150; No. 77 of 2006 Sch. 1 cl. 189(9).]

101AA.Delegation by WorkCover WA

(1)WorkCover WA may delegate to the chief executive officer or another officer of WorkCover WA or to any other member, or any group of members, of WorkCover WA’s governing body any power or duty of WorkCover WA under another provision of this Act except if it is under Part VIII.

(2)The delegation must be in writing executed by WorkCover WA.

(3)A person to whom a power or duty is delegated under this section cannot delegate that power or duty.

(4)A person exercising or performing a power or duty that has been delegated to the person under this section is to be taken to do so in accordance with the terms of the delegation unless the contrary is shown.

(5)Nothing in this section limits the ability of WorkCover WA to perform a function through an officer or agent.

[Section 101AA inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 91.]

101A.Borrowings by WorkCover WA

(1)Subject to this Act WorkCover WA may, with the prior approval of the Treasurer, borrow such moneys as it thinks necessary from time to time for carrying out its functions.

(2)WorkCover WA shall not exercise the powers conferred by this section unless a proposal in writing showing — 

(a)the terms and particulars of the proposed loan;

(b)the rate of interest to be paid on that loan;

(c)the purpose to which the money borrowed is to be applied; and

(d)the manner in which the loan is to be repaid,

shall first be submitted by it on the recommendation of the Minister to, and approved by, the Treasurer.

(3)Any moneys borrowed by WorkCover WA under this section may be raised as one loan or as several loans and in such manner as the Treasurer may approve, but the amount of the moneys so borrowed shall not in any one year exceed in the aggregate such amount as the Treasurer approves.

[Section 101A inserted by No. 104 of 1984 s. 5; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 150.]

101B.Guarantees of borrowings

(1)The Treasurer is hereby authorised to guarantee — 

(a)the repayment of any amount borrowed from time to time under section 101A; and

(b)the payment of interest and such other charges in respect of such borrowings as he has approved.

(2)Before a guarantee is given by the Treasurer under this section, WorkCover WA shall give to the Treasurer such security as the Treasurer may require and shall execute all such instruments as may be necessary for the purpose.

(3)The Treasurer shall cause any money required for fulfilling any guarantee given by him under this section to be charged to the Consolidated Account which, to the extent necessary, is hereby appropriated accordingly and the Treasurer shall cause any amounts received or recovered from WorkCover WA or otherwise in respect of moneys so charged by him to be credited to the Consolidated Account.

[Section 101B inserted by No. 104 of 1984 s. 5; amended by No. 6 of 1993 s. 11; No. 49 of 1996 s. 64; No. 42 of 2004 s. 150; No. 77 of 2006 s. 4.]

102.Limitation on powers

Apart from coordinating arrangements in the matters referred to in section 100(e), WorkCover WA or its officers shall not provide facilities or perform services for or in respect of those matters unless directed to do so by the Minister.

[Section 102 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 92 and 150.]

[103.Deleted by No. 34 of 1999 s. 35.]

103A.Returns

(1)A person being or having been an insurer, a self‑insurer, or a person referred to in section 292(2)(a) or (b) or (3) who refuses or fails to furnish to WorkCover WA, within such reasonable time as is specified by WorkCover WA, any information or return requested in writing by WorkCover WA in order to enable it to compile and record such statistics, records and reports as it considers desirable for the better administration of this Act, commits an offence.

(2)A person who furnishes to WorkCover WA under subsection (1) any information or return that is false in a material particular commits an offence.

Penalty: $2 000.

[Section 103A inserted by No. 44 of 1985 s. 24; amended by No. 96 of 1990 s. 25; No. 42 of 2004 s. 93 and 150.]

104.Publishing and furnishing information

WorkCover WA may — 

(a)from time to time, publish information for the guidance of the public on workers’ compensation matters; and

(b)when requested, furnish workers and employers with information in respect of ways and means available to them to establish or protect their rights or perform their obligations under this Act.

[Section 104 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 94 and 150.]

Division 1AA — Personal interest

[Heading inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 95.]

104AA.Disclosure of interests

(1)A member of WorkCover WA’s governing body who has a material personal interest in a matter being considered or about to be considered by the governing body must, as soon as possible after the relevant facts have come to the member’s knowledge, disclose the nature of the interest at a meeting of the governing body.

Penalty: $10 000.

(2)A disclosure under subsection (1) is to be recorded in the minutes of the meeting.

[Section 104AA inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 95.]

