Seeds Act 1981

Seeds Regulations 1982

Reprint 3: The regulations as at 7 August 2009


Guide for using this reprint

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Endnotes, Compilation table, and Table of provisions that have not come into operation

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Reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as

at 7 August 2009

Seeds Regulations 1982

CONTENTS

1.Citation1

2.Commencement1

3.Terms used1

4.Exempted sales2

5.Crop seeds2

6.Chemical additives2

7.Weed seeds2

8.What constitutes a seed2

9.Germination tests3

10.Tolerances3

11.Select quality4

12.Sampling and analysis4

13.Fees5

14.Seed certification schemes5

15.Registration of seed processing works6

16.Operation of seed processing works8

17.Use of certain descriptions restricted8

First Schedule — Crop seeds

Second Schedule — Prescribed chemical additives

Third Schedule — Weed seeds

Fourth Schedule — Germination tests

Part 1 — Test conditions

Part 2 — Growth characteristics of germinable seed

Fifth Schedule — Tolerances

Part 1 — Proportion in which crop seed is contained

Part 2 — Minimum proportion of crop seed that is germinable

Part 3 — Maximum proportion in which weed seed is contained

Part 4 — Maximum proportion in which seed not named under section 7(2)(d) of the Act is contained

Sixth Schedule — Sampling and analysis

Part 1 — Sampling

Part 2 — Analysis

Seventh Schedule  Seed analysis and report fees

Eighth Schedule — Seed processing works

Ninth Schedule — Operation of registered seed processing works

Notes

Compilation table38

Defined Terms

 

 

Crest

Reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as

at 7 August 2009

Seeds Act 1981

Seeds Regulations 1982

1.Citation

These regulations may be cited as the Seeds Regulations 1982 1.

2.Commencement

These regulations operate on and from the day on which the regulations are published in the Gazette 1.

3.Terms used

In these regulations unless the contrary intention appears —

premises includes a fixed or movable structure and a vehicle;

Schedule, preceded by a designation, refers to the Schedule to these regulations so designated;

seed certification scheme means a scheme prepared and conducted under section 26(1)(g) of the Act;

subregulation means subregulation of the regulation in which the word is used;

the Act means the Seeds Act 1981.

[Regulation 3 amended in Gazette 22 May 2001 p. 2575.]

4.Exempted sales

The classes of persons prescribed for the purposes of section 4(1) of the Act are —

(a)persons carrying on business in the course of which seed is solely used or prepared for sale for a purpose other than sowing; and

(b)persons carrying on business in the course of which seed is sold for direct export from Australia for use other than for sowing.

5.Crop seeds

(1)The seeds of the plants referred to in the First Schedule are crop seeds.

(2)Where a seed lot sold contains crop seed and the mass of the seed lot is less than the mass set out in column 3 of the First Schedule in respect of each crop seed contained in the seed lot, Part II of the Act does not apply in relation to the seed lot.

6.Chemical additives

The chemical additives information of which is required by section 7(2)(b) of the Act to be included in a statement in accordance with that subsection are those set out in the Second Schedule.

7.Weed seeds

The seeds of the plants referred to in the Third Schedule are weed seeds.

8.What constitutes a seed

(1)In determining, for the purposes of the Act, the proportion in which a seed is contained, or the proportion of seed that is germinable —

(a)intact seeds;

(b)achenes and similar fruits, schizocarps, and mericarps, with or without perianth and whether or not containing a true seed (unless it is readily apparent that no true seed is present);

(c)pieces of seeds, achenes, mericarps, and caryopses, resulting from breakage, that are more than one half their original size;

(d)clusters of seeds, other than of the family Poaceae; and

(e)florets and one‑flowered spikelets of the family Poaceae with an obvious caryopsis containing endosperm,

are to be taken as being seeds of the species to which they belong, notwithstanding that they may be immature, undersized, shrivelled, diseased, or germinated, unless they are incapable of being identified as being of the species or they are transformed into fungal sclerotia, smut balls, or nematode galls.

(2)For the purposes of determining, in connection with a seed certification scheme, the proportion in which seed of a particular cultivar or having resistance to a particular disease or other adverse factor is contained, subregulation (1) shall apply as if a reference to seeds of the species were a reference to seeds of the cultivar or having the relevant resistance, as the case may be.

9.Germination tests

(1)The test conditions to be used in ascertaining whether crop seed is germinable are as referred to in Part 1 of the Fourth Schedule.

(2)The growth characteristics to be exhibited by germinable crop seed, when subjected to the test conditions referred to in subregulation (1), are as described in Part 2 of the Fourth Schedule.

10.Tolerances

In the statement required by section 7 of the Act in respect of a seed lot, the tolerances applicable to —

(a)the proportion in which a crop seed is contained in the seed lot, are as prescribed in Part 1 of the Fifth Schedule;

(b)the minimum proportion of a crop seed that is germinable, are as prescribed in Part 2 of the Fifth Schedule;

(c)the maximum proportion in which a weed seed is contained in the seed lot, are as prescribed in Part 3 of the Fifth Schedule; and

(d)the maximum proportion in which seed not named under section 7(2)(d) of the Act is contained in the seed lot, are as prescribed in Part 4 of the Fifth Schedule.

11.Select quality

(1)The minimum proportion of a particular crop seed that a seed lot is required by section 9 of the Act to contain before a claim may be made that the crop seed is of “select quality” is as set out in column 4 of the First Schedule in respect of that crop seed.

(2)The minimum proportion of a particular crop seed contained in a seed lot that is required by section 9 of the Act to be germinable seed before a claim may be made that the crop seed is of “select quality” is as set out in column 5 of the First Schedule in respect of that crop seed.

(3)The maximum proportion of seed other than a particular crop seed that a seed lot is permitted by section 9 of the Act to contain if a claim is to be made that the crop seed is of “select quality” is 0.1%.

