Road Traffic Act 1974

 

Road Traffic Act 1974

CONTENTS

Part I — Preliminary

1.Short title2

2.Commencement2

4.Repeal2

5.Definitions2

5A.Person responsible for a vehicle6

Part II — Administration

6.Functions of the Commissioner of Police and the Director General8

6A.Delegation8

6B.Agreements for performance of functions9

7.Wardens10

8.Access to information11

Part III — Licensing of vehicles

15.Vehicle licences13

17.Applications for grant, renewal and transfer of vehicle licences14

18.Regulations for the grant and renewal of vehicle licences16

19.Fees or charges for vehicle licences17

20.Licence obtained by means of a dishonoured cheque void18

22.Certain fees to be credited to Main Roads Trust Fund19

23A.Cancellation of vehicle licence in certain circumstances19

24.Transfer of vehicle licences20

24A.Requirement to make declaration on applying for grant or transfer of vehicle licence22

24B.Change of nominated owner23

25.Review23

26.Permits, etc., for unlicensed vehicles24

27.Register of vehicle licences25

27A.Effect of disqualification26

28.Classification of vehicle licences26

28A.Fees may be amended by regulation27

29.Minister may require vehicles to be inspected28

Part IV — Overseas motor vehicles when temporarily in Australia

30.Application of this Part29

31.When owner of overseas vehicle entitled to free licence29

32.Licence granted in another State valid in this State30

33.When free licence may be extended free of charge30

34.Owner to furnish evidence of guarantee that vehicle will be taken out of Australia before free licence or extension of licence granted31

35.No licence to be granted or extended unless requirements regarding construction, etc., of vehicles complied with31

36.Free licence or renewal ceases to be valid when owner becomes, or transfers vehicle to, permanent resident32

37.When provisions of Act apply as though this Part was not enacted32

38.Registration label to be issued with each licence or renewal of licence33

39.Number plates on overseas vehicles33

40.Regulations34

41.Transport Co‑ordination Act 1966 not affected35

Part IVA — Licensing of drivers

42.Licensing of drivers36

42A.Form of licence38

42B.Additional matters relating to identity38

43.Regulations classifying vehicles, drivers, etc.39

44.Conditional drivers’ licences41

45.Drivers’ licences to be granted on probation42

46.Renewal of drivers’ licences44

47.Fees for drivers’ licences and renewals of drivers’ licences45

48.Power of Director General to refuse, cancel and suspend drivers’ licences45

48A.Forfeited licence to be delivered up48

48B.Issue of duplicate licence49

48C.Learners’ permits49

48D.Drivers’ licences granted overseas50

48E.Drivers’ licences granted elsewhere in Australia51

48F.Persons taking up residence53

Part V — Regulation of traffic

Division 1 — Driving of vehicles: general offences

49.Offence of driving motor vehicle without appropriate driver’s licence54

49A.Cautioning drivers who drive when driver’s licence is suspended for non‑payment of fine, etc.57

50.Unauthorised driving by learner drivers58

50A.Unauthorised driving by drivers from outside the State58

51.Cancellation of drivers’ licences granted on probation59

53.Driver failing to give name and address to member of the Police Force, failing to stop, etc.61

54.Duty to stop in case of accident, etc.62

55.Duty to report accident64

56.Duty to report accident whereby bodily injury is caused64

57.Duty of owner to identify driver of vehicle involved in accident65

58.Duty to identify offending driver or person in charge of vehicle65

58A.Duty to take reasonable measures to be able to comply with a driver identity request67

59.Dangerous driving causing death, injury, etc.67

59A.Dangerous driving causing bodily harm69

59B.Section 59 and 59A offences: ancillary matters and defence70

60.Reckless driving72

61.Dangerous driving74

62.Careless driving75

62A.Causing excessive noise, smoke75

Division 2 — Driving of vehicles: alcohol and drug related offences

63.Driving under the influence of alcohol, etc.76

64.Driving with prescribed percentage of alcohol in the blood78

64AA.Driving with 0.05% blood alcohol content80

64A.Probationary driver driving with 0.02% blood alcohol content81

65.Definitions82

66.Requirement to submit sample of breath or blood for analysis83

67.Failure to comply with requirement as to provision of breath, blood or urine sample for analysis92

67A.Failure to comply with other requirements made by a member of Police Force95

68.Analysis of alcohol in breath96

69.Blood analysis98

69A.Urine samples99

70.Evidence99

71.Determination of percentage of alcohol in blood at material time106

72.Regulations, etc.107

Division 3 — General matters as to driving offences

73.Certain offences extend to driving or attempting to drive in public places109

74.Representation in proceedings under Part V109

75.Notification and effect of disqualification110

76.Extraordinary licences112

77.Penalty for contravening conditions of extraordinary licence119

78.Removal of disqualification120

Division 4 — Impounding and confiscation of vehicles for driving offences

Subdivision 1 — Preliminary

78A.Interpretation of Division 4122

78B.Penalties etc. not affected124

78C.Powers for this Division124

78D.Contracts for conveying, storing impounded or confiscated vehicles125

78E.Recovery of impounding expenses126

Subdivision 2 — Impounding of vehicles by police

79.Impounding of vehicles for racing etc.126

79A.Impounding of vehicles for driving without driver’s licence etc.126

79B.Notice of impounding127

79C.Senior officer to be informed if vehicle impounded127

79D.Release of impounded vehicles128

79E.Expenses of impounding under section 79 or 79A payable by convicted driver128

Subdivision 3 — Impounding and confiscation of vehicles by court order

80.Impounding of vehicles for racing etc.129

80A.Confiscation of vehicles for racing etc.129

80B.Impounding of vehicles for driving without driver’s licence etc.130

80C.Confiscation of vehicles for driving without driver’s licence etc.130

80D.Effect of confiscation130

80E.Stolen or hired vehicles not to be impounded, confiscated131

80F.Licence holder to surrender impounded, confiscated vehicle at time and place ordered by court131

80G.Applications for orders to impound or confiscate vehicles131

80H.Expenses of court‑ordered impounding payable by convicted driver133

Subdivision 4 — Miscellaneous provisions about impounded or confiscated vehicles

80I.Before impounded vehicles released, costs of storage for post‑impounding period may be payable134

80J.Disposing of confiscated, uncollected vehicles and items therein134

80K.Expenses of confiscation not obtained on sale payable by convicted driver137

80L.Transfer of vehicle licence137

Part VA — Events on roads

81A.Definitions139

81B.Application for order139

81C.Order140

81D.Road closure141

81E.Effect of order141

81F.Offences142

Part VI — Miscellaneous

82.Substitution of vehicle in certain circumstances144

82A.Motor vehicle pools and insurance144

83.Temporary suspension of written law145

84.Liability for damage to roads, etc.146

85.Power of local government to recover expenses of damage caused by heavy or extraordinary traffic147

86.No unauthorised parking in certain areas148

86A.Member of Police Force or warden may drive a vehicle used in an offence149

87.Confusing lights affecting traffic on roads150

90.Unlawful interference with mechanism of motor vehicles153

92.Roads may be closed153

93.Production of licences at hearings153

97.Offences153

98.Proof of certain matters154

98A.Certain measuring equipment157

99.Savings159

100.Application of Act to Crown and local governments159

101.Protection of Minister, the Director General and officers160

102.Traffic infringement notices161

102A.Traffic infringement notices left on vehicles163

102B.Traffic infringement notices issued on photographic evidence164

102C.Notices requesting information167

102D.Notice under section 102C may become a traffic infringement notice169

103.Disqualification from driving by reason of convictions170

103A.Power to include areas in the scope of specified regulations172

103B.Power to grant exemptions from specified regulations172

Part VII — Offences and penalties

104.Offences against corresponding provisions of repealed Act to be taken into account as previous offences174

105.Limitation on period for which previous offences taken into account174

106.Sentencing for certain offences175

106A.Mandatory disqualification176

107.Offences generally177

Part VIII — Transitional provisions

108.Savings178

109.Powers of traffic inspectors178

110.Powers of certain traffic inspectors preserved178

Part IX — Regulations

111.Regulations, etc. 180

111A.Adoption of other laws, codes etc.185

112.Liability of director, etc., of a body corporate that is owner of a vehicle186

113.Schemes for optional number plates187

Notes

Compilation table189

Provisions that have not come into operation199

 

Road Traffic Act 1974

An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to road traffic; to repeal the Traffic Act 1919 and for incidental and other purposes.

Part I  Preliminary

1.Short title

This Act may be cited as the Road Traffic Act 1974 1.

2.Commencement

(1)Subject to subsection (2) the provisions of this Act shall come into operation on such date or such dates as is or are, respectively, fixed by proclamation 1.

(2)Section 4 shall come into operation on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent 1.

[3.Repealed by No. 82 of 1982 s. 4.]

4.Repeal

The provisions of the Traffic Act 1919 shall be repealed on such date or such dates as is or are, respectively, fixed by proclamation.

5.Definitions

(1)In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears —

Director General means the chief executive officer of the department of the Public Service principally assisting in the administration of the licensing provisions of this Act;

district means a district under the Local Government Act 1995;

driver means any person driving, or in control of, a vehicle or animal;

driver’s licence means a licence granted under this Act authorising a person to drive a motor vehicle of the class or classes therein specified, on a road;

Government road means a road declared by Order in Council under the Public Works Act 1902 to be a Government road or a highway or main road to which section 13(4) of the Main Roads Act 1930 applies;

licence means a licence granted under this Act;

licensing provisions of this Act means —

(a)Parts III, IV and IVA, section 76, section 82, section 113;

(b)regulations made for the purposes of the provisions mentioned in paragraph (a);

(c)regulations made under section 111(2)(d) to (g), (i), (l) and (m), (2a) and (2b); and

(d)regulations made under section 111(2)(j), (k) and (n), (3), (4) and (5) for the purposes of the regulations referred to in paragraph (c);

mechanical power includes any motive power not being animal power;

motor vehicle means a self‑propelled vehicle that is not operated on rails; and the expression includes a trailer, semi‑trailer or caravan while attached to a motor vehicle, but does not include a power assisted pedal cycle;

number plate means an identification tablet or number plate issued under the regulations bearing numerals, or letters, or numerals and letters;

omnibus means a passenger vehicle equipped to carry more than 8 adult persons and used to carry passengers for separate fares;

owner, in relation to a vehicle, means —

(a)the person who is entitled to the immediate possession of the vehicle; or

(b)if there are several persons entitled to its immediate possession, the person whose entitlement is paramount,

but if one of 2 or more persons fitting that description has been nominated for the purposes of section 5(4), it means only the person nominated;

passenger vehicle means —

(a)a taxi within the meaning of the Taxi Act 1994 and any vehicle that is licensed to stand or ply for the carriage of passengers for reward, including an omnibus; or

(b)a motor vehicle that is fitted with seats for 13 or more persons, including the driver of the vehicle, and is being used to carry 13 or more persons, including the driver;

permit means permit granted under this Act;

power assisted pedal cycle means a vehicle designed to be propelled through a mechanism operated solely by human power, to which is attached one or more auxiliary propulsion motors having a combined maximum output not exceeding 200 watts;

recording fee means the fee payable under section 19(1);

repealed Act means the Act repealed by section 4;

responsible person, for a vehicle, means a person responsible for the vehicle under section 5A;

road means any highway, road or street open to, or used by, the public and includes every carriageway, footway, reservation, median strip and traffic island thereon;

stock includes horses, mares, fillies, foals, geldings, colts, camels, bulls, bullocks, cows, heifers, steers, calves, asses, mules, sheep, lambs, goats and swine;

traffic infringement notice has the meaning given by section 102(1);

traffic regulation provisions of this Act means the provisions of this Act other than the licensing provisions of this Act;

unrestricted licence means a driver’s licence that is not granted on probation;

vehicle includes —

(a)every conveyance, not being a train, vessel or aircraft, and every object capable of being propelled or drawn, on wheels or tracks, by any means; and

(b)where the context permits, an animal being driven or ridden;

vehicle licence charge means the charge payable under section 19(3);

warden means a warden appointed under section 7.

(1a)In provisions of this Act dealing with penalties for offences —

(a)these abbreviations are used:

“Disq” for minimum period of disqualification;

“Max” for maximum fine;

“Min” for minimum fine;

“PU” for penalty unit or penalty units;

and

(b)a reference to a number of PU is a reference to an amount (in dollars) that is that number multiplied by 50.

(2)For the purposes of this Act a vehicle which is, in any manner, drawn or propelled on a road shall be deemed to be used on a road.

[(3)repealed]

(4)Where a vehicle is owned by more than one person and one of those persons is nominated by all such persons, by notice in writing given to the Director General, the nominated person shall for the purposes of this Act be deemed to be the owner of the vehicle.

[(5)repealed]

(6)For the purposes of this Act, a person reasonably suspects that something is the case at a relevant time if —

(a)the person, acting in good faith, of their own knowledge has grounds at the time for holding the suspicion; and

(b)it is reasonable, when judged objectively, for the person to hold the suspicion on those grounds at the time, even if the grounds are subsequently found to be false or non‑existent at the time.

[Section 5 amended by No. 77 of 1975 s. 3; No. 89 of 1978 s. 3; No. 71 of 1979 s. 3; No. 71 of 1981 s. 3; No. 105 of 1981 s. 3 and 19; No. 102 of 1984 s. 16; No. 121 of 1987 s. 4; No. 11 of 1988 s. 4; No. 50 of 1991 s. 3; No. 13 of 1992 s. 4; No. 83 of 1994 s. 48; No. 21 of 1995 s. 4; No. 14 of 1996 s. 4; No. 30 of 1996 s. 13; No. 76 of 1996 s. 4, 20(1) and (3); No. 50 of 1997 s. 4; No. 39 of 2000 s. 4; No. 28 of 2001 s. 4 and 23(2); No. 5 of 2002 s. 15; No. 7 of 2002 s. 27; No. 74 of 2003 s. 105(2); No. 6 of 2004 s. 4; No. 10 of 2004 s. 4.]

5A.Person responsible for a vehicle

(1)For the purposes of this Act a person responsible for a vehicle is —

(a)if the vehicle is licensed — any licence holder who has not given a notice as described in paragraph (b);

(b)if a licence holder has given notice under section 24(1), or a corresponding law of another State or Territory or the Commonwealth, of a change in ownership of the vehicle and subsection (2) does not apply — the new owner as specified in the notice or, if more than one is specified, each of them;

(c)if the vehicle is not licensed but was previously licensed and subsection (2) does not apply — a person responsible under paragraph (a) or (b) before the vehicle last ceased to be licensed; or

(d)in any other case —

(i)the person who is entitled to the immediate possession of the vehicle; or

(ii)if there are several persons entitled to its immediate possession, the person whose entitlement is paramount.

(2)Despite subsection (1), a person is not responsible for a vehicle under subsection (1)(b), if it can be shown that the person did not agree to becoming an owner of the vehicle and has notified the Director General in writing accordingly or has given a notice to a similar effect to a licensing authority of another State or Territory or the Commonwealth.

(3)The Minister may by notice published in the Gazette declare a law of another State or Territory or the Commonwealth to be a corresponding law for the purposes of this section and may by subsequent notice so published vary or cancel any such declaration.

(4)In this section —

licence holder, in relation to a vehicle, means a person in whose name the vehicle is licensed;

“licensed” means licensed under this Act, registered under the Control of Vehicles (Off‑road Areas) Act 1978 or licensed or registered under a corresponding law of another State or Territory or the Commonwealth.

[Section 5A inserted by No. 39 of 2000 s. 5.]

Part II  Administration

[Heading inserted by No. 76 of 1996 s. 5.]

6.Functions of the Commissioner of Police and the Director General

(1)The Commissioner of Police is responsible for the control and regulation of traffic in the State and for the enforcement of the traffic regulation provisions of this Act.

(2)The administration of the licensing provisions of this Act shall be carried out through the Director General who shall be responsible for the enforcement of those provisions.

(3)Without limiting subsection (2), the functions of the Director General include the exercise and performance of all powers, duties and responsibilities vested in or imposed on the Director General by this Act.

(4)Subsection (2) does not affect the powers of a member of the Police Force in relation to offences, or suspected offences, against the licensing provisions of this Act.

[Section 6 inserted by No. 76 of 1996 s. 5.]

6A.Delegation

(1)The Director General may delegate to a person any power or duty of the Director General under another provision of this Act.

(2)The delegation must be in writing signed by the Director General.

(3)If a person is not employed in the Director General’s department, a power or duty can only be delegated to the person under this section if the person has been approved by the Minister for the purposes of this section.

(4)An approval under subsection (3) may be given in respect of —

(a)a specified person or persons of a specified class; or

(b)the holder or holders for the time being of a specified office or class of office.

(5)A person to whom a power or duty is delegated under this section cannot delegate that power or duty.

(6)A person exercising or performing a power or duty that has been delegated to the person under this section, is to be taken to do so in accordance with the terms of the delegation unless the contrary is shown.

(7)Nothing in this section limits the ability of the Director General to perform a function through an officer or agent.

[Section 6A inserted by No. 7 of 2002 s. 28.]

6B.Agreements for performance of functions

(1)The Director General may enter into an agreement providing for the Director General’s functions under this Act that are described in the agreement to be performed on behalf of the Director General.

(2)The agreement may be with the Commissioner of Police, a local government, or any other person or body, whether or not the person or body has itself functions of a public nature.

(3)A function described in the agreement may be performed —

(a)in accordance with the agreement; and

(b)on and subject to terms and conditions in the agreement.

(4)If the performance of a function is dependent upon the opinion, belief, or state of mind of the Director General it may be performed under the agreement upon the opinion, belief, or state of mind of the body or person with whom the agreement is made or another person provided for in the agreement.

(5)For the purposes of this Act or any other written law, an act or thing done by, to, by reference to, or in relation to, a body or person in connection with the performance by that body or person under the agreement of a function of the Director General is as effectual as if it had been done by, to, by reference to, or in relation to, the Director General.

[Section 6B inserted by No. 7 of 2002 s. 28.]

7.Wardens

(1)The Commissioner of Police may appoint wardens to perform —

(a)duties relating to the controlling of vehicles and pedestrians at children’s crossings and pedestrian crossings;

(b)duties relating to the parking and standing of vehicles;

(c)duties of such other nature relating to the traffic regulation provisions of this Act as the Minister administering the Police Act 1892 may from time to time approve.

(2)The Director General may appoint wardens to perform duties of such nature relating to the licensing provisions of this Act as the Minister may from time to time approve.

(3)For the purposes of the performance of the duties for which a warden was appointed under this section —

(a)the warden has such of the powers conferred by this Act on a member of the Police Force as may be prescribed; and

(b)a reference in this Act to a member of the Police Force is to be read as including a warden if the regulations so provide.

(4)A warden appointed under this section shall be issued with a certificate of appointment in the prescribed form which the warden shall carry whenever performing the duties of a warden, and shall, on reasonable demand, produce for inspection by any person.

[Section 7 inserted by No. 76 of 1996 s. 5.]

8.Access to information

(1)In this section —

licence means a driver’s licence or vehicle licence under this Act or a licence under the Motor Vehicle Drivers Instructors Act 1963;

offence particulars means particulars of any offences of which a person has been convicted whether within the State or elsewhere and whether relating to road traffic matters or any other matters, including particulars of any penalties, suspensions, cancellations or disqualifications arising from any such convictions, and also particulars of instances in which a person has paid a penalty pursuant to a traffic infringement notice under this Act and particulars of any points recorded against a person under section 103;

permit means a permit under section 48C or a permit under the Motor Vehicle Drivers Instructors Act 1963;

supply includes provide or allow access at all times to.

(2)The Director General is to supply the Commissioner of Police with particulars of licences and permits held or granted and of the persons who hold licences or permits or to whom licences or permits have been granted.

(3)Particulars supplied to the Commissioner of Police under subsection (2) —

(a)may be used in the performance of the functions of the Commissioner of Police, whether under this Act or otherwise; and

(b)may be supplied by the Commissioner of Police to an officer, department or instrumentality of this State, another State, a Territory, the Commonwealth or another country for use in the performance of the functions of that officer, department or instrumentality.

(4)The Director General is to allow the Registrar appointed under section 7(1) of the Fines, Penalties and Infringement Notices Enforcement Act 1994 to have access to records in relation to licences for the purposes of that Act.

(5)The Commissioner of Police is to supply the Director General with such offence particulars as are known to the Commissioner of Police concerning a person who has applied for the grant of a licence or permit, or who holds a licence or permit, or to whom a licence or permit has been granted.

(6)Particulars supplied under subsection (5) may be used in the performance of the functions of the Director General under the licensing provisions of this Act.

(7)The supply of particulars under this section is to be free of charge.

[Section 8 inserted by No. 76 of 1996 s. 5; amended by No. 28 of 2001 s. 5 and 23(2).]

[Part IIA:s. 14 repealed by No. 76 of 1996 s. 5;
s. 9‑13 repealed by No. 5 of 2002 s. 15.]

Part III  Licensing of vehicles

15.Vehicle licences

(1)A vehicle licence is required for a vehicle prescribed in the regulations.

[(2)-(2a)repealed]

(3)Where a vehicle for which there is not a valid vehicle licence granted under this Act is used on any road, a responsible person for the vehicle and any person so using the vehicle or causing or permitting such use commits an offence against this Act, but —

(a)if the regulations provide that when a vehicle licence is renewed on an application made within a prescribed period after the expiry of the licence the renewal is to be regarded as having taken effect immediately after the licence expired, this subsection does not apply to the use of the vehicle within that prescribed period;

(b)it is a defence to a charge of an offence against this subsection against any person other than a responsible person for the vehicle if the accused proves that he had no knowledge that a valid vehicle licence had not been granted in respect of the vehicle; and

(c)a person shall not be convicted of an offence against this subsection if he has already been convicted, or charged and acquitted of an offence against section 4(3)(a) of the Motor Vehicle (Third Party Insurance) Act 1943, and both those offences or alleged offences were committed simultaneously.

(4)A person who is convicted of an offence against this section shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding 10 PU, and in addition, the court shall order the accused to pay a further penalty equal to the charges payable under this Act for the grant of a vehicle licence for the vehicle concerned for a period of 6 months.

(5)Any person who has committed an offence against this section for which he has not been prosecuted shall be liable to pay to the Director General the charges which he might have been ordered to pay on conviction of such offence, and such charges shall be recoverable in any court of competent jurisdiction.

(6)For the purposes of the provisions of this section a document or equivalent document issued in any other State or Territory of the Commonwealth for a vehicle for which each responsible person is not ordinarily resident within the State of Western Australia shall, during the currency of the licence, be deemed to be a vehicle licence document under this Act in respect of the vehicle when used on any road within the State of Western Australia.

[Section 15 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 11 of 1988 s. 5 and 24; No. 13 of 1994 s. 12; No. 57 of 1995 s. 4; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 39 of 2000 s. 7; No. 28 of 2001 s. 6 and 23(1); No. 84 of 2004 s. 80 and 82.]

[16.Repealed by No. 28 of 2001 s. 7.]

17.Applications for grant, renewal and transfer of vehicle licences

(1)An owner of a vehicle may apply for the grant, renewal or transfer of a licence for a vehicle by —

(a)submitting an application in a form approved by the Director General; and

(b)paying the amount of —

(i)any fee or charge that would be required by section 19; and

(ii)the stamp duty, and any penalty tax, payable under the Stamp Act 1921 on the grant or transfer of the licence.

(1a)On the payment of —

(a)a sum ordered under section 24(3) to be paid; or

(b)a sum specified under section 102(2a) in a traffic infringement notice,

an application for a transfer under subsection (1) is to be taken to have been made, and the payment is to be taken to have been a payment under subsection (1)(b).

(2)Upon an application under subsection (1), the Director General shall, subject to the regulations, issue, renew or transfer a licence for a vehicle if —

(a)the vehicle meets the prescribed standards and requirements and is otherwise fit for the purpose for which the licence is required;

(b)in the case of an application by an individual, the applicant has attained any minimum age prescribed by regulations under section 111(2)(i) and provided any proof of age and identity required by those regulations;

(c)the applicant has complied with any applicable provisions of the Stamp Act 1921 relating to the grant or transfer of motor vehicles;

(d)the Director General is satisfied that —

(i)the vehicle is kept primarily in this State; or

(ii)the vehicle is not kept primarily in any State or Territory;

and

(e)the applicant would not be prevented by or under the law of another State or a Territory from holding a licence for, or being registered in respect of, the vehicle.

(3)A vehicle cannot be licensed in the name of more than one person at a particular time.

(4)Any one of 2 or more owners may apply for the grant or transfer of a licence and the application is to be signed by each of them.

(5)An application under subsection (4) is to be regarded as notice of the nomination of the applicant for the purposes of section 5(4).

(6)Nothing in this section authorises or permits the Director General to grant or renew a vehicle licence contrary to any provision of the Motor Vehicle (Third Party Insurance) Act 1943 or any other provision of this Act or the regulations.

(7)The Director General shall refund any amount paid by a person in connection with —

(a)an application under this section that is refused; or

(b)an application for the transfer of a licence upon which the licence is not transferred but cancelled.

[Section 17 inserted by No. 39 of 2000 s. 9 (as amended by No. 45 of 2002 s. 28(2)); amended by No. 28 of 2001 s. 8 and 23(1).]

18.Regulations for the grant and renewal of vehicle licences

(1)The regulations may provide for the grant or renewal of a vehicle licence by the Director General to the extent that a matter is not provided for in section 17.

(2)Without limiting subsection (1), the regulations may —

(a)fix the periods for which a vehicle licence may be granted or renewed;

(b)fix the period, whether before or after the expiry of a licence, within which the licence may be renewed;

(c)if the regulations enable a licence to be renewed after its expiry, provide that renewal within a specified period after the expiry continues the licence, except that the licence is to be regarded as having been suspended on and from the day of its expiry to the day before the renewal; and

(d)provide for 3 or more vehicle licences held by the same person to expire on the same day.

[Section 18 inserted No. 28 of 2001 s. 9.]

19.Fees or charges for vehicle licences

(1)The prescribed recording fee shall be paid to the Director General for the grant or renewal of any licence for a vehicle (other than under Part IV), irrespective of whether the whole or any part of a vehicle licence charge is also payable for the grant or renewal of the licence.

(2)The prescribed transfer fee shall be paid to the Director General for effecting the transfer of any licence for a vehicle.

(3)Subject to any exemption, reduction, refund or deferral provided for in the regulations, the appropriate charge prescribed in the regulations shall be paid to the Director General for granting or renewing any licence for a vehicle.

[(3a)‑(16b)repealed]

(17)Where a vehicle licence has been granted by the Director General without the payment of a vehicle licence charge, or upon the payment of a reduced vehicle licence charge, subject to conditions specified in the licence or in this Act or subject to the ownership or use of the vehicle, under the provisions of this Act, and the conditions are not observed or the ownership is changed to that of some person who would not be entitled to a licence granted, or the vehicle is put to some use that would not occasion the licence to be granted without payment of a vehicle licence charge or at a reduced vehicle licence charge, then, unless, or until the vehicle licence charge, or the difference between the vehicle licence charge and the reduced vehicle licence charge, has been paid in respect of that vehicle licence, every person using that vehicle on a road contravenes the provisions of section 15.

(18)Where a vehicle licence is granted pursuant to the provisions of this Act and the fees or charges paid in respect of the licence are subsequently found to be either in excess of or less than the fees or charges which are properly payable in respect of the licence, the Director General —

(a)shall forthwith upon demand refund the amount of the excess to the person to whom the licence was granted;

(b)may recover the deficiency in a court of competent jurisdiction from the person to whom the licence was granted, if that person fails to pay the deficiency to the Director General within 7 days after the amount of the deficiency has been demanded in writing from him.

[Section 19 amended by No. 93 of 1975 s. 5; No. 135 of 1976 s. 2; No. 89 of 1978 s. 4; No. 9 of 1979 s. 6; No. 10 of 1979 s. 3; No. 42 of 1980 s. 3; No. 81 of 1980 s. 3; No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 10 of 1982 s. 28; No. 25 of 1982 s. 12; No. 60 of 1982 s. 3; No. 95 of 1984 s. 2; No. 78 of 1986 s. 5; No. 21 of 1995 s. 6; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 28 of 2001 s. 10, 23(2) and 24.]

20.Licence obtained by means of a dishonoured cheque void

(1)Where the fees or charges for the grant or renewal of a vehicle licence are paid by a cheque which is not honoured by the financial institution on which it is drawn, the licence is void as from the time of grant or renewal as the case may be.

(2)The person to whom a licence referred to in subsection (1) is granted shall, on demand made by or on behalf of the Director General, forthwith deliver the licence and the number plates relating to that licence to the Director General.

(3)Where the person to whom the licence is granted —

(a)fails so to deliver the licence or the number plates; or

(b)after the demand uses or continues to use or allows any other person to use the licence or the number plates relating to that licence,

he commits an offence.

Penalty: For a first offence, 2 PU.

For a subsequent offence, 6 PU.

[Section 20 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 78 of 1995 s. 147; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 24 of 2000 s. 39(1) and 55; No. 28 of 2001 s. 11, 23(1) and (2).]

[21.Repealed by No. 21 of 1995 s. 7.]

22.Certain fees to be credited to Main Roads Trust Fund

(1)The Director General shall, on or before the 15th day of the month next following that in which it receives them, credit to the Consolidated Account, all vehicle licence charges.

(2)All recording fees paid to the Director General may be retained by the Director General.

[(3)repealed]

(4)All fees taken pursuant to the regulations on the grant of a permit for the carrying on a vehicle of a load exceeding a prescribed load, shall be credited to the Consolidated Account.

(5)An amount equal to the amounts credited to the Consolidated Account under subsections (1) and (4) shall be —

(a)credited to the Main Roads Trust Fund maintained under the Main Roads Act 1930; and

(b)charged to the Consolidated Account,

and this subsection appropriates the Consolidated Account accordingly.

[Section 22 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 25 of 1982 s. 13; No. 6 of 1993 s. 6; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 28 of 2001 s. 12 and 23(1); No. 77 of 2006 s. 4.]

[23.Repealed by No. 39 of 2000 s. 11.]

23A.Cancellation of vehicle licence in certain circumstances

(1)The Director General may cancel the licence in respect of any vehicle where —

(a)the proper fees and charges have not been paid;

(b)the vehicle does not meet the prescribed standards and requirements;

(c)a responsible person for the vehicle has failed to present it for inspection when so directed by the Director General pursuant to the provisions of this Act; or

(d)the licence for the vehicle is surrendered in accordance with section 28A of the Motor Vehicle Dealers Act 1973.

(2)The Director General may, in circumstances described in subsection (1), suspend the licence in respect of a vehicle until the circumstances giving rise to the suspension are remedied.

[Section 23A inserted by No. 89 of 1978 s. 5; amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 39 of 2000 s. 12; No. 28 of 2001 s. 13; No. 4 of 2002 s. 72.]

24.Transfer of vehicle licences

(1)Where a person to whom a licence in respect of a vehicle has been granted ceases to be the owner of the vehicle, he shall —

(a)within 7 days after ceasing to be the owner, give notice in writing to the Director General of the name and address of the new owner of the vehicle; and

(b)if the licence had been obtained without the payment of a vehicle licence charge or upon the payment of a reduced vehicle licence charge and unless the provisions of section 19(17) have been complied with, within 7 days after ceasing to be the owner, return the licence and the appropriate number plates to the Director General.