104AB.Exclusion of interested member

(1)A member of WorkCover WA’s governing body who has a material personal interest in a matter that is being considered by the governing body — 

(a)must not vote on the matter; and

(b)must not be present while the matter is being considered at a meeting.

(2)In subsection (1)(a) and (b) a reference to a matter also refers to a proposed resolution under section 104AC in respect of the matter, whether relating to that member or a different member.

[Section 104AB inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 95.]

104AC.Resolution that section 104AB inapplicable

Section 104AB does not apply if the governing body has at any time passed a resolution that — 

(a)specifies the member, the interest, and the matter; and

(b)states that the members voting for the resolution are satisfied that the interest should not disqualify the member from considering or voting on the matter.

[Section 104AC inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 95.]

104AD.Quorum where section 104AB applies

Despite section 97(3), when the governing body is dealing with a matter in relation to which a member of the governing body is disqualified under section 104AB, 3 members who are entitled to vote on any motion that may be moved in relation to the matter constitute a quorum.

[Section 104AD inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 95.]

104AE.Minister may declare sections 104AB and 104AD inapplicable

(1)The Minister may by writing declare that section 104AB or 104AD does not apply in relation to a specified matter either generally or in voting on particular resolutions.

(2)The Minister must within 14 sitting days after a declaration under subsection (1) is made cause a copy of the declaration to be laid before each House of Parliament.

[Section 104AE inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 95.]

[Division 1A (s. 104A, 104B) deleted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 96.]

Division 2 — Accounts and audit

105.Application of Financial Management Act 2006 and Auditor General Act 2006

The provisions of the Financial Management Act 2006 and the Auditor General Act 2006 regulating the financial administration, audit and reporting of statutory authorities apply to and in respect of WorkCover WA and its operations.

[Section 105 inserted by No. 98 of 1985 s. 3; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 150; No. 77 of 2006 Sch. 1 cl. 189(2).]

Division 3 — Workers’ Compensation and Injury Management General Account

[Heading inserted by No. 86 of 1986 s. 7; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 97; No. 46 of 2009 s. 17.]

106.General Account

(1)For the purposes of this Act, an account called the Workers’ Compensation and Injury Management General Account is to be established —

(a)as an agency special purpose account under section 16 of the Financial Management Act 2006; or

(b)with the approval of the Treasurer, at a bank as defined in section 3 of that Act.

(2)There shall be credited to the General Account — 

[(a)deleted]

(b)all moneys, other than moneys payable to the Workers’ Compensation and Injury Management Trust Account, whether from levies, contributions, penalties, fines, interest or other sources, received by or for WorkCover WA in the exercise of its functions under this Act;

(c)all moneys borrowed by WorkCover WA under section 101A; and

(d)any moneys required to be transferred to the General Account under section 6A(1) of the Employers’ Indemnity Supplementation Fund Act 1980.

(3)There shall be paid from moneys standing to the credit of the General Account — 

(a)all moneys required for the remuneration and allowances of members of the governing body of WorkCover WA and of WorkCover WA’s staff;

(b)compensation payable by the General Account to a worker pursuant to this Act;

[(c)deleted]

(ca)interest on and repayments of money borrowed by WorkCover WA under section 101A and charges in respect of such borrowings;

(d)the costs of and incidental to proceedings instituted by WorkCover WA under this Act;

(da)any moneys required to be transferred to the Employers’ Indemnity Supplementation Fund under section 6A(2) of the Employers’ Indemnity Supplementation Fund Act 1980;

(e)all other moneys, except those to be charged to the Trust Account, required by WorkCover WA and the DRD for carrying out their respective functions under this Act; and

(f)any other moneys so required to be paid under this Act or any other enactment.

[Section 106 amended by No. 79 of 1983 s. 3; No. 104 of 1984 s. 6; No. 86 of 1986 s. 9; No. 96 of 1990 s. 26; No. 1 of 1993 s. 14; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 49 of 1996 s. 64; No. 42 of 2004 s. 98 and 150; No. 77 of 2006 Sch. 1 cl. 189(3), (4) and (9).]

107.Estimates

(1)Notwithstanding the provisions of the Financial Management Act 2006, WorkCover WA shall in each year prepare an estimate of the amount necessary to be raised by way of levies and contributions payable to the General Account to carry out its functions under this Act; and, as soon as practicable after the preparation of the estimate, WorkCover WA shall submit it to the Minister and it shall not have any force or effect unless and until it is approved by the Minister.