12.Sampling and analysis

(1)Where a sample is taken in accordance with Part 1 of the Sixth Schedule, the sample is, for the purposes of the Act, taken in the prescribed manner.

(2)The method prescribed, for the purposes of the Act, for making an analysis of a sample of seed or material containing seed is a method in accordance with Part 2 of the Sixth Schedule.

13.Fees

The fees payable under this Act, other than —

(a)the fees payable in connection with a seed certification scheme by the participants in the seed certification scheme; or

(b)fees payable for the registration, or renewal of registration, of seed processing works at which seed may be treated and packed for certification under a seed certification scheme,

are as set out in the Seventh Schedule.

14.Seed certification schemes

(1)The Minister is authorised to prepare and conduct schemes for the purpose of testing and certifying —

(a)the cultivar of any kind of crop seed;

(b)the resistance of any crop seed to any disease or to any other adverse factor;

(c)the freedom of any crop seed from disease and pests;

(d)the proportion of any crop seed contained in any material tested;

(e)the proportion of any crop seed that is germinable;

(f)the proportion of any weed seed contained in any material tested; and

(g)that the material tested is of such quality that, upon its sale, it may, in accordance with section 9(1) of the Act, be described as crop seed of “select quality”.

(2)A person participating in a seed certification scheme who knowingly makes any statement in relation to a matter associated with the scheme that is false or misleading in any material particular commits an offence and is liable to a penalty not exceeding $500.

15.Registration of seed processing works

(1)Application may be made in writing to the Department for registration of premises as a seed processing works at which seed may be treated and packed for certification under a seed certification scheme specified in the application.

(2)Subject to subregulation (3), where an officer authorised in that behalf by the Minister is satisfied that premises to which an application under subregulation (1) relates comply with the requirements of the Eighth Schedule he shall, upon payment of a fee of $540 issue to the applicant a certificate of registration specifying —

(a)the premises registered; and

(b)the seed certification scheme, or each seed certification scheme, if there be more than one, in respect of which the premises are registered,

and cause the premises to be appropriately registered in a register to be kept in the Department for that purpose.

(3)Where application is made for the registration of premises pursuant to subregulation (2) and —

(a)the applicant is a person to whom a certificate of registration has previously been issued in respect of any premises the registration of which has been cancelled in accordance with these regulations at any time while that person held such certificate of registration; or

(b)the premises have been previously registered under these regulations, whether upon the application of the same or any other person, and the registration of the premises has been cancelled in accordance with these regulations,

the Minister may direct that the application be refused and the applicant shall be advised accordingly.

(4)Application may be made to the Department in writing, accompanied by the certificate of registration to which the application relates, for the addition to a certificate of registration of any other seed certification scheme or schemes in respect of which it is desired that the premises the subject of the certificate be registered and, if an officer authorised in that behalf by the Minister is satisfied that the premises would comply with the requirements of the Eighth Schedule in relation to the other seed certification scheme or, as the case may be, schemes, he shall, upon payment of a fee of $220, endorse the certificate of registration by adding to it the seed certification schemes concerned and shall cause a corresponding entry to be made in the register referred to in subregulation (2).

(5)The registration of premises pursuant to subregulation (2) has effect, unless sooner cancelled in accordance with these regulations, for one year or during such further periods for which the registration is renewed, but during any period for which the registration is suspended the premises shall be deemed not to be registered.

(6)Where, within 28 days before the registration of premises under this regulation is due to expire, application is made to the Department for the renewal of the registration of the premises and an officer authorised in that behalf by the Minister is satisfied that the premises comply with the requirements of the Eighth Schedule, the officer shall, upon payment of $430, cause the registration of the premises to be renewed for a further year and an entry to that effect to be made in the register referred to in subregulation (2).

(7)Where applications made under subregulations (4) and (6) at the same time and in respect of the same premises are both granted, only one fee of $220 shall be payable in respect of both the endorsement and the renewal.

[Regulation 15 amended in Gazette 22 Aug 1986 p. 3009; 13 Nov 1987 p. 4196; 16 Aug 1988 p. 2976; 30 Jun 1989 p. 1995; 3 Aug 1990 p. 3669; 8 Nov 1991 p. 5709; 24 Jul 1992 p. 3611; 17 Sep 1993 p. 5047; 24 Jun 1994 p. 2837; 21 Jul 1995 p. 3066; 3 Sep 1996 p. 4376; 19 Aug 1997 p. 4711‑2; 23 Jun 1998 p. 3317; 22 Jun 1999 p. 2671; 20 Jun 2000 p. 3006‑7; 5 Jun 2001 p. 2850; 28 Jun 2002 p. 3046; 17 Jun 2003 p. 2204; 18 May 2004 p. 1566; 31 May 2005 p. 2400; 16 Jun 2006 p. 2118‑19; 15 Jun 2007 p. 2758; 16 Sep 2008 p. 4187; 26 Jun 2009 p. 2609‑10.]

16.Operation of seed processing works

(1)Every seed processing works registered under regulation 15 shall be operated in accordance with the Ninth Schedule.

Penalty: $200.

(2)Where a seed processing works is operated contrary to subregulation (1), the Minister may, whether or not any penalty has been imposed under that subregulation, cancel the registration of the seed processing works or suspend the registration of the seed processing works for such time as the Minister sees fit or until the Minister revokes the suspension.

(3)The discretion of the Minister to determine whether seed is suitable to be certified under a particular seed certification scheme is not limited by the fact that the seed has been treated and packed in accordance with the Ninth Schedule.

17.Use of certain descriptions restricted

(1)The use of any of the words “certified”, “certificated”, “disease‑resistant”, “disease‑immune”, “wilt‑resistant”, “wilt‑immune”, or any other words implying the existence of genetically‑carried morphological or physiological characteristics, in any label, invoice, circular, advertisement, or other document in relation to any seed lot, is prohibited unless —

(a)the seed lot has been tested and certified pursuant to a scheme that is a seed certification scheme within the meaning given by regulation 3; or

(b)the seed lot has been certified under a seed certification scheme conducted by a department of the Government of another State of the Commonwealth, and the words used are accompanied by a statement of the name of that department and the name of the State in which the seeds were certified.