(2)A person who becomes the owner of a vehicle in respect of which a licence has been granted shall, within 14 days after becoming the owner, give notice in writing to the Director General of that fact.

(2a)As soon as practicable after receiving notice under subsection (1)(a) or (2), or otherwise, of a change in the ownership of a vehicle in respect of which a licence has been granted —

(a)if the Director General reasonably suspects that the vehicle does not meet a prescribed standard or requirement relating to the security of the vehicle, the Director General may issue to the new owner a notice requiring that the vehicle be modified so that it does meet the prescribed standard or requirement; or

(b)if the Director General is satisfied that the licence may be transferred under section 17(2) and no application has been made under section 17(1), the Director General may issue to the new owner a notice requiring that an application for the transfer of the licence be made under section 17.

(2b)In subsection (2a) —

new owner, in relation to a vehicle, means a person who, according to the notice received by the Director General, has become a new owner of the vehicle and, if there is more than one such person, each or any of them.

(2c)If a vehicle has not been modified in accordance with a notice issued under subsection (2a)(a) within 28 days after the notice is issued, or any longer period that the Director General allows, the Director General shall cancel the licence in respect of the vehicle.

(2d)A person to whom a notice is issued under subsection (2a)(b) commits an offence if an application for the transfer of the licence for the vehicle is not made within 28 days after the notice is issued, or any longer period that the Director General allows, unless it can be shown that —

(a)the person did not agree to becoming an owner of the vehicle and has notified the Director General in writing accordingly;

(b)another person has been nominated for the purposes of section 5(4);

(c)there is more than one owner of the vehicle and there is good reason why a person was not nominated under section 5(4); or

(d)there was some other good reason why the application for the transfer of the licence was not made.

(3)The court convicting a person of an offence against subsection (2d) shall, whether imposing a penalty or not, order the person to pay the sum of —

(a)the prescribed transfer fee; and

(b)the amount payable under the Stamp Act 1921 in respect of the transfer of the licence.

(4)The other subsections of this section do not apply if a person to whom a licence in respect of a vehicle has been granted dies, and in that case the Director General shall on an application under section 17, if any, by the executor or administrator of the estate of that person endorse on the licence the transfer of the licence to that executor or administrator.

[Section 24 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 11 of 1988 s. 19; No. 21 of 1995 s. 8; No. 57 of 1995 s. 6; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 24 of 1999 s. 9; No. 39 of 2000 s. 13; No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2) and 24; No. 45 of 2002 s. 27.]

24A.Requirement to make declaration on applying for grant or transfer of vehicle licence

(1)Regulations may require an applicant for the grant or transfer of a licence in respect of a vehicle to declare in writing that the vehicle meets any prescribed standard or requirement relating to the security of vehicles that applies to that vehicle.

(2)If the applicant does not comply with a requirement of regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1), it may be taken for the purposes of section 17(2)(a) that the vehicle concerned does not meet the prescribed standard or requirement.

[Section 24A inserted by No. 52 of 1998 s. 4; amended by No. 39 of 2000 s. 14.]

24B.Change of nominated owner

(1)If a person is the owner of a vehicle as the result of a nomination for the purposes of section 5(4), the person may apply to the Director General, in a form approved by the Director General, to cancel the nomination.

(2)The application is to include a statement, signed by each person who would be an owner if there had been no nomination, to the effect that they agree to another of them being the owner of the vehicle for the purposes of this Act.

(3)If the Director General approves the application and the applicant pays the prescribed fee, if any —

(a)the current nomination ceases to have effect;

(b)the statement under subsection (2) is to be treated as being a nomination for the purposes of section 5(4); and

(c)the Director General is to vary the licence by changing the name of the person to whom the licence is granted in accordance with the application.

[Section 24B inserted by No. 39 of 2000 s. 15; amended by No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2).]

25. Review

(1)An application for review may be made to the State Administrative Tribunal in any case where an application for the grant, renewal, transfer, or variation of a licence under this Part is refused, or where a licence is cancelled or suspended under section 23A.

[(2)repealed]

[Section 25 amended by No. 39 of 2000 s. 16(1); No. 28 of 2001 s. 14, 23(1); No. 55 of 2004 s. 1062.]

26.Permits, etc., for unlicensed vehicles

(1)The Director General may, on payment of the prescribed fee, grant to a person a permit authorising, subject to such conditions as the Director General may impose, the driving of an unlicensed vehicle or the towing of an unlicensed vehicle —

(a)to or from any place at which the Director General grants vehicle licences or examines vehicles in connection with the granting of vehicle licences or to or from any place at which the vehicle is to be or has been repaired; or

(b)for such other purposes as may be prescribed or approved by the Director General.

(2)The Director General may, on payment of the prescribed fee, assign and issue to a person of a prescribed class number plates which may be used, subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, on any unlicensed motor vehicle.

(2a)Without limiting any power conferred upon him to make regulations under this Act, the Governor may make regulations prescribing —

(a)a fee to be paid from time to time for the use and possession of number plates issued under subsection (2);

(b)a deposit to be paid on the issue of, and in respect of, such number plates, and the circumstances in which that deposit shall be forfeited or refunded; and

(c)as a condition referred to in subsection (2) and subsection (3)(b), the use of an unlicensed motor vehicle in such circumstances or for such purposes as the Director General may, in any particular case, approve.

(3)Where an unlicensed motor vehicle is used on a road —

(a)under the authority of a permit granted under subsection (1) and in accordance with such conditions, if any, as may have been imposed at the time of the grant of the permit; or

(b)with number plates issued pursuant to subsection (2) and in accordance with such conditions as may be prescribed relating to the use of those plates and of vehicles to which they may be attached,

the use of the vehicle shall be lawful notwithstanding any provision of section 15 to the contrary.

(4)Where an unlicensed motor vehicle for which a permit has been granted under subsection (1) is driven or towed otherwise than in accordance with any condition imposed under that subsection, the Director General may cancel the permit by notice in writing under subsection (5).

(5)A notice in writing referred to in subsection (4) —

(a)shall be signed by a person authorised so to do by the Director General;

(b)shall be served on the person to whom the permit was granted; and

(c)shall come into operation when it is so served or at such later time (if any) as is specified in the notice.

[Section 26 amended by No. 71 of 1979 s. 4; No. 81 of 1980 s. 4; No. 105 of 1981 s. 10 and 19; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(1) and (2).]

27.Register of vehicle licences

(1)The Director General shall keep a register of vehicle licences, and enter therein particulars of every vehicle licence granted, and shall upon the grant or renewal of any vehicle licence issue to the applicant a registration label evidencing the grant of the licence.

(2)A registration label is valid only while the vehicle licence in respect of which it is granted is valid.

(3)The licence holder of a licensed vehicle —

(a)shall within 21 days after the issue or renewal of the vehicle licence affix to the vehicle; and

(b)shall at all times whilst the vehicle licence remains valid keep affixed to the vehicle,

the registration label issued to him under this section by such means, in such manner, and in or on such place in the vehicle as may be prescribed.

[Section 27 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 24 of 2000 s. 39(2); No. 39 of 2000 s. 17; No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(1) and (2).]

27A.Effect of disqualification

(1)Where a licence suspension order is made under the Fines, Penalties and Infringement Notices Enforcement Act 1994 in respect of a person, a licence held by that person in respect of a vehicle specified in the order or in respect of any vehicle (as the order directs), shall by force of this section be suspended so long as the licence suspension order continues in force and during that period shall be of no effect.

(2)Subsection (1) shall not operate to extend the period for which a vehicle licence may be valid or effective beyond the expiration of the period for which the licence was expressed to be granted or renewed.

(3)A vehicle licence obtained by a person who is disqualified from holding or obtaining a vehicle licence shall be of no effect.

[Section 27A inserted by No. 92 of 1994 s. 35; amended by No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2).]

28.Classification of vehicle licences

Notwithstanding any other provision of this Part, the Governor may make regulations prescribing classes of vehicle licences and by those regulations —

(a)designate the kind or kinds of vehicle to which any class of licence is to apply;

(b)permit licences of any particular class to be granted for a limited period or limited periods; and

(c)empower the Director General to impose limitations on the use of a vehicle for which a particular class of licence is granted.

[Section 28 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2).]

28A.Fees may be amended by regulation

[(1)repealed]

(2)Where regulations made under section 19(3) are amended or replaced, the regulations as in force immediately before the commencement day of the amending or replacing regulations shall continue to apply in relation to —

(a)the grant of a vehicle licence if that licence is granted before the specified day; and

(b)the renewal of a vehicle licence if, in accordance with regulations made under section 18, that renewal has effect, or is deemed to have effect, on and from a day that precedes the specified day.

(3)In this section —

commencement day in relation to regulations, means the day from which, pursuant to section 41 of the Interpretation Act 1984, those regulations take effect and have the force of law;

specified day, in relation to regulations, means the day prescribed therein as the specified day for the purposes of this section, being a day not less than 30 days after the commencement day of those regulations.

[Section 28A inserted by No. 10 of 1979 s. 4; amended by No. 28 of 2001 s. 15.]

29.Minister may require vehicles to be inspected

(1)The Minister may, by notice published in the Government Gazette, prohibit the grant, renewal or transfer of any vehicle licence, in respect of a vehicle unless and until the vehicle has been examined and a certificate of inspection has been issued pursuant to this Act that the vehicle meets the prescribed standards and requirements and that the vehicle is fit for the purpose for which the licence is desired.

(2)The Minister may, in a notice under subsection (1), declare that the provisions of the notice —

(a)apply in respect of vehicles generally or in respect of vehicles of a class specified in the notice;

(b)apply throughout the State or in a part of the State specified in the notice;

(c)do not apply in a case, or cases of a class, specified in the notice.

[Section 29 inserted by No. 71 of 1979 s. 5; amended by No. 76 of 1996 s. 6; No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(1).]

Part IV  Overseas motor vehicles when temporarily in Australia

30.Application of this Part

(1)This Part applies to any motor vehicle which is imported for temporary use in the Commonwealth from any country outside the Commonwealth and is —

(a)landed in this State direct from that country; or

(b)brought to this State from any other State or a Territory of the Commonwealth.

(2)The provisions of this Part do not affect the other provisions of this Act or the provisions of the regulations made under this Act except to the extent expressly provided.

[Section 30 amended by No. 57 of 1997 s. 106(1).]

31.When owner of overseas vehicle entitled to free licence

Where a motor vehicle to which this Part applies and which is owned by a person who is not a permanent resident of any State or Territory of the Commonwealth is landed in this State direct from any country outside the Commonwealth, the owner of the vehicle is entitled, on application to the Director General and subject to the provisions of sections 34 and 35, to be granted a vehicle licence for that vehicle without payment of the vehicle licence charge, for a period not exceeding 12 months calculated from the date when the vehicle was landed in this State, if it appears to the Director General that there are in force —

(a)a vehicle licence or registration effected in relation to that vehicle under the law of the country of which the owner is a permanent resident; and

(b)a contract of insurance with respect to the vehicle as provided in section 4 of the Motor Vehicle (Third Party Insurance) Act 1943,

but the period for which the Director General grants a licence under this section shall not extend beyond the date of the expiry of the licence or registration effected under the law of that country nor beyond the date of the expiry of the contract of insurance.

[Section 31 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 21 of 1995 s. 9; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 28 of 2001 s. 16, 23(3) and 24.]

32.Licence granted in another State valid in this State

For the purpose of this Part a licence granted or a registration effected by any licensing or registering authority of another State or Territory of the Commonwealth in respect of a vehicle to which this Part applies is, during the currency of the licence or registration and so long as a contract of insurance with respect to that vehicle as provided in section 3(4), or in section 4, of the Motor Vehicle (Third Party Insurance) Act 1943 is in force, to be regarded as a vehicle licence under this Act in respect of the vehicle when it is used on any road within the State.

[Section 32 amended by No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2).]

33.When free licence may be extended free of charge

Where a licence granted without payment of the vehicle licence charge under section 31, or a licence granted, or a registration effected, free of charge by any licensing or registering authority of another State or a Territory of the Commonwealth, in respect of a motor vehicle to which this Part applies, expires, the owner of the vehicle is, if the vehicle is being used in this State, on application to the Director General and subject to the provisions of sections 34 and 35, entitled to an extension or a renewal of the licence or registration by the Director General without payment of the vehicle licence charge for a period not extending beyond the period of 12 months from the date on which the vehicle was landed in the Commonwealth, if it appears to the Director General that there are in force —

(a)a vehicle licence or registration effected in respect of that vehicle under the law of the country of which the owner is a permanent resident; and

(b)a contract of insurance with respect to the vehicle as provided in section 3(4), or in section 4, of the Motor Vehicle (Third Party Insurance) Act 1943, but the period for which the Director General extends or renews the licence or registration under this section is not to extend beyond the date of the expiry of the licence or registration, as the case may be, effected under the law of that country nor beyond the date of the expiry of the contract of insurance.

[Section 33 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 21 of 1995 s. 9; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2) and 24.]

34.Owner to furnish evidence of guarantee that vehicle will be taken out of Australia before free licence or extension of licence granted

The owner of the vehicle is not entitled to be granted a licence for the vehicle without payment of the vehicle licence charge under section 31 or to an extension or renewal of the licence or registration without payment of the vehicle licence charge under section 33, unless he produces for inspection by the Director General a document representing a valid Triptyque or Carnet de passages en douane relating to the vehicle, or such other documentary evidence as the Director General requires establishing that the owner has given to the Customs Department of the Commonwealth Government a guarantee that the vehicle is to be subsequently taken out of Australia.

[Section 34 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 21 of 1995 s. 9; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(3) and 24.]

35.No licence to be granted or extended unless requirements regarding construction, etc., of vehicles complied with

The Director General shall not grant, extend or renew a licence in respect of a motor vehicle to which this Part applies, notwithstanding the provisions of section 31 or 33, unless it appears to a licensing officer of the Director General that the provisions of this Act relating to the construction, appliances, lamps and other equipment of motor vehicles have been complied with in regard to that motor vehicle.

[Section 35 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 28 of 2001 s. 17.]

36.Free licence or renewal ceases to be valid when owner becomes, or transfers vehicle to, permanent resident

When the owner of a vehicle to which this Part applies and in respect of which a vehicle licence is granted, extended or renewed without payment of the vehicle licence fee under this Part becomes, or transfers the vehicle to, a permanent resident of the Commonwealth of Australia, the licence so granted, extended or renewed becomes invalid.

[Section 36 amended by No. 21 of 1995 s. 9; No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2).]

37.When provisions of Act apply as though this Part was not enacted

Where the owner of a vehicle to which this Part applies is not entitled to be granted with a licence for the vehicle without payment of the vehicle licence charge under section 31, or to an extension or renewal of the licence without payment of the vehicle licence charge under section 33, or where a licence granted without payment of the vehicle licence charge in respect of a vehicle to which this Part applies becomes invalid as provided by section 36, the vehicle may be licensed in accordance with the provisions of this Act as though this Part was not enacted.

[Section 37 amended by No. 21 of 1995 s. 9; No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2) and 24.]

38.Registration label to be issued with each licence or renewal of licence

(1)Where, under the provisions of this Part, a licence for a vehicle shall or may be granted, extended or renewed without payment of the vehicle licence charge the Director General shall, when granting, extending or renewing a licence, issue to the owner of the vehicle a registration label, without further payment, which shall have effect for the duration of the licence in respect of which it is granted.

(2)The owner of the vehicle shall, so long as the licence in respect of which it is granted remains in force, affix and keep affixed to the vehicle the registration label issued to him under this section by such means and in such manner as is prescribed in regard to ordinary registration labels.

[Section 38 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 21 of 1995 s. 9; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2) and 24.]

39.Number plates on overseas vehicles

(1)Where a motor vehicle, to which this Part applies and which is owned by a person who is not a permanent resident of any State or Territory of the Commonwealth, when landed in or brought to this State, is equipped with one or more number plates in accordance with the law of the country, or the States or Territory of the Commonwealth from which it was so landed or brought, those number plates are to be regarded, so long as the vehicle licence under this Act remains or is regarded to be in force and the vehicle is being used temporarily within the Commonwealth, as number plates issued under this Act.

(2)Where the vehicle is not so equipped or where the number plate is so mutilated that any material part is obscured, obliterated or indistinct, the Director General shall, on payment of the prescribed charge, issue to the person a temporary plate or plates which he shall affix to the vehicle in the manner prescribed and which are to be regarded, so long as a vehicle licence or registration under this Act remains in force in respect of the vehicle and the vehicle is being used temporarily within the Commonwealth, as a number plate or plates issued under this Act.

[Section 39 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3).]

40.Regulations

The Governor may make such regulations as may be necessary or convenient for carrying out or giving effect to the provisions of this Part and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, by such regulations may —

(a)prescribe the particulars to be stated in any application made under section 31 or 33;

(b)prescribe the type of temporary number plates to be issued by the Director General, the charge for temporary number plates and the conditions of their use, and provide for their surrender before the vehicles in respect of which they are issued are taken out of Australia;

(c)provide for the issue by the Director General at a prescribed charge of plates displaying the words “Left‑Hand Drive” in letters at least 50 millimetres high to owners of vehicles to which this Part applies and which have the steering apparatus on the left‑hand side of the vehicle;

(d)prescribe the charge for those plates;

(e)prescribe the conditions under which “Left‑Hand Drive” vehicles to which this Part applies may be used on any road in this State;

(f)prescribe the nature and kind of information and particulars owners of vehicles to which this Part applies are to give the Director General at any specified time or from time to time;

(g)authorise the licensing under this Part and the use in this State of vehicles to which this Part applies notwithstanding that any regulations relating to the construction, appliances, lamps and other equipment have not been complied with; and

(h)require every vehicle to which this Part applies and in respect of which any regulations referred to in paragraph (g) have not been complied with to be converted so as to comply with those regulations when the owner becomes, or the vehicle is transferred to, a permanent resident of the Commonwealth.

[Section 40 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3).]

41.Transport Co‑ordination Act 1966 not affected

The provisions of this Part do not affect any of the provisions of the Transport Co‑ordination Act 1966.

Part IVA  Licensing of drivers

[Heading inserted by No. 76 of 1996 s. 7.]

42.Licensing of drivers

(1)An application for a driver’s licence shall be lodged with the Director General in a form approved by the Director General and shall specify the class of motor vehicle for which the appropriate licence is sought.

(2)Subject to the succeeding provisions of this Part, the Director General shall, on the application of any person, on payment of the prescribed fee and on being satisfied that the applicant —

(a)has attained the minimum age of 17 years, or, in relation to a particular class of motor vehicle, any other age prescribed in the regulations for the purposes of this section, unless in the opinion of the Director General the denial of a licence to a person of a lesser age would occasion undue hardship;

(b)has, if under the age of 18 years, obtained the consent in writing of a parent or guardian to hold the class of licence applied for, or, where the applicant has no parent or guardian in the State, of his employer, to hold the class of licence applied for if considered essential for the purposes of his employment;

(c)has demonstrated his ability to control the class of motor vehicle for which the appropriate driver’s licence is sought and satisfied any other requirements prescribed by the regulations; and

(d)has a reasonable knowledge of the traffic laws of the State and of safe driving techniques,

grant to the applicant a driver’s licence appropriate to the class of vehicle for which it is sought.

(3)The Director General may —

(a)in satisfaction of the requirement under subsection (2)(c) that the applicant demonstrate an ability to control the class of vehicle for which the licence is sought, accept evidence other than that obtained from a driving test;

(b)in a particular case, waive any requirements prescribed by the regulations; and

(c)in satisfaction of any requirement imposed by or under subsection (2)(c), accept evidence from a body authorised by the Director General for that purpose.

(4)Regulations may require the holder of a driver’s licence to submit, as required by the regulations, to a medical practitioner approved by the Director General for examination as to the person’s mental or physical fitness to drive.

[(5), (6)repealed]

(7)The Director General shall not grant a driver’s licence to a person mentioned in section 51(2), (3) or (3a), until that person has again complied with the requirements of subsection (2), and shall then grant the licence on probation only, unless the person has then —

(a)attained the age of 19 years; and

(b)been the holder of a valid driver’s licence granted on probation for a period of, or periods amounting in the aggregate to, 2 years.

(8)The Director General shall not grant a driver’s licence to a person whose licence has been cancelled by force of section 75(2a) or (2b) until that person has again complied with the requirements of subsection (2).

[Section 42 amended by No. 89 of 1978 s. 7; No. 42 of 1980 s. 5; No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 95 of 1984 s. 3; No. 57 of 1988 s. 4; No. 76 of 1996 s. 8 and 20(3); No. 39 of 2000 s. 18; No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(1) and (2).]

42A.Form of licence

(1)A driver’s licence shall be in such form as the Director General may approve.

(2)The Director General may approve different forms of drivers’ licences for different circumstances or for different provisions of this Act.

(3)A form of driver’s licence approved by the Director General is to allow for the inclusion in the licence of a photograph of the face of, and signature of, the holder of the licence.

[Section 42A inserted by No. 57 of 1988 s. 5; amended by No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 39 of 2000 s. 19.]

42B.Additional matters relating to identity

(1)The Director General cannot grant or renew a driver’s licence until the applicant has provided, in support of the application, such evidence as is required by the regulations to establish the identity and residential address in this State of the applicant.

(2)Except as prescribed in the regulations, the Director General cannot grant or renew a driver’s licence unless the applicant has, at the time of the application or before, provided the Director General with —

(a)a photograph for use on the driver’s licence, taken within 5 years of the application; and

(b)a signature for use on the driver’s licence, made within 5 years of the application.

(3)The photograph and signature are to be provided in a manner and form approved by the Director General.

(4)The Director General is to ensure that any photograph or signature provided under this section is destroyed if it, or a copy of it, has not been used on a driver’s licence in the preceding 5 years.

(5)A person who, other than for the purposes of this Part, possesses a photograph or signature provided under this section that is not on a driver’s licence commits an offence.

Penalty: Imprisonment for 2 years.

(6)A person employed or engaged in connection with any aspect of the production of driver’s licences or otherwise concerned in the administration of this Part, who, otherwise than in the administration of this Part —

(a)reproduces, by any means, a photograph or signature that appears, or is to appear, in a licence; or

(b)causes or permits another person to do so,

commits an offence.

Penalty: Imprisonment for 2 years.

(7)In this section —

destroyed includes damaged so as to be unusable;

photograph includes a negative or an image stored electronically.

[Section 42B inserted by No. 39 of 2000 s. 20; amended by No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(1).]

43.Regulations classifying vehicles, drivers, etc.

(1)The Governor may make regulations —

(a)classifying motor vehicles for the purposes of this Part;

(aa)excluding from the authority given by a licence the authority to drive for a purpose or in a manner set out in the regulations unless the licence is expressly endorsed to confer that authority, whether by reference to classes of endorsement described in the regulations or otherwise;

(ab)prescribing classes of conditions or limitations to which a licence may be made subject by endorsing the licence with a reference to that class instead of setting out the conditions or limitations in full;

(b)prescribing the minimum ages, subject to section 42, of persons —

(i)to whom a driver’s licence or permit appropriate to a particular description of motor vehicle may be issued; or

(ii)whose driver’s licences may be endorsed under paragraph (aa);

(c)requiring that an applicant for a driver’s licence or permit for specified classes of motor vehicle be the holder for a prescribed period of a driver’s licence for such other class or classes of motor vehicle as is or are, respectively, specified in the regulations;

(d)providing for transitional provisions in relation to the grant of drivers’ licences where the Director General has approved a new form of licence under section 42A, including provision for the surrender of existing licences and the grant of licences in a new form in place of existing licences; and

(e)providing for what is to be authorised by a licence held by a person who, before an amendment to the regulations, held a licence that operated by reference to a vehicle classification that no longer exists and, where anything that was formerly authorised by the licence ceases to be authorised, making provision to facilitate the obtaining by the person of a licence that authorises that thing.

[(2)repealed]

[Section 43 amended by No. 89 of 1978 s. 8; No. 11 of 1988 s. 6; No. 57 of 1988 s. 6; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 39 of 2000 s. 21; No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(1).]

44.Conditional drivers’ licences

(1)Where an applicant for a driver’s licence —

(a)is, in the opinion of the Director General, incapable, by reason of any physical disability, of properly driving or controlling a motor vehicle but the incapacity can be overcome by the wearing of suitable aids or the fitting to the motor vehicle of suitable appliances;

(aa)is unable to comply with the requirement of section 42(2)(c) but, in the opinion of the Director General —

(i)the applicant is capable of controlling the class of motor vehicle for which the driver’s licence is sought under certain conditions or subject to certain limitations; and

(ii)the denial of a driver’s licence would occasion undue hardship or inconvenience;

(b)is unable to comply with any of the requirements, not being the requirement of section 42(2)(c), and the denial of a driver’s licence would, in the opinion of the Director General occasion undue hardship or inconvenience; or

(c)should not, in the opinion of the Director General, drive a motor vehicle, except subject to conditions or limitations,

the Director General may grant a driver’s licence subject to such conditions or limitations as the Director General thinks fit to impose, and those conditions or limitations shall be endorsed on the driver’s licence.

(1a)Where the Director General is of the opinion described in subsection (1)(a) in relation to the holder of a driver’s licence, the Director General may at any time during the currency of the licence, or upon a renewal thereof endorse such conditions or limitations as the Director General thinks fit on the licence whether by adding any new condition or limitation or amending an existing condition or limitation.

(1b)The Director General may at any time by notice in writing given to the holder of a licence revoke any condition or limitation endorsed on the licence under this section.

(1c)The Director General may, by notice in writing given to the holder of a licence, request him to produce the licence to the Director General for endorsement under subsection (1a) at a place, specified in the notice, and a person to whom such a notice is duly given shall comply with it as soon as is practicable.

(2)Every person who, being the holder of a driver’s licence endorsed with conditions or limitations pursuant to this section, fails to comply with those conditions or limitations, or any of them, commits an offence.

Penalty: For a first offence, 6 PU.

For a subsequent offence, 12 PU.

(3)For the purposes of this section a condition or limitation is to be taken to be endorsed on a driver’s licence if —

(a)notice of the condition or limitation is served on the applicant for or the holder of the licence; and

(b)a prescribed notation is endorsed on the licence to show that the licence is subject to conditions or limitations set out in a notice under paragraph (a).

[Section 44 amended by No. 81 of 1980 s. 5; No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 32 of 1988 s. 4; No. 57 of 1988 s. 7; No. 78 of 1995 s. 147; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(1) and (3); No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 39 of 2000 s. 22; No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(1).]

45.Drivers’ licences to be granted on probation

(1)Every driver’s licence that is granted to a person who —

(a)has not previously held a driver’s licence under this Act and has not, during a period of 2 years or more, been authorised to drive a motor vehicle under the law in force in another State or country or in a Territory;

[(b)repealed]

(c)being, or having been, the holder of a driver’s licence granted on probation, has not been the holder of a valid driver’s licence so granted for a period of, or for periods amounting in the aggregate to, 2 years; or

(d)is under the age of 19 years,

shall be granted on probation only, and the licence shall be endorsed to that effect, in the prescribed manner.

(1a)A driver’s licence that is granted on probation only on and after the coming into operation of section 9 of the Road Traffic Act Amendment Act 1978 1 is valid only for a period of 2 years commencing from the date it is granted and may be renewed, subject to and in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

(2)For the purposes of this section, a person is not the holder of a driver’s licence for any period during which the licence is cancelled or suspended or during any period of its invalidity.

(3)Where a person satisfies the Director General that he has, under the law in force in any other State or in a Territory or other country, been authorised to drive a motor vehicle for a period of, or for periods amounting in the aggregate to, less than 2 years, he is deemed, for the purposes of subsection (1)(c) and subsection (4), to have been the holder of a driver’s licence granted on probation during that period or those periods and the period or periods shall be taken into account, accordingly.

(4)For the purposes of this Act a driver’s licence granted on probation shall be deemed to be an unrestricted licence if and when the holder of the licence has —

(a)attained the age of 19 years; and

(b)been the holder of a valid driver’s licence granted on probation for a period of, or periods amounting in the aggregate to, 2 years.

[(5)repealed]

(6)The provisions of subsection (4) shall have effect in relation to a driver’s licence notwithstanding the terms of any endorsement made on that licence for the purpose of this section.

[Section 45 amended by No. 17 of 1976 s. 3; No. 89 of 1978 s. 9; No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 95 of 1984 s. 4; No. 11 of 1988 s. 7; No. 13 of 1992 s. 5; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 39 of 2000 s. 23; No. 51 of 2000 s. 13; No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2) and (4).]

46.Renewal of drivers’ licences

(1)Subject to this Act, a driver’s licence —

(a)may be granted to have effect for a period that is prescribed or provided for in the regulations, being a period commencing on the day it is granted;

(b)may be renewed from time to time to have effect for a period that is prescribed or provided for in the regulations, being a period commencing on the day of the renewal.

(1a)An application for renewal under subsection (1)(b) shall be made by the holder of the licence, in a form approved by the Director General, within one month before or within 12 months after the expiry of the licence.

(2)Where a driver’s licence is not renewed prior to its expiry but within a period of 12 months thereafter, the renewal has the effect of validating the licence for the balance of the period for which the renewal would have had effect had it been effected prior to the expiry only, but where the holder has, within 15 days after the expiry, given to the Director General notice of his intention not to renew the licence and thereafter renews it within 12 months after its expiry, the renewal has effect on and from the day on which it is effected.

(3)Where the renewal of a driver’s licence is not effected within 12 months after its expiry, the Director General may require an applicant for renewal to satisfy the Director General of all or any of the requirements, provided by section 42(2).

[Section 46 amended by No. 71 of 1979 s. 6; No. 42 of 1980 s. 6; No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 95 of 1984 s. 5; No. 57 of 1988 s. 8; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(1) and (3); No. 39 of 2000 s. 24; No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2) and (4).]

47.Fees for drivers’ licences and renewals of drivers’ licences

(1)There shall be payable on the grant, and renewal, of a driver’s licence such fee as is prescribed.

(2)The provisions of section 20 apply, with such adaptation as may be necessary, where the fee payable for the grant or renewal of a driver’s licence is paid by a cheque.

[Section 47 inserted by No. 76 of 1996 s. 9; amended by No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(1).]

48.Power of Director General to refuse, cancel and suspend drivers’ licences

(1)The Director General may refuse to grant a driver’s licence, or may cancel, suspend or refuse to renew a driver’s licence, where the Director General has reason to believe that the applicant for, or the holder of, a driver’s licence —

(a)is not of good character;

(b)is addicted to alcohol or drugs to such extent as to render him a danger to the public when in control of a motor vehicle on a road;

(c)suffers from a mental disorder or physical disability that is likely to impair his ability to control a motor vehicle;

(d)is debarred from driving a motor vehicle under the law in force in any other State or in a Territory or other country;

(e)should not, by reason of the number or nature of his convictions for offences under this Act or the regulations, be the holder of a driver’s licence;

(f)is no longer capable of controlling the class of motor vehicle for which he holds the appropriate driver’s licence.