(2)If the General Account is in surplus at the commencement of the year for which the estimate is being prepared, the estimate shall be calculated by deducting from the estimated expenditures the sum of — 

(a)the estimated receipts of the General Account from all sources other than the levy and contributions; and

(b)the balance of the General Account at the commencement of the year.

(3)If the General Account is in deficit at the commencement of the year for which the estimate is being prepared, the estimate shall be calculated by deducting the estimated receipts of the General Account arising from all sources other than the levy and contributions, from the sum of — 

(a)the estimated expenditure; and

(b)the balance of the General Account at the commencement of the year.

(4)In calculating the estimate, both the estimated increase required in reserves over that year and depreciation may be included in the estimated expenditure of the General Account.

[Section 107 amended by No. 98 of 1985 s. 3; No. 96 of 1990 s. 27; No. 42 of 2004 s. 150; No. 77 of 2006 Sch. 1 cl. 189(5) and (9).]

108.Total contributions

For any one year WorkCover WA may levy as total contributions to the General Account an amount equal to the estimate for that year.

[Section 108 amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 150; No. 77 of 2006 Sch. 1 cl. 189(9).]

109.Contributions to General Account by insurers

(1)Each insurer shall contribute annually to the General Account a sum equal to — 

(a)the amount prescribed for the purposes of this subsection; or

(b)a sum amounting to a percentage to be fixed by WorkCover WA of the total amount of the premium income (whether received by or owing to the insurer) of the insurer in respect of the year ended 30 June then last past in respect of insurance of employers against their liability to pay compensation under this Act, and their liability under any other law in respect of persons employed by them, excluding any part of the premiums actually paid by way of reinsurance to any other insurer contributing under this Act, which percentage shall be uniform for all insurers,

whichever is the greater.

(2)A contribution referred to in subsection (1) or (4) shall be paid on 1 October in each year or on such other days as WorkCover WA determines unless it exceeds $15 000, in which case it may be paid in quarterly instalments on 1 October, 1 January, 1 April and 1 June in each year or on such other days as WorkCover WA may determine, and where it, or any instalment of it, is not so paid WorkCover WA may sue and recover the amount of the contribution or instalment, as the case may be, from the insurer or self‑insurer without affecting the liability of the insurer or self‑insurer, as the case may be, to a penalty under subsection (3).

(2a)WorkCover WA shall give insurers and self‑insurers at least 30 days written notice of any day determined under subsection (2).

(3)If any contribution referred to in subsection (1) or (4) or any instalment of it is not paid on or before any day prescribed or determined under subsection (2), the insurer, or self‑insurer as the case may be, commits an offence.

Penalty: $2 000.

(4)A self‑insurer shall, in respect of any period for which contributions to the General Account are payable by insurers, contribute to the General Account a sum equal to — 

(a)the amount prescribed for the purposes of this subsection; or

(b)such contribution as WorkCover WA considers reasonable, assessed upon the wages, salaries, or other remuneration, including amounts paid to workers employed under an agreement to perform — 

(i)a specified quantity of work for a specified sum;

(ii)work on piece rates;

(iii)work on a bonus or commission system; or

(iv)work on any other system for payment by results,

paid by the self‑insurer to workers during that period, having regard to the premium payable for insurance by employers engaged in the same or any similar trade, occupation, calling, or industry,

whichever is the greater, and the self‑insurer shall upon demand and within such time as WorkCover WA may specify supply WorkCover WA with such particulars of the wages, salaries, or other remuneration paid by him during that period as are required by WorkCover WA.

(4a)If a self‑insurer furnishes particulars to WorkCover WA under subsection (4) which are false in any material particular, the self‑insurer is guilty of an offence.

Penalty: $5 000.

(4b)Any self‑insurer failing to send particulars to WorkCover WA within the time specified under subsection (4) commits an offence and is liable to a penalty of $2 000 and a daily penalty not exceeding $100.

(5)In the month of July of each year or at such other time as WorkCover WA may appoint, every insurer shall send a return showing the amount of the premium income (whether received by or owing to the insurer) in respect of insurance of employers against their liability to pay compensation under this Act and their liability under any other law in respect of persons employed by them during the year ended 30 June then last past, excluding any part of that premium income actually paid by way of reinsurance to any other insurers contributing under this Act, together with a statutory declaration by the insurer or his or its manager, secretary, or agent in the State, that he has carefully examined the return and to the best of his knowledge, information, and belief the return is a true return of that amount.

(6)Any insurer failing to send the return or statutory declaration in that month or by such other time as WorkCover WA shall appoint, as the case may be, commits an offence and is liable to a penalty of $2 000 and a daily penalty not exceeding $100.