Penalty: $200.

(2)For the purposes of subregulation (1) the Northern Territory of the Commonwealth is deemed to be a State of the Commonwealth.

[18.Omitted under the Reprints Act 1984 s. 7(4)(f).]

 

First Schedule

[Regs. 5, 11]

Crop seeds

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Column 4

Column 5

Column 6

Column 7

Botanical names

Common names

Minimum

mass1

Minimum proportion required2

Minimum germinable proportion3

Purity group

Germination group

Abelmoschus esculentus

Okra

0.1

99

50

1

1

Aerva javanica

Kapok bush

1.0

90

10

4

3

Aeschynomene falcata

Jointvetch

10.0

99

60

3

2

Agropyron elongatum

Tall wheatgrass

10.0

99

85

4

3

Agrostis stolonifera

Creeping bent

0.5

99

85

4

3

Agrostis tenuis

Browntop bent

0.5

99

85

4

3

Allium cepa var. cepa

Onion

0.1

99

60

1

2

Allium cepa var. aggregatum

Shallot

0.1

99

60

1

2

Allium porrum

Leek

0.1

99

60

1

2

Allium schoenoprasum

Chives

0.1

99

50

1

2

Alopercurus pratensis

Meadow foxtail

10.0

98

40

3

3

Alysicarpus vaginalis

Alyce clover

10.0

96

50

2

2

Apium graveolens

Celery

0.1

98

50

2

2

Apium graveolens var. rapaceum

Celeriac

0.1

98

50

2

2

Arachis hypogaea

Peanut

10.0

95

80

1

2

Asparagus officinalis

Asparagus

0.1

99

55

1

2

Astragalus hamosus

Milk vetch

10.0

99

60

2

2

Astrebla elymoides

Hoop mitchell grass

10.0

75

35

3

3

Astrebla lappacea

Curly mitchell grass

10.0

75

35

3

3

Astrebla pectinata

Barley mitchell grass

10.0

75

35

3

3

Astrebla squarrosa

Bull mitchell grass

10.0

75

35

3

3

Atriplex nummularia

Oldman saltbush

10.0

60

70

4

3

Atriplex rhagodioides

River saltbush

10.0

60

70

4

3

Atriplex undulata

Wavyleaf saltbush

10.0

60

70

4

3

Atriplex semibaccata

Creeping saltbush

10.0

60

70

4

3

Avena sativa

Common oat

10.0

98

90

2

1

Avena strigosa

Sand oat

10.0

98

90

1

1

Axonopus compressus

Broadleaf carpet grass

10.0

98

60

4

3

Beta vulgaris

Beet

0.1

97

60

2

3

Brachiaria decumbens

Signal grass

10.0

50

15

3

3

Brassica juncea

Indian mustard

10.0

99

80

2

2

Brassica oleracea var. acephala

Kale

0.1

99

70

2

2

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis

Cauliflower

0.1

99

70

2

2

Brassica oleracea var. capitata

Cabbage

0.1

99

70

2

2

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera

Brussels sprouts

0.1

99

70

2

2

Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes

Kohlrabi

0.1

99

70

2

2

Brassica oleracea var. italica

Broccoli

0.1

99

70

2

2

Brassica napus var. napus

Rape

10.0

99

75

2

2

Brassica napus var. napobrassica

Swede

0.1

99

70

2

2

Brassica nigra

Black mustard

10.0

99

70

2

2

Brassica pekinensis

Chinese cabbage

0.1

99

70

2

2

Brassica rapa var. rapa

Turnip

0.1

99

70

2

2

Bromus mollis

Soft brome

10.0

95

70

3

3

Bromus unioloides

Prairie grass

10.0

95

80

3

3

Cajanus cajan

Pigeon pea

10.0

99

70

1

2

Calopogonium mucunoides

Calopo

10.0

95

50

1

2

Cannabis sativa

Industrial hemp as defined in the Industrial Hemp Act 2004 s. 3(1)