(1a)Where the Director General has reason to believe that the holder of a driver’s licence —

(a)suffers from a mental disorder or physical disability that is likely to impair his ability to control a motor vehicle except under certain conditions or subject to certain limitations; or

(b)is no longer capable, except under certain conditions or subject to certain limitations, of controlling the class of motor vehicle for which he holds the appropriate driver’s licence,

and that to refuse to renew that licence would occasion undue hardship or inconvenience the Director General may renew the licence subject to such conditions as the Director General thinks fit to impose and those conditions shall be endorsed on the driver’s licence.

(2)Without limiting the operation of subsection (1), where the Director General suspects that grounds may exist for the suspension or cancellation of a driver’s licence on any one or more of the grounds specified in that subsection, the Director General may, by notice served on the person who is the holder of that driver’s licence, require him to satisfy the Director General within such reasonable period as is specified in the notice that the Director General would not be empowered to so suspend or cancel his driver’s licence on that ground or those grounds, as the case requires, and where the person fails to so satisfy the Director General within that period or within such further period as the Director General may allow, the Director General may suspend the driver’s licence held by that person until the Director General becomes so satisfied.

(3)Without affecting any penalty to which the holder may be liable, the Director General may cancel or suspend the operation of, and refuse to renew, a driver’s licence, where —

(a)the holder of the licence obtained its grant by fraud or misrepresentation or in a manner contrary to the provisions of this Act; or

(b)the licence being endorsed, pursuant to section 44, the holder of the licence has failed to comply with any conditions so endorsed.

(4)Where the Director General decides to exercise the power conferred by subsection (1), (1a), (2) or (3), as the case may be, the Director General shall give to the person thereby affected notice in writing of that decision, setting out the Director General’s reasons therefor, and a person aggrieved by the decision may apply to the State Administrative Tribunal for a review of the decision.

[(5), (6)repealed]

(7)Subject to subsection (1a), the Director General shall not renew a driver’s licence in the case of a licence holder aged 75 years or more, unless the licence holder satisfies the Director General, at the prescribed intervals that he is able to comply with the requirements of section 42(2)(c).

(8)Where, under subsection (1a) or pursuant to an order made after an application to the State Administrative Tribunal, a licence is granted subject to limitations or conditions, the provisions of section 44(2) apply, as though the licence were granted pursuant to that section.

(9)For the purposes of this section a condition or limitation is endorsed on a driver’s licence if —

(a)notice of the condition or limitation is served on the applicant for or the holder of the licence; and

(b)the condition or limitation is set out on the licence or a notation appears on the licence referring to the fact that the licence is subject to any condition or limitation.

(10)In this section —

(a)a reference to refusing to grant a driver’s licence includes a reference to refusing to endorse the licence under section 43(1)(aa);

(b)a reference to cancelling or suspending a driver’s licence includes a reference to cancelling or suspending an endorsement on the licence under section 43(1)(aa);

(c)a reference to refusing to renew a driver’s licence includes a reference to refusing to renew the licence as previously endorsed under section 43(1)(aa).

(11)Both the Commissioner of Police and the Director General have a right to be heard in proceedings in relation to an application under this section.

[Section 48 amended by No. 71 of 1979 s. 7; No. 81 of 1980 s. 7; No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 82 of 1982 s. 6; No. 32 of 1988 s. 5; No. 57 of 1988 s. 10; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(1) and (3); No. 39 of 2000 s. 25; No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(1) and (2); No. 10 of 2004 s. 5; No. 55 of 2004 s. 1063.]

48A.Forfeited licence to be delivered up

(1)When any driver’s licence granted to a person is cancelled or suspended or a person who is the holder of a driver’s licence is disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence, the person shall, on demand made by an authorised person, deliver the licence to the authorised person.

(2)In subsection (1) —

authorised person means —

(a)the Director General;

(b)any person authorised by the Director General for the purposes of this section; or

(c)any member of the Police Force.

[Section 48A inserted by No. 76 of 1996 s. 10; amended by No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2).]

48B.Issue of duplicate licence

(1)Whenever a driver’s licence is lost or destroyed, a duplicate or certified copy of it shall, on payment of the prescribed fee, be issued by the Director General, and shall serve and be available in lieu of the original.

(2)In subsection (1) —

duplicate includes any form of licence approved by the Director General under section 42A.

[Section 48B inserted by No. 76 of 1996 s. 10; amended by No. 39 of 2000 s. 26.]

48C.Learners’ permits

(1)The Director General may, subject to such conditions as the Director General sees fit to impose, grant a permit authorising a person who has attained the prescribed age, to drive a motor vehicle of the class specified in the permit in the course of driving instruction by —

(a)a holder of a licence under the Motor Vehicle Drivers Instructors Act 1963; or

(b)any other person prescribed in the regulations.

(1a)The Director General may, in a particular case, grant a permit under this section to a person who has not attained the prescribed age if the denial of the permit would, in the opinion of the Director General, occasion undue hardship or inconvenience.

(1b)In subsection (1) —

prescribed age means the age of 16 years or, in relation to a particular description of motor vehicle, any other age prescribed in the regulations for the purposes of this section.

(2)The Director General shall cause a permit granted under this section to be endorsed with any conditions to which its grant is subject.

(3)Subject to section 75(2) a permit granted under this section is valid for a period of 12 months from the date it is granted unless it is sooner cancelled.

(4)The Director General may, at any time, by notice in writing given to the holder, cancel a permit granted under this section.

(5)Where the Director General causes a person applying for a driver’s licence to undergo a driving test for the purposes of satisfying the Director General of the applicant’s ability to control the class of motor vehicle for which the driver’s licence is sought, the applicant is authorised to drive a motor vehicle during the conduct of the test as if the applicant were at that time the holder of the appropriate driver’s licence.

[Section 48C inserted by No. 76 of 1996 s. 10; amended by No. 39 of 2000 s. 27; No. 28 of 2001 s. 18, 23(1), (2) and (4).]

48D.Drivers’ licences granted overseas

(1)Subject to section 50A(2), where a person, who is not a permanent resident of any State or Territory and who is not disqualified from holding or obtaining a licence to drive a motor vehicle under this Act, is temporarily in this State and holds —

(a)a licence to drive a motor vehicle;

(b)the equivalent of a licence to drive a motor vehicle; or

(c)an international driving permit,

granted in the country of which the person is a permanent resident, that licence, equivalent of a licence, or permit is to be regarded as a driver’s licence granted under this Act authorising the person to drive in this State any vehicle of the type or class to which the licence, equivalent of a licence, or permit is applicable until —

(d)the expiration of one year after the holder’s arrival in this State;

(e)the licence, equivalent of a licence, or permit expires; or

(f)the authority to drive is withdrawn by notice served pursuant to subsection (2),

whichever first occurs.

(2)Where, in the opinion of the Director General, a person referred to in subsection (1) —

(a)suffers from mental or physical disability likely to affect the person’s ability to drive a motor vehicle efficiently, having regard to the safety of the public generally;

(b)is otherwise unfit to drive a motor vehicle, or, having regard to the safety of the public generally, it is not desirable that the person should be permitted to drive a motor vehicle; or

(c)has been convicted of an offence in connection with the driving of a motor vehicle,

the Director General may at any time by notice in writing served on the person, withdraw the authority conferred by subsection (1).

[Section 48D inserted by No. 76 of 1996 s. 10; amended by No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2).]

48E.Drivers’ licences granted elsewhere in Australia

(1)Subject to section 50A(2) where a person usually resident in another State or a Territory —

(a)is temporarily within this State;

(b)holds a licence or permit to drive a vehicle, granted pursuant to the laws of the State or Territory in which the person usually resides;

(c)has not been served with notice pursuant to subsection (2); and

(d)is not otherwise disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence in this State,

the licence or permit shall authorise the person to drive in this State any vehicle of the type or class to the driving of which the licence or permit is applicable until —

(e)the expiration of one year after the holder’s arrival in this State;

(f)the licence or permit expires; or

(g)the authority to drive is withdrawn by notice served pursuant to subsection (2),

whichever first occurs.

(2)Where, in the opinion of the Director General, a person referred to in subsection (1) —

(a)suffers from mental or physical disability likely to affect the person’s ability to drive a motor vehicle efficiently, having regard to the safety of the public generally;

(b)is otherwise unfit to drive a motor vehicle, or, having regard to the safety of the public generally, it is not desirable that the person should be permitted to drive a motor vehicle; or

(c)has been convicted of an offence in connection with the driving of a motor vehicle,

the Director General may at any time by notice in writing served on the person, withdraw the authority conferred by subsection (1).

[Section 48E inserted by No. 76 of 1996 s. 10; amended by No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2).]

48F.Persons taking up residence

A person who —

(a)enters this State with the intention of permanently residing here; and

(b)but for that intention would be authorised to drive a motor vehicle pursuant to section 48D or 48E,

shall be taken to be similarly authorised as if the person were temporarily within this State, but for that purpose the reference to one year in section 48D(1)(d) or in section 48E(1)(e) shall be construed as a reference to 3 months.

[Section 48F inserted by No. 76 of 1996 s. 10.]

Part V — Regulation of traffic

[Heading inserted by No. 76 of 1996 s. 11.]

Division 1 — Driving of vehicles: general offences

[Heading inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 6.]

49.Offence of driving motor vehicle without appropriate driver’s licence

(1)Subject to this section and to sections 48C to 48F, every person who —

(a)drives a motor vehicle of a class for which he is not the holder of the appropriate, valid driver’s licence; or

(b)employs, or permits, some other person to drive a motor vehicle of a class for which that other person is not the holder of the appropriate, valid driver’s licence,

on a road, commits an offence.

Penalty: For a first offence, 6 PU.

For a subsequent offence, 12 PU.

(1a)A person who drives a motor vehicle for a purpose or in a manner set out in regulations under section 43(1)(aa) without the authority to do so conferred by an endorsement on the licence under that section is not the holder of an appropriate, valid driver’s licence.

(2)Where —

(a)a person —

(i)having applied for a driver’s licence and having been refused the grant of the licence under section 48;

(ii)having held a driver’s licence that is cancelled under section 48 or of which the operation is suspended under that section;

(iii)having been disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence, other than under a licence suspension order referred to in subparagraph (iv); or

(iv)having been disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence under a licence suspension order made under section 19 or 43 of the Fines, Penalties and Infringement Notices Enforcement Act 1994,

commits, whilst still legally disentitled to hold a driver’s licence, an offence against subsection (1)(a); or

(b)a person in respect of whom an order is made under section 76(3) commits an offence against subsection (1)(a) before a licence has been granted pursuant to that order or when any licence so granted has expired and has not been renewed,

the person may be arrested without warrant by a member of the Police Force and is liable, instead of to the penalties provided by subsection (1), to those provided by subsection (3).

(2a)In subsection (2)(a), a reference to anything done under section 48 does not include anything for the review of which an application has been made to the State Administrative Tribunal if the application has not been determined when the offence is committed.

(3)A person convicted of an offence against this section committed in any of the circumstances mentioned in subsection (2) is liable —

(a)if the offence is committed in the circumstances mentioned in subsection (2)(a)(i), (ii) or (iii) or (2)(b) —

(i)for a first offence, to a fine of not less than 8 PU or more than 40 PU and imprisonment for not more than 12 months;

(ii)for a subsequent offence, to a fine of not less than 20 PU or more than 80 PU and imprisonment for not more than 18 months;

or

(b)if the offence is committed in the circumstances mentioned in subsection (2)(a)(iv), to a fine of not less than 4 PU or more than 30 PU and imprisonment for not more than 12 months.

(3a)A court convicting a person of an offence committed in the circumstances mentioned in subsection (2)(a)(i), (ii), (iii) or (2)(b) shall order that the person be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 9 months and not more than 3 years.

(3b)A court convicting a person of an offence committed in the circumstances mentioned in subsection (2)(a)(iv), but not in the circumstances mentioned in subsection (2)(a)(i), (ii) or (iii) or (2)(b), may order that the person be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not more than 3 years.

(3c)A period of disqualification ordered under subsection (3a) or (3b) is cumulative upon any other period of disqualification to which the person may then be subject or upon any period for which the operation of the person’s driver’s licence may currently be suspended.

(4)Regulations may except a prescribed vehicle from the application of subsection (1) when it is being driven by a person with a physical disability.

[Section 49 amended by No. 48 of 1976 s. 3; No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 11 of 1988 s. 8, 20 and 24; No. 78 of 1995 s. 147; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(1); No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 24 of 2000 s. 39(3); No. 39 of 2000 s. 28; No. 51 of 2000 s. 14; No. 28 of 2001 s. 19, 23(1) and (2); No. 55 of 2004 s. 1064.]

49A.Cautioning drivers who drive when driver’s licence is suspended for non‑payment of fine, etc.

(1)In this section —

suspended driver means a person who has been disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence under a licence suspension order made under section 19 or 43 of the Fines, Penalties and Infringement Notices Enforcement Act 1994.

(2)If a police officer could charge a person who is a suspended driver with an offence under section 49(1) committed in the circumstances referred to in section 49(2)(a)(iv) and suspects on reasonable grounds —

(a)that the person does not know that he or she is a suspended driver; and

(b)that the person has not been cautioned previously under this section since the making of the relevant licence suspension order,

the police officer —

(c)may decline to charge the person with an offence under section 49(1); and

(d)may instead issue a caution to the person.

(3)The caution must be in a prescribed form.

(4)If it is impracticable for the suspended driver to cease driving at the time the caution is issued, the caution must include a permit for the suspended driver to drive by the shortest practicable route from the place where the caution is issued to a place specified in the permit.

(5)It is a defence to a charge under section 49(1) to prove that the accused was driving in accordance with a permit included in a caution issued under this section.

[Section 49A inserted by No. 51 of 2000 s. 15; amended by No. 84 of 2004 s. 82.]

50.Unauthorised driving by learner drivers

The holder of a permit granted under section 48C(1) shall not drive a motor vehicle except in conformity with any conditions endorsed on the permit under section 48C(2) and unless accompanied by a driving instructor with whom the holder is authorised to drive pursuant to section 48C(1) seated beside the holder or, in the case of a permit to drive a motor cycle, riding in a side car attached, or on a pillion seat fitted, to the motor cycle or riding on an accompanying motor cycle.

Penalty: 6 PU.

[Section 50 inserted by No. 76 of 1996 s. 12; amended by No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2).]

50A.Unauthorised driving by drivers from outside the State

(1)A person referred to in section 48D(1) or 48E(1) shall —

(a)while driving a motor vehicle upon any road pursuant to the authority conferred by section 48D(1) or 48E(1), carry the licence, equivalent of a licence, or permit, as the case may be; and

(b)produce the licence, equivalent of a licence, or permit, as the case may be, for inspection at the request of any member of the Police Force.

(2)A person referred to in section 48D(1) or 48E(1) who, being the holder of a licence, equivalent of a licence, or permit that is endorsed with or otherwise subject to conditions that can lawfully be complied with in this State, fails to comply with those conditions, or any of them, commits an offence.

Penalty: For a first offence, 8 PU.

For a subsequent offence, 16 PU.

[Section 50A inserted by No. 76 of 1996 s. 12; amended by No. 50 of 1997 s. 13.]

51.Cancellation of drivers’ licences granted on probation

(1)Where the holder of a driver’s licence granted on probation —

(a)is convicted of an offence —

(i)mentioned in section 277 of The Criminal Code and the offence arose out of the driving by him of a motor vehicle;

(ii)under section 378 of The Criminal Code where the property in question was a motor vehicle;

(iii)under section 53(1), section 54, 55, 56, 59, 59A, 61, 62, 62A, 64AA, 64A, 89, 90 or 97; or

(iv)under any regulation that may be prescribed for the purposes of this section;

or

(b)is disqualified by a court pursuant to the provisions of this or any other Act (other than the Fines, Penalties and Infringement Notices Enforcement Act 1994), from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence,

then, that licence is, by operation of this subsection, cancelled.

(2)A person whose driver’s licence is cancelled by operation of subsection (1) is disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence —

(a)for any period for which he is so disqualified by the court; or

(b)for a period of 3 months from the date of his conviction or, where he is convicted on more than one occasion of an offence mentioned in subsection (1), from the date of his latest conviction,

whichever period terminates later.

(3)Where a person who is the holder of a driver’s licence granted on probation is disqualified by operation of section 103 from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence —

(a)the licence held by that person is, by operation of this subsection, cancelled; and

(b)that person is disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of 3 months.

(4)Where a person who is the holder of a driver’s licence issued on probation is disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence by a licence suspension order made under the Fines, Penalties and Infringement Notices Enforcement Act 1994, then that licence is, by operation of this subsection, suspended so long as the disqualification continues in force and during the period of suspension the licence is of no effect, but the provisions of this subsection do not operate so as to extend the period for which the licence may be valid or effective beyond the expiration of the period for which the licence was expressed to be issued or renewed.

(5)Subsection (5a) applies to a person who does not hold a driver’s licence under this Act and who, under this Act, could not be granted a driver’s licence except on probation.

(5a)Where a person to whom this subsection applies is —

(a)convicted of an offence such as is mentioned in subsection (1) or an offence against section 49(1)(a); or

(b)disqualified by a court from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence,

that person is disqualified from holding or obtaining a licence —

(c)for any period for which he is so disqualified by the court; or

(d)for a period of 3 months from the date of his conviction or, where he is convicted on more than one occasion of an offence referred to in paragraph (a), from the date of his latest conviction,

whichever period terminates later.

(5b)For the purposes of subsection (5), a person is not the holder of a driver’s licence for any period during which the licence is cancelled or suspended or during any period of its invalidity.

(6)Regulations made for the purpose of subsection (1)(a)(iv) may limit the application of that subsection to offences against the regulations that are attended by prescribed circumstances.

[Section 51 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 82 of 1982 s. 7; No. 11 of 1988 s. 10; No. 37 of 1991 s. 21; No. 13 of 1992 s. 6; No. 92 of 1994 s. 36; No. 76 of 1996 s. 13; No. 39 of 2000 s. 29; No. 51 of 2000 s. 16; No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2) and (3); No. 10 of 2004 s. 7; No. 44 of 2004 s. 4.]

[52.Repealed by No. 76 of 1996 s. 14.]

53.Driver failing to give name and address to member of the Police Force, failing to stop, etc.

(1)Any driver of a vehicle who —

(a)when required by a member of the Police Force to state his name and place of abode refuses to do so, or states a false name or place of abode; or

(b)refuses or fails to stop his vehicle when called upon to do so by a member of the Police Force,

commits an offence.

Penalty: For a first offence, 6 PU.

For a subsequent offence, 12 PU.

(2)Any driver of a vehicle who, when required by any member of the Police Force, does not produce his driver’s licence on demand, commits an offence against this Act and shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding 4 PU, but it shall not be an offence if the driver subsequently produces the licence, within a reasonable time after demand, to the Director General or to the officer‑in‑charge of any police station.

(3)Any person who was present at the scene of any accident in which a vehicle was involved, and who, in the opinion of a member of the Police Force, may be able to give information or evidence in relation to the accident, shall, if requested so to do by the member of the Police Force, furnish to him particulars of his name and place of abode, and if the person refuses to furnish any of those particulars when requested so to do, or furnishes particulars of his name or place of abode which are false or untrue in any respect he shall be guilty of an offence.

Penalty: 4 PU.

(4)Where a member of the Police Force has reasonable grounds for believing that a person has committed an offence against this Act, he may require that person to furnish him with particulars of his name and place of abode, and a person who, when so required, refuses to furnish those particulars or furnishes particulars which are false or untrue in any respect commits an offence.

Penalty: For a first offence, 6 PU.

For a subsequent offence, 12 PU.

[Section 53 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 78 of 1995 s. 147; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 50 of 1997 s. 13.]

54.Duty to stop in case of accident, etc.

(1)Where in the course of the use of any vehicle, an accident occurs whereby any person is injured or any property is damaged, the driver or person in charge of the vehicle shall unless himself disabled from doing so stop immediately after the occurrence of the accident, and, if required, shall produce his licence and give his name and address, and also if it is in his power to do so the name and address of a responsible person for the vehicle, to any person who has been injured or whose property has been damaged, or to a member of the Police Force, or to any person representing a person who has been injured or the owner of any property which has been damaged.

Penalty: 30 PU; and, if the offence relates to an accident whereby a person was injured, the court may in addition impose an additional fine of not more than 50 PU or a sentence of imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months, or both the fine and the imprisonment.

[(2), (3)repealed]

(4)In any proceedings in respect of any offence against subsection (1) of which the failing to stop immediately after the occurrence of any accident is an element, it is a defence for the person charged to prove that he was not aware of the occurrence of the accident to which the alleged offence relates.

(5)If in the opinion of the court an offence against subsection (1) is of a serious nature the court may make an order disqualifying the offender from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for such period as it thinks fit.

(6)In addition to the obligations set out in subsection (1) it shall be the duty of any person, who in the course of using a vehicle on a road or in any place commonly used by the public or to which the public is permitted to have access has caused injury to another person, to render such person all such assistance as may be necessary or practicable under the circumstances, including the obtaining of medical aid, and any person who refuses or neglects to render such assistance and obtain such aid shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.

Penalty: 30 PU; and, if in the opinion of the court the offender has shown a callous disregard for the injured person, the court may in addition impose an additional fine of not more that 50 PU or a sentence of imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months, or both the fine and the imprisonment.

[Section 54 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 82 of 1982 s. 8; No. 11 of 1988 s. 21; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 39 of 2000 s. 30.]

55.Duty to report accident

(1)Where, in the course of the use of any vehicle on a road, an accident occurs whereby damage is caused to any property the driver or person in charge of the vehicle shall (unless disabled by personal injury himself) report the accident forthwith to the officer in charge of the nearest police station unless the driver or person in charge of the vehicle has reasonable cause for believing that the damage so caused does not exceed, in the aggregate, an amount of $1 000 and the owner, in each case, of any property damaged is, then or immediately thereafter, present or represented at the place where the accident occurred.

Penalty: For a first offence, 8 PU.

For a subsequent offence, 16 PU.

(2)It shall be sufficient compliance with subsection (1) if a member of the Police Force attends at the scene of the accident and takes the necessary particulars of the accident.

[Section 55 amended by No. 71 of 1979 s. 8; No. 105 of 1981 s. 11 and 19; No. 11 of 1988 s. 11 and 24; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13.]

56.Duty to report accident whereby bodily injury is caused

(1)Where, in the course of the use of any vehicle on a road or in any place commonly used by the public or to which the public is permitted to have access, an accident occurs whereby bodily injury is caused to any person the driver or person in charge of the vehicle shall (unless disabled by personal injury himself) report the accident forthwith to the officer in charge of the nearest police station.

Penalty: For a first offence, 16 PU and, for any subsequent offence 32 PU or imprisonment for 12 months; and, in any event, the court convicting a person of a subsequent offence shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 12 months.

(2)It shall be sufficient compliance with subsection (1) if a member of the Police Force attends at the scene of the accident and takes the necessary particulars of the accident.

[Section 56 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 78 of 1995 s. 147; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13.]

57.Duty of owner to identify driver of vehicle involved in accident

(1)Where the use of a motor vehicle has occasioned, or been an immediate or proximate cause of, the death of a person or bodily harm to a person, a responsible person for the vehicle and any person to whom the possession or control of the vehicle was entrusted shall, if required by a member of the Police Force, give any information which it is in his power to give which may lead to the identification of the person who was driving or who was in charge or control of the vehicle at the time when the use of the vehicle occasioned or was an immediate or proximate cause of the death or bodily harm.

Penalty: 60 PU or imprisonment for 12 months.

(2)In this section the term bodily harm has the same meaning as is given thereto in The Criminal Code.

[Section 57 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 39 of 2000 s. 31.]

58.Duty to identify offending driver or person in charge of vehicle

(1)A responsible person for a vehicle commits an offence if —

(a)an offence against any written law is alleged to have occurred of which the driving or being in charge of the vehicle is an element;

(b)a member of the Police Force requests the responsible person to give information which may lead to the identification of the driver or person in charge of the vehicle at the time of the alleged offence;

(c)the responsible person has, or could reasonably have ascertained, the information; and

(d)the responsible person fails to give the information.

Penalty: For a first offence by an individual, 24 PU.
For a subsequent offence by an individual, 48 PU.
For an offence by a person other than an individual, 100 PU.

(2)A responsible person for a vehicle commits an offence if —

(a)an offence against any written law is alleged to have occurred of which the driving or being in charge of the vehicle is an element;

(b)a member of the Police Force requests the responsible person to give information which may lead to the identification of the driver or person in charge of the vehicle at the time of the alleged offence; and

(c)the responsible person gives false information in response to the request.

Penalty: For a first offence by an individual, 24 PU.
For a subsequent offence by an individual, 48 PU.
For an offence by a person other than an individual, 100 PU.

(3)In subsections (1) and (2) —

responsible person includes a person to whom the possession or control of the vehicle was entrusted at the time of the alleged offence referred to in subsection (1)(a) or (2)(a), as the case may be.

(4)Subsection (1) does not apply if the request for information was made in a notice under section 102C.

(5)If a person is charged with an offence against subsection (1) the person may be convicted of an offence against section 58A.

[Section 58 inserted by No. 39 of 2000 s. 32 (as amended by No. 84 of 2004 s. 80).]

58A.Duty to take reasonable measures to be able to comply with a driver identity request

(1)In this section —

driver identity request means a request made under this Act for information as to the identity of the person who was driving or in charge of a vehicle at any particular time.

(2)A responsible person for a vehicle commits an offence if the responsible person fails to take reasonable measures, or make reasonable arrangements, to ensure that if a driver identity request is made in relation to the vehicle, the responsible person will be able to comply with it.

Penalty: For a first offence by an individual, 24 PU.
For a subsequent offence by an individual, 48 PU.
For an offence by a person other than an individual, 100 PU.

[Section 58A inserted by No. 39 of 2000 s. 32.]

59.Dangerous driving causing death, injury, etc.

(1)If a motor vehicle driven by a person (the driver) is involved in an incident occasioning the death of, or grievous bodily harm to, another person and the driver was, at the time of the incident, driving the motor vehicle —

(a)while under the influence of alcohol, drugs, or alcohol and drugs to such an extent as to be incapable of having proper control of the vehicle; or

(b)in a manner (which expression includes speed) that is, having regard to all the circumstances of the case, dangerous to the public or to any person,

the driver commits a crime and is liable to the penalty in subsection (3).

Summary conviction penalty: imprisonment for 18 months or a fine of 160 PU and in any event the court convicting the person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 2 years.

(2)For the purposes of this section —

[(a)deleted]

(b)it is immaterial that the death or grievous bodily harm might have been avoided by proper precaution on the part of a person other than the person charged or might have been prevented by proper care or treatment;

(c)when an incident occasions grievous bodily harm to a person and that person receives surgical or medical treatment, and death results either from the harm or the treatment, the incident is deemed to have occasioned the death of that person, although the immediate cause of death was the surgical or medical treatment if the treatment was reasonably proper in the circumstances and was applied in good faith; and

(d)the term grievous bodily harm has the same meaning as is given thereto in The Criminal Code.

(3)A person convicted on indictment of an offence against this section is liable —

(a)if the offence is against subsection (1)(a), or the offence is against subsection (1)(b) and is committed in circumstances of aggravation, to a fine of any amount and to imprisonment for —

(i)20 years, if the person has caused the death of another person; or

(ii)14 years, if the person has caused grievous bodily harm to another person; or

(b)in any other circumstances, to imprisonment for 4 years or a fine of 400 PU,

and, in any event, the court convicting that person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 2 years.

(4)On the summary trial of a person charged with an offence against this section the person may, instead of being convicted of that offence, be convicted of an offence against section 59A, 61 or 62.

[Section 59 amended by No. 89 of 1978 s. 12; No. 82 of 1982 s. 9; No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 37 of 1991 s. 6(2); No. 1 of 1992 s. 6; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 4 of 2004 s. 58; No. 44 of 2004 s. 5.]

59A.Dangerous driving causing bodily harm

(1)If a motor vehicle driven by a person (the driver) is involved in an incident occasioning bodily harm to another person and the driver was, at the time of the incident, driving the motor vehicle —

(a)while under the influence of alcohol, drugs, or alcohol and drugs to such an extent as to be incapable of having proper control of the vehicle; or

(b)in a manner (which expression includes speed) that is, having regard to all the circumstances of the case, dangerous to the public or to any person,

the driver commits an offence.

(2)For the purposes of this section —

[(a)deleted]

(b)it is immaterial that the bodily harm might have been avoided by proper precaution on the part of a person other than the person charged or might have been prevented by proper care or treatment;

(c)the term bodily harm has the same meaning as is given thereto by The Criminal Code.

(3)Subject to subsection (3a), a person convicted of an offence against subsection (1) is liable —

(a)for a first offence, to a fine of 80 PU or to imprisonment for 9 months; and, in any event, the court convicting that person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 12 months;

(b)for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of 160 PU or to imprisonment for 18 months; and, in any event, the court convicting that person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 18 months.

(3a)In the case of an offence under subsection (1)(a), or an offence under subsection (1)(b) committed in circumstances of aggravation, the offence is a crime and a person convicted of it is liable to a fine of any amount and imprisonment for 7 years and in any event the court convicting the person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 2 years.

Summary conviction penalty: imprisonment for 18 months or a fine of 160 PU and in any event the court convicting the person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 18 months.

(4)A person charged with an offence against this section may, instead of being convicted of that offence, be convicted of an offence against section 61 or 62.

[Section 59A inserted by No. 89 of 1978 s. 13; amended by No. 82 of 1982 s. 10; No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 50 of 2003 s. 92(2); No. 44 of 2004 s. 6.]

59B.Section 59 and 59A offences: ancillary matters and defence

(1)For the purposes of sections 59 and 59A, the circumstances in which a motor vehicle is involved in an incident occasioning the death of, or grievous bodily harm or bodily harm to, a person include those in which the death or harm is occasioned through —

(a)the motor vehicle overturning or leaving a road while the person is being conveyed in or on the motor vehicle (whether as a passenger or otherwise);

(b)the person falling from the motor vehicle while being conveyed in or on it (whether as a passenger or otherwise);

(c)an impact between any object or thing and the motor vehicle while the person is being conveyed in or on the motor vehicle (whether as a passenger or otherwise);

(d)an impact between the person and the motor vehicle;

(e)an impact of the motor vehicle with another vehicle or an object or thing in, on or near which the person is at the time of impact;

(f)an impact with any object on or attached to the motor vehicle; or

(g)an impact with any object that is in motion through falling from the motor vehicle.

(2)For the purposes of sections 59 and 59A, a motor vehicle is also involved in an incident occasioning the death of, or grievous bodily harm or bodily harm to, a person if the death or harm is occasioned through the motor vehicle —

(a)causing an impact between other vehicles or between another vehicle and any object, thing or person;

(b)causing another vehicle to overturn or leave a road; or

(c)causing a person being conveyed in or on another vehicle to fall from that other vehicle.

(3)For the purposes of sections 59 and 59A a person commits an offence in circumstances of aggravation if at the time of the alleged offence —

(a)the person was unlawfully driving the vehicle concerned without the consent of the owner or person in charge of the vehicle;

(b)the person was driving the vehicle concerned on a road at a speed that exceeded, by more than 45 km/h, the speed limit (if any) applicable to that length of road; or

(c)the person was driving the vehicle concerned to escape pursuit by a member of the Police Force.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3)(c) it does not matter whether the pursuit was still proceeding, or had been suspended or terminated, at the time of the alleged offence.