(7)If an insurer sends a return which is false in any material particular, the insurer is guilty of an offence.

Penalty: $5 000.

[Section 109 amended by No. 44 of 1985 s. 25; No. 85 of 1986 s. 7; No. 34 of 1999 s. 57; No. 42 of 2004 s. 99 and 150; No. 77 of 2006 Sch. 1 cl. 189(9).]

Division 4 — Workers’ Compensation and Injury Management Trust Account

[Heading inserted by No. 86 of 1986 s. 7; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 100; No. 46 of 2009 s. 17.]

110.Trust Account

(1)For the purposes of this Act, an account called the Workers’ Compensation and Injury Management Trust Account is to be established —

(a)as an agency special purpose account under section 16 of the Financial Management Act 2006; or

(b)with the approval of the Treasurer, at a bank as defined in section 3 of that Act.

(2)There shall be credited to the Trust Account all moneys paid to WorkCover WA under section 218.

(3)Moneys standing to the credit of the Trust Account shall become one common fund to be invested by WorkCover WA.

(4)Investments made from the Trust Account shall not be made on account of or belong to any particular person.

(5)Interest or income earned by such investments shall be credited to the Trust Account.

(6)WorkCover WA may, with the written approval of the Treasurer, invest moneys standing to the credit of the Trust Account in such investments or securities, and subject to such conditions, as are specified in the instrument of approval.

(7)WorkCover WA with the approval of the Treasurer shall fix from time to time — 

(a)the rate of interest payable to the respective persons entitled to money standing to the credit of the Trust Account in accordance with an order of a dispute resolution authority; and

(b)the proportion of the costs of administration of the Trust Account and investments from it to be charged to the respective persons entitled to money in the Trust Account.

(8)There shall be paid from moneys standing to the credit of the Trust Account — 

(a)to WorkCover WA all money required for the cost of its administration; and

(b)to or on behalf of the respective persons entitled to money standing to the credit of the Trust Account, the amount apportioned to them respectively in accordance with an order of a dispute resolution authority, plus interest payable, and less charges made, under subsection (7).

[Section 110 amended by No. 86 of 1986 s. 10; No. 96 of 1990 s. 28; No. 48 of 1993 s. 28(1); No. 49 of 1996 s. 64; No. 34 of 1999 s. 36; No. 42 of 2004 s. 101 and 150; No. 77 of 2006 Sch. 1 cl. 189(6) and (9).]

Division 5 — Ministerial control

111.Minister may give directions

(1)The Minister may give directions in writing to WorkCover WA with respect to the performance of its functions, either generally or in relation to a particular matter, unless prevented by subsection (1a) from doing so, and WorkCover WA shall give effect to any such direction.

(1a)The Minister cannot give to WorkCover WA any direction with respect to the performance of any of its functions under section 151 unless the direction is allowed by section 154AB.

(2)The text of any direction given under subsection (1) shall be included in the annual report submitted by the accountable authority of WorkCover WA under Part 5 of the Financial Management Act 2006.

[Section 111 inserted by No. 72 of 1992 s. 14; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 102 and 150; No. 77 of 2006 Sch. 1 cl. 189(7).]

111A.Minister to have access to information

(1)For parliamentary purposes or for the proper conduct of the Minister’s public business, the Minister is entitled — 

(a)to have information in the possession of WorkCover WA; and

(b)where the information is in or on a document, to have, and make and retain copies of, that document.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1) the Minister may — 

(a)request WorkCover WA to furnish information to the Minister;

(b)request WorkCover WA to give the Minister access to information;

(c)for the purposes of paragraph (b) make use of the staff of WorkCover WA to obtain the information and furnish it to the Minister.

(3)WorkCover WA shall comply with a request under subsection (2) and make its staff and facilities available to the Minister for the purposes of paragraph (c) of that subsection.

(4)In this section — 

document includes any tape, disc or other device or medium on which information is recorded or stored mechanically, photographically, electronically or otherwise;

information means information specified, or of a description specified, by the Minister that relates to the functions of WorkCover WA;

parliamentary purposes means the purpose of — 

(a)answering a question asked in a House of Parliament; or

(b)complying with a written law, or an order or resolution of a House of Parliament, that requires information to be furnished to a House of Parliament.

[Section 111A inserted by No. 72 of 1992 s. 14; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 150.]

[Part VI:s. 112‑120 deleted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 103;
s. 121‑144 deleted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 24.]