10.0

98

70

2

2

Capsicum annuum

Green pepper

0.1

99

50

1

2

Capsicum frutescens

Hot pepper

0.1

99

50

1

2

Carica papaya

Pawpaw

0.1

98

30

2

2

Carthamus tinctorius

Safflower

10.0

98

80

1

2

Cenchrus ciliaris

Buffel grass

10.0

90

20

4

3

Cenchrus setiger

Birdwood grass

10.0

90

30

4

3

Centrosema pubescens

Centro

10.0

94

50

2

2

Chloris gayana

Rhodes grass

10.0

80

20

4

3

Cicer arietinum

Chick pea

10.0

99

75

1

3

Cichorium endivia

Endive

0.1

98

55

2

2

Cichorium intybus

Chicory

0.1

98

60

2

2

Citrullus lanatus var. caffer

Watermelon

0.1

99

65

1

2

Clitoria ternatea

Butterfly pea

10.0

94

50

1

2

Crotalaria goreensis

Gambia pea

10.0

98

70

2

2

Crotalaria cunninghamii

Parrot pea

10.0

98

70

2

2

Cucumis melo

Rock melon

0.1

99

70

1

2

Cucumis sativus

Cucumber

0.1

99

80

1

2

Cucurbita maxima

Squash

0.1

99

75

1

2

Cucurbita pepo

Marrow

0.1

99

75

1

2

Cyamopsis tetragonoloba

Guar

10.0

95

70

1

2

Cynara scolymus

Globe artichoke

0.1

98

60

2

2

Cynodon dactylon

Couch

0.5

98

80

3

3

Cynosurus cristatus

Crested dog’s tail

10.0

98

80

3

3

Dactylis glomerata

Cocksfoot

10.0

80

70

4

3

Daucus carota

Carrot

0.1

95

50

2

2

Desmodium barbatum

Barbadinho

10.0

95

70

2

2

Desmodium biarticulatum

Engordo

10.0

95

70

2

2

Desmodium canum

Kaimi clover

10.0

95

70

2

2

Desmodium heterocarpon

Variable desmodium

10.0

95

70

2

2

Desmodium heterophyllum

Hetero desmodium

10.0

95

70

2

2

Desmodium intortum

Greenleaf desmodium

10.0

95

70

2

2

Desmodium sandwicense

Spanish clover

10.0

95

70

2

2

Desmodium triflorum

Creeping tick clover

10.0

95

70

2

2

Desmodium tortuosum

Florida beggarweed

10.0

95

70

2

2

Desmodium uncinatum

Silverleaf desmodium

10.0

95

70

2

2

Desmodium varians

Slender tick trefoil

10.0

95

70

2

2

Dichondra repens

Kidney weed

0.5

99

80

2

2

Echinochloa frumentacea

Siberian millet

10.0

98

75

3

3

Echinochloa utilis

Japanese millet

10.0

98

80

3

3

Ehrharta calycina

Perennial veldtgrass

10.0

65

40

4

3

Euchlaena mexicana

Teosinte

10.0

99

50

2

2

Fagopyrum esculentum

Buckwheat

10.0

99

75

2

2

Festuca arundinacea

Tall fescue

10.0

96

80

3

3

Festuca asperula

Graceful fescue

10.0

98

65

3

3

Festuca nigrescens

Chewing’s fescue

0.5

98

80

3

3

Festuca pratensis

Meadow fescue

10.0

98

65

3

3

Festuca ovina

Sheep’s fescue

10.0

98

65

3

3

Festuca rubra

Red fescue

10.0

98

65

3

3

Foeniculum vulgare

Fennel

0.1

98

60

2

2

Glycine max

Soybean

10.0

99

60

1

2

Gossypium arboreum

Asiatic cotton

10.0

98

70

2

2

Gossypium barbadense

Sea island cotton

10.0

98

70

2

2

Gossypium herbaceum

Asiatic cotton

10.0

98

70

2

2

Gossypium hirsutum

Upland cotton

10.0

98

70

2

2

Helianthus annuus

Sunflower

10.0

99

80

1

2

Hibiscus cannabinus

Kenaf

10.0

99

50

1

2

Hibiscus sabdariffa

Rosella

0.1

99

50

1

2

Hordeum vulgare

Barley

10.0

98

90

1

1

Lablab purpureus

Lablab bean

10.0

99

75

1

2

Lactuca sativa

Lettuce

0.1

97

75

2

2

Lathyrus odoratus

Sweet pea

0.1

99

70

1

2

Lathyrus tingitanus

Tangier pea

10.0

99

70

1

2

Lens culinaris

Lentil

10.0

99

70

1

2

Lepidium sativum

Garden cress

0.1

99

70

3

2

Lespedeza cuneata

Perennial lespedeza

10.0

95

40

3

2

Lespedeza stipulacea

Korean lespedeza

10.0

95

40

3

2

Lespedeza striata

Japanese lespedeza

10.0

95

40

3

2

Lespedeza virginica

Virginian lespedeza

10.0

95

40

3

2

Leucaena leucocephala

Leucaena

10.0

98

60

1

2

Linum usitatissimum

Linseed

10.0

98

80

1

2

Lolium multiflorum

Italian ryegrass

10.0

98

80

3

3

Lolium perenne

Pereninal ryegrass

10.0

98

80

3

3

Lolium rigidum

Annual ryegrass

10.0

99

80

3

3

Lotononis bainesii

Lotononis

10.0

95

50

3

2

Lotus berthelottii

Garden lotus

10.0

95

75

3

2

Lupinus albus

White lupin

10.0

99

75

1

3

Lupinus angustifolius

Narrowleaf lupin

10.0

99

75

1

3

Lupinus cosentinii

Sandplain lupin

10.0

99

10

1

3

Lupinus luteus

Yellow lupin

10.0