(5)In any proceeding for an offence against section 59 or 59A a person who had at the time of the alleged offence a percentage of alcohol in his blood of or exceeding 0.15% shall be deemed to have been under the influence of alcohol to such an extent as to be incapable of having proper control of a motor vehicle at the time of the alleged offence.

(6)In any proceeding for an offence against section 59 or 59A it is a defence for the person charged to prove that the death, grievous bodily harm or bodily harm occasioned by the incident was not in any way attributable (as relevant) —

(a)to the fact that the person charged was under the influence of alcohol, drugs, or alcohol and drugs; or

(b)to the manner (which expression includes speed) in which the motor vehicle was driven.

[Section 59B inserted by No. 44 of 2004 s. 7.]

60.Reckless driving

(1)Every person who wilfully drives a motor vehicle in a manner (which expression includes speed) that is inherently dangerous or that is, having regard to all the circumstances of the case, dangerous to the public or to any person commits an offence.

(1a)A person who drives a motor vehicle at a speed of 155 km/h or more commits an offence.

(1b)A person who drives a motor vehicle at a speed exceeding the speed limit set under this Act for that vehicle or the place where the driving occurs by 45 km/h or more commits an offence.

(1c)Despite subsections (1a) and (1b), the driver of a motor vehicle is not guilty of an offence under those subsections if —

(a)either —

(i)the motor vehicle is being used to convey a member of the Police Force on official duty and the travelling at such speed is necessary to prevent the commission or continuation of an offence or to apprehend an offender or to assist a driver excused under subparagraphs (ii), (iii) or (iv);

(ii)the driver is on official duty responding to a fire or fire alarm;

(iii)the driver is on official duty responding to an emergency or rescue operation where it is reasonable to assume that human life is likely to be in danger; or

(iv)the motor vehicle is an ambulance and is being used to answer an urgent call or to convey a person to a place for the provision of urgent medical treatment;

(b)the driver is taking reasonable care; and

(c)the vehicle is displaying a blue or red flashing light or sounding an alarm unless, in the circumstances, it is reasonable for a light not to be displayed or an alarm not to be sounded.

(2)A person charged with an offence against this section may, instead of being convicted of that offence, be convicted of an offence against section 61 or 62.

(3)A person convicted of an offence against this section is liable —

(a)for a first offence, to a fine of 20 PU or to imprisonment for 9 months; and, in any event, the court convicting that person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 6 months;

(b)for a second offence, to a fine of 24 PU or to imprisonment for 9 months; and, in any event, the court convicting that person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 12 months; and

(c)for a third or subsequent offence, to a fine of 48 PU or to imprisonment for 12 months; and, in any event, the court convicting that person shall order that he be permanently disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3), where a person is convicted of an offence against this section any offence previously committed by him against section 31 of the repealed Act shall be taken into account and be deemed to have been an offence against this section (but not to the exclusion of any other previous offence against this section) in determining whether that first‑mentioned offence is a first, second, third or subsequent offence.

[Section 60 amended by No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 78 of 1995 s. 147; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 50 of 2003 s. 92(2); No. 10 of 2004 s. 8.]

61.Dangerous driving

(1)Every person who drives a motor vehicle in a manner (which expression includes speed) that is, having regard to all the circumstances of the case, dangerous to the public or to any person commits an offence.

(2)A person charged with an offence against this section may, instead of being convicted of that offence, be convicted of an offence against section 62.

(3)A person convicted of an offence against this section is liable —

(a)for a first offence, to a fine of 16 PU; and

(b)for any subsequent offence, to a fine of 40 PU or to imprisonment for 9 months; and, in any event, the court convicting that person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 12 months.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3), where a person is convicted of an offence against this section any offence previously committed by him against section 31 or 31A of the repealed Act, or section 59 or 60 of this Act shall be taken into account and be deemed to have been an offence against this section (but not to the exclusion of any other previous offence against this section) in determining whether that first‑mentioned offence is a first or subsequent offence.

[Section 61 amended by No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 78 of 1995 s. 147; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 50 of 2003 s. 92(2).]

62.Careless driving

Every person who drives a motor vehicle without due care and attention commits an offence.

Penalty: 12 PU.

[Section 62 amended by No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13.]

62A.Causing excessive noise, smoke

A person who wilfully drives a motor vehicle on a road or in a carpark so as to cause —

(a)excessive noise to be made with one or more of the vehicle’s tyres; or

(b)smoke to come from one or more of the vehicle’s tyres or a substance on the driving surface,

commits an offence.

Penalty: 12 PU.

[Section 62A inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 9.]

Division 2 — Driving of vehicles: alcohol and drug related offences

[Heading inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 9.]

63.Driving under the influence of alcohol, etc.

(1)A person who drives or attempts to drive a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol, drugs, or alcohol and drugs to such an extent as to be incapable of having proper control of the vehicle commits an offence, and the offender may be arrested without warrant.

(2)A person convicted of an offence against this section is liable —

(a)for a first offence, to a fine of not less than 16 PU or more than 50 PU; and, in any event, the court convicting that person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 6 months;

(b)for a second offence, to a fine of not less than 30 PU or more than 70 PU or to imprisonment for 9 months; and, in any event, the court convicting that person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 2 years; and

(c)for a third or subsequent offence, to a fine of not less than 40 PU or more than 100 PU or to imprisonment for 18 months; and, in any event, the court convicting that person shall order that he be permanently disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2), where a person is convicted of an offence against this section any offence previously committed by him against section 32 of the repealed Act or section 67 of this Act as in force after the coming into operation of section 16 of the Road Traffic Amendment Act (No. 2) 1982 1 shall be taken into account and be deemed to have been an offence against this section (but not to the exclusion of any other previous offence against this section) in determining whether that first‑mentioned offence is a first, second, third or subsequent offence.

(4)The charging of a person with an offence against this section shall not limit the operation of section 66, but the person charged shall immediately be told by the person laying the charge that —

(a)he has the right to be examined by a medical practitioner nominated by him, if one is available, and if he desires to exercise this right, every facility in this regard shall be afforded him; and

(b)he has the right to communicate with a legal practitioner and another person nominated by him,

and if he desires to exercise any of those rights, every reasonable facility to do so shall be afforded him.

(5)In any proceeding for an offence against this section a person who had at the time of the alleged offence a percentage of alcohol in his blood of or exceeding 0.15% shall be deemed to have been under the influence of alcohol to such an extent as to be incapable of having proper control of a motor vehicle at the time of the alleged offence.

(6)A person charged with an offence against this section may, instead of being convicted of that offence, be convicted of an offence against section 64 or 64AA or, where, at the time of the alleged offence, he was a person to whom section 64A applied, an offence against that section.

(7)In any proceedings for an offence against this section if it is alleged or appears on the evidence that the accused was under the influence of drugs alone, it is a defence for the accused to prove —

(a)that those drugs were —

(i)taken by him pursuant to a prescription of a medical practitioner, nurse practitioner registered under the Nurses Act 1992, or registered dentist; or

(ii)administered to him by a medical practitioner, nurse practitioner registered under the Nurses Act 1992, or registered dentist,

for therapeutic purposes; and

(b)that he was not aware, and could not reasonably have been expected to be aware, that those drugs were likely to render him incapable of having proper control of a motor vehicle.

[Section 63 amended by No. 82 of 1982 s. 11; No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 13 of 1992 s. 7; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 9 of 2003 s. 54; No. 50 of 2003 s. 92(2); No. 84 of 2004 s. 82.]

64.Driving with prescribed percentage of alcohol in the blood

(1)A person who drives or attempts to drive a motor vehicle while the percentage of alcohol in his blood equals or exceeds 0.08%, commits an offence.

(2)If a court convicts a person of an offence against this section —

(a)the person is liable to the relevant penalty in the Table to this subsection; and

(b)the court shall order that the person be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for not less than the relevant minimum period of disqualification in the Table to this subsection.

Table

Percentage of alcohol in blood

 

1st offence

2nd offence

Subsequent offence

≥ 0.08%
but

< 0.09%

Min:
Max:

Disq:

8 PU
30 PU

3 months

16 PU
30 PU

6 months

16 PU
30 PU

6 months

≥ 0.09%
but

< 0.10%

Min:
Max:

Disq:

10 PU
30 PU

3 months

16 PU
30 PU

6 months

16 PU
30 PU

7 months

≥ 0.10%
but

< 0.11%

Min:
Max:

Disq:

10 PU
30 PU

4 months

20 PU
30 PU

6 months

20 PU
30 PU

8 months

≥ 0.11%
but

< 0.12%

Min:
Max:

Disq:

12 PU
30 PU

4 months

20 PU
30 PU

7 months

20 PU
30 PU

9 months

≥ 0.12%
but

< 0.13%

Min:
Max:

Disq:

12 PU
30 PU

5 months

24 PU
30 PU

8 months

24 PU
30 PU

10 months

≥ 0.13%
but

< 0.14%

Min:
Max:

Disq:

14 PU
30 PU

5 months

24 PU
30 PU

10 months

24 PU
30 PU

12 months

≥ 0.14%
but

< 0.15%

Min:
Max:

Disq:

14 PU
30 PU

6 months

24 PU
30 PU

12 months

24 PU
30 PU

14 months

Note:≥ signifies greater than or equal to
< signifies less than

(2a)For the purposes of the Table to subsection (2), an offence is a second or subsequent offence against this section irrespective of the percentage of alcohol in the blood on the occasion of the commission of any previous offence against this section.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2), where a person is convicted of an offence against this section any offence previously committed by him against section 32 or 32AA of the repealed Act, or section 32B(9) of the repealed Act as in force after the coming into operation of the Traffic Act Amendment Act (No. 2) 1968 3 or section 63 or 67 of this Act shall be taken into account and be deemed to have been an offence against this section (but not to the exclusion of any other previous offence against this section) in determining whether that first‑mentioned offence is a first, second or subsequent offence.

(4)A person charged with an offence against this section may, instead of being convicted of that offence, be convicted of an offence against section 64AA or where, at the time of the alleged offence, he was a person to whom section 64A applied, an offence against that section.

[Section 64 amended by No. 71 of 1979 s. 9; No. 82 of 1982 s. 12; No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 13 of 1992 s. 8; No. 50 of 1997 s. 6.]

64AA.Driving with 0.05% blood alcohol content

(1)A person who drives or attempts to drive a motor vehicle while the percentage of alcohol in his blood equals or exceeds 0.05% commits an offence.

(2)If a court convicts a person of a first offence against this section the person is liable to a fine of not more than 4 PU.

(2a)If a court convicts a person of a second or subsequent offence against this section —

(a)the person is liable to the relevant penalty in the Table to this subsection; and

(b)the court shall order that the person be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for not less than the relevant minimum period of disqualification in the Table to this subsection.

Table

Percentage of alcohol in blood

 

Penalty

≥ 0.05%
but

< 0.06%

Min:
Max:

Disq:

5 PU
10 PU

3 months

≥ 0.06%
but

< 0.07%

Min:
Max:

Disq:

6 PU
10 PU

3 months

≥ 0.07%
but

< 0.08%

Min:
Max:

Disq:

7 PU
10 PU

3 months

Note:≥ signifies greater than or equal to

< signifies less than

(3)A person charged with an offence against this section may, instead of being convicted of that offence, be convicted of an offence against section 64A where, at the time of the alleged offence, he was a person to whom that section applied.

[Section 64AA inserted by No. 13 of 1992 s. 9; amended by No. 50 of 1997 s. 7.]

64A.Probationary driver driving with 0.02% blood alcohol content

(1)Except as provided in subsection (2), a person who drives or attempts to drive a motor vehicle while the percentage of alcohol in his blood equals or exceeds 0.02% commits an offence.

Penalty: Not less than 2 PU or more than 6 PU; and, in any event, the court convicting a person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 3 months.

(2)This section does not apply to a person who —

(a)holds or has previously held an unrestricted licence; or

(b)has, during a period of one year or more, been authorised to drive a motor vehicle under the law in force in another State or country or in a Territory,

unless the person —

(c)is subject to an order disqualifying the person from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence imposed for an offence against section 63 or 67, or for a second or subsequent offence against section 64, committed after the commencement of the Road Traffic Amendment Act 1997 1;

(d)does not hold a driver’s licence because it has been cancelled under section 75(2a) or (2b) as a result of an order disqualifying the person from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence imposed on the person upon being convicted of an offence committed after the commencement of the Road Traffic Amendment Act 1997 1;

(e)holds an extraordinary licence; or

(f)is a recently disqualified driver.

(3)For the purpose of subsection (2), a person is a recently disqualified driver if, within the last 3 years, the person —

(a)has ceased to be subject to; or

(b)has been granted a driver’s licence in a case where the person did not hold a driver’s licence because it had been cancelled under section 75(2a) or (2b) as a result of,

an order disqualifying the person from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence imposed for an offence against section 63 or 67, or for a second or subsequent offence against section 64, committed after the commencement of the Road Traffic Amendment Act 1997 1.

[Section 64A inserted by No. 82 of 1982 s. 13; amended by No. 11 of 1988 s. 22; No. 13 of 1992 s. 10; No. 50 of 1997 s. 8; No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2).]

65.Definitions

For the purposes of section 59B(5) and sections 63 to 73, inclusive —

analyst means a person certified by the Director of the Chemistry Centre (WA) as being competent to determine the percentage of alcohol in bodily substances;

authorised person means a person certified by the Director of the Chemistry Centre (WA) as being competent to operate all types of breath analysing equipment;

breath analysing equipment means apparatus of a type approved by the Minister for ascertaining the percentage of alcohol present in a person’s blood, by analysis of a sample of his breath;

drugs analyst means a person certified by the Director of the Chemistry Centre (WA) as being competent to ascertain whether and to what extent drugs are present in bodily substances;

medical practitioner has the same meaning as it has in, and for the purposes of the Medical Act 1894;

percentage of alcohol, in relation to the blood of a person, means the number of grams of alcohol contained in 100 millilitres of blood;

preliminary test means a test of a sample of a person’s breath by means of apparatus of a type approved by the Minister for the purpose of providing an indication of the percentage of alcohol in the blood of the person or an indication as to whether or not the percentage of alcohol in the blood of a person equals or exceeds a predetermined percentage or an indication of whether or not alcohol is present in the blood of a person;

registered nurse means a person registered in division 1 of the register as defined in the Nurses Act 1992;

self‑testing breath analysing equipment means breath analysing equipment of a type that is designated as self‑testing apparatus under section 72(2a).

[Section 65 amended by No. 82 of 1982 s. 14; No. 121 of 1987 s. 5; No. 19 of 1990 s. 8; No. 39 of 2000 s. 34; No. 44 of 2004 s. 8.]

66.Requirement to submit sample of breath or blood for analysis

(1)A member of the Police Force may require the driver or person in charge of a motor vehicle, or any person he has reasonable grounds to believe was the driver or person in charge of a motor vehicle, to provide a sample of his breath for a preliminary test in accordance with the directions of the member of the Police Force, and for the purposes of this subsection may require that person to wait at the place at which the first‑mentioned requirement was made.

(1aa)A member of the Police Force may —

(a)call upon the driver of a motor vehicle to stop the vehicle;

(b)direct the driver of a motor vehicle to wait at a place indicated by the member of the Police Force,

in order that a requirement may be made under subsection (1).

(1a)Where a member of the Police Force —

(a)has reasonable grounds to believe that the presence of a motor vehicle has occasioned, or its use has been an immediate or proximate cause of, personal injury or damage to property; and

(b)does not know, or has doubt as to, who was the driver or person in charge of the motor vehicle at the time of that presence or use,

the member of the Police Force may require any person who he has reasonable grounds to believe may have been the driver or person in charge of the motor vehicle at that time to provide a sample of his breath for a preliminary test in accordance with the directions of the member of the Police Force, and for the purposes of this subsection may require that person to wait at the place at which the first‑mentioned requirement was made.

(2)Where —

(a)a person having provided a sample of his breath for a preliminary test —

(i)it appears to a member of the Police Force that the preliminary test indicates that the percentage of alcohol in the blood of the person equals or exceeds 0.05% of alcohol; or

(ii)it appears to a member of the Police Force that the preliminary test indicates that there is alcohol present in the blood of the person and the member of the Police Force has reasonable grounds to believe that the person is a person to whom section 64A applies;

or

(b)a person having been so required, refuses or fails to provide, or appears to a member of the Police Force to be incapable of providing a sample of his breath for a preliminary test or refuses or fails to provide, or appears to a member of the Police Force to be incapable of providing, a sample of his breath in sufficient quantity to enable a preliminary test to be carried out; or

(c)a member of the Police Force has reasonable grounds to believe that a person has committed an offence against section 63; or

(ca)a member of the Police Force —

(i)has reasonable grounds to believe that an offence against section 59(1)(a) or 59A(1)(a) has been committed; and

(ii)does not know, or has doubt as to, who was the driver of the motor vehicle concerned,

but has reasonable grounds to believe that a person may have been the driver of the motor vehicle; or

(d)a member of the Police Force —

(i)has reasonable grounds to believe that the presence of a motor vehicle has occasioned, or its use has been an immediate or proximate cause of, personal injury or damage to property; and

(ii)does not know, or has doubt as to, who was the driver or person in charge of the motor vehicle at the time of that presence or use,

but has reasonable grounds to believe that a person may have been the driver or person in charge of the motor vehicle at that time and that, if he was, he has committed an offence against section 63,

a member of the Police Force may require that person to provide a sample of his breath for analysis or to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse to take a sample of his blood for analysis or to allow a sample of blood to be so taken and to provide a sample of his urine for analysis, pursuant to the provisions of subsections (4), (5), (6a), (7) and (8a), and for the purposes of this subsection may require that person to accompany a member of the Police Force to a police station or some other place, and may require that person to wait at any such police station or place.

(3)A person who is required to supply a sample of his breath for a preliminary test or for analysis shall comply with that requirement by providing the sample of his breath into approved apparatus in accordance with the directions of a member of the Police Force or an authorised person, as the case may be.

(4)A person shall not be required under subsection (2) to provide a sample of his breath for analysis if it appears to a member of the Police Force that —

[(a)deleted]

(b)the sample of breath could not be provided within 4 hours after the time at which driving, attempted driving, use or management of a motor vehicle in circumstances giving rise to the requirement is believed to have taken place; or

(c)because of his physical condition he is incapable of providing the specimen of breath or a specimen of breath in sufficient quantity for analysis.

(5)Where —

(a)a member of the Police Force might require a person to provide a sample of his breath for analysis under subsection (2) but is precluded from so doing by subsection (4) or section 68(11); or

(b)a member of the Police Force might, by virtue of subsection (1) or (1a), require a person to provide a sample of his breath for a preliminary test but it appears to the member of the Police Force that the physical condition of the person is such as to render him incapable of providing a sample of his breath in accordance with the directions of the member of the Police Force for a preliminary test,

then the member of the Police Force may require the person to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse nominated by the person to take a sample of his blood for analysis or where the person is incapable of complying with that requirement, that member of the Police Force may cause a medical practitioner or registered nurse to take a sample of the blood of the person for analysis.

(6)A person shall not be required to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse to take a sample of his blood, and a medical practitioner or registered nurse shall not be caused to take a sample of the blood of a person under subsection (5) if it appears to the member of the Police Force that the sample cannot be taken within 4 hours after the time at which driving, attempted driving, use or management of a motor vehicle in circumstances giving rise to the requirement is believed to have taken place.

(6a)Where —

(a)a member of the Police Force might, by virtue of subsection (2)(c), (ca) or (d), require a person to provide a sample of his breath for analysis but is precluded from so doing by subsection (4); and

(b)under subsection (5), the member of the Police Force requires the person to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse nominated by the person to take a sample of his blood for analysis,

the member of the Police Force may also require the person to provide the medical practitioner or registered nurse with a sample of his urine for analysis.

(7)A person who might, under the preceding provisions of this section, be required to provide a sample of his breath for analysis or to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse to take a sample of his blood for analysis may himself require that he be permitted to do either of those things; and a person who has been required to provide a sample of his breath for analysis may himself require that, instead of so doing, he be permitted to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse nominated by him to take a sample of his blood for analysis.

(8)A member of the Police Force shall give effect to the requirement of a person under subsection (7) if that can be done in terms of subsection (4) or (6), as the case may be.

(8a)Where —

(a)a person might be required under subsection (2)(c), (ca) or (d) to provide a sample of his breath for analysis and, under subsection (7), the person himself requires that he be permitted to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse nominated by him to take a sample of his blood for analysis; or

(b)a person has been required under subsection (2)(c), (ca) or (d) to provide a sample of his breath for analysis and, under subsection (7), the person requires that, instead of so doing, he be permitted to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse nominated by him to take a sample of his blood for analysis,

a member of the Police Force may require the person to also provide the medical practitioner or registered nurse with a sample of his urine for analysis.

(9)Where —

(a)pursuant to subsection (5) a member of the Police Force requires a person to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse nominated by the person to take a sample of his blood for analysis and the person fails to nominate a medical practitioner or registered nurse; or

(b)pursuant to subsection (5) or (7) a person nominates a medical practitioner or registered nurse to take a sample of his blood but a member of the Police Force has reasonable grounds to believe that the medical practitioner or registered nurse so nominated —

(i)is not available within a distance of 40 kilometres;

(ii)is not available within the time limited by this section for taking blood samples;

(iii)refuses to take the blood sample; or

(iv)cannot readily be located,

the member of the Police Force may require the person to provide a sample of his breath for analysis or to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse nominated by the member of the Police Force to take a sample of the person’s blood for analysis and, where a requirement has been made under subsection (6a) or (8a), provide the medical practitioner or registered nurse with a sample of his urine for analysis, and for the purposes of this subsection may require the person to accompany a member of the Police Force to a place, and may require the person to wait at that place.

(10)Where a person is apparently unconscious or seriously injured a member of the Police Force shall facilitate the provision of medical assistance for that person.

(11)Where a person provides a sample of his breath for analysis pursuant to a requirement made under subsection (2)(c), (ca) or (d), or pursuant to his own requirement made under subsection (7), and the analysis result obtained pursuant to section 68 indicates —

(a)that there is no alcohol present in the blood of the person; or

(b)that the percentage of alcohol present in the blood of the person is such that it does not reasonably explain the conduct, condition or appearance of the person by reason of which the requirement was made,

a member of the Police Force may require the person —

(c)to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse nominated by the person to take a sample of his blood for analysis; or

(d)to provide a medical practitioner or registered nurse nominated by the person with a sample of his urine for analysis,

or to do both of those things, and for the purposes of this subsection may require the person to accompany a member of the Police Force to a place, and may require the person to wait at that place.

(12)A person shall not be required —

(a)to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse to take a sample of his blood; or

(b)to provide a medical practitioner or registered nurse with a sample of his urine,

under subsection (11), and a medical practitioner or registered nurse shall not be caused to take a sample of the blood of a person under that subsection, if it appears to the member of the Police Force that the sample cannot be taken or given, as the case may be, within 4 hours after the time at which driving, attempted driving, use or management of a vehicle in circumstances giving rise to the requirement is believed to have taken place.

(13)Where pursuant to subsection (11) —

(a)a member of the Police Force requires a person —

(i)to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse nominated by the person to take a sample of his blood for analysis; or

(ii)to provide a medical practitioner or registered nurse nominated by the person with a sample of his urine for analysis,

or to do both of those things, and the person fails to nominate a medical practitioner or registered nurse; or

(b)a person nominates a medical practitioner or registered nurse to take a sample of his blood or to collect a sample of his urine, or for both of those purposes, but a member of the Police Force has reasonable grounds to believe that the medical practitioner or registered nurse so nominated —

(i)is not available within a distance of 40 kilometres;

(ii)is not available within the time prescribed by subsection (12);

(iii)refuses to take the blood sample or collect the urine sample or to do either of those things; or

(iv)cannot readily be located,

the member of the Police Force may require the person —

(c)to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse nominated by the member of the Police Force to take a sample of his blood for analysis; or

(d)to provide a medical practitioner or registered nurse nominated by the member of the Police Force with a sample of his urine for analysis,

or to do both of those things, as the case may require, and for the purposes of this subsection the member of the Police Force may require the person to accompany a member of the Police Force to a place, and may require the person to wait at that place.

(14)A person who is required or is permitted under this section to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse to take a sample of his blood for analysis may, subject to subsections (9) and (13), nominate a medical practitioner or registered nurse of his own choice to take that sample.

(15)A person who is required under this section to provide a sample of his urine to a medical practitioner or registered nurse for analysis may, subject to subsections (9) and (13), provide that sample to a medical practitioner or registered nurse of his own choice.

(16)Where under this section a member of the Police Force causes a medical practitioner or registered nurse to take a sample of a person’s blood for analysis or requires a person to provide a medical practitioner or registered nurse nominated by the member of the Police Force with a sample of his blood for analysis, the medical practitioner or registered nurse is hereby authorised to take that sample.

(17)No action shall lie against a medical practitioner or registered nurse by reason only of his taking a sample of a person’s blood for analysis pursuant to this section.

[Section 66 amended by No. 71 of 1979 s. 10; No. 81 of 1980 s. 8; No. 105 of 1981 s. 12 and 19; No. 82 of 1982 s. 15; No. 121 of 1987 s. 6; No. 11 of 1988 s. 12; No. 16 of 1988 s. 4; No. 13 of 1992 s. 11; No. 50 of 1997 s. 9; No. 39 of 2000 s. 36; No. 44 of 2004 s. 9.]

67.Failure to comply with requirement as to provision of breath, blood or urine sample for analysis

(1)In this section requirement means a requirement of a member of the Police Force made pursuant to section 66.

(2)A person who fails to comply with a requirement —

(a)to provide a sample of his breath for analysis;

(b)to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse to take a sample of his blood for analysis; or

(c)to provide a medical practitioner or registered nurse with a sample of his urine for analysis,

commits an offence.

(3)Subject to subsection (3a), a person convicted of an offence against this section is liable —

(a)for a first offence, to a fine of not less than 16 PU or more than 50 PU; and, in any event, the court convicting that person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 6 months;

(b)for a second offence, to a fine of not less than 30 PU or more than 70 PU or to imprisonment for 9 months; and, in any event, the court convicting that person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 2 years;

(c)for any subsequent offence, to a fine of not less than 40 PU or more than 100 PU or to imprisonment for 18 months; and, in any event, the court convicting that person shall order that he be permanently disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence.

(3a)If when a requirement is made a member of the Police Force —

(a)advises the person concerned that the member of the Police Force believes that the motor vehicle of which the person was, or is believed to have been, the driver has been involved in an incident occasioning the death of, or grievous bodily harm or bodily harm to, another person; and

(b)explains to the person the consequences under this subsection of failure to comply with the requirement,

an offence against this section of failing to comply with that requirement is a crime and a person convicted of it is liable to a fine of any amount and imprisonment for 14 years and in any event the court convicting the person shall order that the person be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 2 years.

Summary conviction penalty: imprisonment for 18 months or a fine of 160 PU and in any event the court convicting the person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 18 months.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3), where a person is convicted of an offence against this section any offence previously committed by him against section 32 of the repealed Act or section 63 of this Act shall be taken into account and be deemed to have been an offence against this section (but not to the exclusion of any other previous offence against this section) in determining whether that first‑mentioned offence is a first, second, third or subsequent offence but any offence committed by him against this section as in force before the coming into operation of section 16 of the Road Traffic Amendment Act (No. 2) 1982 1 shall not be taken into account for that purpose.

(5)It shall be a defence to a prosecution for an offence against this section if the accused satisfies the court that there was some substantial reason for his failure to comply other than a desire to avoid providing information that might be used as evidence.

(6)Without limiting the generality of subsection (5) it shall be a defence to a prosecution for failing to comply with a requirement mentioned in subsection (2)(c) if the accused satisfies the court that he attempted to comply with the requirement.

[Section 67 inserted by No. 82 of 1982 s. 16; amended by No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 39 of 2000 s. 36; No. 50 of 2003 s. 92(2); No. 44 of 2004 s. 10; No. 84 of 2004 s. 82.]

67A.Failure to comply with other requirements made by a member of Police Force

(1)Subject to subsection (2), a person who fails to comply with any requirement of a member of the Police Force made pursuant to section 66, other than a requirement mentioned in section 66(1aa) or 67(2), commits an offence.

(2)This section does not apply to a medical practitioner or registered nurse by reason of his failing to co‑operate in the taking of a sample of a person’s blood for analysis or in the collection of a sample of a person’s urine for analysis.

(3)A person convicted of an offence against this section is liable —

(a)for a first offence, to a fine of not less than 6 PU or more than 16 PU; and, in any event, the court convicting that person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 3 months;

(b)for any subsequent offence, to a fine of not less than 12 PU or more than 28 PU; and, in any event, the court convicting that person shall order that he be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period of not less than 6 months.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3), where a person is convicted of an offence against this section any offence previously committed by him against section 32 or 32AA of the repealed Act, or section 32B(9) of the repealed Act as in force after the coming into operation of the Traffic Act Amendment Act (No. 2) 1968 3 or section 63, 64 or 67 of this Act shall be taken into account and be deemed to have been an offence against this section (but not to the exclusion of any other previous offence against this section) in determining whether that first‑mentioned offence is a first or subsequent offence.

(5)It shall be a defence to a prosecution for an offence against this section if the accused satisfies the court that there was some substantial reason for his failure to comply other than a desire to avoid providing information that might be used as evidence.

(6)Where a person is prosecuted for an offence against this section of failing to comply with a requirement to provide a sample of his breath for a preliminary test it shall be a defence to the prosecution if the accused satisfies the court that he complied, in accordance with section 66, with a requirement mentioned in section 67(2)(a) or 67(2)(b) that arose out of —

(a)his failure to comply with the first‑mentioned requirement; or

(b)the circumstances that gave rise to the first‑mentioned requirement.

[Section 67A inserted by No. 82 of 1982 s. 16; amended by No. 121 of 1987 s. 7; No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 39 of 2000 s. 36; No. 84 of 2004 s. 82.]

68.Analysis of alcohol in breath

(1)Where, pursuant to section 66, a person provides a sample of his breath for analysis the analysis shall be made by breath analysing equipment.

(1a)If the breath analysing equipment is not self‑testing breath analysing equipment subsections (1b) to (4) shall have effect in relation to the analysis.

(1b)The breath analysing equipment shall be operated by an authorised person and shall be operated in accordance with the regulations relating to analysis by breath analysing equipment of the relevant type.

(2)At the conclusion of the analysis the authorised person shall determine in accordance with the regulations whether the breath analysing equipment is in proper working order.

(3)Subject to subsection (11), if the breath analysing equipment is determined not to be in proper working order a member of the Police Force may again require the person to provide a sample of his breath for analysis or to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse to take a sample of his blood for analysis under section 66(2).

(4)If the breath analysing equipment is determined to be in proper working order —

(a)the result indicated by the breath analysing equipment at the conclusion of the analysis shall be the analysis result and shall be deemed to be the percentage of alcohol present in the blood of the person at the time the sample of breath was provided; and

(b)the authorised person shall complete, sign, and hand to the person a statement in writing of the analysis result (which may be by way of an indication on a scale) and of the date and time of the analysis.

(5)If the breath analysing equipment is self‑testing breath analysing equipment subsections (6) to (10) shall have effect in relation to the analysis.

(6)The breath analysing equipment shall be operated by an authorised person and shall be operated in accordance with the regulations relating to analysis by self‑testing breath analysing equipment of the relevant type.