Part VII  Medical assessment and assessment for specialised retraining programs

[Heading inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 104.]

Division 1 — Medical assessment panels

[Heading inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 104.]

145.Exclusion

A medical assessment panel does not have jurisdiction to deal with a question that is within the jurisdiction of a medical panel established under section 36.

[Section 145 inserted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 25.]

145A.Questions that have to be referred

(1)Subject to subsection (2), a question may be referred for determination by a medical assessment panel under section 210 only if — 

(a)there is a conflict of medical opinion on the question between — 

(i)a medical practitioner engaged by the worker; and

(ii)a medical practitioner provided and paid by the employer, or each medical practitioner so provided and paid if there is more than one of them;

and

(b)one of the parties wishes the proceedings to continue.

(2)A question as to the degree of permanent loss of the full efficient use of the back, neck or pelvis may be referred for determination by a medical assessment panel under section 210 if — 

(a)the employer does not agree to pay an amount claimed by the worker by way of an election made for the purposes of section 24; and

(b)the worker requests that the question be so referred.

[Section 145A inserted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 25; amended by No. 34 of 1999 s. 37; No. 42 of 2004 s. 105.]

145B.Register for panel membership

(1)The Director is to keep a register containing the names of medical practitioners approved under subsection (2) who are willing to be selected for a medical assessment panel.

(2)The Minister may, with the consent of the practitioner and after consultation with the Western Australian Branch of the Australian Medical Association Incorporated and other medical profession organisations, approve of the name of a medical practitioner being included in the register.

(3)A practitioner is only eligible to be registered under this section if practising in a clinical capacity.

[Section 145B inserted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 25.]

145C.Panel to be constituted

(1)On a question being referred for determination by a medical assessment panel, the Director is to select 3 medical practitioners who are registered under section 145B to be the panel that is to determine the question.

(2)Of the members of the panel at least one is to be a specialist in the particular branch of medicine or surgery that is relevant to the question.

(2a)Despite subsection (2), if the question is referred under clause 18A(2ab), each practitioner selected is to be a specialist in a branch of medicine or surgery that is relevant to the question.

(3)A medical practitioner who has treated or examined the worker concerned in a professional capacity is not eligible to be a member of the panel.

(4)The Director is to nominate one of the members of the panel to be its chairman.

[Section 145C inserted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 25; amended by No. 34 of 1999 s. 38; No. 42 of 2004 s. 106.]

145D.Procedures

(1)In determining the question the panel is to act speedily and informally, and in accordance with good conscience, without regard to technicalities or legal forms and, except as provided under this Act, is not bound by rules of practice nor evidence.

(2)The panel may, for the purposes of assisting it in determining the question, require the worker concerned to — 

(a)attend before the panel;

(b)answer questions put by the panel;

(c)produce documents to the panel, or consent to another person who has relevant documents producing them to the panel;

(d)submit to medical examination by the panel,

but the panel is not authorised to treat the worker or require that the worker be treated.

(3)Powers given by subsection (2) to a panel are to be exercised in private unless the worker otherwise consents, and any information or document obtained from, or by the consent of, the worker is not to be disclosed or given to any other person, except the person from whom it was obtained, without the consent of the worker.

(4)A person is not entitled to be represented in proceedings before a medical panel.

(5)If the worker concerned, without reasonable excuse (proof of which is on the worker) — 

(a)refuses to comply with a requirement made by the panel under subsection (2)(a), (b) or (c); or

(b)on being required to submit to examination by the panel, refuses to do so or in any way obstructs the examination,

an arbitrator may issue a certificate to that effect whereupon the worker’s right to compensation or to take or prosecute any proceeding under this Act or, in the case of a worker in receipt of a weekly payment, to that weekly payment, is suspended until an arbitrator certifies that the suspension is removed.

(6)To the extent that the practice and procedure of a medical assessment panel are not prescribed under this Act, they are to be as the panel determines.

[Section 145D inserted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 25; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 107.]

145E.Determinations

(1)If the members of the panel are not in unanimous agreement as to a question, the question is to be determined in accordance with the opinion of at least 2 members of the panel.

(2)The determination is to be made as soon as is practicable but in any event within 28 days after the day on which a medical examination of the worker concerned is carried out by the panel.

(3)The determination and the reasons for making it are to be given in writing signed by the Chairman in a form approved by the Director, and are to be given to the Director within 7 days after the day on which the determination is made.