99

75

1

3

Lycopersicon lycopersicum

Tomato

0.1

98

75

2

2

Macroptilium atropurpureum

Siratro

10.0

98

70

1

2

Macroptilium lathyroides

Phasey bean

10.0

98

70

1

2

Macrotyloma axillare

Perennial horse gram

10.0

98

60

1

2

Macrotyloma uniflorum

Horse gram

10.0

98

60

1

2

Medicago littoralis

Strand medic

10.0

97

70

2

2

Medicago lupulina

Black medic

10.0

98

70

2

2

Medicago murex

Murex medic

10.0

96

60

2

2

Medicago orbicularis

Button medic

10.0

96

50

2

2

Medicago polymorpha

Burr medic

10.0

96

60

2

2

Medicago rugosa

Gama medic

10.0

97

70

2

2

Medicago sativa

Lucerne

10.0

98

75

2

2

Medicago scutellata

Snail medic

10.0

96

70

2

2

Medicago tornata

Disc medic

10.0

97

70

2

2

Medicago truncatula

Barrel medic

10.0

97

70

2

2

Melilotus albus

Bokhara clover

10.0

98

70

2

2

Melinis minutiflora

Molasses grass

10.0

40

30

4

3

Mucuna deeringiana

Velvet bean

10.0

99

70

1

2

Nasturtium officinale

Watercress

0.1

99

80

2

2

Neonotonia wightii

Glycine

10.0

98

60

1

2

Nicotiana tabacum

Tobacco

0.1

98

60

4

3

Oenothera stricta

Common evening

primrose

0.1

97

40

4

3

Onobrychis viciifolia

Sainfoin

10.0

99

70

2

2

Origanum vulgare

Wild marjoram

0.1

98

40

2

2

Ornithopus compressus

Yellow serradella

10.0

99

20

3

3

Ornithopus sativus

French serradella

10.0

99

20

3

3

Oryza sativa

Rice

10.0

99

70

2

2

Panicum antidotale

Giant panic

10.0

80

50

4

3

Panicum coloratum

Coolah grass

10.0

60

20

4

3

Panicum maximum var. trichoglume

Green panic

10.0

70

20

4

3

Panicum miliaceum

Millet panic

10.0

98

75

4

3

Paspalum scrobiculatum

Scrobic

10.0

95

40

4

3

Paspalum dilatatum

Paspalum

10.0

70

70

4

3

Paspalum notatum

Bahia grass

10.0

60

60

4

3

Paspalum plicatulum

Plicatulum

10.0

60

40

4

3

Paspalum wettsteinii

Broadleaf paspalum

10.0

60

40

4

3

Passiflora edulis

Passion fruit

0.1

98

30

2

2

Pastinaca sativa

Parsnip

0.1

98

40

2

2

Pennisetum clandestinum

Kikuyu grass

0.1

94

70

3

2

Pennisetum glaucum

Pearl millet

10.0

98

70

3

2

Pennisetum purpureum

Elephant grass

10.0

98

70

3

2

Petroselinum crispum

Parsley

0.1

98

40

2

2

Phalaris aquatica

Phalaris

10.0

97

70

3

2

Phalaris arundinacea

Reed canary grass

10.0

97

70

3

2

Phalaris canariensis

Canary grass

10.0

99

70

3

2

Phalaris coerulescens

Blue canary grass

10.0

97

70

3

2

Phaseolus coccineus

Scarlet runner bean

1.0

99

70

1

3

Phaseolus lunatus

Lima bean

1.0

99

75

1

3

Phaseolus vulgaris

Common bean

1.0

99

75

1

3

Phleum pratense

Timothy

10.0

98

80

3

3

Physalis peruviana

Cape gooseberry

0.1

99

30

2

2

Pisum sativum

Pea

1.0

99

75

1

2

Poa compressa

Canada bluegrass

10.0

80

40

4

3

Poa nemoralis

Wood poa

10.0

80

40

4

3

Poa pratensis

Kentucky bluegrass

0.5

80

80

4

3

Poa trivialis

Rough meadowgrass

0.5

80

80

4

3

Puccinellia ciliata

Puccinellia

10.0

97

35

4

3

Pueraria phaseoloides

Puero

10.0

94

50

2

2

Raphanus sativus

Radish

0.1

99

75

2

2

Rheum rhabarbarum

Rhubarb

0.1

99

50

2

2

Sanguisorba minor

Sheep’s burnet

10.0

99

60

2

2

Salvia officinalis

Sage

0.1

99

40

2

2

Secale cereale

Rye

10.0

98

75

1

1

Sesamum indicum

Sesame

0.1

98

80

2

2

Setaria italica

Italian millet

10.0

98

75

4

3

Setaria porphyrantha

Purple pidgeon grass

10.0

98

75

4

3

Setaria sphacelata

Setaria

10.0

60

20

4

3

Sinapis alba

White mustard

10.0

99

65

2

2

Solanum melongena

Eggplant

0.1

99

50

1

2

Sorghum almum

Columbus grass

10.0

98

65

4

3

Sorghum bicolor

Forage sorghum

10.0

99

85

2

2

Spinacia oleracea

Spinach

0.1

98

45

2

2

Stylosanthes guianensis

Stylo

10.0

90

40

4

3

Stylosanthes hamata

Caribbean stylo

10.0

90

40

4

3

Stylosanthes humilis

Townsville stylo

10.0

90

40

4

3

Stylosanthes scabra

Shrubby stylo

10.0

90

80

4

3

Tetragonia tetragonoides

New Zealand spinach

0.1

90

40

3

2

Thymus vulgaris

Thyme

0.1

98

40

2

2

Tragopogon porrifolius

Salsify

0.1

99

50

2

2