(7)Subject to subsection (11), if the breath analysing equipment does not indicate a result in the prescribed manner at the conclusion of the analysis, a member of the Police Force may again require the person to provide a sample of his breath for analysis or to allow a medical practitioner or registered nurse to take a sample of his blood for analysis under section 66(2).

(8)If the breath analysing equipment indicates a result in the prescribed manner at the conclusion of the analysis, the result so indicated shall be the analysis result and shall be deemed to be the percentage of alcohol present in the blood of the person at the time the sample of breath was provided.

(9)Subject to subsection (10), the authorised person shall complete, sign, and hand to the person a statement in writing of the analysis result and of the date and time of the analysis.

(10)If the manner of indication of a result prescribed for the purposes of subsections (7) and (8) is the printing of a statement by the breath analysing equipment, the authorised person may comply with the requirements of subsection (9) by signing and dating the statement so printed and handing it to the person.

(11)If the person has provided 2 samples of his breath for analysis under section 66(2) and the analysis of each sample has failed, the person shall not be required to provide another sample of his breath for analysis under section 66(2).

(12)For the purposes of subsection (11) an analysis of a sample of breath shall be regarded as having failed if, and only if —

(a)the analysis is made by breath analysis equipment that is not self‑testing breath analysing equipment and the breath analysing equipment is determined not to be in proper working order; or

(b)the analysis is made by self‑testing breath analysing equipment and the breath analysing equipment does not indicate a result in the prescribed manner.

[Section 68 amended by No. 121 of 1987 s. 8; No. 39 of 2000 s. 36.]

69.Blood analysis

(1)Where, pursuant to the provisions of section 66, a medical practitioner or registered nurse takes a sample of a person’s blood for analysis the sample shall be taken in accordance with the regulations, or otherwise in a proper manner, and shall be divided into 2 parts, each of which shall be deemed to be a sample of the person’s blood for the purposes of this Act, and one of which shall be given to or retained for the person from whom it was taken, or shall be given to some other person on behalf of the first‑mentioned person, and the other of which shall be given to a member of the Police Force.

(2)Where a sample of blood is analysed for alcohol by an analyst in accordance with the regulations the percentage of alcohol found by the analyst to be present in the sample shall be the analysis result and shall be deemed to be the percentage of alcohol present in the blood of the person at the time the sample of blood was taken.

[Section 69 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 39 of 2000 s. 36.]

69A.Urine samples

Where pursuant to section 66 a person provides a medical practitioner or registered nurse with a sample of his urine for analysis the sample shall be collected in prescribed equipment and shall be divided into 2 parts, each of which shall be deemed to be a sample of the person’s urine for the purposes of this Act, and one of which shall be given to or retained for the person by whom it was provided, or shall be given to some other person on behalf of the first‑mentioned person, and the other of which shall be given to a member of the Police Force.

[Section 69A inserted by No. 82 of 1982 s. 17; amended by No. 39 of 2000 s. 36.]

70.Evidence

(1)Without affecting the admissibility of any other evidence that may then be given, in any proceeding for an offence against section 64, 64AA or 64A, or for an offence against this or any other Act in which the question whether a person was or was not, or the extent to which he was, under the influence of alcohol at any material time is relevant, evidence may be given of —

(a)the provision of a sample of breath by the person for analysis, if provided within 4 hours after the driving, attempted driving, use or management of a motor vehicle that gave rise to the alleged offence;

(b)the analysis of the sample of breath by breath analysing equipment operated by an authorised person;

(c)the determination that breath analysing equipment that was not self‑testing breath analysing equipment was in proper working order;

(ca)the manner in which self‑testing breath analysing equipment indicated the result of an analysis;

(d)the taking of a sample of blood from the person by a medical practitioner or registered nurse, if taken within 4 hours after the driving, attempted driving, use or management of a motor vehicle that gave rise to the alleged offence;

(e)the analysis of the sample of blood for alcohol by an analyst; and

(f)the analysis result obtained pursuant to section 68 or 69.

(2)In any proceeding such as is mentioned in subsection (1), a certificate in the prescribed form —

(a)purporting to be signed by the Director of the Chemistry Centre (WA), certifying that a person therein named is, or was at the material time, an authorised person;

(b)purporting to be signed by the Director of the Chemistry Centre (WA), certifying that a person therein named is, or was at the material time, an analyst;

(ba)purporting to be signed by an authorised person —

(i)certifying that a person therein named provided a sample of breath for analysis on a date and at a time stated therein;

(ii)certifying that a sample of breath so provided was analysed by apparatus operated by him and that apparatus was breath analysing equipment, other than self‑testing breath analysing equipment, within the meaning of section 65;

(iii)certifying that the breath analysing equipment was operated by him in the prescribed manner and that all regulations relating to analysis by breath analysing equipment of the relevant type were complied with;

(iv)setting out the analysis result obtained from the analysis;

(v)certifying that the breath analysing equipment was determined by him in accordance with the regulations to be in proper working order on the occasion of its operation;

(vi)certifying that in accordance with section 68(4)(b) he completed, signed, and handed to the person by whom the sample of breath was provided, a statement as required by that paragraph; and

(vii)certifying that he was at the material time an authorised person;

(bb)purporting to be signed by an authorised person —

(i)certifying that a person therein named provided a sample of breath for analysis on a date and at a time stated therein;

(ii)certifying that the sample of breath so provided was analysed by apparatus operated by him and that apparatus was self‑testing breath analysing equipment within the meaning of section 65;

(iii)certifying that the breath analysing equipment was operated by him in the prescribed manner and that the regulations relating to analysis by self‑testing breath analysing equipment of the relevant type were complied with;

(iv)certifying that the breath analysing equipment indicated a result in the prescribed manner at the conclusion of the analysis;

(v)setting out the analysis result obtained from the analysis;

(vi)certifying that in accordance with section 68(9) he completed, signed, and handed to the person by whom the sample of breath was provided, a statement as required by that subsection, or that he complied with the requirements of that subsection by signing, dating, and handing to the person, a statement printed by the breath analysing equipment; and

(vii)certifying that he was at the material time an authorised person;

(c)purporting to be signed by a technologist of a body approved by the Minister, certifying that identified sampling equipment comprises the prescribed items, that those items have been prepared by him and are sterile and fit for the purpose of taking a sample of blood for analysis if used not later than a specified date;

(d)purporting to be signed by a medical practitioner or registered nurse, certifying that an identified sample of blood was taken from a named person, on a date and at a time therein specified, in accordance with the regulations using identified sampling equipment, which was received in a described condition from an identified person; or

(e)purporting to be signed by an analyst, certifying either or both of the following, namely, that an identified sample of blood taken from a named person was analysed for alcohol in accordance with the regulations, and the analysis result obtained from the analysis,

is prima facie evidence of the matters therein certified or set out, without proof of the signature of the person purporting to have signed it or proof that the purported signatory was such Director, or was an authorised person, or was such a technologist, or was a medical practitioner, registered nurse or analyst.

(2a)In any proceeding such as is mentioned in subsection (1), evidence by an authorised person that —

(a)the apparatus operated by him pursuant to section 68 was self‑testing breath analysing equipment within the meaning of section 65;

(b)self‑testing breath analysing equipment was operated by him in the prescribed manner and the regulations relating to analysis by self‑testing breath analysing equipment of the relevant type were complied with; or

(c)self‑testing breath analysing equipment indicated a result in the prescribed manner on the occasion of its operation,

is prima facie evidence of that fact.

(3)In any proceeding such as is mentioned in subsection (1), evidence by an authorised person that —

(a)the apparatus operated by him pursuant to section 68 was breath analysing equipment, other than self‑testing breath analysing equipment, within the meaning of section 65;

(b)breath analysing equipment was operated by him in the prescribed manner and all regulations relating to analysis by breath analysing equipment of the relevant type were complied with; or

(c)breath analysing equipment that was not self‑testing breath analysing equipment and was determined by him in accordance with the regulations to be in proper working order on the occasion of its operation,

is prima facie evidence of that fact.

(3a)Without affecting the admissibility of any other evidence that may then be given, in any proceeding for an offence against this or any other Act in which the question whether a person was or was not, or the extent to which he was, under the influence of drugs at any material time is relevant, evidence may be given of —

(a)the taking of a sample of blood from the person by a medical practitioner or registered nurse, if taken within 4 hours after the driving, attempted driving, use or management of a motor vehicle that gave rise to the alleged offence;

(b)the provision of a sample of urine by the person for analysis, if provided within 4 hours after the driving, attempted driving, use or management of a motor vehicle that gave rise to the alleged offence; and

(c)the analysis of a sample of blood or urine for drugs by a drugs analyst and the result obtained from the analysis.

(3b)In any proceedings such as is mentioned in subsection (3a), a certificate in the prescribed form —

(a)purporting to be signed by the Director of the Chemistry Centre (WA) certifying that a person named therein is, or was at the material time, a drugs analyst;

(b)purporting to be signed by a technologist of a body approved by the Minister, certifying that identified sampling equipment comprises the prescribed items, that those items have been prepared by him and are sterile and fit for the purpose of taking a sample of blood for analysis if used not later than a specified date;

(c)purporting to be signed by a technologist of a body approved by the Minister, certifying that identified sampling equipment comprises the prescribed items, that those items have been prepared by him and are sterile and fit for the purpose of the collection of a sample of a person’s urine for analysis if used not later than a specified date;

(d)purporting to be signed by a medical practitioner or registered nurse, certifying that an identified sample of blood was taken from a named person, on a date and at a time therein specified, in accordance with the regulations using identified sampling equipment, which was received in a described condition from an identified person; or

(e)purporting to be signed by a medical practitioner or registered nurse, certifying that an identified sample of urine was provided by a named person on a date and at a time therein specified and was collected using identified sampling equipment which was received in a described condition from an identified person,

is prima facie evidence of the matters therein certified or set out, without proof of the signature of the person purporting to have signed it or proof that the purported signatory was such Director, or was such a technologist, or was a medical practitioner or registered nurse.

(3c)In any proceeding for an offence against section 67(2)(a) a certificate in the prescribed form purporting to be signed by the Director of the Chemistry Centre (WA), certifying that a person therein named is, or was at the material time, an authorised person is prima facie evidence of the matters therein certified, without proof of the signature of the person purporting to have signed it or proof that the purported signatory was such Director.

(4)Nothing in this section shall be construed as precluding or restricting the introduction of any competent evidence, whether in addition to, or independent of, any evidence for which provision is made by this section, bearing on the question of whether a person was or was not guilty of an offence against this or any other Act.

[(5)repealed]

(6)Except at the instance, or with the consent, of that person, evidence that a person provided a sample of his breath for a preliminary test and of any indication provided by such a test shall not be adduced, and if adduced shall not be admitted, in any proceedings other than proceedings for unlawful arrest or for an offence against section 67.

(7)In this section —

technologist means —

(a)a person registered as an analyst under section 203 of the Health Act 1911; or

(b)a person approved, or belonging to a class of persons approved, by the Minister to prepare sampling equipment.

[Section 70 amended by No. 71 of 1979 s. 12; No. 82 of 1982 s. 18; No. 121 of 1987 s. 9; No. 11 of 1988 s. 13; No. 19 of 1990 s. 8; No. 13 of 1992 s. 12; No. 39 of 2000 s. 35 and 36.]

71.Determination of percentage of alcohol in blood at material time

(1)In any proceeding such as is mentioned in section 70(1), the percentage of alcohol present in the blood of a person at any time which is or may be material in the proceeding shall be calculated having regard to that time, the time of the person’s last drink containing alcohol taken at or before the time which is or may be material in the proceeding, and the time at which the sample of the person’s breath or blood was provided or taken for analysis, by varying the analysis result referred to in section 68 or section 69 by such amount, if any, necessary to give effect to the presumption that the percentage of alcohol in the blood of a person increases at the rate of 0.016% per hour for a period of 2 hours after his latest drink containing alcohol and, after that period, decreases at the rate of 0.016% per hour.

(2)For the purpose of making a calculation under subsection (1) in any case where any one or more of the times referred to in that subsection can only be ascertained as falling within a period of time, the calculation shall be made taking such time within that period as produces the result most favourable to the person charged.

(3)For the purpose of making a calculation under subsection (1) but subject to subsection (2), in any case where the time of a person’s last drink containing alcohol is not ascertained, the time of the person’s last drink containing alcohol shall be taken to have been such time as produces the result most favourable to the person charged.

(4)In any proceeding such as is mentioned in section 70(1), the percentage of alcohol calculated to have been present in the blood of a person at any time under the preceding provisions of this section shall be conclusively presumed to have been present in the blood of that person at that time.

72.Regulations, etc.

(1)The Governor may make regulations prescribing all matters that are necessary or convenient for the purpose of carrying out, or giving effect to, the provisions of section 59B(5) and sections 63 to 73 inclusive, and, in particular and without limiting the generality of the foregoing, may make regulations —

(a)prescribing the manner of providing samples of breath and taking samples of blood, and regulating the manner of dealing with samples of breath, blood and urine;

(aa)prescribing equipment for use in the taking of samples of blood and the collection of samples of urine;

(ab)prescribing the manner and methods by which samples of blood may be analysed for alcohol;

(b)prescribing the manner of operation of breath analysing equipment and of determining breath analysing equipment, other than self‑testing breath analysing equipment, to be in proper working order;

(ba)prescribing the manner of indication of a result for the purposes of section 68(7) and (8);

(c)prescribing forms, including any certificate required for the purposes of the sections herein mentioned; and

(d)prescribing the fees payable to a medical practitioner or registered nurse attending a person for the purpose of taking a sample of his blood or collecting a sample of his urine and those payable in respect of the analysis of those samples and for the payment and recovery of those fees.

(2)The Minister may, from time to time, by notice published in the Government Gazette, approve of —

(a)types of apparatus for ascertaining by analysis of a sample of a person’s breath the percentage of alcohol present in his blood; and

(b)types of apparatus for the purpose of conducting preliminary tests for the purposes of section 66,

and may, by notice so published, revoke any such approval.

(2a)Where approval is given under subsection (2)(a) in relation to a type of apparatus that, in the opinion of the Minister, does not need to be tested to determine whether it is in proper working order after each occasion on which it is used to make an analysis of a sample of breath, the Minister may, in the notice by which the approval is given, designate that type of apparatus as self‑testing apparatus.

(3)The Director of the Chemistry Centre (WA) may, from time to time —

(a)certify a person as being competent to determine the percentage of alcohol in bodily substances;

(aa)certify a person as being competent to ascertain whether and to what extent drugs are present in bodily substances; and

(b)certify a person as being competent to operate all types of breath analysing equipment,

and may rescind any certificate given under this subsection.

[Section 72 amended by No. 82 of 1982 s. 19; No. 121 of 1987 s. 10; No. 19 of 1990 s. 8; No. 39 of 2000 s. 36; No. 44 of 2004 s. 11.]

Division 3 — General matters as to driving offences

[Heading inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 10.]

73.Certain offences extend to driving or attempting to drive in public places

In sections 59 to 72 inclusive, but not in section 62A, a reference, however expressed, to the driving of or attempting to drive a motor vehicle shall be construed as a reference to the driving of or attempting to drive a motor vehicle on a road or in any place to which the public is permitted, whether on payment of a fee or otherwise, to have access, and a reference to a driver shall be construed accordingly.

[Section 73 amended by No. 10 of 2004 s. 11.]

74.Representation in proceedings under Part V

(1)Both the Commissioner of Police and the Director General have a right to be heard in proceedings under section 76.

(2)The Director General has a right to be heard in proceedings under section 78.

(3)The Commissioner of Police has a right to be heard in proceedings under Division 4.

(4)A person who, under this section, has a right to be heard in proceedings may be represented by any person he or she authorises for that purpose.

[Section 74 inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 12.]

75.Notification and effect of disqualification

(1)Where a person is convicted before a court of an offence against this or any other Act and is disqualified by the court from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence the court shall cause particulars of the conviction and of the order made by the court to be sent to the Director General.

(1a)Where an offence to which subsection (1) applies (in this subsection referred to as the present offence) is a prescribed offence the court shall, in addition to causing the particulars required by that subsection to be sent, cause the Director General to be informed as to whether or not the offender has previously been convicted of a prescribed offence and, if he has and the present offence is against section 64, as to the date of his most recent previous conviction for a prescribed offence.

(2)Where a person is disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence —

(a)by order of a court other than upon being convicted of a prescribed offence;

(b)by order of a court upon being convicted of a prescribed offence, other than an offence against section 64, and the person has not previously been convicted of a prescribed offence;

(c)by order of a court upon being convicted of an offence against section 64 (in this paragraph referred to as the present offence) and that person has not been convicted of a prescribed offence within the period of 5 years preceding his conviction for the present offence;

(d)by operation of this Act; or

(e)by a licence suspension order made under the Fines, Penalties and Infringement Notices Enforcement Act 1994,

any driver’s licence or permit under section 48C held by that person shall by force of this section be suspended so long as the disqualification continues in force and during the period of suspension shall be of no effect, but the provisions of this subsection shall not operate so as to extend the period for which the licence may be valid or effective beyond the expiration of the period for which the licence was expressed to be granted or renewed or to extend the period for which the permit is valid or effective beyond the expiration of the period of 12 months from the date it was granted.

(2a)Where a person is disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence upon being convicted of a prescribed offence, other than an offence against section 64, and that person has previously been convicted of a prescribed offence any driver’s licence or permit under section 48C held by that person shall by force of this section be cancelled.

(2b)Where a person is disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence upon being convicted of an offence against section 64 (in this subsection referred to as the present offence) and that person has been convicted of a prescribed offence within the period of 5 years preceding his conviction for the present offence any driver’s licence or permit under section 48C held by that person shall by force of this section be cancelled.

(2c)A reference in subsection (2), (2a) or (2b) to a driver’s licence held by a person —

(a)does not include reference to a driver’s licence granted on probation;

(b)includes reference to a driver’s licence previously held by the person of which the operation is suspended.

(3)A driver’s licence (other than an extraordinary licence under section 76) or a permit under section 48C obtained by any person who is disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence shall be of no effect.

[(4), (5)repealed]

(6)In this section prescribed offence means an offence against —

(a)section 32 or 32AA of the repealed Act or section 63 or 64 of this Act;

(b)section 67 of this Act as enacted after the coming into operation of section 16 of the Road Traffic Amendment Act (No. 2) 1982 1; or

(c)section 32B(9) of the repealed Act as in force after the coming into operation of the Traffic Act Amendment Act (No. 2) 1968 3 or section 67 of this Act as in force before the coming into operation of section 16 of the Road Traffic Amendment Act (No. 2) 1982 1 being, in either case, an offence of failing to comply with a requirement to provide a sample of breath for analysis or to allow a sample of blood to be taken for analysis.

[Section 75 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 82 of 1982 s. 20; No. 11 of 1988 s. 14; No. 92 of 1994 s. 37; No. 78 of 1995 s. 115; No. 76 of 1996 s. 15, 20(1) and (3); No. 28 of 2001 s. 20 and 23(2).]

76.Extraordinary licences

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, where under this or any other Act a person is disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence, that person may apply to a court for an order directing the Director General to grant an extraordinary licence to him.

(1aa)If under the Fines, Penalties and Infringement Notices Enforcement Act 1994 a licence suspension order is in force in respect of a person, no application under subsection (1) shall be made to, or heard by, any court in respect of that person.

(1a)No application under subsection (1) shall be made to, or heard by, any court —

(a)within 4 months after the applicant has been disqualified under section 63(2)(b) or (c) or section 67(3)(b) or (c);

(b)within 3 months after the applicant has been disqualified pursuant to section 63(2)(a) or section 67(3)(a) where the applicant has previously been convicted of an offence against section 32AA of the repealed Act, or section 32B(9) of the repealed Act as in force after the coming into operation of the Traffic Amendment Act (No. 2) 1968 3 or section 64 or 67A of this Act or section 67 of this Act as in force before the coming into operation of section 16 of the Road Traffic Amendment Act (No. 2) 1982 1;

(c)within 3 months after the applicant has been disqualified pursuant to section 64(2)(b) on conviction of an offence that is a third or subsequent offence for the purposes of section 64(2);

(d)within 3 months after the applicant has been disqualified pursuant to section 67A(3)(b) on conviction of an offence that is a third or subsequent offence for the purposes of section 67A(3);

(e)within 2 months after the applicant has been disqualified pursuant to section 64(2)(b) on conviction of an offence that is a second offence for the purposes of section 64(2);

(f)within 2 months after the applicant has been disqualified pursuant to section 64(2)(a) where the applicant has previously been convicted of an offence against section 67A;

(g)within 2 months after the applicant has been disqualified pursuant to section 67A(3)(b) on conviction of an offence that is a second offence for the purposes of section 67A(3); or

(h)within 21 days after the applicant has been disqualified in any case not referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f) or (g).

(2)(a)In the case of a disqualification imposed by the Supreme Court or The District Court of Western Australia any application under subsection (1) shall be made to the court by which the disqualification was imposed.

(b)In the case of a disqualification imposed by a court of summary jurisdiction, or a disqualification that takes effect by the operation of the provisions of this Act, an application under subsection (1) shall be made to the Magistrates Court or, in the case of a person under 18 years of age, the Children’s Court.

(c)If an application under subsection (1) is a special application, it shall be made to the District Court, the Magistrates Court or, in the case of a person under 18 years of age, the Children’s Court.

(2a)An application made under subsection (1) that is made to the Magistrates Court or the Children’s Court shall be heard by the court constituted by a magistrate.

(3)Subject to subsection (3a), the court may if it thinks proper having regard to —

(a)the safety of the public generally;

(b)the character of the applicant;

(c)the circumstances of the case;

(d)the nature of the offence or offences giving rise to the disqualification;

(e)the conduct of the applicant subsequent to the disqualification; and

(f)the degree of hardship and inconvenience which would otherwise result to the applicant and his family, if it refrains from making the order,

either make an order directing the Director General, on payment of the prescribed fee, to grant to the applicant an extraordinary licence under this section for such period not exceeding 12 months from the date on which it is granted as the court thinks fit, or refuse the application.

(3a)Where the Magistrates Court or the Children’s Court hears a special application the court shall not make an order directing the grant of an extraordinary driver’s licence unless it is satisfied that the application is attended by circumstances of extreme hardship, but nothing in this subsection authorises or requires the court to make such an order if, having regard to any of the matters referred to in subsection (3)(a), (b), (c), (d), or (e), it considers that the application should be refused.

(3b)For the purposes of subsection (3a) an application is attended by circumstances of extreme hardship if the refusal of the application would —

(a)deprive the applicant of the means of obtaining urgent medical treatment for an illness, disease or disability known to be suffered by the applicant or a person who is a member of his family;

(b)place an undue financial burden on the applicant or his family, by depriving him of his principal means of obtaining income; or

(c)deprive the applicant or a person who is a member of his family of the only practicable means of travelling to and from the place at which he or that person, as the case may be, is employed.

(4)Where an application under subsection (1), not being a special application, is refused no further application under that subsection shall be heard if it is made within 6 months after the date of the refusal.

(4a)Where a special application is refused no further special application shall be heard unless the first‑mentioned application was refused by the Magistrates Court or the Children’s Court and the further application is made to The District Court of Western Australia.

(5)(a)An order directing the grant of an extraordinary licence under this section may impose —

(i)a condition requiring the applicant to comply with the requirements of section 42(2) before the extraordinary licence is granted to him;

(ii)such limitations and conditions as the court thinks proper subject to the observance of which the authority to drive pursuant to the licence may be exercised, including limitations and conditions as to the locality in which and roads on which the applicant is entitled to drive, the purposes for which the applicant is entitled to drive, the hours during which the applicant is entitled to drive, and the vehicle or class of vehicle that may be driven under the authority of the licence.

(b)The Director General shall give effect to the order according to its tenor and when issuing the licence shall specify therein any limitations and conditions imposed pursuant to paragraph (a)(ii).

(6)The Director General shall from time to time, on payment of the prescribed fee, renew an extraordinary licence for any period not exceeding 12 months if during the currency of the licence the holder of the licence has not contravened any of the limitations and conditions which the court imposed when directing the licence to be granted and has otherwise complied with the provisions of this Act, and the renewal thereof shall be endorsed thereon by the Director General.

(7)(a)The holder of an extraordinary licence (whether granted before or after the coming into operation of this section) may from time to time during the currency of the licence apply to a court for an order varying the limitations and conditions to which the licence is for the time being subject or cancelling those limitations and conditions and substituting other limitations and conditions.

(b)The Director General may from time to time during the currency of an extraordinary licence (whether granted before or after the coming into operation of this section) apply to a court for an order —

(i)varying the limitations and conditions to which the licence is for the time being subject or cancelling those limitations and conditions and substituting other limitations and conditions; or

(ii)cancelling the licence.

(8)(a)Any application under subsection (7) in relation to an extraordinary licence granted at the direction of the Supreme Court or The District Court of Western Australia shall be made to the court by which that direction was made.

(b)An application under subsection (7) in relation to an extraordinary licence granted at the direction of the Magistrates Court or the Children’s Court shall be made to the court that made the direction, which shall be constituted by a magistrate.

(9)Where an application is made under subsection (7) —

(a)if the court is of opinion that the limitations and conditions to which the extraordinary licence is then subject should be varied, or that those limitations and conditions should be cancelled and other limitations or conditions substituted, for the reason that the holder of the licence has changed his place of residence, place of employment or hours of employment or for any other reason which the court considers sufficient, the court may order accordingly and when an order is so made, the Director General shall cause the limitations and conditions as so varied or substituted to be endorsed on the licence;

(b)if the court is of the opinion that the holder of the extraordinary licence —

(i)is addicted to alcohol or drugs to such an extent as to render him a danger to the public when in control of a motor vehicle on a road;

(ii)suffers from a mental disorder or from a physical disability that is likely to impair his ability to control a motor vehicle;

(iii)is no longer capable of controlling the class of motor vehicle which the licence authorises him to drive;

(iv)is not of good character; or

(v)should not, by reason of the number or nature of his convictions for offences incurred since the granting of the extraordinary licence, being offences under this Act or the regulations or offences under the law in force in any other State or in a Territory or other country of which the driving or using of a motor vehicle was an element, be the holder of a driver’s licence,

the court may cancel the extraordinary licence.

(10)An application under this section —

(a)made to the Supreme Court or to The District Court of Western Australia shall be made in accordance with the rules of the court to which it is made;

(b)made to the Magistrates Court or the Children’s Court shall be made in accordance with rules of court.

(11)The court may order the applicant to pay the whole or any part of the costs of an application made under this section.

(12)A reference in this section to a special application is a reference to an application made under subsection (1) —

(a)within 2 months after the applicant has been disqualified pursuant to section 63(2)(a) or 67(3)(a); or

(b)within one month after the applicant has been disqualified pursuant to section 64(2)(a) or 67A(3)(a).

(12a)Nothing in subsection (12) shall be construed as enabling an application under subsection (1) to be made or heard at a time when the making or hearing of that application is prohibited by subsection (1a).

(13)For the purposes of subsection (1a) and (12) —

(a)any period during which the applicant was imprisoned shall not be taken into account in determining whether a period of time has elapsed; and

(b)disqualified means disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence.

[Section 76 amended by No. 48 of 1976 s. 4; No. 71 of 1979 s. 13; No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 82 of 1982 s. 21; No. 49 of 1988 s. 53; No. 92 of 1994 s. 38; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(1) and (2); No. 59 of 2004 s. 141.]

77.Penalty for contravening conditions of extraordinary licence

(1)Any person to whom an extraordinary licence has been granted pursuant to the provisions of section 76 shall not drive on a road any motor vehicle —

(a)at a time, for a purpose, or in a locality or on roads, other than as specified in the licence;

(b)other than the motor vehicle or the class of motor vehicles in respect of which the licence was granted;

(c)otherwise than in compliance with such other limitations and conditions, if any, as are specified in the licence.

Penalty: 24 PU.

(2)In addition to the penalty which may be imposed under the provisions of subsection (1), the court before which the accused is convicted shall cancel the extraordinary licence unless the court thinks that, having regard to the special circumstances of the case, a fine would be an adequate punishment for the offence.

[Section 77 amended by No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(2); No. 84 of 2004 s. 82.]

78.Removal of disqualification

(1)Subject to the succeeding provisions of this section, where under this or any other Act a person is disqualified by a court from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence for a period exceeding 3 years, that person may apply to a court for an order removing the disqualification.

(2)(a)In the case of a disqualification imposed by the Supreme Court any application under subsection (1) shall be made to the Supreme Court.

(b)In the case of a disqualification imposed by any court other than the Supreme Court any application under subsection (1) shall be made to The District Court of Western Australia.

(3)No application shall be made under subsection (1) for the removal of a disqualification before the expiration of whichever is relevant of the following periods from the date on which the disqualification took effect, that is to say —

(a)if the disqualification is for not more than 6 years: 3 years;

(b)if the disqualification is for more than 6 years but not more than 20 years: one‑half of the period of the disqualification;

(c)if the disqualification is for more than 20 years: 10 years.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3) the permanent disqualification of a person from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence shall be regarded as a disqualification for more than 20 years.

(5)The court may if it thinks proper having regard to —

(a)the safety of the public generally;

(b)the character of the applicant;

(c)the circumstances of the case;

(d)the nature of the offence or offences giving rise to the disqualification; and

(e)the conduct of the applicant subsequent to the disqualification,

either make an order removing the disqualification as from such date as may be specified in the order or refuse the application.

(6)Where an application under subsection (1) is refused no further application under that subsection shall be heard if it is made within one year after the date of the refusal.

(7)If under this section a court orders a disqualification to be removed, the court shall cause particulars of the order to be sent to the Director General.

(8)An application under this section shall be made in accordance with the rules of the court to which it is made.

(9)The court may order the applicant to pay the whole or any part of the costs of an application under this section.

(10)Nothing in this section shall be construed as limiting or otherwise affecting any right that a person may have to appeal against an order or judgment of a court disqualifying him from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence.

[Section 78 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3).]