(4)The Director is to give the determination and reasons to the person who referred the question to the panel and the worker concerned within 7 days after the day on which the Director receives them.

(5)The determination is not relevant in relation to —

(a)a determination of an arbitrator under Part III Division 2A as to the permanent or other impairment of the efficient use of any part or faculty of the body for the purposes of Part III Division 2A, or the degree of that impairment;

(b)an action for damages independently of this Act if Part IV Division 2 Subdivision 3 applies to the awarding of damages in the action;

(c)a determination of an arbitrator under section 158C or 158D; or

(d)a determination of an arbitrator for the purposes of clause 18A(2aa)(b).

(6)Unless rescinded under section 145F, the determination, or if the determination is varied under that section the determination as varied, is final and binding on the worker and the worker’s employer and on any court or tribunal hearing a matter in which any such determination is relevant.

(7)The determination is, in the absence of evidence that the determination was rescinded or varied under section 145F, conclusive evidence as to the matters determined.

(8)A determination of a medical assessment panel is not —

(a)to be vitiated because of any informality or want of form; or

(b)subject to an appeal.

(9)A decision of a medical assessment panel or anything done under this Act in the process of coming to a decision of a medical assessment panel is not amenable to judicial review.

[Section 145E inserted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 25; amended by No. 42 of 2004 s. 108.]

145F.Review

(1)If at least 60 days after the determination is made a person who is affected by the determination satisfies the Director that there is any new evidence that could not have been submitted to the panel and would be likely to affect the determination of the question if it were to be reconsidered by the panel the Director may again refer the question to the panel.

(2)The panel may refer to anything that was available to it when previously determining the matter as well as doing anything that it could do if the question were referred to it for determination in the first instance.

(3)The panel may vary its previous determination or rescind it and make a new determination.

(4)Sections 145D and 145E and this section also apply in relation to a determination under this section.

[Section 145F inserted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 25.]

145G.Remuneration

(1)A member of a medical assessment panel is entitled to such fees and allowances as may be determined by the Minister.

(2)The fees and allowances mentioned in subsection (1) shall be paid by WorkCover WA from moneys standing to the credit of the General Account.

[Section 145G inserted by No. 48 of 1993 s. 25; amended by No. 49 of 1996 s. 64; No. 42 of 2004 s. 150; No. 77 of 2006 Sch. 1 cl. 189(9).]

Division 2 — Assessing degree of impairment

[Heading inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 109.]

146.Terms used

In this Part —

degree of impairment, in relation to a worker, means —

(a)the worker’s degree of permanent impairment for the purposes of Part III Division 2A;

(b)the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment for the purposes of Part IV Division 2 Subdivision 3;

(c)the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment for the purposes of Part IXA;

(d)the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment for the purposes of clause 18A;

secondary condition means a condition, whether psychological, psychiatric, or sexual, that, although it may result from the injury or injuries concerned, arises as a secondary, or less direct, consequence of that injury or those injuries.

[Section 146 inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 109.]

146A.Evaluation of impairment generally

(1)Subject to sections 146B, 146C, 146D and 146E, a worker’s degree of impairment is to be evaluated, as a percentage, in accordance with the WorkCover Guides.

(2)If a worker and the employer do not agree about the evaluation of the worker’s degree of impairment, it is to be assessed by an approved medical specialist or, if this Act so provides, an approved medical specialist panel.

(3)A request for assessment by an approved medical specialist is to be made in accordance with the regulations.

(4)For a case in which the evaluation of the degree of impairment of the worker involves taking into account a recurrence, aggravation, or acceleration of any pre‑existing disease that was to any extent asymptomatic before the event from which the injury or injuries arose, the WorkCover Guides are not to provide for a deduction to reflect the pre‑existing nature of that disease to the extent that it was asymptomatic before that event.

[Section 146A inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 109.]

146B.Evaluation for the purposes of Part III Division 2A

(1)This section applies to an evaluation of a worker’s degree of permanent impairment for the purposes of Part III Division 2A.

(2)Section 146A(2) does not prevent a finding that the worker’s condition has not stabilised to the extent required for an evaluation of the worker’s degree of permanent impairment to be made in accordance with the WorkCover Guides for the purposes of Part III Division 2A.

[Section 146B inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 109.]

146C.Evaluation for purposes of Part IV Division 2 Subdivision 3

(1)This section applies to an evaluation of a worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment for the purposes of Part IV Division 2 Subdivision 3.

(2)Section 146A(2) does not prevent a finding that the worker’s condition has not stabilised to the extent required for a normal evaluation of the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment to be made in accordance with the WorkCover Guides.