Trifolium alexandrnum

Berseem clover

10.0

98

75

2

2

Trifolium ambiguum

Caucasian clover

10.0

95

75

2

2

Trifolium cernuum

Drooping flowered clover

10.0

95

80

3

2

Trifolium cherleri

Cupped clover

10.0

97

80

2

2

Trifolium dubium

Suckling clover

10.0

96

80

3

2

Trifolium fragiferum

Strawbery clover

10.0

98

80

3

2

Trifolium glomeratum

Cluster clover

10.0

96

80

3

2

Trifolium hirtum

Rose clover

10.0

98

80

2

2

Trifolium hybridum

Alsike clover

10.0

96

80

2

2

Trifolium incarnatum

Crimson clover

10.0

98

80

2

2

Trifolium pratense

Red clover

10.0

97

80

2

2

Trifolium repens

White clover

10.0

98

70

3

2

Trifolium resupinatum

Shaftal clover

10.0

96

80

3

2

Trifolium semipilosum

Kenya white clover

10.0

97

80

3

2

Trifolium spumosum

Bladder clover

10.0

97

80

2

2

Trifolium subterraneum

Subterranean clover

10.0

98

80

2

2

Trigonella ornithopodioides

Birdsfoot fenugreek

10.0

97

80

3

2

Triticosecale

Triticale

10.0

98

90

1

1

Triticum aestvum

Common wheat

10.0

98

90

1

1

Triticum durum

Durum wheat

10.0

98

90

1

1

Urochloa mosambicensis

Sabi grass

10.0

70

20

4

3

Vicia benghalensis

Purple vetch

10.0

99

70

1

2

Vicia faba var. equina

Horse bean

10.0

99

70

1

2

Vicia faba var. major

Broad bean

1.0

99

70

1

2

Vicia faba var. minor

Faba bean

10.0

99

70

1

2

Vicia hirsuta

Hairy vetch

10.0

99

60

1

2

Vicia sativa ssp. nigra

Narrowleaf vetch

10.0

99

60

1

2

Vicia sativa ssp. sativa

Common vetch

10.0

99

60

1

2

Vicia villosa ssp. dasycarpa

Woollypod vetch

10.0

99

60

1

2

Vigna luteola

Dalrymple vigna

10.0

98

70

1

2

Vigna mungo

Urd

10.0

99

70

1

2

Vigna radiata

Mung bean

10.0

99

70

1

2

Vigna umbellata

Rice bean

10.0

99

75

1

2

Vigna unguiculata ssp. unguiculata

Cowpea

10.0

99

70

1

2

Zea mays

Maize

1.0

99

85

1

2

1 Minimum mass (in kg) of seed lot to which the Act applies.

2 Minimum proportion (expressed in %) of crop seed required for “select quality”.

3 Minimum proportion (expressed in %) of crop seed required to be germinable for “select quality”.

[First Schedule inserted in Gazette 23 Jun 1998 p. 3318‑20; amended in Gazette 14 Jun 2005 p. 2630.]

Second Schedule

[Reg. 6]

Prescribed chemical additives

Insecticides

ACEPHATE

ALDRIN

ALUMINIUM PHOSPHIDE

ALUMINIUM SILICATES

AMINOCARB

ARSENIC CONTAINING COMPOUNDS

AZINPHOS‑ETHYL

AZINPHOS‑METHYL

BENDIOCARB

BHC

BIORESMETHRIN

CALCIUM ARSENATE

CALCIUM CYANIDE

CAMPHECHLOR

CARBARYL

CARBOFURAN

CARBON DISULPHIDE

CARBON TETRACHLORIDE

CARBO‑­PHENOTHION

CHLORDANE

CHLORDIMEFORM

CHLORFENVINPHOS

CHLORINATED TERPENE ISOMERS

CHLOROPICRIN

CHLORPYRIFOS

CHLORPYRIFOS‑METHYL

CYPERMETHRIN

DDT

DECAMETHRIN

DEMETON‑O‑METHYL

DEMETON‑S‑METHYL

DERRlS

DIAZINON

1,1‑DICHLORO‑2, 2‑bis (P‑ETHYLPHENYL) ETHANE

DICHLORVOS

DICOFOL

DIELDRIN

DIMETHOATE

DISULFOTON

EDB

ENDOSULFAN

ENDRIN

ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE

FENITROTHION

FENSON

FENTHION

FORMOTHION

HEPTACHLOR

HYDROCYANIC ACID

HYDROGEN PHOSPHIDE

INORGANIC BROMIDE

LEAD ARSENATE

LINDANE

MALDISON

MECARBAM

MENAZON

METHIDATHION

METHIOCARB

METHOMYL

METHOXYCHLOR

METHYL BROMIDE

MEVINPHOS

MONOCROTOPHOS

NALED

OMETHOATE

PARATHION

PARATHIONS‑METHYL

PERMETHRIN

PHORATE

PHOSMET

PHOSPHAMIDON

PHOSPHINE

PIPERONYL BUTOXIDE

PIRIMIPHOS‑METHYL

PROFENOFOS

PROPARGITE

PROPOXUR

PYRETHRIN

SCHRADAN

SULPROFOS

TETRADIFON

THIOMETON

TRICHLORFON

TRICHLOROETHYLENE

 

Fungicides

BENOMYL

BENQUINOX

CAPTAN

CARBOXIN

CHLORANIL

CHLORDANE

COPPER CARBONATE

1,2‑bis (DIMETHYL‑DITHIOCARBAMOYL‑DITHIO (THIOCARBONYL) AMINO) ETHANE

5‑ETHOXY‑3‑TRICHLORO‑METHYL‑1, 2, 4‑THIADIAZOLE

N‑(ETHYLMERCURI)‑N‑PHENYL 4‑METHYLBENZENE‑SULPHONAMIDE

FENAMINOSULF

FENFURAM

FERBAM

FORMOTHION

HCB

2‑n‑Octyl‑4 ISOTHIAZOLIN‑3‑ONE

MANCOZEB

MANEB

MERCURY CONTAINING COMPOUNDS (INORGANIC AND ORGANIC)

METHFUROXAM

METHYOXYETHYL MERCURY CHLORIDE

METHYOXYETHYL MERCURY SILICATE

METHYL MERCURY DICYANAMIDE

PROPIONIC ACID

QUINTOZENE

TCMTB

THIABENDAZOLE

THIRAM

TRIADIMEFON

ZINEB

ZIRAM

Third Schedule

[Reg. 7]