Division 4 — Impounding and confiscation of vehicles for driving offences

[Heading inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

Subdivision 1 — Preliminary

[Heading inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

78A.Interpretation of Division 4

In this Division —

approved means approved by the Commissioner;

circumstances of aggravation means circumstances in which —

(a)the vehicle is being used to race another vehicle;

(b)the vehicle is being used in an attempt to establish or break a speed record;

(c)the speed, or the acceleration, braking or steering capability, of the vehicle is being tested or contested in any way;

(d)the skill of the vehicle’s driver is being tested or contested in any way;

(e)the vehicle is driven in a manner that causes smoke to come from one or more of the vehicle’s tyres or a substance on the driving surface; or

(f)the vehicle is driven in a manner that causes one or more of the vehicle’s driving wheels to lose traction with the driving surface;

Commissioner means the Commissioner of Police;

hired, in relation to a vehicle, means a vehicle that —

(a)is owned by a person whose business is the short term hire of vehicles;

(b)is part of the business’s fleet; and

(c)under a written agreement, is hired for the hirer’s short term use;

impounding offence (driver’s licence) means an offence against section 49(1)(a) that is committed in circumstances in which —

(a)the driver had applied for a driver’s licence and was refused the issue of the licence on a ground mentioned in section 48(1)(b), (c) or (f);

(b)the driver had held a driver’s licence that is cancelled on a ground mentioned in section 48(1)(b), (c) or (f); or

(c)the driver had held a driver’s licence the operation of which is suspended on a ground mentioned in section 48(1)(b), (c) or (f);

impounding offence (driving) means any of the following —

(a)an offence against section 59, 59A, 60 or 61 that is committed in circumstances of aggravation;

(b)an offence against section 62A;

impounding period” —

(a)in relation to a vehicle impounded under section 79 or 79A, means the period of 48 hours starting from the time when the vehicle was impounded;

(b)in relation to a vehicle impounded on an order under section 80(1) or 80B(1), means the period of impoundment specified in the order;

lent in addition to the ordinary meaning of the word means hired in the ordinary meaning of that word, or subject to a hire purchase agreement within the meaning of that term in the Hire-Purchase Act 1959 or is subject to a goods mortgage in connection with a credit contract within the meaning of the Consumer Credit Code;

licence holder, in relation to a vehicle, means the person in whose name the vehicle is licensed under this Act, registered under the Control of Vehicles (Off‑road Areas) Act 1978 or licensed or registered under a corresponding law of another State or Territory or the Commonwealth;

senior officer means a member of the Police Force who has attained the rank of inspector or a rank higher than that of inspector if, for an impoundment that takes place outside the Perth Metropolitan Area, it is not reasonably practical for a member of the Police Force to inform a person of the rank of inspector or above for reasons that the member has recorded, then “senior officer” includes a member of the Police Force who has attained the substantive rank of sergeant;

surrender period, in relation to a vehicle, means the period specified under section 80F in an order as the period in which the vehicle is to be surrendered to the Commissioner.

[Section 78A inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

78B.Penalties etc. not affected

(1)The impounding or confiscation of a vehicle under this Division does not affect or in any way limit a provision of this Act relating to the imposition of any penalty or disqualification on a person convicted of an offence in respect of which the vehicle was impounded or confiscated.

(2)For the purposes of the Sentencing Act 1995 section 8 the fact that a vehicle may be, or has been, impounded or confiscated under this Division is not a mitigating factor.

[Section 78B inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

78C.Powers for this Division

(1)A member of the Police Force and any person assisting a member of the Police Force in the exercise of a power under section 79 or 79A may drive, tow or otherwise convey a vehicle impounded under that section —

(a)to the place where the vehicle is to be stored; or

(b)at the place where the vehicle is stored.

(2)A member of the Police Force and any person assisting a member of the Police Force giving effect to an order under section 80(1), 80A(1), 80B(1) or 80C(1) may drive, tow or otherwise convey a vehicle that is the subject of the order —

(a)to the place where the vehicle is to be stored; or

(b)at the place where the vehicle is stored.

(3)A member of the Police Force may seize the keys to a vehicle that is —

(a)impounded under section 79 or 79A; or

(b)the subject of an order under section 80(1), 80A(1), 80B(1) or 80C(1) but which is not surrendered to the Commissioner within the surrender period.

(4)A member of the Police Force may, without warrant, at any time, enter any premises for the purpose of —

(a)seizing the keys to a vehicle that is the subject of an order under section 80(1), 80A(1), 80B(1) or 80C(1) but which is not surrendered to the Commissioner within the surrender period; or

(b)driving, towing or otherwise conveying such a vehicle to a place where the vehicle is to be stored.

(5)A person may use reasonable force to exercise a power given by this section.

(6)The powers that may be exercised under this section are —

(a)subject to the provisions of an order under section 80(1), 80A(1), 80B(1) or 80C(1); and

(b)in addition to the powers under section 86A.

[Section 78C inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

78D.Contracts for conveying, storing impounded or confiscated vehicles

The Commissioner may, on behalf of the State, enter into a written contract under which the contractor provides services in respect of any of the following —

(a)the driving, towing or otherwise conveying of vehicles impounded under section 79 or 79A or that are the subject of orders under section 80(1), 80A(1), 80B(1) or 80C(1);

(b)the storage of such vehicles;

(c)otherwise assisting the Commissioner and members of the Police Force in the performance of their respective functions under this Division.

[Section 78D inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

78E.Recovery of impounding expenses

The Commissioner may recover expenses for which a person is liable under section 79E, 80H or 80K from that person in a court of competent jurisdiction as a debt due to the Commissioner.

[Section 78E inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

Subdivision 2 — Impounding of vehicles by police

[Heading inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

79.Impounding of vehicles for racing etc.

A member of the Police Force may impound a vehicle for 48 hours if the member reasonably suspects that —

(a)the driver of the vehicle has committed an impounding offence (driving); and

(b)the vehicle was used in the commission of the offence.

[Section 79 inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

79A.Impounding of vehicles for driving without driver’s licence etc.

A member of the Police Force may impound a vehicle for 48 hours if the member reasonably suspects that —

(a)the driver of the vehicle has committed an impounding offence (driver’s licence);

(b)the vehicle was used in the commission of the offence; and

(c)the driver of the vehicle has previously been convicted of an impounding offence (driver’s licence).

[Section 79A inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

79B.Notice of impounding

(1)The Commissioner is to ensure that, as soon as practicable after a vehicle is impounded under section 79 or 79A, notice of the impounding is given to the vehicle’s licence holder and, if the driver is not the vehicle’s licence holder, the driver.

(2)The notice is to be in an approved form and contain the following information —

(a)the time when the vehicle was impounded;

(b)the address of the place where the vehicle is stored;

(c)how, when and to whom the vehicle can be released;

(d)the powers of a court under section 80, 80A, 80B and 80C in relation to the impounding and confiscation of vehicles.

[Section 79B inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

79C.Senior officer to be informed if vehicle impounded

(1)A member of the Police Force, other than a senior officer, who impounds a vehicle under section 79 or 79A is to inform a senior officer, as soon as practicable after the vehicle is impounded, of the grounds on which the member suspects the matters mentioned in section 79(a) and (b) or 79A(a) to (c), as is relevant to the case.

(2)A senior officer who is informed by a member of the Police Force of a vehicle impoundment pursuant to subsection (1) is to make enquiries so as to satisfy him or herself in respect of the matters mentioned in section 79(a) and (b) or 79A(a) to (c) about which a member of the Police Force is required to have a suspicion, that there are reasonable grounds for the member to have that suspicion.

(3)If a senior officer is not satisfied as required by subsection (2) the senior officer and the member of the Police Force are to take measures to ensure that the vehicle is released from impoundment and returned to the vehicle’s licence holder, or if the licence holder is not available, to the driver of the vehicle.

[Section 79C inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

79D.Release of impounded vehicles

(1)In this section —

impounded vehicle means a vehicle impounded under section 79 or 79A.

(2)The Commissioner is to ensure that an impounded vehicle is not released before the impounding period ends unless —

(a)a member of the Police Force is satisfied that, at the time that the offence in respect of which the vehicle was impounded was committed, the vehicle was a stolen vehicle or a hired vehicle;

(b)a senior officer is not satisfied as required by section 79C(2); or

(c)a senior officer is satisfied that unless the vehicle is released, exceptional hardship will be suffered in the particular case.

(3)When the impounding period ends, the Commissioner is to ensure that an impounded vehicle is released on the application, in an approved manner, of the vehicle’s licence holder.

[Section 79D inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

79E.Expenses of impounding under section 79 or 79A payable by convicted driver

If a vehicle is impounded under section 79 or 79A, the person who is convicted of the impounding offence (driving) or the impounding offence (driver’s licence) in respect of which the vehicle was impounded is liable to pay to the Commissioner all expenses reasonably incurred by the Commissioner in impounding the vehicle.

[Section 79E inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

Subdivision 3 — Impounding and confiscation of vehicles by court order

[Heading inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

80.Impounding of vehicles for racing etc.

(1)A court that convicts a person of an impounding offence (driving) may, by order, impound the vehicle used in the offence for a period starting on the date on which —

(a)the vehicle is surrendered; or

(b)under section 78C, the vehicle is conveyed to the place where it is to be stored,

and being such period, not exceeding 3 months, as is specified in the order.

(2)A court is not to make an order under subsection (1) unless it is satisfied that in the 3 years before the day on which the offence was committed the person was convicted of a previous impounding offence (driving).

[Section 80 inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

80A.Confiscation of vehicles for racing etc.

(1)A court that convicts a person of an impounding offence (driving) may, by order, confiscate the vehicle used in the offence.

(2)A court is not to make an order under subsection (1) unless it is satisfied that in the 5 years before the day on which the offence was committed the person was convicted of 2 previous impounding offences (driving).

[Section 80A inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

80B.Impounding of vehicles for driving without driver’s licence etc.

(1)A court that convicts a person of an impounding offence (driver’s licence) may, by order, impound the vehicle used in the offence for a period starting on the date on which —

(a)the vehicle is surrendered; or

(b)under section 78C, the vehicle is conveyed to the place where it is to be stored,

and being such period, not exceeding 3 months, as is specified in the order.

(2)A court is not to make an order under subsection (1) unless it is satisfied that in the 3 years before the day on which the offence was committed the person was convicted of a previous impounding offence (driver’s licence).

[Section 80B inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

80C.Confiscation of vehicles for driving without driver’s licence etc.

(1)A court that convicts a person of an impounding offence (driver’s licence) may, by order, confiscate the vehicle used in the offence.

(2)A court is not to make an order under subsection (1) unless it is satisfied that in the 5 years before the day on which the offence was committed the person was convicted of 2 previous impounding offences (driver’s licence).

[Section 80C inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

80D.Effect of confiscation

(1)The property in a vehicle that is confiscated under section 80A(1) or 80C(1) vests absolutely in the State when the order is made, free from all interests, rights, titles or claims in or to the ownership or possession of the vehicle.

(2)Subsection (1) does not operate to prevent proceeds from the sale or disposal of a confiscated vehicle from being paid in accordance with section 80J(7).

[Section 80D inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

80E.Stolen or hired vehicles not to be impounded, confiscated

(1)A court is not to make an order under section 80(1), 80A(1), 80B(1) or 80C(1) if it is satisfied that at the time that the offence for which the person is convicted was committed, the vehicle was a stolen vehicle or a hired vehicle.

(2)A court is not to make an order under section 80A(1) or 80C(1) if it is satisfied that at the time the offence for which the person is convicted was committed, the vehicle was a lent vehicle and instead may make an order under section 80 or 80B for a period not exceeding 6 months.

[Section 80E inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

80F.Licence holder to surrender impounded, confiscated vehicle at time and place ordered by court

If a court makes an order under section 80(1), 80A(1), 80B(1) or 80C(1) in respect of a vehicle, the court is to specify in the order the time by which, and the place at which, the vehicle’s licence holder is to surrender the vehicle and its keys to the Commissioner.

[Section 80F inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

80G.Applications for orders to impound or confiscate vehicles

(1)In this section —

interest, in relation to a vehicle, means a legal or equitable interest, right or title in or to the ownership or possession of the vehicle;

order means an order under section 80(1), 80A(1), 80B(1) or 80C(1).

(2)An application for an order —

(a)can only be made by the Commissioner; and

(b)is to be heard —

(i)as part of the proceedings in which the driver of the vehicle that is the subject of the application is convicted of the impounding offence (driving) or the impounding offence (driver’s licence), as is applicable to the case; or

(ii)in subsequent proceedings brought no later than 3 months after the proceedings in respect of the conviction.

(3)The Commissioner is to give at least 14 days’ written notice of the Commissioner’s intention to make an application for an order to —

(a)the driver of the vehicle;

(b)the vehicle’s licence holder;

(c)the Director General;

(d)any other person whom the Commissioner is aware has or may have an interest in the vehicle; and

(e)the public generally, in a newspaper having State‑wide circulation.

(4)A court is not to make an order unless it has given the following persons a reasonable opportunity to show cause why the order should not be made —

(a)each person who is given notice under subsection (3)(a), (b) or (d) and who wishes to be heard on the application;

(b)any other person who satisfies the court that the person has an interest in the vehicle.

(5)In determining an application for an order the court may have regard to —

(a)whether the impounding offence (driving) or the impounding offence (driver’s licence), as is applicable to the case, was committed with the knowledge and acquiescence of a person who has an interest in the vehicle;

(b)whether making the order will cause severe financial or physical hardship to a person who has an interest in the vehicle or the usual driver of the vehicle; and

(c)any other relevant matter.

(6)A person —

(a)who is given notice under subsection (3)(a), (b) or (d); or

(b)other than a person mentioned in subsection (3)(a), (b), (c) or (d), who has satisfied the court that the person has an interest in the vehicle,

must not, before the application is decided, dispose of any interest that the person has in the vehicle unless a court has made an order approving of the proposed disposal.

Penalty: 50 PU.

(7)If the Director General is given notice under subsection (3), the Director General must not, before the application is decided, transfer the licence of the vehicle that is the subject of the application.

[Section 80G inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

80H.Expenses of court‑ordered impounding payable by convicted driver

(1)If a vehicle is impounded on an order under section 80(1) or 80B(1), the person who is convicted of the impounding offence (driving) or the impounding offence (driver’s licence) in respect of which the vehicle was impounded is liable to pay to the Commissioner all expenses reasonably incurred by the Commissioner by way of giving effect to the order.

(2)When the impounding period ends, the Commissioner may refuse to release the vehicle to the person who is liable under subsection (1) to pay expenses in respect of the vehicle until those expenses are paid.

[Section 80H inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

Subdivision 4 — Miscellaneous provisions about impounded or confiscated vehicles

[Heading inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

80I.Before impounded vehicles released, costs of storage for post‑impounding period may be payable

(1)The Commissioner may refuse to release a vehicle impounded under section 79 or 79A or on an order under section 80(1) or 80B(1) until the Commissioner is paid the expenses incurred in storing the vehicle after the impounding period ends.

(2)The expenses referred to in subsection (1) are not to include the costs of storing the vehicle for any 24 hour period during which the place where the vehicle is stored is not open to the public.

[Section 80I inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

80J.Disposing of confiscated, uncollected vehicles and items therein

(1)In this section —

confiscated vehicle means a vehicle that is confiscated under section 80A(1) or 80C(1);

item means an item that was in or on a confiscated vehicle or an uncollected vehicle at the time when —

(a)the vehicle was impounded under section 79 or 79A;

(b)the vehicle was surrendered; or

(c)under section 78C, the vehicle was conveyed to a place for storage,

as is relevant to the case;

uncollected vehicle means a vehicle that was impounded under section 79 or 79A or on an order under section 80(1) or 80B(1) and not collected within 2 months after the end of the impounding period.

(2)The Commissioner may sell or otherwise dispose of a confiscated vehicle, an uncollected vehicle or an item.

(3)The Commissioner is not to sell or otherwise dispose of a confiscated vehicle, an uncollected vehicle or an item unless —

(a)any appeal against the conviction for an offence in respect of which the vehicle was impounded or confiscated is determined; and

(b)any appeal against an order under section 80(1), 80A(1), 80B(1) or 80C(1) in respect of the vehicle is determined.

(4)The Commissioner is not to sell or otherwise dispose of an uncollected vehicle or an item unless —

(a)the vehicle’s licence holder is given at least 14 days’ written notice of the Commissioner’s intention to sell or dispose of the vehicle or item;

(b)a notice of the intention to sell or dispose of the vehicle or item is published, at least 14 days before the proposed sale or disposal, in a newspaper having State‑wide circulation;

(c)in the case of an item, reasonable steps have been taken to return the item to its owner; and

(d)any proceedings under subsection (5) or (6) in relation to the vehicle or item and any appeal in respect of those proceedings are determined.

(5)The owner of an uncollected vehicle may apply to the Magistrates Court for an order that the sale or disposal of the vehicle under subsection (2) not take place until after such time as is specified in the order but no later than 3 months after the day of the order.

(6)The owner of an item may apply to the Magistrates Court for an order that the item be returned.

(7)Proceeds of the sale or disposal under subsection (2) of a vehicle or item are to be paid in the following order of priority —

(a)for expenses incurred in selling the vehicle or item;

(b)in the case of a confiscated vehicle, for expenses incurred in impounding the vehicle;

(c)in satisfaction of an unpaid amount for which a person is liable under section 79E but only if the person who is liable to pay that amount is also the vehicle’s licence holder;

(d)in satisfaction of an unpaid amount of a judgment debt arising out of a liability under section 79E, but only if the person who is liable to pay that amount is also the vehicle’s licence holder;

(e)in satisfaction of an unpaid amount for which a person is liable under section 80H but only if the person who is liable to pay that amount is also the vehicle’s licence holder;

(f)in satisfaction of an unpaid amount of a judgment debt arising out of a liability under section 80H, but only if the person who is liable to pay that amount is also the vehicle’s licence holder;

(g)for the expenses incurred in storing the vehicle after the impounding period ends;

(h)in the case of an uncollected vehicle, in satisfaction of any unpaid amount known to the Commissioner for which the vehicle is nominated in writing as security for the payment of that amount;

(i)in the case of a confiscated vehicle, in satisfaction of any unpaid amount known to the Commissioner —

(i)for which the vehicle was nominated in writing as security for the payment of that amount; and

(ii)that, but for the confiscation of the vehicle, would have been payable to a person other than the person convicted of the offence in respect of which the vehicle was confiscated;

(j)the balance, in the case of a confiscated vehicle, to the Treasurer of the State for the public uses of the State;

(k)the balance, in the case of an uncollected vehicle or an item, to the Treasurer of the State to be dealt with under the Unclaimed Money Act 1990 as prescribed retained money.

(8)A person who acquires an uncollected vehicle or an item on a sale or disposal under subsection (2) of the vehicle or item obtains a good title to the vehicle or item if the person acquires it in good faith and without notice of any failure to comply with subsection (4) in relation to the sale or disposal.

[Section 80J inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

80K.Expenses of confiscation not obtained on sale payable by convicted driver

If a confiscated vehicle is sold under section 80J(2) but the proceeds of the sale are insufficient to pay the expenses incurred in impounding and selling the vehicle, the person who is convicted of the impounding offence (driving) or the impounding offence (driver’s licence) in respect of which the vehicle was confiscated is liable to pay to the Commissioner the difference between the amount of those expenses and the proceeds of the sale.

[Section 80K inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

80L.Transfer of vehicle licence

(1)If a vehicle is confiscated on an order under section 80A(1) or 80C(1) or is to be sold as an uncollected vehicle under section 80J(2) —

(a)the Commissioner of Police is to give notice in writing to the Director General of that fact; and

(b)the Director General is to transfer the vehicle’s licence to the State of Western Australia.

(2)Section 24(1)(a), (2), (2a), (2b) and (2c) do not apply if the Director General is given notice under subsection (1).

[Section 80L inserted by No. 10 of 2004 s. 13.]

[81.Repealed by No. 76 of 1996 s. 17.]

Part VA  Events on roads

[Heading inserted by No. 64 of 1988 s. 4.]

81A.Definitions

In this Part, unless the contrary intention appears —

event

(a)includes a race meeting or speed test; and

(b)does not include an event that is a public meeting or procession under the Public Order in Streets Act 1984;

order means an order granted under this Part;

road includes part of a road.

[Section 81A inserted by No. 64 of 1988 s. 4; amended by No. 70 of 2004 s. 82.]

81B.Application for order

(1)A person who, or body which, proposes to hold an event on a road, or to conduct an event which will proceed through a road, and wishes that road to be closed for the duration of the event, may make written application in the prescribed manner and form to the Commissioner of Police setting out the proposal and applying for an order in respect of a road closure for that event.

(2)An application referred to in subsection (1) —

(a)shall be made not later than the prescribed time before the date of the proposed event or within such shorter period as may be agreed by the Commissioner of Police; and

(b)may be required to be verified in a manner acceptable to the Commissioner of Police.

[Section 81B inserted by No. 64 of 1988 s. 4; amended by No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(2).]

81C.Order

(1)The Commissioner of Police shall have regard to the information furnished in any application made under section 81B and any other information available to it in relation to the proposed event and may —

(a)subject to subsection (2), make an order directing the road to be closed; or

(b)refuse to make an order directing the road to be closed.

(2)The Commissioner of Police shall not make an order for a road closure unless —

(a)the Commissioner of Police is satisfied that the prescribed conditions relating to an application for a road closure have been met;

(b)the approval of the local government of each district within which the road is situated has been obtained; and

(c)where the road is vested in the Commissioner of Main Roads, the approval of the Commissioner has been obtained.

(3)An order made by the Commissioner of Police shall be subject to such conditions and limitations as are specified by the Commissioner of Police.

(4)A copy of an order made by the Commissioner of Police shall be forwarded to —

(a)the applicant for the order;

(b)the local government of each district within which the road concerned is situated; and

(c)where a road to which the order relates is vested in the Commissioner of Main Roads, the Commissioner of Main Roads.

[Section 81C inserted by No. 64 of 1988 s. 4; amended by No. 14 of 1996 s. 4; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(2).]

81D.Road closure

A road closure under this Part shall be effected by the erection by the local government for the district within which the road concerned is situated of such barriers, signs and other equipment as are prescribed.

[Section 81D inserted by No. 64 of 1988 s. 4; amended by No. 14 of 1996 s. 4.]

81E.Effect of order

(1)Subject to —

(a)any directions given by a member of the Police Force under section 9A of the Public Order in Streets Act 1984; and

(b)the provisions of subsection (2),

where the holding or conduct of an event on a closed road substantially conforms with the terms of the order relating to it, a person participating in that event who observes such conditions and limitations as are specified in the order may position himself in, or proceed over, any road referred to in the order and is not, by reason of any thing done or omitted to be done by him for the purposes only of his participating in that event, guilty of any offence against the provisions of this Act or any other enactment regulating the movement of traffic and pedestrians, or relating to the obstruction of a street.

(2)An order made under this Part shall be deemed to contain a condition requiring persons participating in the event on the closed road to which it relates not to obstruct the free passage of any ambulance, fire brigade vehicle or police vehicle, and where any person contravenes that condition the holding and conduct of that event shall be taken not to have conformed with the order.

(3)Subject to the provisions of this Part and any order granted in relation to a road, a road closed pursuant to this Part remains a “road” for the purposes of this Act and any other enactment.

[Section 81E inserted by No. 64 of 1988 s. 4; amended by No. 70 of 2004 s. 82.]

81F.Offences

(1)Where a person at, or in relation to, an event held on a road closed pursuant to an order under this Part —

(a)obstructs the free passage of any ambulance, fire brigade vehicle or police vehicle or, otherwise than in the manner or to the extent authorised by the order relating to the road closed for that event, impedes or disrupts the use by members of the public in general of that road;

(b)otherwise than in the manner or to the extent authorised by the order relating to the road closed for that event, drives, takes or uses any vehicles on to or on that road; or

(c)incites any other person so to do,

commits an offence.

Penalty: 12 PU.

(2)Where, in any proceeding for an offence against subsection (1), it is alleged in the charge that —

(a)an order had been granted under this Part to a person or body named in the order; or

(b)a road was closed pursuant to an order,

it shall not be necessary for the prosecutor to prove the facts so alleged in the absence of evidence to the contrary.

(3)When in any proceedings for an offence against this Act or any other enactment regulating the movement of traffic or pedestrians or relating to the obstruction of a road, the accused satisfies the court that a road closure was authorised under this Part by an order purporting to relate to it, it shall be presumed, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, that —

(a)no irregularity occurred on, or in relation to, the grant of the order; and

(b)the road closure substantially conformed with the terms of the order.

[Section 81F inserted by No. 64 of 1988 s. 4; amended by No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 84 of 2004 s. 80 and 82.]

Part VI  Miscellaneous

82.Substitution of vehicle in certain circumstances

(1)A vehicle licence for an omnibus shall during any time that the omnibus is under repair, authorise the holder of the licence, with the previous consent of the Director General, to substitute another vehicle for the omnibus under repair, and to operate the same during such period as the first‑mentioned omnibus is under repair and not being operated.

(2)The consent in writing of the Director General referred to in subsection (1), shall only be given on payment by the licensee to the Director General of a fee of $1.

[Section 82 inserted by No. 93 of 1975 s. 7; amended by No. 71 of 1981 s. 5; No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 39 of 2000 s. 37.]

82A.Motor vehicle pools and insurance

(1)For the purposes of any contract of insurance, a motor vehicle shall be deemed not to be used for the carriage of passengers for hire, fare or reward by reason only of the carriage of passengers if the carriage is pursuant to a motor vehicle pooling arrangement.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1), a carriage of passengers is pursuant to a motor vehicle pooling arrangement if the carriage is —

(a)incidental to the main purpose of the journey;

(b)not the result of touting for passengers by the driver or any other person on any road; and

(c)pursuant to an arrangement for the carriage of the passengers for a consideration limited to —

(i)an undertaking by or on behalf of the passenger to carry the driver or a member of the driver’s family on a similar journey; or

(ii)the payment of an amount which does not contain any element of profit in respect of the operation of the motor vehicle or the motor vehicle pool or any recompense for the time of the driver.

[Section 82A inserted by No. 48 of 1980 s. 6.]

83.Temporary suspension of written law

(1)Whenever any number of persons, or any club or clubs, for the purpose of enabling a race meeting or speed test to take place, request the Minister to temporarily suspend the operation of any provisions of, or regulations made under, this Act, the Minister may —

(a)refuse to suspend those provisions or regulations for such purpose; or

(b)subject to subsection (2), by notice published in the Gazette temporarily suspend those provisions or regulations for such purpose.

(2)The Minister shall not temporarily suspend the operation of any provisions or regulations unless he has first obtained the consent of the local government for the district within which the race meeting or speed test will be held.

(3)Any temporary suspension of provisions or regulations under this section shall be subject to such conditions and limitations as are specified by the Minister.

(4)Where a person fails to observe a condition or limitation under which a provision or regulation is temporarily suspended under this section, that provision or regulation shall be taken to be in operation in relation to that person.

(5)Notwithstanding subsection (4), a person who fails to observe a condition or limitation under which a provision or regulation is temporarily suspended under this section commits an offence.

Penalty: For a first offence, 6 PU.

For a subsequent offence, 12 PU.

(6)The Minister may delegate to the Commissioner of Police or any member of the Police Force specified in the instrument of delegation of all or any of the powers conferred upon the Minister under subsection (1).

[Section 83 inserted by No. 64 of 1988 s. 5; amended by No. 78 of 1995 s. 147; No. 14 of 1996 s. 4; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(1); No. 50 of 1997 s. 13.]

84.Liability for damage to roads, etc.

(1)Each responsible person for a vehicle shall be jointly and severally liable in damages to a road authority for any expense or loss incurred by that road authority because of damage or injury to a road caused by, or happening as a result of —

(a)the use of the vehicle on the road; or

(b)the passage along the road of the vehicle or of anything carried, drawn, or propelled by the vehicle,

and those damages may be recovered by proceedings in a court of competent jurisdiction.

(2)If any damage or injury referred to in subsection (1) is caused to any bridge or culvert, the person in charge of the vehicle shall, if the damage or injury has caused the bridge or culvert to be hazardous to other vehicles or pedestrians, immediately place a conspicuous warning mark or sign on or near the bridge or culvert, and shall, in any event, forthwith inform the officer in charge of the nearest police station of the damage or injury.

(3)In any proceedings for the recovery of damages under this section a certificate of the kind referred to in section 98(2b) is evidence for the purposes of proving who is a responsible person for the vehicle as though the proceedings were proceedings for an offence under this Act.

(4)In this section —

road has the meaning set out in the definition of “road” in section 6 of the Main Roads Act 1930 and, without limiting that definition, includes trees, plants and shrubs appurtenant to a road;

road authority means a local government or the Commissioner of Main Roads.

[Section 84 amended by No. 77 of 1975 s. 4; No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 95 of 1984 s. 6; No. 11 of 1988 s. 15; No. 14 of 1996 s. 4; No. 39 of 2000 s. 38.]

85.Power of local government to recover expenses of damage caused by heavy or extraordinary traffic

(1)Where it appears to a local government which is liable or authorised or has undertaken to repair any road that, having regard to the average expense of repairing roads in the neighbourhood, extraordinary expenses have been incurred by such local government in repairing such road by reason of the damage caused by heavy traffic passing along the same, or extraordinary traffic thereon, such local government may recover in any court of competent jurisdiction from any person by or in consequence of whose order such traffic has been conducted, the amount of such expenses as may be proved to the satisfaction of the court having cognisance of the case to have been incurred by such local government by reason of the damage arising from such traffic as aforesaid.

(2)Any person against whom expenses are or may be recoverable under this section may enter into an agreement with such local government as is mentioned in this section for the payment to it of a composition in respect of such traffic, and thereupon the person so paying the same shall not be subject to any proceedings under this section.

(3)For the purposes of this section the Minister shall be deemed the local government which is liable or authorised or has undertaken to repair any Government road, and he may in his name of office bring an action for recovery of expenses under this section accordingly: provided that any moneys recovered by him shall be credited to the Consolidated Account.

(4)Proceedings for the recovery of any expenses hereunder shall be commenced within 12 months of the time when the damage has been done, or where the damage is the consequence of any particular building contract or work extending over a long period, shall be commenced not later than 6 months after the completion of the contract or work.

[Section 85 amended by No. 6 of 1993 s. 11; No. 14 of 1996 s. 4; No. 49 of 1996 s. 64; No. 77 of 2006 s. 4.]

86.No unauthorised parking in certain areas

(1)In this section, prescribed area means —

[(a)deleted]

(b)any area defined for the purposes of this section by the Governor by notice published in the Gazette.

(2)No person shall, within a prescribed area, park a vehicle on land which is not a road, unless he has been authorised to do so by the owner, or person in possession of that land.

Penalty: 5 PU.

(3)(a)Where a person parks a motor vehicle on land contrary to the provisions of subsection (2), and where the vehicle causes or is likely to cause an obstruction, or danger to traffic, a member of the Police Force or the owner, or the person in possession of the land, or an employee of the owner, or person in possession of the land, may —

(i)direct the driver or person in charge of the vehicle to remove the vehicle from the place where it is parked; and

(ii)where no person appears to be in immediate charge of the vehicle, himself remove the vehicle from the place where it is parked and may move the vehicle either to a place where parking of vehicles is permitted, or the police station nearest to the land.

(b)Where a person in exercise of the power conferred on him by paragraph (a) removes and parks a vehicle, he shall forthwith give particulars to a member of the Police Force at the police station nearest to the place where he has parked the vehicle, of his name and address, the registered number of the vehicle, the place where the vehicle was parked, and the time that he removed the vehicle.

(4)A person who disobeys or fails to comply with a direction made pursuant to subsection (3) commits an offence.

Penalty: 3 PU.

(5)Where a person in exercise of the power conferred by subsection (3)(a) incurs costs in removing a vehicle, that person may recover those costs in a court of competent jurisdiction.

(6)In any proceedings for a penalty under this section, the court, in addition to imposing a penalty, may award to a person any costs incurred by that person in the exercise of a power conferred on him by this section.

[Section 86 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 13 and 19; No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 16 of 1999 s. 7(4); No. 74 of 2003 s. 105(3); No. 59 of 2004 s. 141.]

86A.Member of Police Force or warden may drive a vehicle used in an offence

Where a member of the Police Force or warden —

(a)has reason to believe that a vehicle has been used in connection with an offence; or

(b)has charged a person with an offence an element of which is the use or driving of a vehicle,

he may drive or convey the vehicle to any police station or other place for safe custody.