(3)In subsection (2) —

normal evaluation means an evaluation that is not a special evaluation as defined in subsection (4).

(4)If this Act provides for a special evaluation of the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment to be made in accordance with this section, the evaluation (a special evaluation) is to be made, even though the worker’s condition has not stabilised to the extent otherwise required for an evaluation to be made in accordance with the WorkCover Guides, in accordance with any provisions of the WorkCover Guides that apply to a special evaluation.

(5)If the evaluation of a worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment for the purposes of Part IV Division 2 Subdivision 3 is assessed on the basis that the worker’s condition has not stabilised to the extent otherwise required for an evaluation to be made in accordance with the WorkCover Guides, the evaluation has to be a special evaluation made in accordance with this section.

(6)In evaluating the degree of permanent whole of person impairment of the worker, any secondary condition is to be disregarded.

(7)Subsection (6) does not prevent a secondary condition from contributing in the assessment of damages by a court.

[Section 146C inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 109.]

146D.Evaluation for the purposes of Part IXA

(1)This section applies to an evaluation of a worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment for the purposes of Part IXA.

(2)Section 146A(2) does not prevent a finding that the worker’s condition has not stabilised to the extent required for an evaluation of the worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment to be made in accordance with the WorkCover Guides for the purposes of Part IXA.

(3)In evaluating the degree of permanent whole of person impairment of the worker, any secondary condition is to be disregarded.

[Section 146D inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 109.]

146E.Evaluation for the purposes of clause 18A

(1)This section applies to an evaluation of a worker’s degree of permanent whole of person impairment for the purposes of clause 18A.

(2)The evaluation (a special evaluation) is to be made even if the worker’s condition has not stabilised —

(a)in the case of an evaluation for the purposes of clause 18A(2aa)(a), by an approved medical specialist;

(b)in the case of an evaluation for the purposes of clause 18A(2aa)(b) if the employer disputes the assessment referred to in clause 18A(2aa)(a), by an approved medical specialist panel,

in accordance with any provisions of the WorkCover Guides that apply to a special evaluation for the purposes of this section.

(3)In evaluating the degree of permanent whole of person impairment of the worker, any secondary condition is to be disregarded.

[Section 146E inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 109.]

146F.Approved medical specialist

(1)WorkCover WA may, by order published in the Gazette, designate a person as an approved medical specialist if the person is a medical practitioner who in WorkCover WA’s opinion, is sufficiently trained in the use of the WorkCover Guides and otherwise satisfies criteria for designation as an approved medical specialist that WorkCover WA for the time being applies.

(2)WorkCover WA is required to publish in the Gazette the criteria that it applies for deciding whether a medical practitioner is suitable for designation as an approved medical specialist.

(3)WorkCover WA may require an approved medical specialist to enter into a written agreement with WorkCover WA about the procedures to be followed and the fees to be charged for, and other matters relating to, the performance of functions as an approved medical specialist and other matters relevant to the implementation of this Act.

(4)WorkCover WA may, by order published in the Gazette, cancel the designation of a person as an approved medical specialist.

(5)WorkCover WA is required to monitor assessments for consistency and monitor compliance with this Act and agreements under subsection (3).

(6)The Director is to keep a register identifying persons who have been designated as approved medical specialists showing —

(a)the day on which the person was designated; and

(b)if a person’s designation as an approved medical specialist has been cancelled, the day on which it was cancelled.

(7)The Director is to make the register available for inspection at any reasonable time by any member of the public.

[Section 146F inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 109.]

146G.Powers of approved medical specialist

(1)On being requested to assess a worker’s degree of impairment, an approved medical specialist may —

(a)in accordance with the regulations, require the worker to attend at a place specified by the approved medical specialist;

(b)require the worker to answer any question about the injury;

(c)in accordance with the regulations, require the worker, the employer, or the employer’s insurer to —

(i)produce to the approved medical specialist any relevant document or information; or

(ii)consent to another person who has any relevant document or information producing it to the approved medical specialist;

(d)require the worker to submit to examination by, or as requested by, the approved medical specialist.

(2)Regulations may be made —

(a)requiring a worker who requests an assessment of the worker’s degree of impairment to produce any information described in the regulations for use in dealing with the request, and prescribing a fine of not more than $2 000 for a contravention of the requirement;

(b)about the time within which a requirement made under subsection (1) or imposed by a regulation under paragraph (a) has to be complied with if the time for complying is not specified in the requirement.