Weed seeds

Botanical name

Common name

Allium triquetrum

Three corner garlic

Allium vineale

Crow garlic

Alternanthera denticulata

Lesser joyweed

Alternanthera nana

Hairy joyweed

Alternanthera nodiflora

Common joyweed

Anthemis arvensis

Corn chamomile

Anthemis cotula

Stinking mayweed

Arctium lappa

Burdock

Arctotheca calendula

Capeweed

Arrhenatherum elatius

False oatgrass

Asphodelus fistulosus

Onionweed

Avena barbata

Bearded oat

Avena fatua

Wild oat

Avena sterilis

Sterile oat

Baccharis halimifolia

Groundsel bush

Berberis vulgaris

Barberry

Brassica oxyrrhina

Smoothstem turnip

Brassica tournefortii

Wild turnip

Buglossoides arvensis

Corn gromwell

Calicotome spinosa

Spiny broom

Carduus pycnocephalus

Slender thistle

Carduus tenuiflorus

Winged slender thistle

Cenchrus biflorus

Gallon’s curse

Cenchrus brownii

Burr grass

Cenchrus caliculatus

Hillside burrgrass

Cenchrus echinatus

Mossman river grass

Cenchrus gracillimus

Burrgrass

Cenchrus incertus

Spiny burrgrass

Cenchrus longispinis

Spiky burrgrass

Centaurea melitensis

Maltesecockspur

Centaurea nigra

Black knapweed

Centaurea paniculata

Panicled knapweed

Chenopodium album

Fat hen

Chenopodium carinatum

Kneeled goosefoot

Chenopodium cristatum

Crested goosefoot

Chenopodium glaucum

Galucous goosefoot

Cirsium vulgare

Spear thistle

Citrullus colocynthis

Colocynth

Cucumis myriocarpus

Prickly paddy melon

Cyperus eragrostis

Umbrella sedge

Cyperus esculentus

Yellow nutgrass

Cyperus rotundus

Nutgrass

Dispsacus sativus

Fuller’s teazle

Dipsacus sylvestris

Wild teazle

Dittrichia graveolens

Stinkwort

Echinochloa crus‑galli

Barnyard grass

Echium vulgare

Viper’s bugloss

Eleusine indica

Crowsfoot grass

Eleusine tristachya

Goosegrass

Euphorbia escula

Leafy spurge

Euphorbia lathyris

Caper spurge

Galinsoga parviflora

Potato weed

Halogeton glomeratus

Halogeton

Hirschfeldia incana

Buchan weed

Hypericum tetrapterum

St. Peter’s wort

Ipomoea indica

Blue morning glory

Ipomoea lonchophylla

Cowvine

Ipomoea plebeia

Bellvine

Jatropha curcas

Physic nut

Jatropra gossypifolia

Bellyache bush

Lactuca pulchella

Blue lettuce

Lactuca saligna

Wild lettuce

Lactuca serriola

Prickly lettuce

Lantana camara

Common lantana

Lepidium latifolium

Perennial peppercress

Leucanthemum vulgare

Ox eye daisy

Linaria dalmatica

Dalmatian toadflax

Lolium loliaceum

Stiff ryegrass

Lolium temulentum

Darnel

Mahonia repens

Oregon grape

Melilotus indicus

Hexham scent

Monerma cylindrica

Common barbgrass

Neslia paniculata

Ball mustard

Polygonum convolvulus

Black bindweed

Raphanus raphanistrum

Wild radish

Rapistrum rugosum

Turnip weed

Reseda alba

White mignonette

Reseda lutea

Cutleaf mignonette

Reseda luteola

Wild mignonette

Rubus fruticosus

Blackberry

Rubus laciniatus

Cutleaf blackberry

Rumex acetosa

Sour dock

Rumex acetosella

Sorrel

Rumex brownii

Swamp dock

Rumex conglomeratus

Clustered dock

Rumex crispus

Curled dock

Rumex obtusifolius

Broadleaf dock

Rumex pulcher

Fiddle dock

Salpichroa origanifolia

Pampas lily of the valley

Sesbania species

Sesbania pea

Sida calyxhymenia

Tall sida

Sida corrugata

Corrugated sida

Sida fibulifera

Pin sida

Sida platycalyx

Lifesaver burr

Sida rhombifolia

Common sida

Sida spinosa

Spiny sida

Sida subspicata

Spiked sida

Sida trichopoda

High sida

Silene vulgaris

Bladder campion

Sisymbrium altissimum

Tumbling mustard

Sisymbrium erysimoides

Smooth mustard

Sisymbrium irio

London rocket

Sisymbrium officinale

Hedge mustard

Sisymbrium orientale

Indian hedge mustard

Sisymbrium thellungii

African turnip weed

Solanum carolinense

Carolina horse nettle

Solanum hispidum

Giant devil’s fig

Solanum hoplopetalum

Prickly potato weed

Solanum nigrum

Black berry nightshade

Solanum rostratum

Buffalo burr

Sonchus arvensis

Corn sowthistle

Sorghum almum

Columbus grass

Stipa brachychaeta

Espartillo

Taeniatherum caput‑medusae

Medusa head

Tetragonia tetragonoides

New Zealand spinach

Toxicodendron radicans

Poison ivy

Tribulus occidentalis

Perennial caltrop

Verbascum species

Mulleins

Vulpia bromoides

Squirrel tail fescue

[Third Schedule amended in Gazette 13 Nov 1987 p. 4196; 3 Mar 1995 p. 770; 14 Jun 2005 p. 2630.]

Fourth Schedule

[Reg. 9]

Germination tests

Part 1 — Test conditions

The test conditions to be used in ascertaining whether crop seed is germinable are those printed in chapter 5, and in Annexes to chapter 5, of “Seed Science and Technology” Volume 4, Number 1, 1976, published by the International Seed Testing Association, as added to and amended in —

(a)the “Report of the Rules Committee 1974‑1977”, printed in “Seed Science and Technology” Volume 6, Number 1, 1978; and

(b)the “Report of the Rules Committee 1977‑1980”, printed in “Seed Science and Technology” Volume 9, Number 1, 1981,

each published by the International Seed Testing Association.

Part 2 — Growth characteristics of germinable seed

(1)Germinable seeds are seeds which, when tested under the conditions referred to in Part 1, produce seedlings which —

(a)possess —

(i)a well‑developed root system including a primary root, except for those plants normally producing seminal roots;

(ii)a well‑developed and intact hypocotyl and/or epicotyl without damage to the conducting tissues and in dicotyledons, a normal plumule;

(iii)in the case of plants of the family Poaceae, a well‑developed primary leaf within or emerging through the coleoptile; and

(iv)one cotyledon for seedlings of monocotyledons and 2 cotyledons for seedling of dicotyledons;

or

(b)although having one or more of the following slight defects, otherwise show vigorous and balanced development of the structures referred to in paragraph (a) and show the capacity for continued development into normal plants when grown in good quality soil, and under favourable conditions of water supply, temperature and light —

(i)being seedlings of the Zea species a species of the family Malvaceae or Cucurbitaceae, or of a large‑seeded legume, have a damaged primary root, but several adventitious and lateral roots of sufficient length and vigour to support the seedling in soil;

(ii)are seedlings having superficial damage or decay to the essential structures of the seedling which is limited in area and does not affect the conducting tissues;

(iii)are seedlings of dicotyledons with only one cotyledon.