[Section 86A inserted by No. 89 of 1978 s. 15; amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19.]

87.Confusing lights affecting traffic on roads

(1)For the purposes of this section —

Commissioner means the Commissioner of Main Roads;

light includes any fire, lamp, light, illuminated sign, street light, or other mechanical manufactured or constructed illumination, and also the glow from any such light;

owner includes the owner, lessee, tenant, purchaser, hirer, or other person in possession or entitled to the possession of a light, and, in the case of a street light, means the local government of the district in which such street light is erected or installed.

(2)Where any light is used, kept, burnt, or exhibited at any place or in such a manner as in the opinion of the Commissioner to be likely to confuse or create circumstances or conditions likely to interfere with adversely or to cause risk of danger to the traffic of persons or vehicles on any road, the Commissioner may by notice in writing require the owner of or the person in charge of such light or the occupier of the place or premises where such light is used, kept, burnt, or exhibited within a time specified in the notice to take effectual means —

(a)to extinguish the light; or

(b)to remove the light entirely or to some other position; or

(c)to modify the light or to alter its character or colour, or to screen the light to such an extent and in such manner as the Commissioner may direct; or

(d)to refrain from using, keeping, burning, or exhibiting the light either entirely or for such period or during such hours as the Commissioner may direct; or

(e)to do or refrain from doing such other act, matter, or thing in relation to using, keeping, burning, or exhibiting the light as the Commissioner may direct and in accordance with his directions.

(3)Any notice under subsection (2) may be served, either personally or by delivery, at the place of abode of the person to be served, or by affixing it in some conspicuous place on or near the place or premises upon or in which the light to which the notice relates is used, kept, burnt, or exhibited.

(4)It shall be the duty of the owner or occupier or other person served with a notice under subsection (2) to comply with such notice.

(5)Every owner, occupier, or other person on whom a notice is served under subsection (2) who fails without reasonable cause (proof whereof shall lie upon him) to comply in all respects with the directions contained in the notice shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.

Penalty: 8 PU, and, in addition, a daily penalty of 1 PU for every day or part of a day during which the directions contained in the notice are not complied with after the time specified in the notice for the compliance therewith.

(6)If any owner, occupier, or other person served with a notice under subsection (2) fails in any respect to comply with the directions of such notice within the time specified in the notice for such compliance, the Commissioner or any person authorised in writing by the Commissioner may enter upon the place or premises whereon the light to which the notice relates is used, kept, burnt or exhibited, and forthwith take effectual means (but doing no unnecessary damage) to carry out and otherwise give effect to the directions contained in the notice which have not been complied with as aforesaid.

(7)Any expense incurred by the Commissioner or the person authorised by the Commissioner under subsection (6) shall be a debt owing to the Commissioner by the person upon whom the notice was served and shall be recoverable at the suit of the Commissioner in any court of competent jurisdiction.

(8)If the owner, occupier, or other person upon whom the notice under subsection (2) has been served, or any other person obstructs or hinders, prevents, or interferes with or attempts to obstruct, hinder, prevent, or interfere with the Commissioner or the person authorised by the Commissioner in the exercise of the power conferred by subsection (6), he shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.

Penalty: 8 PU.

(9)Where any owner, occupier, or other person upon whom a notice under subsection (2) has been served has failed within the time specified in such notice to comply with the directions of such notice, and by reason of such non‑compliance and by reason of the light to which the said notice relates confusing or creating circumstances or conditions which interfered with adversely or caused risk of danger to the traffic of persons, animals, or vehicles on a road, any person suffers injury to the person or damage to his property, the non‑compliance with the said notice shall, for the purpose of enabling the person who has suffered such injury or damage to recover compensation or damages in respect of the injury or damage suffered, be deemed to be a tort in the nature of a nuisance committed by the owner, occupier, or other person upon which an action for damages may be instituted.

(10)The omission on the part of the Commissioner to give any notice under subsection (2), or the failure on the part of the Commissioner to exercise the power conferred by subsection (6) shall not make the Commissioner in any respect responsible or liable for any injury to the person or damage to property suffered as the result of any light confusing or creating circumstances or conditions which interfered with adversely or caused risk of danger to the traffic of any person or vehicle on a road.

[Section 87 amended by No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 14 of 1996 s. 4; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13.]

[88.Repealed by No. 50 of 1997 s. 10.]

[89.Repealed by No. 70 of 2004 s. 82.]

90.Unlawful interference with mechanism of motor vehicles

Any person who unlawfully interferes with the mechanism or parts of any motor vehicle shall be guilty of an offence under this Act.

Penalty: For a first offence, 8 PU.

For a subsequent offence, 16 PU.

[Section 90 amended by No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 78 of 1995 s. 147; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 50 of 2003 s. 92(3).]

[91.Repealed by No. 50 of 1997 s. 11.]

92.Roads may be closed

(1)The Minister may, if he considers any road unsafe for public traffic, cause the same to be closed for such period as he considers necessary.

(2)A local government for a period of one month may exercise a similar power with regard to any road under its control, but the exercise of such power shall not extend beyond such period, except with the approval in writing of the Minister.

(3)No person shall drive, take, or use any vehicle on to or on any road while such road is closed under this section.

[Section 92 amended by No. 14 of 1996 s. 4.]

93.Production of licences at hearings

A person who is the holder of a driver’s licence shall, whenever he is charged with an offence under this Act, produce his licence on demand to the court hearing the charge.

[94‑96.Repealed by No. 76 of 1996 s. 18.]

97.Offences

A person shall not —

(a)while disqualified from obtaining any particular licence apply for or obtain such a licence;

(b)wilfully mislead a person in any particular likely to affect the discharge of that person’s duty under this Act;

(c)forge or fraudulently alter any licence, number plate or registration label;

(d)use any forged or fraudulently altered licence, number plate or registration label, or use any licence, number plate or registration label to which he is not entitled;

(e)fraudulently permit his licence, number plate or registration label to be used by any other person;

(f)drive any vehicle or cause or permit any vehicle to be driven on any road while it has on it —

(i)any forged or fraudulently altered number plate or registration label;

(ii)any replica or imitation of a number plate or registration label; or

(iii)any number plate or registration label other than one issued for that vehicle;

(g)without lawful excuse have in his possession a licence or any article resembling a licence or a registration label or any article resembling a registration label, and calculated to deceive;

(h)lend or allow to be used by any other person any licence or any number plate or registration label.

[Section 97 amended by No. 71 of 1979 s. 14; No. 81 of 1980 s. 9.]

98.Proof of certain matters

(1)In any prosecution or proceedings for an offence against this Act an averment in the prosecution notice that any person is or was an owner of, or a responsible person for, a vehicle or became an owner of, or a responsible person for, a vehicle on any date or that any person is or was not the holder of any particular licence (either personal or in respect of any vehicle), or that the vehicle was driven or used on a road or any place to which the public is permitted, whether on payment of a fee or otherwise, to have access shall be deemed to be proved in the absence of proof to the contrary.

(1a)In any prosecution or proceedings for an offence against this Act an averment in the prosecution notice that the alleged offender did not hold, or had not previously held, an unrestricted licence or that the alleged offender had not, during a period of one year or more, been authorised to drive a motor vehicle under the law in force in another State or country or in a Territory, shall be deemed to be proved in the absence of proof to the contrary.

(2)For the purposes of any prosecution or proceedings for an offence the Director General or any person authorised by the Director General for that purpose may issue a certificate which states —

(a)that on any date or during any period —

(i)a vehicle was registered; or

(ii)a vehicle was not registered,

under this Act in the name of any person specified in the certificate; or

(b)that as at any date or during any period a person specified in the certificate was —

(i)registered as the holder of a vehicle licence under this Act in respect of; or

(ii)nominated pursuant to section 5(4) as the owner of,

a vehicle specified in the certificate.

[(2a)repealed]

(2b)In any prosecution or proceedings for an offence —

(a)a certificate issued or purporting to be issued pursuant to subsection (2) is evidence of the facts stated in the certificate;

(b)a certificate or other document issued or purporting to be issued pursuant to a law of a State or Territory of the Commonwealth (being a law in respect of which a declaration under section 5(5) is in force) which states that on any date or during any period —

(i)a vehicle was registered in the name of any person specified in the certificate or document; or

(ii)a vehicle was not registered in the State or Territory in respect of which the certificate or other document is issued,

is evidence of the facts stated in the certificate or other document.

(2c)In subsections (2) and (2b) offence means an offence against this Act or any other Act or against any regulation, local law, by‑law or rule made under an Act.

(3)In any proceedings for an offence against this Act —

(a)an averment in the prosecution notice that the person by whom the proceedings were instituted is authorised to institute the proceedings shall be deemed to be proved in the absence of proof to the contrary.

[(b)deleted]

(4)In any prosecution under this Act an averment in the prosecution notice that an offence was committed within a local government district or any part of the State therein specified shall be deemed to be proved in the absence of proof to the contrary.

(5)If, in a prosecution notice for an offence against this Act, the name of the accused is that given by the alleged offender at the time of, or immediately following, the occurrence giving rise to the charge, there is a presumption, rebuttable by evidence to the contrary, that the accused is the alleged offender.

[Section 98 amended by No. 71 of 1979 s. 15; No. 105 of 1981 s. 14; No. 13 of 1992 s. 13; No. 14 of 1996 s. 4; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 57 of 1997 s. 106(2); No. 39 of 2000 s. 40; No. 84 of 2004 s. 80.]

98A.Certain measuring equipment

(1)In this section —

authorised person means —

(a)in relation to distance measuring equipment —

(i)a member of the Police Force; or

(ii)a person certified by the Commissioner of Police as being competent to use the equipment;

(b)in relation to speed measuring equipment —

(i)a member of the Police Force; or

(ii)a person certified by the Commissioner of Police as being competent to use the equipment;

distance measuring equipment means apparatus of a type approved by the Minister pursuant to subsection (2a);

speed measuring equipment means apparatus of a type approved by the Minister pursuant to subsection (2).

(2)The Minister may, from time to time, by notice published in the Government Gazette, approve of types of apparatus for ascertaining the speed at which a vehicle is moving and may, by notice so published, revoke any such approval.

(2a)The Minister may, from time to time, by notice published in the Government Gazette, approve of types of apparatus for ascertaining distances on roads and may, by notice so published, revoke any such approval.

(3)In any proceeding for an offence against this or any other Act or the regulations evidence may be given of the use of speed measuring equipment by an authorised person in relation to a vehicle and of the speed at which that vehicle was moving as ascertained by the use of that equipment, and that evidence is prima facie evidence of the speed at which that vehicle was moving at the time of the use of that equipment in relation to that vehicle.

(3a)In any proceeding for an offence against this or any other Act or the regulations evidence may be given of the use of distance measuring equipment by an authorised person on a road, of the distance between 2 identified points on the road as ascertained by the use of that equipment and of the ascertainment of the speed at which a vehicle was moving by the measurement of the time taken by that vehicle to travel that distance, and that evidence is prima facie evidence of the speed at which that vehicle was moving when it travelled that distance.

(4)In any proceeding such as is mentioned in subsection (3), evidence by an authorised person that apparatus used by him was speed measuring equipment within the meaning of this section is prima facie evidence of that fact.

(4a)In any proceeding such as is mentioned in subsection (3a), evidence by an authorised person that apparatus used by him was distance measuring equipment within the meaning of this section is prima facie evidence of that fact.

(4b)In any proceeding such as is mentioned in subsection (3) or (3a), a certificate purporting to be signed by the Commissioner of Police certifying that a person named in the certificate is, or was at the material time, a person certified by the Commissioner as being competent to use distance measuring equipment or to use speed measuring equipment is prima facie evidence of the matters in the certificate, without proof of the signature of the person purporting to have signed it or proof that the purported signatory was the Commissioner.

(5)Nothing in this section shall be construed as precluding or restricting the introduction of any competent evidence, whether in addition to, or independent of, any evidence for which provision is made by this section, bearing on the question of whether a person was or was not guilty of an offence against this or any other Act or the regulations.

(6)The Commissioner of Police may, either generally or as provided by the instrument of delegation, delegate to any person the performance of the Commissioner’s functions under this section, other than this power of delegation.

(7)Unless the contrary is proved, it is to be presumed that a certificate purporting to have been signed by a person as a delegate of the Commissioner of Police was signed by the person in the performance of a function that at the time was delegated to the person by the Commissioner.

[Section 98A inserted by No. 135 of 1976 s. 3; amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 82 of 1982 s. 24; No. 37 of 1996 s. 4; No. 50 of 1997 s. 12.]

99.Savings

Nothing in this Act shall take away or diminish any liability of the driver of, an owner of, or a responsible person for, a vehicle by virtue of any other Act or at common law.

[Section 99 amended by No. 39 of 2000 s. 41.]

100.Application of Act to Crown and local governments

(1)This Act applies to persons and vehicles in the public service of the Crown, or of any local government, but does not apply to any extent to a vehicle for the personal use of the Governor nor to a person in charge of the vehicle while carrying out the Governor’s personal directions; and does not apply to any other vehicle or class of vehicle or person or class of person to the extent of such exemption as may from time to time be declared by the Governor by Order in Council, which the Governor may from time to time vary or cancel by further Order in Council, and section 72 of the Criminal Procedure Act 2004 applies in respect of charges of offences against this Act as if the charges negatived exemptions under this section.

(2)Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1), where the licence of a vehicle licensed in the name of and used by the State Government (except vehicles used by Ministers of the Crown or heads of State Boards and departments) is renewed, the provisions of this Act requiring the renewal of the licence or the issue of a registration label shall not apply to such vehicle, but this subsection shall not render lawful the driving of a vehicle upon any road without having the prescribed number plates affixed thereto.

[Section 100 amended by No. 14 of 1996 s. 4; No. 39 of 2000 s. 42; No. 28 of 2001 s. 21; No. 59 of 2004 s. 141; No. 84 of 2004 s. 78 and 80.]

101.Protection of Minister, the Director General and officers

(1)No matter or thing done or omitted to be done by the Minister, the Director General, or any warden, inspector, or other person authorised to carry out the provisions of this Act in good faith under or for the purposes of this Act, or purportedly under or for the purposes of this Act shall subject the Crown, the Minister, or any person hereinbefore referred to, to any liability in respect thereof.

(2)Subsection (1) does not relieve a contractor of any liability that the contractor might otherwise have for anything done or omitted to be done, as described in that subsection, by the contractor or another person.

(3)In subsection (2) —

contractor means a person who has entered into a contract with the Commissioner of Police under section 78D.

[Section 101 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 15 and 19; No. 64 of 1988 s. 6; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(1); No. 42 of 1999 s. 9; No. 5 of 2002 s. 15; No. 10 of 2004 s. 14.]

102.Traffic infringement notices

(1)Where a member of the Police Force or warden has reason to believe that a person has committed any such offence against this Act as is prescribed for the purposes of this section, he may serve on that person a notice, in the prescribed form, (a traffic infringement notice) informing the person that, if he does not wish to be prosecuted for the alleged offence in a court, he may pay to an officer specified in the notice, within the time therein specified, the amount of the penalty prescribed for the offence, if dealt with under this section.

(2)A traffic infringement notice may be served on an alleged offender personally or by posting it to his address as ascertained from him, at the time of, or immediately following, the occurrence giving rise to the allegation of an offence, or as ascertained pursuant to an inquiry made under section 58.

(2a)If the offence against section 24(2d) is prescribed for the purposes of this section a traffic infringement notice issued for an alleged offence against that section, in addition to specifying the prescribed penalty for that offence, may specify —

(a)the prescribed transfer fee; and

(b)the amount payable under the Stamp Act 1921 in respect of the transfer of the licence,

and, for the purposes of subsections (1), (4), (5), (6), (7) and (7a) and the Fines, Penalties and Infringement Notices Enforcement Act 1994, a reference to the prescribed penalty is to be taken as being a reference to the sum of the prescribed penalty and those 2 other amounts.

(2b)A traffic infringement notice issued for an alleged offence against section 24(2d) may be served on the alleged offender personally or by posting it to the alleged offender’s address as ascertained from a person under section 24(1) or otherwise.

[(3)repealed]

(4)A person who receives a traffic infringement notice may decline to be dealt with under the provisions of this section and, where he fails to pay the prescribed penalty within the time specified in the notice or within such further time as may, in any particular case, be allowed, he is deemed to have declined to be dealt with under those provisions.

(5)A traffic infringement notice may, whether or not the prescribed penalty has been paid, be withdrawn by the sending of a notice, in the prescribed form, signed by a prescribed officer, to the alleged offender at his last known place of residence or business, advising the alleged offender that the traffic infringement notice has been withdrawn; and, in that event, the amount of any prescribed penalty that has been paid shall be refunded.

(5a)In subsection (5) —

alleged offender, in relation to a traffic infringement notice served on a responsible person under section 102A or 102B, means the responsible person.

(6)Where a prescribed penalty has been paid pursuant to a traffic infringement notice and the notice has not been withdrawn as provided by subsection (5), proceedings shall not be brought against any person with respect to the offence alleged in the notice.

(7)The payment of the whole or a part of a penalty pursuant to a traffic infringement notice shall, for the purposes of sections 48, 51(1)(a) and 103, constitute a conviction of an offence, but shall not be regarded as an admission of liability for the purpose of, nor in any way affect or prejudice, any civil claim, action or proceeding arising out of the occurrence by reason of which the traffic infringement notice was given.

(7a)Subsection (7) applies even if the payment is made by means of a dishonoured cheque.

(8)The Governor may make regulations for any purpose for which regulations are contemplated or required by this section and, in particular, may make regulations —

(a)prescribing offences for the purposes of this section, not being offences punishable by imprisonment or offences in respect of which a court is required to disqualify the offender from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence, by setting out the offences or by reference to the provision creating the offence or by reference to all or any offences in any one Part of any regulations made under this Act; and

(b)prescribing penalties not exceeding 20 PU for any prescribed offence or class of prescribed offence and prescribing different penalties for the one offence, according to the circumstances by which the offence is attended.

[Section 102 amended by No. 89 of 1978 s. 16 (as amended by No. 82 of 1982 s. 30); No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 60 of 1990 s. 5; No. 13 of 1992 s. 14; No. 92 of 1994 s. 39; No. 57 of 1995 s. 7; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 24 of 1999 s. 10; No. 39 of 2000 s. 43; No. 84 of 2004 s. 80.]

102A.Traffic infringement notices left on vehicles

(1)Where —

(a)an offence against this Act, of which the standing, parking or leaving of a vehicle is an element, is alleged to have occurred; and

(b)the identity of the driver or person in charge of the vehicle is not known and cannot immediately be ascertained,

a traffic infringement notice for the alleged offence may be addressed to the responsible person for the vehicle, without naming the person or stating the person’s address, and may be served on the responsible person by leaving it in or upon, or attaching it to, the vehicle.

(2)If a traffic infringement notice is served on a responsible person under subsection (1) and there is more than one responsible person, the notice is to be regarded as having been served on —

(a)if not more than one responsible person responds to the notice, that responsible person; or

(b)in any other case, not more than one responsible person chosen by the Commissioner of Police.

(3)If a traffic infringement notice is served on a responsible person under subsection (1), the responsible person is to be presumed to have committed the offence alleged in the notice unless, within the period of 28 days after the day specified in the notice (being the day of the service of the notice or a subsequent day) —

(a)the penalty prescribed under section 102(1) for the alleged offence is paid; or

(b)the responsible person informs an officer specified in the notice that the responsible person was not the driver or person in charge of the vehicle at the time of the alleged offence and supplies to the officer —

(i)the name and address of the driver or person in charge of the vehicle at that time; or

(ii)information showing that the vehicle was stolen or unlawfully taken or used at that time.

(4)The presumption under subsection (3) applies even if the responsible person is not an individual.

(5)A traffic infringement notice served under subsection (1) must contain or be accompanied by a statement explaining the operation of subsections (3) and (4).

[Section 102A inserted by No. 39 of 2000 s. 44.]

102B.Traffic infringement notices issued on photographic evidence

(1)Where —

(a)an offence against this Act of which the driving or being in charge of a vehicle is an element is alleged to have occurred;

(b)the belief referred to in section 102(1) is based on photographic evidence;

(c)the name and address of the driver or person in charge of the vehicle are not known and cannot immediately be ascertained;

(d)the identity of the vehicle can be ascertained from the photographic evidence; and

(e)a responsible person for the vehicle is an individual,

a traffic infringement notice for the alleged offence may be addressed to the responsible person and may be served on the responsible person, personally or by post.

(2)If there is more than one responsible person referred to in subsection (1), a traffic infringement notice under that subsection may be addressed to and served on not more than one of those persons chosen by the Commissioner of Police.

(3)If a traffic infringement notice is served on a responsible person under subsection (1) without enclosing the photographic evidence referred to in subsection (1)(b) and, at the end of the period of 14 days after the day specified in the notice (being the day of the service of the notice or a subsequent day) —

(a)the penalty prescribed under section 102(1) for the alleged offence has not been paid; and

(b)the responsible person has not informed an officer specified in the notice that the responsible person was not the driver or person in charge of the vehicle at the time of the alleged offence and supplied to the officer —

(i)the name and address of the driver or person in charge of the vehicle at that time; or

(ii)information showing that the vehicle was stolen or unlawfully taken or used at that time,

a further traffic infringement notice may be served on the responsible person enclosing the photographic evidence.

(4)If a traffic infringement notice enclosing photographic evidence is served on a responsible person under subsection (1) or (3), the responsible person is to be presumed to be the driver or person in charge of the vehicle at the time of the offence alleged in the notice unless, within the period of 28 days after the day specified in the notice (being the day of the service of the notice or a subsequent day) —

(a)the penalty prescribed under section 102(1) for the alleged offence is paid; or

(b)the responsible person informs an officer specified in the notice that the responsible person was not the driver or person in charge of the vehicle at the time of the alleged offence and supplies to the officer —

(i)the name and address of the driver or person in charge of the vehicle at that time;

(ii)information showing that the vehicle was stolen or unlawfully taken or used at that time; or

(iii)a statutory declaration that the responsible person did not know, and could not reasonably have ascertained, the name and address of the driver or person in charge of the vehicle at that time.

(5)A traffic infringement notice enclosing photographic evidence served under subsection (1) or (3) must contain or be accompanied by a statement explaining the operation of subsection (4).

(6)A statutory declaration under subsection (4)(b)(iii) must be contained in or accompanied by the traffic infringement notice to which it relates and must be posted to an officer specified in the notice or delivered personally to the officer or the officer in charge of a police station.

(7)In this section —

photographic evidence means —

(a)a photograph; or

(b)a cinematographic or other type of film, or video tape, video disc, slide or digital, electronic or other form of recording, from which a visual image can be produced.

[Section 102B inserted by No. 39 of 2000 s. 44.]

102C.Notices requesting information

(1)If a traffic infringement notice could be addressed to and served on a responsible person under section 102B but for there not being any individual who is a responsible person for the vehicle, a member of the Police Force or warden may serve a notice on a responsible person for the vehicle —

(a)describing the offence that is alleged to have been committed; and

(b)requesting the name and address of the driver or person in charge of the vehicle at the time of the offence so described.

(2)If a notice is served on a responsible person under subsection (1) without enclosing the photographic evidence referred to in section 102B(1)(b) and, at the end of 14 days after the day specified in the notice (being the day of the service of the notice or a subsequent day), the responsible person has not supplied to an officer specified in the notice —

(a)the name and address of the driver or person in charge of the vehicle at the time of the offence described in the notice; or

(b)information showing that the vehicle was stolen or unlawfully taken or used at that time,

a further notice of the kind described in subsection (1) may be served on the responsible person enclosing the photographic evidence.

(3)A responsible person on which a notice enclosing photographic evidence is served under subsection (1) or (2) commits an offence unless, within the period of 14 days after the day specified in the notice (being the day of the service of the notice or a subsequent day) the responsible person supplies to an officer specified in the notice —

(a)the name and address of the driver or person in charge of the vehicle at the time of the offence described in the notice;

(b)information showing that the vehicle was stolen or unlawfully taken or used at the time of the offence described in the notice; or

(c)a statutory declaration that the responsible person did not know, and could not reasonably have ascertained, the name and address of the driver or person in charge of the vehicle at the time of the offence described in the notice.

Penalty: Double the amount of the fine provided under this Act for the offence described in the notice or, if more than one amount is so provided, double the lower or lowest of those amounts.

(4)If a person is charged with an offence against subsection (3) the person may be convicted of an offence against section 58A.

(5)A notice served on a person under subsection (1) or (2) may be withdrawn at any time before the end of the period referred to in subsection (2) or (3) respectively by sending a notice to that effect, in the prescribed form and signed by a prescribed officer, to the person at the person’s last known place of business.

(6)If the amount of the modified penalty referred to in section 102D has been paid before a notice is withdrawn under subsection (5), any amount so paid is to be refunded.

(7)Subsections (5) and (6) do not affect the operation of section 102(5) in relation to a notice when it is regarded under section 102D(2) as a traffic infringement notice.

(8)A notice served under subsection (2) must contain or be accompanied by a statement explaining the operation of subsection (3) and section 102D.

(9)A statutory declaration under subsection (3)(c) must be contained in or accompanied by the notice to which it relates and must be posted to an officer specified in the notice or delivered personally to the officer or the officer in charge of a police station.

[Section 102C inserted by No. 39 of 2000 s. 44 (as amended by No. 84 of 2004 s. 80).]

102D.Notice under section 102C may become a traffic infringement notice

(1)An offence against section 102C(3) is prescribed for the purposes of section 102 and the penalty for that offence if dealt with under section 102 (the modified penalty) is an amount of double the penalty prescribed under section 102(1) for the offence described in the notice under subsection 102C(1).

(2)If a person on which a notice is served under section 102C(2) fails to comply with the notice, the notice is to be regarded as also being a traffic infringement notice served on the person for the offence against section 102C(3) constituted by that failure to comply.

(3)For the purposes of section 102(1) and (4) and any other enactment, the specified time for the payment of the modified penalty is the period of 14 days after the end of the period referred to in section 102C(3).

(4)Subject to section 102C(5), if the amount of the modified penalty has been paid before the day on which a notice is to be regarded under this section as a traffic infringement notice, the amount may be held until that day and then treated as an amount received in payment of the modified penalty.

(5)Despite section 102(7), the payment of the modified penalty does not constitute a conviction of an offence for any purpose.

[Section 102D inserted by No. 39 of 2000 s. 44.]

103.Disqualification from driving by reason of convictions

(1)Subject to the succeeding provisions of this section, the Governor may make regulations providing —

(a)for a prescribed number of points to be recorded against every person convicted of any offence against this Act prescribed for the purposes of this section;

(b)that, upon the points recorded against a person pursuant to the regulations (including points accumulated pursuant to regulations in force under the repealed Act) amounting to a prescribed aggregate, the person shall be disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence, for a period not exceeding 3 months.

(2)The regulations may prescribe the number of points to be recorded in respect of any prescribed offence or class of prescribed offence and may prescribe that a different number of points be recorded for the one offence, according to the circumstances by which the offence is attended.

(3)An offence shall not be taken into account for the purposes of regulations made under this section, unless the driving or use of a motor vehicle was an element of the offence; and, in assessing an aggregate of points, only those recorded in respect of offences occurring within the period of 3 years immediately prior to the assessment shall be taken into account.

(3a)Where a person is convicted of an offence and, in respect of that offence, the person is disqualified by the court, or by operation of a provision of this Act other than this section, from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence, points shall not be recorded in respect of that offence.

(4)Subject to this Act, disqualification shall take effect —

(a)when notice of the disqualification has been served on the person personally; or

(b)if the person has been served with a notice of the disqualification in the prescribed manner, on the day of that service or on the day specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(4a)Where under this or any other Act a person —

(a)is or becomes disqualified from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence or has the operation of his driver’s licence suspended; and

(b)pursuant to this section becomes subject to a further period of disqualification,

the further period of disqualification to which he becomes subject shall be cumulative upon any earlier period of disqualification to which he is or becomes subject or upon any period for which the operation of his driver’s licence is or may be suspended.

(5)A person who has been served with notice of his disqualification from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence shall deliver up his driver’s licence, if then in his possession, to the person serving the notice, otherwise he shall deliver it up to the police station nearest to his place of residence together with the notice, as soon as may be practicable thereafter.

Penalty: 1 PU.

(6)A person who is aggrieved by his disqualification from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence, by operation of this section, may, within 30 days after the service on him of the notice of disqualification, apply to the Magistrates Court for an order setting aside the disqualification.

(6a)The Director General is to be named as the respondent to an application made under subsection (6).

(7)The court hearing an application made under subsection (6) shall be constituted by a magistrate and, if, after giving the parties an opportunity of being heard, the court is satisfied that the disqualification has been occasioned by an error in the number of points or in the computation of the number of points, recorded against the applicant, it shall grant the application, otherwise it shall dismiss the application.

(8)The costs of an application made under subsection (6) shall be in the discretion of the court and, where the court grants the application, it shall direct that the number of points, or the computation of the number of points, recorded against the applicant, as the case may require, be revised in such manner as it may determine; and the Director General shall give effect to every such direction.

[Section 103 amended by No. 93 of 1975 s. 8; No. 89 of 1978 s. 17; No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 95 of 1984 s. 7; No. 11 of 1988 s. 16; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 39 of 2000 s. 45; No. 59 of 2004 s. 141.]

103A.Power to include areas in the scope of specified regulations

(1)The Minister may declare that a regulation specified in the declaration applies to a specified area of the State that is open to or used by the public.

(2)A declaration has effect for the period specified in it unless it is sooner revoked.

[Section 103A inserted by No. 27 of 2001 s. 4.]

103B.Power to grant exemptions from specified regulations

(1)The regulations may provide for the Minister to declare, in writing in accordance with the regulations, that a specified requirement of the regulations does not apply to a specified person or vehicle.

(2)The regulations may provide for the Director General to grant exemptions from regulations made under section 111(2)(d).

(3)The regulations may provide for the Commissioner of Main Roads —

(a)to grant exemptions in respect of vehicles with a gross vehicle mass exceeding 4.5 tonnes from regulations made under section 111(2)(d)(iii) or (viii); and

(b)to delegate to an officer of the Commissioner or a police officer the power to grant those exemptions.

(4)In this section —

gross vehicle massmeans the maximum loaded mass of a vehicle —

(a)as specified by the manufacturer; or

(b)as specified by the relevant authority if —

(i)the manufacturer has not specified a maximum loaded mass;

(ii)the manufacturer cannot be identified; or

(iii)the vehicle has been modified to the extent that the manufacturer’s specification is no longer appropriate;

relevant authority, in relation to a vehicle, means —

(a)if the vehicle has never been licensed or registered but the vehicle is used or is intended to be used in this State — the Director General;

(b)if the vehicle was last licensed in this State — the Director General; or

(c)if the vehicle was last licensed or registered in another State or a Territory — the authority in that State or Territory whose functions most nearly correspond to those of the Director General.

[Section 103B inserted by No. 27 of 2001 s. 4.]

Part VII  Offences and penalties

104.Offences against corresponding provisions of repealed Act to be taken into account as previous offences

(1)Subject to subsection (2), where —

(a)a person is convicted of an offence (in this subsection referred to as the present offence) against a provision of this Act; and

(b)the penalty or penalties which may or shall be imposed for the present offence vary according to whether the person has been convicted previously of such an offence,

any offence committed by the person against the repealed Act, the elements of which offence were substantially the same as those of the present offence shall be taken into account and deemed to have been an offence against that provision of this Act for the purposes of determining the penalty or penalties to be imposed for the present offence.