(3)A person who contravenes a requirement under subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $2 000.

(4)If the assessment is sought for the purpose of court proceedings and a person contravenes a requirement made under subsection (1) or imposed by a regulation under subsection (2), the court may order that the proceedings be stayed, either wholly or in part, or that any pleading be struck out.

[Section 146G inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 109.]

146H.Outcome of assessment

(1)An approved medical specialist making an assessment for the purposes of Part III Division 2A, Part IV Division 2 Subdivision 3, Part IXA or clause 18A is required to give to each of the worker and the employer, in writing in accordance with the regulations —

(a)a report of the worker’s degree of impairment, including details of the assessment and reasons justifying the assessment; and

(b)a certificate specifying the worker’s degree of impairment.

(2)An approved medical specialist giving a certificate —

(a)for the purposes of Part III Division 2A or Part IXA that a worker’s condition has not stabilised to the extent required for an evaluation to be made in accordance with the WorkCover Guides as described in sections 146A, 146B, and 146D; or

(b)for the purposes of Part IV Division 2 Subdivision 3 that a worker’s condition has not stabilised to the extent required for a normal evaluation to be made in accordance with the WorkCover Guides as described in sections 146A and 146C,

is required to give to each of the worker and the employer, in writing in accordance with the regulations —

(c)a report of any relevant details provided by the worker; and

(d)brief reasons justifying the finding certified.

(3)A certificate for the purposes of —

(a)Part III Division 2A;

(b)Part IV Division 2 Subdivision 3;

(c)Part IXA; or

(d)clause 18A,

is to specify the provisions for the purposes of which it is made.

(4)A certificate for the purposes of the provisions referred to in one of paragraphs (a), (b), (c) or (d) of subsection (3) —

(a)is not to be given for the purposes of the provisions referred to in any of the other paragraphs; and

(b)has no effect for the purposes of the provisions referred to in any of the other paragraphs.

(5)If any of the documents described in subsection (1) or (2) is produced to the Director for the purposes of Part III Division 2A, Part IV Division 2 Subdivision 3, Part IXA or clause 18A and a factual error is apparent on the face of the document, the Director may reject the document and require the approved medical specialist to replace it with a correct document given to each of the recipients of the document that contained the error.

[Section 146H inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 109; amended by No. 16 of 2005 s. 18.]

146I.Release of information relevant to assessment

If an approved medical specialist has been requested to assess a worker’s degree of impairment, WorkCover WA may, with the consent of the worker, disclose to the approved medical specialist any information that it has in relation to the worker that may be relevant to the assessment.

[Section 146I inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 109.]

146J.Decisions of approved medical specialist

(1)A decision of an approved medical specialist or anything done under this Act in the process of coming to a decision of an approved medical specialist is not amenable to judicial review.

(2)In subsection (1) —

decision of an approved medical specialist means an opinion, assessment, or other decision of an approved medical specialist that is relevant to the operation of Part III Division 2A, Part IV Division 2, Part IXA or clause 18A.

[Section 146J inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 109.]

Division 3 — Approved medical specialist panels

[Heading inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 109.]

146K.Panel to be constituted

(1)On a question being referred under section 31D(4), 158C(2)(b) or clause 18C for assessment by an approved medical specialist panel, the Director is to select 2 approved medical specialists to be the panel that is to assess the degree of impairment.

(2)An approved medical specialist who has treated or examined the worker concerned in a professional capacity or in the capacity of an approved medical specialist is not eligible to be a member of the panel.

(3)If a referral is made to an approved medical specialist panel, WorkCover WA may, with the consent of the worker, disclose to the panel any information that it has in relation to the worker that may be relevant to the assessment.

[Section 146K inserted by No. 42 of 2004 s. 109.]

146L.Procedures

(1)In assessing the degree of impairment the approved medical specialist panel —

(a)is to act speedily and informally, and in accordance with good conscience, without regard to technicalities or legal forms; and

(b)is not bound by rules of evidence.

(2)On being referred a question as to a worker’s degree of impairment, an approved medical specialist panel may —

(a)in accordance with the regulations, require the worker to attend at a place specified by the approved medical specialist panel;

(b)require the worker to answer any question about the injury;

(c)in accordance with the regulations, require the worker, the employer, or the employer’s insurer to —

(i)produce to the approved medical specialist panel any relevant document or information; or

(ii)consent to another person who has any relevant document or information producing it to the approved medical specialist panel;

(d)require the