(2)Where seedlings are decayed by fungi or bacteria, and it is clearly apparent that —

(a)the parent seed is not the source of infection; and

(b)but for the decay, the seedlings would have been in accordance with paragraph (a) or (b) of item 1,

the seedlings are deemed to be in accordance with that paragraph.

Fifth Schedule

[Reg. 10]

Tolerances

Part 1 — Proportion in which crop seed is contained

Stated

%

Stated

%

Stated

%

%

Tolerable

%

Tolerable

%

Tolerable

100.0

99.9‑100

91.0

89.3‑92.7

46.0

43.0‑49.0

99.9

99.7‑100

90.0

88.2‑91.8

44.0

41.0‑47.0

99.8

99.5‑100

88.0

86.1‑89.9

42.0

39.0‑45.0

99.7

99.3‑100

86.0

84.0‑88.0

40.0

37.0‑43.0

99.6

99.2‑100

84.0

81.9‑86.1

38.0

35.0‑41.0

99.5

99.1‑99.9

82.0

79.7‑84.3

36.0

33.1‑38.9

99.4

98.9‑99.9

80.0

77.6‑82.4

34.0

31.1‑36.9

99.3

98.8‑99.8

78.0

75.6‑80.4

32.0

29.2‑34.8

99.2

98.6‑99.8

76.0

73.5‑78.5

30.0

27.2‑32.8

99.1

98.5‑99.7

74.0

71.4‑76.6

28.0

25.3‑30.7

99.0

98.4‑99.6

72.0

69.3‑74.7

26.0

23.3‑28.7

98.8

98.1‑99.5

70.0

67.3‑72.7

24.0

21.4‑26.6

98.6

97.9‑99.3

68.0

65.3‑70.7

22.0

19.5‑24.5

98.4

97.6‑99.2

66.0

63.2‑68.8

20.0

17.6‑22.4

98.2

97.3‑99.1

64.0

61.1‑66.9

18.0

15.6‑20.4

98.0

97.1‑98.9

62.0

59.1‑64.9

16.0

13.7‑18.3

97.5

96.6‑98.4

60.0

57.1‑62.9

14.0

11.9‑16.1

97.0

96.0‑98.0

58.0

55.0‑61.0

12.0

10.0‑14.0

96.0

94.8‑97.2

56.0

53.0‑59.0

10.0

8.1‑11.9

95.0

93.7‑96.3

54.0

51.0‑57.0

8.0

6.3‑9.7

94.0

92.6‑95.4

52.0

49.0‑55.0

6.0

4.5‑7.5

93.0

91.5‑94.5

50.0

47.0‑53.0

4.0

2.8‑5.2

92.0

90.4‑93.6

48.0

45.0‑51.0

2.0

1.1‑2.9

Where the stated % in question does not appear in the table above, the tolerance applicable is to be derived by straight line extrapolation from the tolerances prescribed for the nearest stated percentages above and below the stated % in question that appear in the table.

Part 2 — Minimum proportion of crop seed that is germinable

Stated

Min.

%

Min.

%

Tolerable

Stated

Min.

%

Min.

%

Tolerable

Stated

Min.

%

Min.

%

Tolerable

Stated

Min.

%

Min.

%

Tolerable

1

...

26

17

37

40

76

68

2

...

27

18

52

41

77

69

3

...

28

19

53

42

78

70

4

1

29

20

54

43

79

71

5

1

30

21

55

44

80

72

6

2

31

22

56

45

81

73

7

3

32

23

57

46

82

75

8

3

33

23

58

47

83

76

9

4

34

24

59

48

84

77

10

5

35

25

60

50

85

78

11

5

36

26

61

51

86

79

12

6

37

27

62

52

87

81

13

7

38

28

63

53

88

82

14

8

29

29

64

54

89

83

15

8

40

30

65

55

90

84

16

9

41

31

66

56

91

86

17

10

42

31

67

57

92

87

18

11

43

32

68

58

93

88

19

12

44

33

69

60

94

90

20

12

45

34

70

61

95

91

21

13

46

35

71

62

96

92

22

14

47

36

72

63

97

94

23

15

48

37

73

64

98

95

24

16

49

38

74

65

99

96

25

17

50

39

75

66

100

97

Where the stated minimum % in question does not appear in the table above, the minimum % tolerable is to be derived by straight line extrapolation from the minimum % tolerable prescribed for the nearest stated minimum percentages above and below the stated minimum % in question that appear in the table.

Part 3 — Maximum proportion in which weed seed is contained

Stated

Max. No.

Per Mass

Max. No.

Per Mass

Tolerable

Stated

Max. No.

Per Mass

Max No.

Per Mass

Tolerable

Stated

Max. No.

Per Mass

Max No.

Per Mass

Tolerable

Stated

Max. No.

Per Mass

Max. No.

Per Mass

Tolerable

5

11

470

521

2 400

2 580

9 800

10 450

10

18

480

532

2 450

2 630

10 000

10 670

15

25

490

542

2 500

2 680

10 500

11 200

20

31

500

553

2 550

2 740

11 000

11 730

25

37

520

575

2 600

2 790

11 500

12 260

30

44

540

596

2 650

2 840

12 000

12 790

35

50

560

617

2 700

2 900

12 500

13 330

40

55

580

640

2 750

2 950

13 000

13 860

45

61

600

660

2 800

3 000

13 500

14 390

50

67

620

680

2 850

3 050

14 000

14 920

55

73

640

700

2 900

3 110

14 500

15 460

60

79

660

725

2 950

3 160

15 000

15 990

65

85

680

745

3 000

3 210

15 500

16 520

70

90

700

767

3 100

3 320

16 000

17 050

75

96

720

788

3 200

3 430

16 500

17 590

80

102

740

810

3 300

3 550

17 000

18 120

85

107

760