(2)The provisions of subsection (1) —

(a)shall not operate to limit the offences which might otherwise be regarded as previous offences against a provision of this Act; and

(b)do not apply to or in relation to an offence against section 60, 61, 63, 64, 67 or 67A.

[Section 104 amended by No. 82 of 1982 s. 25.]

105.Limitation on period for which previous offences taken into account

Where —

(a)a person is convicted of an offence (in this section referred to as the present offence) against this Act; and

(b)the penalty or penalties which may or shall be imposed for the present offence vary according to whether the person has been convicted previously of an offence against this Act or the repealed Act,

any such previous offence the conviction for which was recorded more than 20 years before the commission of the present offence shall not be taken into account for the purposes of determining the penalty or penalties to be imposed for the present offence.

106.Sentencing for certain offences

(1)In this section —

minimum fine means a pecuniary penalty provided for or in relation to an offence that is expressed to be a minimum penalty, whether by the use of the expression “minimum penalty” or “not less than” or another like expression.

(2)Without limiting the Sentencing Act 1995, and despite any other written law, a minimum fine in this Act is irreducible in mitigation.

(3)A court sentencing a person who has been convicted of —

(a)a first offence against section 63 or 67; or

(b)an offence against section 64 or 67A,

may, instead of imposing a fine —

(c)order the release of the person and impose a community based order under Part 9 of the Sentencing Act 1995 with at least the community service requirement as a primary requirement of the order; or

(d)if the offender is a young person under the Young Offenders Act 1994, subject to sections 50, 50A and 50B of that Act, make a youth community based order under that Act imposing at least community work conditions on the offender.

(4)If a court sentencing a person who has been convicted of —

(a)an offence against section 49 committed in the circumstances mentioned in section 49(2); or

(b)a second or subsequent offence against section 63 or 67,

orders the release of the offender and imposes a community based order or an intensive supervision order under the Sentencing Act 1995, the court must impose at least the community service requirement as a primary requirement of the order.

(5)If a court sentencing a person who has been convicted of —

(a)an offence against section 49 committed in the circumstances mentioned in section 49(2); or

(b)a second or subsequent offence against section 63 or 67,

orders the release of the offender and imposes a youth community based order or an intensive youth supervision order under the Young Offenders Act 1994, the court must impose community work conditions on the offender as part of the order.

[Section 106 inserted by No. 50 of 2003 s. 28; amended by No. 74 of 2003 s. 105(4).]

106A.Mandatory disqualification

(1)If this Act requires a court to disqualify an offender from holding or obtaining a driver’s licence —

(a)for a specific period provided in relation to the offence concerned (including permanent disqualification);

(b)for a period not less than a minimum period provided in relation to the offence concerned; or

(c)for a period not less than a minimum period, and not more than a maximum period, provided in relation to the offence concerned,

the requirement is irreducible in mitigation and, irrespective of any sentence the court imposes on the offender, the court must disqualify the offender —

(d)for that period;

(e)for a period not less than that minimum period; or

(f)for a period not less than that minimum period and not more than that maximum period.

(2)Subsection (1) has effect despite any other written law.

[Section 106A inserted by No. 50 of 2003 s. 28.]

107.Offences generally

(1)Any person who contravenes a provision of this Act commits an offence.

(2)Any person who commits an offence against this Act for which no other penalty is provided is liable to a penalty of 32 PU.

(3)Proceedings for an offence against the traffic regulation provisions of this Act may be instituted by —

(a)a member of the Police Force;

(b)a warden appointed by the Commissioner of Police; or

(c)a person authorised in that behalf by the Commissioner of Police.

(3a)Proceedings for an offence against the licensing provisions of this Act may be instituted by —

(a)a member of the Police Force;

(b)a warden appointed by the Director General; or

(c)a person authorised in that behalf by the Director General.

(4)A prosecution for an offence under section 24, 49(1)(a), 53 or 97 must be commenced within 2 years after the date on which the offence was allegedly committed.

[Section 107 amended by No. 71 of 1979 s. 16; No. 105 of 1981 s. 16 and 19; No. 82 of 1982 s. 27; No. 11 of 1988 s. 24; No. 76 of 1996 s. 19; No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 84 of 2004 s. 80.]

Part VIII  Transitional provisions

108.Savings

Without affecting the application of the Interpretation Act 1918 2, and particularly of sections 15 and 16 thereof, to the repeal and re‑enactment by this Act of the provisions of the Traffic Act 1919, it is hereby declared that any regulation, by‑law, order, vehicle licence, driver’s licence, extraordinary driver’s licence, permit or other document in force under any provision of the Traffic Act 1919 repealed by this Act shall continue and have effect as if it had been made or done under the corresponding provision of this Act and as if that provision had been in force when it was made or done, and it is hereby further declared that any suspension, disqualification or cancellation of a driver’s licence ordered or made by or under the Traffic Act 1919 or The Criminal Code shall continue and have effect as if it had been ordered or made by or under the provisions of this Act and as if this Act had been in force when it was ordered or made.

109.Powers of traffic inspectors

Where any provision of this Act is proclaimed to come into operation prior to the date fixed under section 4 for the repeal of section 22 of the Traffic Act 1919, any reference in the first‑mentioned provisions of this Act (other than section 13) to a member of the Police Force shall, until section 22 of the Traffic Act 1919 is repealed, be construed as including a reference to a traffic inspector or assistant inspector appointed under that section.

[Section 109 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19.]

110.Powers of certain traffic inspectors preserved

(1)The provisions of this section apply to such districts as are from time to time specified by notice under subsection (2).

(2)The Minister may from time to time by notice published in the Gazette 

(a)specify the districts to which the provisions of this section apply; and

(b)vary or revoke any such notice.

(3)In any district to which the provisions of this section apply —

(a)the appointment of any person as a traffic inspector or assistant inspector under section 22 of the Traffic Act 1919 which appointment was in force immediately prior to the repeal of that section shall, subject to paragraph (b), continue in force and effect; and

(b)the local government for the district may appoint and dismiss traffic inspectors and assistant inspectors as if section 22 of the Traffic Act 1919 had not been repealed,

and any such traffic inspector or assistant inspector may, throughout the district of the local government by which he was appointed, exercise any power conferred by this Act or section 27 of the Motor Vehicle Dealers Act 1973 on a member of the Police Force, and any reference in this Act or in section 27 of the Motor Vehicle Dealers Act 1973 to a member of the Police Force shall be construed as including a reference to such a traffic inspector or assistant inspector.

[Section 110 amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 17; No. 14 of 1996 s. 4.]

Part IX  Regulations

111.Regulations, etc. 4

(1)The Governor may make regulations for any purpose for which regulations are contemplated or required by this Act and may make all such other regulations as may, in his opinion, be necessary or convenient for giving full effect to the provisions of, and for the due administration of, this Act, for the licensing, equipment and use of vehicles and for the regulation of traffic, generally.

(2)Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), the Governor may make regulations —

(a)empowering an authority therein named to —

(i)prohibit, and to authorise and regulate, processions;

(ii)restrict or prohibit the use of such roads, for such periods, as it may specify;

(iii)erect traffic signs and traffic control signals and similar devices;

(iiia)authorise any person or body or class of person or body to erect traffic signs and traffic control signals and similar devices, or any class or type thereof, in accordance with the instrument of authorisation;

(iv)seize, remove and detain obstructing or abandoned vehicles;

(aa)regulating or prohibiting stock on roads;

(b)relating to the duties, obligations, conduct and behaviour of owners, responsible persons, persons in charge, drivers and passengers of vehicles or of any class of vehicle;

(c)requiring the drivers and passengers of —

(i)motor vehicles;

(ii)2‑wheeled or 3‑wheeled vehicles that are designed to be propelled through a mechanism operated solely by human power; and

(iii)2‑wheeled or 3‑wheeled vehicles that are power assisted pedal cycles,

to wear prescribed items of equipment, whether or not the items are items required to be fitted to the vehicles;

(d)prescribing standards or other requirements in respect of vehicles, including standards or requirements relating to —

(i)the design, construction, efficiency and performance of, and the equipment to be carried on, vehicles;

(ii)the attachment of operational or safety devices;

(iii)limits on the mass and dimensions of vehicles and their loads, the distribution of the mass over vehicle components, and how to measure the mass, dimensions or mass distribution;

(iv)roadworthiness;

(v)safety, emissions and noise;

(vi)the coupling of trailers and motor vehicles;

(vii)the identification of vehicles or components of vehicles;

(viii)loading and unloading and securing of loads;

(ix)security of vehicles and the equipment to be fitted to vehicles for the purposes of security; and

(x)the keeping and production of records;

(da)providing for the examination and testing of vehicles and without restricting the generality of the foregoing —

(i)empowering the Director General to authorise persons to examine and test vehicles and to cancel any such authorisation;

(ii)requiring the payment of fees for the examination and testing of vehicles pursuant to any regulation;

(iii)empowering any person who is authorised to examine and test vehicles to issue or to refuse to issue a certificate of inspection in relation to the inspection of a vehicle;

(iv)empowering persons to control, prohibit or restrict the use of a vehicle that does not conform to any regulation or does not fit the purpose for which the vehicle is desired to be licensed;

(e)prohibiting or regulating the manufacture, sale or supply of —

(i)replicas or imitations of number plates; or

(ii)articles similar to number plates,

and providing for the confiscation and disposal of such replicas, imitations or articles;

[(f)deleted]

(g)enabling vehicles to be driven and tested;

(h)regulating or prohibiting the parking or standing of vehicles;

(i)prescribing a minimum age at which an individual may apply for the grant or transfer of a vehicle licence and providing for the applicant to provide proof of age and identity;

(j)prescribing matters for or in respect of which fees shall be charged or charges shall be made and prescribing the amounts of such fees or charges;

(k)imposing penalties not exceeding 24 PU for a first offence, and not exceeding 48 PU for any subsequent offence, against any regulation made under this section, not being an offence referred to in paragraph (l) or (m);

(l)imposing for offences against regulations made pursuant to paragraph (d)(iii) or (viii) not being an offence referred to in paragraph (m) —

(i)minimum penalties not exceeding from 1 PU to 48 PU irreducible in mitigation notwithstanding the provisions of any other Act; and

(ii)maximum penalties not exceeding 120 PU,

in accordance with a scale so prescribed according to the nature of the offences and the circumstances by which they are attended;

(m)requiring the driver or person in charge of a vehicle to comply with any reasonable direction given by a member of the Police Force —

(i)for the purpose of determining the mass of a vehicle and the load carried thereon and on any component thereof including a direction that the vehicle be taken to a police station or other suitable place specified by the member of the Police Force; and

(ii)to remove or adjust the load carried by a vehicle, on any component of a vehicle or both by the vehicle and on any component thereof so that the load carried thereon does not exceed the maximum mass that is permitted to be carried under the regulations by a vehicle of that kind and on any component thereof,

and imposing with respect to any offence against any such regulations —

(iii)penalties not exceeding 24 PU for a first offence; and

(iv)for any subsequent offence a minimum penalty irreducible in mitigation, notwithstanding the provisions of any other Act, of 48 PU and maximum penalties not exceeding 144 PU for any subsequent offence;

(n)defining the previous offences that shall be taken into account in determining whether an offence is a first or subsequent offence for the purpose of the regulations.

(2a)The circumstances referred to in subsection (2)(l) may include a reference to the amount, calculated as a percentage or otherwise, by which the mass of a vehicle and the load carried by a component thereof exceeds the maximum mass that is permitted to be carried by a vehicle of that kind or a component thereof or both under regulations made pursuant to subsection (2)(d)(iii) or (viii).

(2b)Regulations made pursuant to subsection (2)(d)(iii) or (viii) may provide that where a person drives, stands or uses a vehicle or permits a vehicle to be driven, stood or used, in contravention of a provision of those regulations, a responsible person for that vehicle shall be deemed to have also contravened that provision.

(3)The regulations may in respect of any fee or charge (whether prescribed by the Act or by the regulations) provide for —

(a)exemptions from the requirement to pay the fee or charge;

(b)the fee or charge to be reduced or refunded (in whole or in part); or

(c)the payment of the fee or charge to be deferred.

(4)The regulations may provide that the exemption, reduction, refund or deferral —

(a)only applies in specified circumstances or in respect of specified classes of persons or vehicles;

(b)is at the discretion of the Director General or a specified person;

(c)applies subject to specified requirements being satisfied; or

(d)applies subject to conditions —

(i)specified in the regulations; or

(ii)imposed by the Director General or a specified person and specified in a licence or permit.

(5)Without limiting subsection (4)(c), the regulations may require a matter to be verified by statutory declaration.

[Section 111 amended by No. 17 of 1976 s. 4; No. 89 of 1978 s. 19; No. 71 of 1979 s. 17; No. 81 of 1980 s. 10; No. 71 of 1981 s. 6; No. 105 of 1981 s. 18 and 19; No. 82 of 1982 s. 28; No. 95 of 1984 s. 8; No. 11 of 1988 s. 17 and 24; No. 46 of 1991 s. 3; No. 92 of 1994 s. 40; No. 21 of 1995 s. 12; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 50 of 1997 s. 13; No. 57 of 1997 s. 106(3); No. 52 of 1998 s. 5; No. 39 of 2000 s. 46; No. 27 of 2001 s. 5; No. 28 of 2001 s. 23(1).]

111A.Adoption of other laws, codes etc.

(1)Regulations made under section 111(2)(d) may adopt the text of any published document specified in the regulations, being a document relating to vehicle standards or other requirements in respect of vehicles or their loads.

(2)The text may be adopted —

(a)wholly or in part;

(b)as modified by the regulations.

(3)The text may be adopted as it exists when, or any time before, the regulations take effect.

(4)In addition, the text may be adopted as it may be amended from time to time if the document is —

(a)a national standard determined under the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 of the Commonwealth; or

(b)any of the standards, rules, codes or specifications of the body known as Standards Australia or a similar body specified in the regulations.

[Section 111A inserted by No. 27 of 2001 s. 6.]

112.Liability of director, etc., of a body corporate that is owner of a vehicle

(1)In this section director, in relation to a body corporate, includes any person occupying the position of director of the body corporate by whatever name called and includes a person in accordance with whose directions or instructions the directors of the body corporate are accustomed to act.

(2)Where a corporation is a responsible person for a vehicle any reference in a regulation made pursuant to section 111(2)(f) to a responsible person for such a vehicle shall be construed as including a reference to every person who is a director of that corporation.

(3)Where any person has, by reason only of being director of a corporation been required under this Act to discharge any obligation to pay any sum of money that the corporation was obliged to pay, whether pursuant to a judgment or order of a court or not, that person —

(a)is entitled to recover from the corporation any amount so paid as a civil debt due to the person by the corporation; and

(b)when any amount so paid cannot be recovered from the corporation, is entitled to recover contribution from any other director of the corporation who would have been liable in respect of the amount so paid except that the amount which may be recovered by a director from any other director shall not exceed that proportion of the total amount that he has paid as one bears to the total number of directors of that corporation.

(4)Where pursuant to the provisions of subsection (2) more than one director is liable as a responsible person for a vehicle, any obligation imposed upon a responsible person by or under this section shall be deemed to have been discharged, if the obligation is performed by any one of those directors.

[(5), (6)repealed]

(7)Nothing in this section affects the liability of a corporation that is a responsible person for a vehicle to pay any amount to the Director General in accordance with any of the provisions of this Act.

[Section 112 inserted by No. 89 of 1978 s. 20; amended by No. 105 of 1981 s. 19; No. 10 of 1982 s. 28; No. 95 of 1984 s. 9; No. 76 of 1996 s. 20(3); No. 39 of 2000 s. 47.]

113.Schemes for optional number plates

(1)The regulations may provide for schemes under which the Director General —

(a)allocates number plates (in this section called optional number plates) to persons wishing to reserve the right to use those number plates instead of number plates that would otherwise be issued under this Act;

(b)supplies and, if necessary, replaces optional number plates;

(c)permits the transfer from one person to another of the right to use optional number plates;

(d)gives directions as to which vehicle optional number plates are to be used on;

(e)is given the power to cancel, with or without compensation, a person’s right to use optional number plates if charges due and payable in respect of that right remain unpaid for a period prescribed in the regulations.

(2)The rights may be for a specified period or otherwise.

(3)A scheme may be designed to be operated commercially but —

(a)the sale of the rights allocated is to be —

(i)by public auction or public tender; or

(ii)if the Treasurer authorises the sale to be by private treaty or any other means, by the means authorised;

and

(b)any other charge under a scheme is to be prescribed in the regulations.

(4)The amount of a charge that may be prescribed under subsection (3)(b) is not limited to the amount needed to recover costs even though it is for a matter for which only a fee could be prescribed if the number plates were not optional number plates.

(5)The regulations may deal with matters that it is necessary or convenient to deal with for the purposes of, or in connection with, schemes relating to optional number plates.

[Section 113 inserted by No. 6 of 2004 s. 5.]

[First and Second Schedule repealed by No. 28 of 2001 s. 22.]

 

Notes

1This is a compilation of the Road Traffic Act 1974 and includes the amendments made by the other written laws referred to in the following table 1a. The table also contains information about any reprint.

Compilation table

Short title

Number and year

Assent

Commencement

Road Traffic Act 1974

59 of 1974

3 Dec 1974

s. 4: 3 Dec 1974 (see s. 2(2)); s. 6‑10 and 12: 21 Feb 1975 (see s. 2(1) and Gazette 21 Feb 1975 p. 633);
balance: 1 Jun 1975 (see s. 2(1) and
Gazette 29 May 1975 p. 1442)

Road Traffic Act Amendment Act 1975

77 of 1975

14 Nov 1975

1 Jul 1976 (see s. 2 and Gazette 12 Dec 1975 p. 4481)

Road Traffic Act Amendment Act (No. 2) 1975

93 of 1975

20 Nov 1975

20 Feb 1976 (see s. 2 and Gazette 20 Feb 1976 p. 445)

Road Traffic Act Amendment Act 1976

17 of 1976

3 Jun 1976

21 Aug 1976 (see s. 2 and Gazette 6 Aug 1976 p. 2658)

Road Traffic Act Amendment Act (No. 2) 1976

48 of 1976

10 Sep 1976

Act other than s. 3 and 4(a)-(f) and (h): 10 Sep 1976 (see s. 2(1));
s. 3 and 4(a)-(f) and (h):

1 Jun 1977 (see s. 2(2) and
Gazette 20 May 1977 p. 1490)

Road Traffic Act Amendment Act (No. 3) 1976

135 of 1976

9 Dec 1976

9 Dec 1976

Road Traffic Act Amendment Act 1977

4 of 1977

29 Aug 1977

29 Aug 1977

Road Traffic Act Amendment Act 1978 5

89 of 1978
(as amended by No. 82 of 1982 s. 30 and 31)

8 Nov 1978

Act other than s. 16(a), (b) and (c), 18 and 23: 25 May 1979 (see s. 2 and Gazette 25 May 1979 p. 1377);
s. 18: 1 Jan 1980 (see s. 2 and
Gazette 7 Dec 1979 p. 3770)

Acts Amendment and Repeal (Road Maintenance) Act 1979 Pt. II

9 of 1979

18 May 1979

1 Jul 1979 (see s. 2(2))

Road Traffic Act Amendment Act 1979

10 of 1979

18 May 1979

18 May 1979

Road Traffic Act Amendment Act (No. 2) 1979

71 of 1979

27 Nov 1979

Act other than s. 4, 5, 8-11, 13, 14 and 18: 27 Nov 1979 (see s. 2(1));
s. 8
‑11, 13, 14 and 18: 1 Feb 1980 (see s. 2(2) and Gazette 1 Feb 1980 p. 284); s. 4: 15 Feb 1980 (see s. 2(2) and Gazette 15 Feb 1980 p. 456);
s. 5: 2 May 1980 (see s. 2(2) and 
Gazette 2 May 1980 p. 1405)

Untitled regulations published in Gazette 6 Jun 1980 p. 1671‑2

6 Jun 1980

Reprint of the Road Traffic Act 1974 approved 22 Jul 1980 (includes amendments listed above)

Road Traffic Amendment Act 1980

42 of 1980

12 Nov 1980

Act other than s. 3‑6, 8, 9(a) and 10: 12 Nov 1980 (see s. 2(1));
s. 3-6, 8, 9(a) and 10: 1 Jan 1981 (see s. 2(2))

Acts Amendment (Motor Vehicle Pools) Act 1980 Pt. II

48 of 1980

19 Nov 1980

19 Nov 1980

Road Traffic Amendment Act (No. 2) 1980 6

81 of 1980

5 Dec 1980

5 Dec 1980

Road Traffic (Fees for Vehicle Licences) Regulations 1981 published in Gazette 29 May 1981 p. 1611‑18

29 May 1981

Road Traffic Amendment Act 1981

39 of 1981

25 Aug 1981

25 Aug 1981

Road Traffic Amendment Act (No. 2) 1981

71 of 1981

30 Oct 1981

1 Aug 1982 (see s. 2 and Gazette 23 Jul 1982 p. 2842)

Road Traffic Amendment Act (No. 4) 1981

105 of 1981

4 Dec 1981

2 Feb 1982 (see s. 2 and Gazette 2 Feb 1982 p. 393)

Companies (Consequential Amendments) Act 1982 s. 28

10 of 1982

14 May 1982

1 Jul 1982 (see s. 2(1) and Gazette 25 Jun 1982 p. 2079)

Acts Amendment (Motor Vehicle Fees) Act 1982 Pt. III

25 of 1982

27 May 1982

1 Jul 1982 (see s. 2)

Road Traffic (Fees for Vehicle Licences) Regulations 1982 published in Gazette 28 May 1982 p. 1728‑34

28 May 1982

Road Traffic Amendment Act 1982

60 of 1982

24 Sep 1982

Act other than s. 3 and 6(a): 1 Oct 1982 (see s. 2 and Gazette 1 Oct 1982 p. 3885); s. 3 and 6(a): 1 Nov 1982 (see s. 2 and Gazette 1 Oct 1982 p. 3885)

Road Traffic Amendment Act (No. 2) 1982 7

82 of 1982

11 Nov 1982

Act other than s. 5, 7, 9, 11‑14, 15(d), (e), (g), (j), (l) and (n), 16, 17, 18(a)(ii), (b), (d) and (e), 19, 20(a)-(c) and (e), 21(1), 25 and 26: 11 Nov 1982 (see s. 2(1));
s. 5, 7, 9, 11
‑13, 14(b), 15(d), 16, 20(a)‑(c) and (e), 21(1), 25 and 26: 9 Dec 1982 (see s. 2(2));
s. 14(a), 15(e), (g), (j), (l), and (n), 17, 18(a)(ii), (b), (d) and (e) and 19: 1 Mar 1983 (see s. 2(3) and 
Gazette 25 Feb 1983 p. 638)

Road Traffic (Fees for Vehicle Licences) Regulations 1983 published in Gazette 20 May 1983 p. 1525‑32

20 May 1983

Reprint of the Road Traffic Act 1974 approved 9 Jul 1983 (includes amendments listed above)

Road Traffic (Fees for Vehicle Licences) Regulations 1984 published in Gazette 28 Jun 1984 p. 1741‑51

28 Jun 1984

Road Traffic Amendment Act 1984

95 of 1984

7 Dec 1984

4 Jan 1985

Acts Amendment and Repeal (Credit) Act 1984 Pt. VII

102 of 1984

19 Dec 1984

31 Mar 1985 (see s. 2 and Gazette 8 Mar 1985 p. 867)

Acts Amendment and Repeal (Transport Co‑ordination) Act 1985 Pt. VI

54 of 1985

28 Oct 1985

1 Jan 1986 (see s. 2 and Gazette 20 Dec 1985 p. 4822)

Road Traffic Amendment Act 1985

89 of 1985

4 Dec 1985

4 Dec 1985 (see s. 2)

Road Traffic (Fees for Vehicle Licences) Regulations 1986 published in Gazette 30 May 1986 p. 1769‑75 (erratum 13 Jun 1986 p. 1979)

30 May 1986

Road Traffic Amendment Act (No. 2) 1986

78 of 1986

4 Dec 1986

4 Dec 1986 (see s. 2)

Road Traffic (Fees for Vehicle Licences) Regulations 1987 published in Gazette 29 May 1987 p. 2263‑73

29 May 1987

Road Traffic Amendment Act (No. 2) 1987 8, 9

121 of 1987

24 Dec 1987

s. 3‑6, 8‑10: 24 Dec 1987 (see s. 2 and Gazette 24 Dec 1987 p. 4561);
s. 7: 1 Oct 1988 (see s. 2 and
Gazette 30 Sep 1988 p. 3967);
s. 11(a): 21 Dec 1990 (see s. 2 and 
Gazette 21 Dec 1990 p. 6212)

Road Traffic Amendment Act 1988 10

11 of 1988

6 Sep 1988

s. 3, 20, 21 and 23: 28 Oct 1988
(see s. 2 and 
Gazette 28 Oct 1988 p. 4274); s. 8(a) and (b): 4 Nov 1988 (see s. 2 and Gazette 4 Nov 1988 p. 4365);
s. 4
‑7, 9‑17, 19, 22 and 24: 16 Nov 1988 (see s. 2 and Gazette 16 Nov 1988 p. 4517); s. 8(c) and 18 (other than paragraph (b)): 21 Jul 1989 (see s. 2 and Gazette 21 Jul 1989 p. 2212);
s. 18(b): 19 Sep 1989 (see s. 2 and
Gazette 21 Jul 1989 p. 2212)

Road Traffic Amendment (Random Breath Tests) Act 1988 11

16 of 1988
(as amended by No. 46 of 1989 s. 4; No. 76 of 1996 s. 41 and No. 39 of 2000 s. 67)

9 Sep 1988

1 Oct 1988 (see s. 2 and Gazette 30 Sep 1988 p. 3967)

Road Traffic Amendment Act (No. 3) 1988

32 of 1988

24 Nov 1988

21 Jul 1989 (see s. 3 and Gazette 21 Jul 1989 p. 2212)

Road Traffic Amendment Act (No. 2) 1988

57 of 1988

8 Dec 1988

1 Feb 1989 (see s. 2 and Gazette 23 Dec 1988 p. 4937)

Acts Amendment (Events on Roads) Act 1988 Pt. 2

64 of 1988

8 Dec 1988

1 Feb 1991 (see s. 2 and Gazette 1 Feb 1991 p. 511)

Acts Amendment (Children’s Court) Act 1988 Pt. 7

49 of 1988

22 Dec 1988

1 Dec 1989 (see s. 2 and Gazette 24 Nov 1989 p. 4327)

Road Traffic (Fees for Vehicle Licences) Regulations 1989 published in Gazette 11 Aug 1989 p. 2695‑704

11 Aug 1989

Road Traffic (Fees for Vehicle Licences) Regulations (No. 2) 1989 published in Gazette 22 Sep 1989 p. 3463

22 Sep 1989

Road Traffic (Fees for Vehicle Licences) Regulations (No. 3) 1989 published in Gazette 17 Nov 1989 p. 4161‑5 (erratum 8 Dec 1989 p. 4463)

17 Nov 1989

Acts Amendment (Chemistry Centre (WA)) Act 1990 Pt. 3 12

19 of 1990

24 Jul 1990

9 Aug 1991 (see s. 2 and Gazette 9 Aug 1991 p. 4101)

Road Traffic (Fees for Vehicle Licences) Regulations 1990 published in Gazette 29 Aug 1990 p. 4383‑90 (erratum 7 Dec 1990 p. 6051)

29 Aug 1990

Road Traffic (Fees for Vehicle Licences) Regulations (No. 2) 1990 published in Gazette 23 Nov 1990 p. 5850‑1

23 Nov 1990

Road Traffic Amendment Act (No. 3) 1990

60 of 1990

17 Dec 1990

21 Dec 1990 (see s. 2 and Gazette 21 Dec 1990 p. 6212)

Reprint of the Road Traffic Act 1974 as at 4 Apr 1991 (includes amendments listed above except those in the Acts Amendment (Chemistry Centre (WA)) Act 1990)

Road Traffic (Fees for Vehicle Licences) Regulations 1991 published in Gazette 23 Aug 1991 p. 4417‑22

23 Aug 1991

Road Traffic (Fees for Vehicle Licences) Regulations (No. 2) 1991 published in Gazette 22 Nov 1991 p. 5958‑9

22 Nov 1991

Criminal Law Amendment Act 1991 s. 6(2) and 21 13

37 of 1991

12 Dec 1991

s. 6(2): 12 Dec 1991 (see s. 2(1));
s. 21: 10 Feb 1992 (see s. 2(2) and 
Gazette 31 Jan 1992 p. 477)

Road Traffic (Bicycle Helmets) Amendment Act 1991

46 of 1991

17 Dec 1991

17 Dec 1991 (see s. 2)

Road Traffic Amendment (Power Assisted Pedal Cycles) Act 1991

50 of 1991

17 Dec 1991

24 Dec 1991 (see s. 2 and Gazette 24 Dec 1991 p. 6395)

Criminal Law Amendment Act 1992 Pt. 3

1 of 1992

7 Feb 1992

9 Mar 1992 (see s. 2)

Road Traffic Amendment Act 1992

13 of 1992

16 Jun 1992

16 Jun 1993 (see s. 2)

Road Traffic (Fees for Vehicle Licences) Regulations 1992 published in Gazette 21 Aug 1992 p. 4162‑6

21 Aug 1992

Road Traffic (Fees for Vehicle Licences) Regulations (No. 2) 1992 published in Gazette 13 Nov 1992 p. 5591‑2

13 Nov 1992

Financial Administration Legislation Amendment Act 1993 s. 6 and 11

6 of 1993

27 Aug 1993

s. 11: 1 Jul 1993 (see s. 2(1));
s. 6: 27 Aug 1993 (see s. 2(2))

Acts Amendment (Vehicles on Roads) Act 1994 Pt. 3

13 of 1994

15 Apr 1994

17 May 1994 (see s. 2 and Gazette 17 May 1994 p. 2065)

Taxi Act 1994 s. 48

83 of 1994

20 Dec 1994

10 Jan 1995 (see s. 2 and Gazette 10 Jan 1995 p. 73)

Acts Amendment (Fines, Penalties and Infringement Notices) Act 1994 Pt. 19

92 of 1994

23 Dec 1994

1 Jan 1995 (see s. 2(1) and Gazette 30 Dec 1994 p. 7211)

Reprint of the Road Traffic Act 1974 as at 1 Jun 1995 (includes amendments listed above)

Road Traffic Amendment Act 1995

21 of 1995

13 Jul 1995

25 Nov 1995 (see s. 2 and Gazette 24 Nov 1995 p. 5390)

Acts Amendment (Vehicle Licences) Act 1995 Pt. 2

57 of 1995

20 Dec 1995

20 Dec 1995 (see s. 2)

Sentencing (Consequential Provisions) Act 1995 Pt. 71 and s. 147

78 of 1995

16 Jan 1996

4 Nov 1996 (see s. 2 and Gazette 25 Oct 1996 p. 5632)

Road Traffic (Fees for Vehicle Licences) Regulations 1996 published in Gazette 24 May 1996 p. 2181‑9

24 May 1996